Tuyevik is called a Japanese plant, because the islands of the Japanese archipelago are the natural habitat of its distribution. Besides the fact that this culture is very beautiful, its wood has excellent mechanical properties - it is light and at the same time durable, which allows the use of lumber in the construction of furniture and even ships.
Tuevik (Thujopsis) belongs to the family of cypress (Cupressaceae). The genus is represented by the only species that grows in the moist forests of Central Japan. It has a number of varietal forms, including compact and variegated.
Below you can see the photo and botanical description of the crop and get recommendations for its cultivation.
Description and use of tureum in ornamental gardening
An evergreen tree about 15 m in height that looks like a thorny Korean one. In favorable conditions, a warm climate can reach heights of 30 m, but in northern gardens it most often takes on the appearance of a small, stocky tree or a bush. The crown is broad-pyramidal, the branches are unevenly whorled or scattered. Sprigs wide, flattened and dense.
As can be seen in the photo, the needles of a thistle are scaly, like a thuja, shiny, green on top and gray-white from below:
The wood is yellowish, light and strong, very valuable for construction and ornamental work. The bark is reddish-brown, peeling off by long patches. Cones broadly ovate, 12-15 mm long, with 6-10 scales. Mature in the first year.
The use of tuyevik in ornamental gardening is not yet quite common, which is unjustified, since it is not only exceptionally beautiful, but also unpretentious. Thuvik is very effective in groups - both homogeneous and in combination with other woody ones. It is indispensable for shadow compositions.
When describing a cucumber, it should be noted that pruning does not require trees, but cutting large branches and cutting small branches is possible throughout the summer. When trimming the top, the crown acquires a spectacular long-horizontal shape. The creation of dense clipped hedges or figured compositions of tuevikov impossible.
Planting and caring for a turovik in the garden
A tuyevik is shade-tolerant by nature, moreover, in open sunny places, its needles will never acquire a characteristic dark green color, and the plants themselves will not become overly squat and stocky.
For planting and subsequent care of the grass crop in the garden, friable, fertile loamy soils are preferred, but it is tolerated by plants and with sandy loams. When grown on poor soils, it needs a light feed during a period of active growth, but not with fresh manure and feces - this is excluded. Mature plants have a strong, branched root system and do not need enhanced nutrition.
The transplant transfers easily. It is advisable to replant it in spring or early summer, if you have a formed root ball, you can do it in the fall. Slight penetration of the root collar is permissible. Large specimens are recommended to be transplanted only after a dense root ball.
When grown in shady places, the thistle is excessively drought-resistant, but does not like dryness in places exposed to the sun.
Frost resistance depends on the landing site. In open areas in harsh frosty winters, thaws freeze slightly, and in the spring they get burns. Plants planted in groups or in protected areas, winter well.
Seed and vegetative propagation
For seed propagation of a turea, it is advisable to use fresh planting material collected in the fall. When stored under normal conditions, germination is lost after a year. Seeds of a squirrel have a resting embryo. To awaken it, cold stratification is required for 3-4 months. During this period, it should maintain an even moderate level of substrate moisture and avoid temperature fluctuations. At the end of the stratification, the seeds are placed in a bright and warm (+ 18 ... + 23 ° C) place where they germinate. Shoots contain in the light (but not in the sun!) And moderately watered. If the seedlings are excessively dense, then they need to dive. Seedlings unpretentious and develop quite quickly. When it comes to heat, the crops are taken out into the garden, quenched (i.e., gradually accustomed to the sun and fresh air) and then planted in a row for growing. If there is no opportunity to plant seedlings in the ground, seedlings can safely winter in boxes.
For vegetative reproduction of the bollard, horizontal cuttings are used for rooting the lower and creeping branches and cuttings (cuttings).
Horizontal cuttings - the method of reproduction, which consists in dropping the branches pressed to the ground, is most suitable for specimens that have broad, leaning to the ground shoots. With it, only spreading or wide tiered specimens can be obtained, and the pyramidal shape of the crown, typical of a tuyevik, is not preserved.
Cuttings. Tuevik multiply quite easily by cuttings. Especially well rooted cuttings from young plants.
Cuttings are best rooted in the greenhouse of a “tunnel type” or a shaded greenhouse with high air humidity directly in the soil of the ridge or in boxes that are filled with loose, well-aerated substrate composed of coarse washed sand, perlite, vermiculite, top sour peat or finely chopped sifted coniferous bark.
In the spring for cutting cuttings should be taken shoots of growth last year, in the summer - the shoots of the current year after the hardening of young growths. The best cuttings are short side twigs.
In order for the cuttings to successfully root, high humidity of the air, moderate (but not excessive!) Humidity of a clean loose substrate, an even room temperature and sufficient diffused light are necessary. If grafting is carried out in the spring, then before the bud starts blooming, the temperature is maintained at + 15 ... + 18 ° С, and then it is raised to + 20 ... + 23ᵒС. Good results are obtained by the use of root stimulants. It is only important to remember that in no case should the instructions attached to the preparations be violated.
Well-established plants can winter without shelter. Poorly rooted cuttings will transfer the winter only in bright cool rooms.