Keeping of

When growing pines in the country, you not only refines the site, decorating it with these strict, slender trees with a tent-shaped crown, but also purify the air throughout the surrounding area. Places where these giants grow are considered environmentally friendly, it is not for nothing that they build dispensaries for people with respiratory pathologies near pine groves.

Pine conifer (Pinus) belongs to the Pine family (Pinaceae). The genus is diverse and unites more than 100 different species growing in the Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to Guatemala, the West Indies, North Africa and Indonesia. All species are inhabitants of the mountains and mountain forests of the Northern Hemisphere, and only Merck's pine tree (Pinus merkusii) grows in Burma in the Southern Hemisphere.

After reading this material, you can familiarize yourself with the photos and botanical description of species and varieties of pine trees, learn about their cultivation and use in landscape design:

What a pine tree looks like: photo and botanical description

Pines are evergreen slender trees. Most species reach a height of 50-75 m, with widely spaced, whitishly spaced branches. The crown of pine trees changes with age: in young trees it has a compact bowling shape, in adults it is umbrella-shaped. This is due to the fact that the annual growth of adult plants is short and appears at the ends of strongly branched shoots, and the growth of young shoots is long and weakly branched. The bark of all types of pines is tuberous or scaly.

Pine needles are always needle-like. In species of the subgenus Strobus, it is soft thin, bundled in 5, less frequently in 3,4 or 8 pcs. In species, the Pinus subgenus is rigid, dense, bundled in 2 units. The length of pine needles, depending on the species, can range from 2 to 30 cm with a width of just 1-2 mm. When describing a pine tree, it is worth noting that the longest and softest needles have a heat-loving southern species. The South American pine Mantezuma (Pinus montezumae) is considered the most famous soft-coniferous species - its needles are so soft that they are used for stuffing pillows and mattresses.

Male "flowers" of pines are collected in bunches at the base of young elongated shoots, they are yellow, orange or red. Pollen is very light and can be carried by wind for gigantic distances. Seeds are formed in the cones, which are formed after pollination of female "inflorescences". They are located at the ends of the shoots and consist of a central axis, on which the covering scales are spirally located, in whose sinuses the seed scales are hidden.

See what these pines look like in their natural habitat:

Mature cones are always woody, rounded, ovoid or cylindrical, straight or curved, hanging or pointing upwards. Ripen in the second, less often in the third year. The size of the cones is from 3 cm long in some forms of mountain pine to 40-50 cm long in the heat-loving American Culter and Lambert pines.).

Pines are one of the most beautiful trees honored by all nations at all times. About how the pines look like, several references were found in the most ancient treatises. It is not by chance that legends and traditions about power and longevity are connected with them, and these trees personify strength and nobility. The Latin name of the genus Pinus - Pinus - comes from the ancient Greek legend of the nymph Pitiss, turned into a tree by the jealous god of the wind Boreas. The prototype of this legendary tree is undoubtedly the Mediterranean pine Pinia pinea.

Below are photos and descriptions of popular species of pines.

Types and recommended varieties of pines: photos and description

Pinus bunksiana - Pine Banks

The main habitat is eastern North America, the northern provinces of Canada. Has an irregular form of growth. The trunks are densely branched, and the branches themselves are slightly curved, pointed, growing both parallel to the ground and upwards. Young branches are bright, yellow-green, subsequently acquire a brown color.

As you can see in the photo, this pine has a stiff, short, curved, pointed needle, 2 needles in a bundle, green:

Cones sessile, erect, ovate-pointed, sometimes curved, ranging from 1 to 4. Lengths up to 8 cm, thickness up to 4 cm. Their maturation can occur for several years, and all this time they can remain closed. In his youth, even on poor soils, this pine grows quite actively. Subsequently, its growth slows down. The average tree height is about 20 m, and the width of 30 is cm. Rare specimens are both higher and wider. The annual growths of this pine are within 20 cm, the tree is completely drought-resistant and winter-hardy. It has a lot of garden cultivars, which in recent years have been actively introduced into Russian gardens.

Recommended varieties of pine Banks:

Pinus banksiana Arktis

Creeping, dwarf varieties of pine Banks. Fixing the leading shoot at an angle of 45-60 degrees relative to the ground contributes to giving this variety a very interesting shape. The branches are curved, having different lengths. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual gains of 8-10, see. Completely frost-resistant.

Pinus banksiana Chippewa

Mini Banks pine variety. Round shape. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual increments 5-7 cm, Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus banksiana Manomet

Mini Banks pine variety. Rounded shape. With age, it can advance a leading sprout. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual gains 5-7 cm, At 15-year-old age, estimated sizes: 80-100 cm wide, 60 cm high. Fully frost resistant.

Pinus banksiana Repens

Dwarf varieties of pine Banks. Creeping, pillow shape. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual increments of 7-12, see Estimated size at 20-year-olds: 3-3,5 m in width, 80-100 in height. Fully frost resistant.

Pinus banksiana Schneverdingen

Mini Banks pine variety. Round-oval shape. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus banksiana Tear Drop

Mini Banks pine variety. Round-oval shape. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus banksiana Neponset

Mini Banks pine variety. Round-oval shape. The needles are short, prickly, green. Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus cembra - European cedar pine

It is found in the Alps, Carpathians and Siberia. The Siberian variety is better known under the name Pinus sibirica - Siberian Cedar or Siberian Cedar Pine.

Cedar European Pine is a tree in height 10-25. Young plants are broad-pyramidal, adults acquire a volumetric crown. The branches of this species of pine are thick, flexible, unevenly arranged. Young growth shoots are rusty-red and felt, mature black and gray. Young bark is gray-green, mature - greenish-brown, wrinkled. Needles are collected in bundles of 5 pcs. and hold on for 3-5 for years. They are green on top, bottom gray, thin, straight, up to 7 cm long. Cones are formed only at the age of 40-80. Young cones are purple, mature - light brown, with a diameter of up to 8, see. Seeds ("pine nuts") ripen in the second year.

In culture it grows slowly, absolutely does not tolerate heavy clay soils and nearby groundwater. Hardy. In mountainous areas on this pine often formed "witches broom."

For a long time was considered unpromising for cultivation in the gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia. In the last 5 years, the situation has changed, and the cultivars of this pine have begun to appear more often in our gardens, but it’s still premature to draw final conclusions about their full stability in the Russian climate.

Recommended varieties of cedar European pine:

Pinus cembra alter hund

Mini cedar pine European. Globular-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus cembra aureovariegata

Dwarf pine variety European cedar. Pyramid shape. This species of European pine has green-golden needles throughout the summer. At a young age, the annual growths of the branches within 15, see. The lead shoot can grow to 30, see. At the moment, the final dimensions of this class have not yet been determined. Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus cembra diamant

Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. 4-7 annual increments, see Fully frost-resistant,

  • Pinus cembra Ikarus. Mini cedar pine European. Dense spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-6 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Frieda. Mini cedar pine European. Globular-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue. Annual increments of this variety of pine to 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Hirschbichlalm. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Kaunertal. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 5-7 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Lagazuoi. Mini cedar pine European. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra leo. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical-oval shape, Coniferous needles, green-blue, sometimes whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Maria Flora. Mini cedar pine European, Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant,
  • Pinus cembra Mercedes. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-6 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Niederalm. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Passo Erbe. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra perla. Mini cedar pine European. Dense, spherical-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Schneekonig. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape, Coniferous needles, green-blue, sometimes whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-7 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra St. Catarina. Mini cedar pine European. Globular-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra St. Christina. Mini cedar pine European. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra St. Ulrich. Mini cedar pine European. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Stricta. Dwarf pine variety European cedar. The oval shape, the branches fit snugly to the main trunk. The needles are blue-green. Annual increments 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Steiner. Mini cedar European pine variety, Globular-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue. Annual increments 4-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Stoderzinken 4. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-6, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus cembra Turrach 4. Mini cedar pine European. Spherical shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, sometimes whitish-silvery. Annual increments within 5, see Fully frost-resistant,
  • Pinus cembra Drei Zinnen. Mini cedar pine European. Dense, spherical-oval shape. The needles are saturated, green-blue, in places whitish-silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus contorta - Pine twisted

It grows in North America, on the Pacific coast, as well as in the highlands. The height of adult trees to 50 m, width 70-90, see. Crown spreading.

Look at the photo - in this species of pine bark is thin, brown:

The branches are thin, whorled at the ends. The needles are green, twisted, two needles in a bundle. Cones elongated ovoid, ellipsoidal, up to 5, see Do not open for several years. The root system is superficial.

Garden cultivars are very decorative. In recent years, actively planted in Russian gardens. It is cold-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate.

Recommended varieties of twisted pine:

Pinus contorta Chief Joseph

Golden twisted pine. Dwarf, pyramidal, densely branched form. The branches are densely pubescent. The needles are long, pointed, in summer green. It begins to turn yellow in late autumn and retains a bright golden color until spring. Annual increments within 10-15 cm. The variety has been tested in several gardens in the northern temperate zone of Russia for 3-5 years. It has shown itself to be completely frost-resistant. In plants planted in open spaces, in early spring, slight burning of the needles on the growth of the current year is possible.

Pinus contorta Golden Striker

Golden twisted pine. Dwarf, pillow, flattened form. The branches are thin, curved. The needles are long, peaked. The most intense bright golden color becomes in early spring. During the summer, light green. Annual increments within 10 cm. The variety has been tested in several gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia for 3-5 years. Proved to be completely frost resistant. In plants planted in open spaces, in early spring, slight burning of the needles on the growth of the current year is possible. Recommended planting in sparse penumbra.

Pinus contorta krnak

Dwarf pine varieties twisted. Very dense, densely branched, rounded shape. The needles are long, curved and twisted, dark green. Annual increments within 15, see. The variety has been tested in several gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia for 3-5 years. It has shown itself to be completely frost-resistant and tolerant to sunlight.

Pinus contorta Taylor's Sunburst

Srednerosly golden grade of twisted pine. Broadly pyramidal, densely branched form. The needles are long, pointed, soft. The most intense bright golden color becomes in early spring. Golden color gains hold for 5-6 weeks. By the fall the gains turn pale, and then turn green. Annual increments at a young age up to 15 cm. Increase with age to 25 cm. The variety has been tested in several gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia for 3-5 years. He showed himself completely frost-resistant and tolerant to the sun's rays.

Pinus flexilis - Pine soft (flexible)

Highland pine, grows in western North America, as well as in the Rocky Mountains, at an altitude of up to 3000 m above sea level. The height of the trees to 25 m, pyramidal crown, wide. In open spaces, the height is within 15 m. When describing this type of pine, it is worth noting its curved branches. The bark is dark, brown. 5 needles in a bundle, pointed, green, gray-white on the reverse side. Cones are oval-cylindrical, sessile, up to 15, see. Garden cultivars are very decorative. In recent years, actively planted in Russian gardens. It is cold-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate. It has a large number of garden cultivars.

Recommended varieties of pine soft:

The varieties of this pine are still poorly understood. Therefore, their description and size may not always be correct.

Pinus flexilis arapaho

Mini pine soft variety. Dense, spherical-oval shape. The needles are 5-6 long cm, dense, green, the back is gray-white. Annual growth of 5-6, see. It is frost-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate.

Pinus flexilis Aztek

Mini pine soft variety. Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are short, soft, green, the back is gray-white. Annual growth of 3-5, see. It is frost-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate.

Pinus flexilis komanche

Mini-grade. Spherical ovoid shape. The needles are short, rigid, green-blue, the back is gray-white. Vegetative shoots are light green. Annual growth of 4-6, see. It is frost-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate.

Pinus flexilis Horstmann

Dwarf. Pillow, creeping form. The needles are soft, green. Annual growth of 10-12, see. It is frost-resistant, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate.

Pinus koraiensis - Korean Pine, or Korean Pine Cedar

It grows in the forests of the Far East, Japan and China. In appearance, it is rather close to the species Pinus cembra, from which it sometimes carries the name Korean Cedar.

The tree height is 25-35 m. In young plants, the crown is wide-oval, in adults it is wide and rather loose. Twigs thick, flexible, unevenly arranged. Young growth shoots are powerful green with dense red-brown hair, mature black-gray. The needles are green on top, but white and gray below and laterally, thin, straight, 8-10 cm long, collected in rare bundles on 5 pieces. and fall for the second year. Cones apical, almost sessile, formed only at the age of 40-60 years. Young cones are purple, mature - golden, with a diameter of 10-14, see. Seeds, similar to "pine nuts", ripen in the second year.

In culture, it is quite hardy, but it is somewhat premature to draw final conclusions about its full stability in the Russian climate. It has a large number of garden cultivars with various forms of growth.

Recommended varieties of Korean pine:

Pinus koraiensis Amba

Mini Korean pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are long, straight, soft, green-blue, silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus koraiensis Blue Ball

Mini Korean pine variety. Compact, spherical shape. The needles are long, straight, soft, green-blue, silver. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus koraiensis China Baby

Mini Korean pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are long, soft, green-blue. Annual increments 4-7 cm, Fully frost-resistant.

  • Pinus koraiensis China Boy. Mini Korean pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are short, soft, green-blue. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus koraiensis Dragon Eye. Srednerosly grade Korean pine. Dense, pyramidal shape. The needles are long, soft, hanging down. Blue-green, has yellow stripes. Annual increments 15-20, see. Frost-resistant.
  • Pinus koraiensis Shibanichi. Srednerosly grade Korean pine. Pyramid shape. The needles are long, soft, hanging down. Blue, with silver.
  • Pinus koraiensis Winton Gee Broom. Mini Korean pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are soft, green-blue. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo - Mountain Pine

It grows in the highlands of Central and Southern Europe. Forms arrays on slopes or grows as single specimens, forming picturesque volumetric groups. A shrub with flexible trunks lodged under the weight of snow and ascending young shoots. In the lower mountain belt, plant height reaches 4 m, in the upper one it does not exceed 40, see. Young shoots are light green, adults - dark brown, bare. The mature bark is gray-brown, scaly, flaking plates. Needles are collected in bundles of 2 pcs. They are dark green, dense, sharp, straight or slightly twisted, 5-8 long, see. Cones are small, round, single or in bunches on 3 pcs. Ripen in the second year.

Mountain pine has several natural varieties with different growth force and crown shape. All of them - the most valuable material for obtaining varietal forms. All natural forms and varieties in culture are resistant, unpretentious and hardy.

Of particular interest are varieties with originally colored needles.

Very popular Ophir и Winter Goldwhose needles in winter acquire a light golden color.

In gardening, several variants are widely represented: Pinus mugo var. mughus - dense creeping shrub, forming clumps X-NUMX-70-cm tall, with needles up to 150 cm. Most varieties with long needles, for example Mops, originated from this shape; Pinus mugo var. pumilio is a creeping shrub that forms dense clumps X-height 12-50 cm, with needles about 140-3 cm long. This natural form has become the source for many varieties with small short needles, for example Humpy and Gnom.

Pinus mugo var. pseudopumilio

Mountain, shrub form. It has a large number of garden cultivars.

Pinus mugo var. rotundata

It grows in the mountains, on sphagnum swamps, like a shrub form, on drier and stony soils, low single-stem trees can be found. It has a large number of garden cultivars.

Pinus mugo var. uncinata

Tree, height up to 20 m. It grows in the Alps and the Pyrenees at a height of up to 2000-2500 m. After warm, wet winters, preventive treatment with copper-containing preparations for fungal infections is recommended. It has a large number of garden cultivars.

All natural varieties and varieties of mountain pine are frost-resistant and do not need winter shelter. Fully tolerant to sunlight.

Recommended varieties of mountain pine:

Pinus mugo Albospicato Domschke

Yellowing dwarf, possibly middle-aged mountain pine. Narrow pyramidal shape. The needles are long, soft. In late spring, the outgoing shoots for 2 weeks turn golden. Annual gains 8 -12 cm. Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo allgau

Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical, slightly conical in shape with age. The needles are green, short. Annual increments within 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo Vegap

Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

  • Pinus mugo Bozi Dar. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Sapez. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4 cm, Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Chameleon. Mini, possibly dwarf mountain pine. Spherical, sprawling, slightly friable form. The needles are variegated, gray-blue, golden at the ends. It becomes the brightest in the month of June, after the growing season. Annual increments up to 10, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Columnaris. Srednerosly mountain pine variety. Egg shaped. Branches are curved, tight to the trunk. The needles are green. Annual increments 10-15, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Dikobraz. Mini, possibly a dwarf variety. Spherical, sprawling shape. The needles are variegated, golden at the ends. It manifests itself most vividly from the beginning of spring until the end of summer. The annual increase in 5-8, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Edelweiss. Micro-grade mountain pine. Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments within 3 cm. Fully frost resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Excellence. Mini-grade mountain pine. Round shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Fish Hook. Mini Pine Mountain American Breeding. Globular-oval shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Jizerske Leg. Micro-grade mountain pine. Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Gains within 3, see Fully frost resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Kalus. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus Mugo Kissen Brevifolia. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical-sprawling form. The branches are curved. The needles are green, very short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Krasny Krejci. Micro-grade mountain pine. Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Gains within 3, see Fully frost-resistant,
  • Pinus mugo Kudrnac. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The branches are slightly curved, The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Lemon. Golden mini-mountain pine variety. Dense, spherical shape. Golden needles, changing its intensity depending on the time of year. It is considered one of the most resistant golden mountain pine varieties. Annual increments 4-6, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo March. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short.
  • Pinus mugo Mini-Mini. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical, compact form. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo Minima Kalous. Micro-grade mountain pine. Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Gains within 3, see Fully frost resistant.

P mugo ssp. pseudopumilio - Pine mountain variation of pseudopumil

Recommended varieties of pine mountain variation of pseudopumil:

Pinus mugo ssp, pseudopumilio Drobny

Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio Krejci Super

Minisort pine mountain. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio ohynek

Mini-grade mountain pine. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual gains 3 cm. Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio pixie

Mini-grade mountain pine. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 2-3, see Fully frost-resistant.

  • Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio platzino. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo ssp, pseudopumilio Rasnice. Mini-grade mountain pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 4-6, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio Veliconoce. Minisort pine mountain. Spherical shape. The needles are green, short. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo ssp. pseudopumilio vireil. Mini-grade mountain pine. Very dense globular shape.

Pay attention to the photo - pine needles of this variety are green, short:

Annual increments 1-3, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo var. uncinata - Pine mountain subspecies uncinate

Recommended varieties of mountain pine subspecies untsinata:

Pinus mugo var. uncinata Erwin

Micro-grade mountain pine. Very dense globular shape. The needles are short, green. Annual increments 2-3, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus mugo var. rotundata - pine mountain variation of rotundat

Recommended varieties of pine mountain variation of rotundat:

Pinus mugo var. rotundata Fritsche

Mini-grade mountain pine. Round shape. The needles are green. Annual increments 5-8, see Fully frost-resistant.

  • Pinus mugo var. rotundata Kvaca. Mini-grade mountain pine. Round shape. The needles are green. Annual increments 4-6, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo var, uncinata Montana Vlk. Mini-grade mountain pine. Dense globular-oval shape. The needles are short, green. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus mugo var. uncinata Schonberg. Micro-mountain pine variety, Very dense globular shape. The needles are short, green. 2-3 annual increments, see Fully frost-resistant,
  • Pinus mugo var. uncinata Tour 4. Mini-grade mountain pine. Dense spherical shape. The needles are short, green. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Further you can get acquainted with the photo, names and descriptions of other varieties of pines.

Other varieties of pines: photo, name and description

Pinus nigra - Pine black

It grows in the mountains of southern Europe. This species of pine is cultivated up to Northern Europe. 20-50 is a very beautiful tree. The crown of young trees is wide-pyramidal, adults are umbrella. The branches of young plants are evenly whorled.

Pinus nigra bobo

Mini black pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are dark green. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus nigra spielberg

Dwarf black pine variety. Round-oval shape. The needles are dark green, long. Annual increments 10-14, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus nigra Moravsky Jizni Kriz

Mini black pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are dark green. 3-4 annual increments, see Fully frost-resistant,

Pinus nigra nana

Dwarf black pine variety. Round-oval shape. The needles are dark green, long. Annual increments 7-10, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus nigra pink

Mini black pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are dark green. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus nigra SN 15

Mini black pine variety. Spherical shape. The needles are dark green. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus parviflora - Pine small-flowered

It is widely distributed in Japan, and not only as a plant of natural flora, but also as a favorite material for decorating gardens and creating dwarf bonsai trees.

In nature - a beautiful, stocky tree height 5-12 m with a flat spreading crown. Crohn young plants tight pyramidal. Twigs dense with short branches. The bark is gray-brown, completely smooth for a long time, and peeling off with thin flaps with age.

As can be seen in the photo, the needles of this species of pine are needle-like, in bunches of 5 pieces, which are closely adjacent to each other and are collected in brushes at the ends of the shoots:

Needles strongly curved and twisted, length 4-6, see. Young needles are white-gray, mature - gray-green. Cones are sessile, up to 10 cm long and up to 4 cm wide, bunched together and horizontally spaced apart. The shape of the cones varies from ovoid to cylindrical. Seeds ripen in the second year, but the cones are kept on the branches until 7 years.

Small-flowered pine is widely used for decoration of gardens in regions with a mild climate. In the frosty winters of the northern temperate zone, it can freeze over, and even open in the wind to the ground, as it absolutely does not tolerate prolonged soil freezing.

Over the past 10 years, this species of pine has undergone numerous tests in the gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia. The results obtained suggest that, with the right choice of planting site, varieties of small-flowered pine can be recommended for cultivation in Russian gardens.

Recommended varieties of small-flowered pine:

Pinus parviflora Al Fordham

Srednerosly pine variety small-flowered. In the first years, columnar growth is observed, with the advancement of several leaders. With age, it may take a shrub form. The needles are green. Annual increments up to 20 cm. Conditionally frost resistant. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun,

Pinus parviflora cecilia

Dwarf pine varieties small-flowered. Flattened form of growth. The branches develop in a horizontal direction, have a whip-like shape. The needles are green, with a silver tint. Annual increments 10-15, see. Frost-resistant. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun.

Pinus parviflora fukai

Dwarf pine varieties small-flowered. In the first years it has a narrow-colonized form, over the years it takes on a non-standard pyramidal shape with a pronounced vertical leader and several leading branches that grow in the horizontal direction. Early in spring, the needles become greenish-golden, striped. This color is kept throughout the season, until late autumn. Annual increments 10-12, see. Frost-resistant. In the spring of the sun can severely burn. Early spring treatments with copper-containing preparations for fungal infections are recommended.

Pinus parviflora fukuzumi

Dwarf pine varieties small-flowered. Flattened form of growth. The branches develop in a horizontal direction, have a whip-like shape. The needles are green, the reverse side of the needles is silvery. Annual increments within 15, see. Resistant to frost. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun.

  • Pinus parviflora Hagoromo. Mini-variety of small-flowered pine. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, Annual increments within 5, see. Frost-resistant.
  • Pinus parviflora napa. Mini-variety of small-flowered pine. Flattened, spherical shape. With age, it can push the vertical leading shoots. In May, the needles are painted white and cream color. This color is kept throughout the season, until late autumn. Annual gains 3-5 cm, frost-resistant. Planted in the sun can severely burn
  • Pinus parviflora shikoku (synonym - Shikoku Govo). Dwarf pine varieties small-flowered. In the first years it has an irregular narrowly shaped form, over the years the form becomes pyramidal, with a pronounced vertical leader and several leading branches growing in the horizontal direction. Early in spring, the needles become green-golden and striped. This color is kept throughout the season, until late autumn. Annual increments of IQ-12, see. Resistant to frost. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun. Early spring treatments with copper-containing preparations for fungal infections are recommended.
  • Pinus parviflora Tanima-noyuki (synonym - Tani-mano-uki). Mini-variety of small-flowered pine. Flattened, spherical shape. With age in the vertical direction pushes the leading escape. In May, the needles are painted white and cream color. This color is kept throughout the season, until late autumn. Annual increments 3-5, see. Frost-resistant. Planted in the sun can actively burn.
  • Pinus parviflora tenysukazu (synonyms - Dr. Landis, Goldylocks). Dwarf pine varieties small-flowered. In the first years it has an irregular narrowly shaped shape, over the years the shape becomes pyramidal with a pronounced vertical leader and several leading branches growing in the horizontal direction. Early in spring, the needles become bright golden. This color is kept throughout the season, until late autumn, first introduced into garden culture in Japan. Annual gains 7-12 cm, planted in the sun can actively burn in the spring. Hardy.

Pinus flight - Rumelian pine, or Balkan

It grows in the mountainous regions of southern and southeastern Europe. Tree of narrow pyramidal shape, height up to 20 m. The branches are straight, gray or gray brown. The bark is gray or brown. The needles are soft, green, with a grayish tint, up to 10 cm in length, assembled in bundles of five pieces. Cones cylindrical 8-12 cm, ripen on 3-th year.

Recommended varieties of Rumelian pine:

Pinus reise daniel

Mini-grade Rumelian pine. Spherical shape. The needles are light green. Annual increments 2-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus rey glauca

Srednerosly grade Rumelian pine. Pyramid shape. The branches are straight. The needles are green and blue. Annual increments 20-30, see Fully frost-resistant. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun.

  • Pinus voyage Aureovariegata. Srednerosly grade Rumelian pine. Pyramid shape. The branches are straight. Green needles, with cream inserts. Annual increments 20-30, see Fully frost-resistant. May suffer from the rays of the spring sun.
  • Pinus rey Thessalonica Broom. Mini-grade Rumelian pine. Spherical shape. The needles are green. Annual increments 2-4, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus ponderosa - Pine yellow, or Oregon. Under natural conditions, it grows in the western regions of North America.

The height of adult plants reaches 30-35 m. The thickness of the trunk is about 1 m in diameter. The crown is widely cone-shaped. This variety of pine got its name because of the yellow-brown bark. The needles are green, flexible, soft, up to 25 length, see. Cones are small, cone-cylindrical. After ripening and disclosure, they increase in size to 7-10 cm. Until recently, it was considered unpromising for cultivation in the gardens of the northern temperate zone of Russia, but in the last 5-7 years a positive experience has been obtained in growing pine yellow cultivars in our gardens.

Recommended varieties of pine yellow:

Pinus ponderosa Agnieszka

Variegate medium grade pine yellow. Pyramid shape. The needles are green. The length of 10-12, see. Spring is unevenly colored, becomes striped. Bright golden color persists until late autumn. Annual gains 15-20, see Conditionally frost-resistant. Successfully grown in several gardens near Moscow for 3 years. Final conclusions about the sustainability of this variety can only be made after longer trials.

Pinus ponderosa K. Riley

Mini-grade. Pyramid shape. The needles are green, soft. Annual gains 5-7, see Conditionally frost-resistant. The exact, final dimensions of this variety are unknown.

Pinus ponderosa Gallinas

Mini-grade. Round shape. The needles are green, soft. Annual gains 3-5, see Conditionally frost-resistant. The exact, final dimensions of this variety are unknown.

Pinus ponderosa Penaz

Large size pine yellow. Totally unique variety. Young plants take root for several years and barely grow. Then begin to actively grow. Annual increments of 100-120 cm. In 20 years, a tree can reach 25 m height. Small branches are curved. On the trunk is located chaotically. The needles are green, soft, up to 25 cm, Conditionally frost-resistant. Successfully grown in several gardens near Moscow for 3 years. Final conclusions about the sustainability of this variety can only be made after longer trials.

Pinus pumila - Pine dwarf, or elfin cedar

Forms thickets and groups in the mountains from Siberia to Japan.

Both the natural form and its cultivars are multi-trunk trees or shrubs with flexible but resilient shoots. In highlands, adult fruiting plants do not exceed 30 cm, but in areas with milder climates and in horticultural crops can reach 8 m. Under the weight of snow, the trunks are spread all over the ground, which saves the plant in harsh winter conditions. As the snow melts, the trunks straighten, but partially retain the elfin form. Young growth shoots are powerful, densely covered with needle needles. The needles are collected in bunches of 5 pieces, bluish-green, soft, more or less twisted, in lengths from 5 to 15, see. Cones are very similar to pine cones, but smaller ones. Seeds - tasty, but small "pine nuts". Ripen in the second year. In culture, fruiting begins in the 5-10 year.

Elfin cedar is a highly volatile plant. In places with harsh growing conditions (for example, on the hills of the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin and Kamchatka), it has a dwarf growth and has brightly colored blue needles. In the mountain valleys and in horticultural crops, the same forms grow, can lose compactness, crown density, and the brightness of the color of the needles.

Frost resistance of both the species and its varieties is very high.

Recommended varieties of dwarf pine:

Pinus pumila Draijers Dwarf

Dwarf variety of cedar elfin. In the first years it develops very slowly, retaining a compact cushion shape. Subsequently, in the horizontal direction, it begins to push forward several leading scythe-like shoots, forming a sprawling, tiered form. The needles are green and silver, soft. Annual increments up to 15, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus pumila glauca

Dwarf variety of cedar elfin. In the first years it develops very slowly, retaining a compact cushion shape. Subsequently, in the horizontal direction, it begins to push forward several leading scythe-like shoots, forming a sprawling, tiered form. The needles are green and silver, soft. Annual increments up to 15, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus pumila jeddeloh

Dwarf variety of cedar elfin. In the first years it develops very slowly, retaining a compact cushion shape. Subsequently, in the horizontal direction, it begins to push forward several leading scythe-like shoots, forming a sprawling, tiered form. The needles are green and silver, soft. Annual increments up to 15, see Fully frost-resistant,

  • Pinus pumila Jeg-2 (SDL). Mini-cedar elfin variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, retaining a compact cushion shape. The needles are green and blue. Subsequently, in the vertical direction begins to push several leading shoots, Very interesting compact seedling of this variety. Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus pumila Wohl'a. Mini-cedar elfin variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, retaining a compact cushion shape. The needles are green and blue. Subsequently, in the vertical direction begins to push several leading shoots. Very interesting compact seedling of this variety. Annual increments 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sibirica - Siberian Pine, or Siberian Cedar Pine (Siberian Cedar)

Cedar pine variety -Pinus cembra. It occupies large areas from the headwaters of the Vychegda River in the northeast of the European part of Russia to the headwaters of the Aldan River in Eastern Siberia.

Tall tree, reaching 35-45 m, with a very thick cone-shaped crown. The bark of young plants is smooth, gray, old -shaped, gray-brown. The needles are bluish-green, dense, but not rigid, up to 13 and about 1,5 wide, see. Assembled into bundles of 5 pieces. Cones are gray-brown, erect, up to 13, see. Seeds are tasty fat "pine nuts". Cones are formed only on plants that have reached the age of 40-80 years, therefore vaccinations are used to speed up the fruiting.

In culture, unpretentious only on well-drained sandy and light loamy soils. Absolutely hardy. It has a number of varietal forms, both fruit and decorative purposes.

Recommended varieties of Siberian pine:

The size of annual increments in all varieties of Siberian cedar pine is somewhat arbitrary, since the trial period of the varieties of this type is insignificant.

Pinus sibirica Highlander

Mini Siberian pine variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, keeping a compact round shape. Subsequently acquires a round-oval shape. Green needles, collected on 5 needles in a bundle. Annual increments within 5-7, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sibirica Emerald

Dwarf Siberian pine variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, keeping a compact round shape. Subsequently acquires a round-oval shape. The needles are green and blue, collected along 5 needles in a bundle. It is considered one of the most blue Siberian pines. Annual increments within 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sibirica Icarus

Dwarf Siberian pine variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, keeping a compact round shape. Subsequently becomes oval. Green needles, collected on 5 needles in a bundle. Annual increments within 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sibirica SDL Stone Flower

Micro-grade Siberian pine. Seedling, Very dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, long, soft. Annual increments within 3 cm. Fully frost resistant.

Pinus sibirica Oligarch

Dwarf Siberian pine variety. In the first years it develops very slowly, keeping a compact round shape. Subsequently acquires a round-oval shape. The needles are green, short, collected along the 5 needles in a bundle. Annual increments within 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus strobus - Weymouth Pine

It grows in the forests of North America. The tree height is 25-50 m, similar in appearance to pine cedar. Pyramid crown. The branches are short, whorled, horizontally spaced from the trunk. Young shoots are thin, light greenish brown. The bark of young plants is smooth, gray, shiny, old - longitudinally wrinkled. Needles needles, bundled in 5 units, green-gray, soft, thin, straight, about 10 long, see Cones apical, dangling, often curved, light brown-yellow, narrow-cylindrical, long 15-20, see Seeds small winged, ripen in the second year.

It has varietal forms with different types and crown habit.

Fully hardy, but may suffer from the rays of the spring sun.

Recommended varieties of pine Weymouth:

Pinus strobus Green Curls

Dwarf varieties of pine Weymutov. Oval-columnar shape. The needles are light green, soft. This variety is characterized by abundant cones. Annual increments 8-12, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus strobus Prazska Zahrada

Mini-grade of a pine of Weymutov. Round shape. The needles are light green, soft. Annual increments 3-6, see Fully frost-resistant. In order to avoid breaking, it is desirable to have a winter snow cover.

Pinus strobus Wendy

New dwarf, perhaps srednerosly, variety of a pine of Weymutov. Round shape. The needles are green. After the growing season, young growths are painted in a light golden color. With this color the plant goes into winter. Annual increments within 15 cm. Fully frost resistant. In order to avoid breaking, it is desirable to have a winter snow cover.

Pinus strobus Werner

Mini-grade of a pine of Weymutov. Spherical shape. The needles are green, soft. Annual increments 3-5, see Fully frost-resistant. In order to avoid breaking, it is desirable to have a winter snow cover.

  • Pinus strobus furcata. Dwarf varieties of pine Weymutov. Oval-columnar shape. The needles are light green, soft. This variety is characterized by abundant cones. Annual increments 8-12, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus strobus Golden Candles. New dwarf, perhaps, srednerosly variegated varieties of pine Weymouth. Pyramid shape. The needles are green, in the spring it is unevenly painted in a creamy-yellow color. Annual increments 8-15, see Fully frost-resistant.

(Pinus sylvestris) - Pine ordinary

Widely distributed throughout Eurasia from the temperate climate zone to the polar zone. This species occupies the largest area among all types of pines. The habitats of Scots pine are quite different - from the plains of Northern and Central Russia to the highlands of Europe. Scotch pine is a tree in height from 20-35 to 50. Crohn young plants are wide-pinned with raised branches. The crown of adult plants depends on the growing conditions and may be pyramid-umbrella with horizontally-layered uneven branches on a slender trunk, with free standing to volume and uneven in stumpy curved specimens. The bark of young plants is reddish, adults - light yellow-brown, scaly.

Needles needle, bundled on 2 pieces, hard, prickly, dark blue-green, straight, 4-7 long, see Cones single or collected on 2-3 pieces, gray-brown, frosted, pyramidal, about 3 and a width of about 2 cm. Mature in the second year.

In nature, pine ordinary is highly variable, which is associated with growing conditions. This estate allowed to select spectacular, diverse and numerous varieties. Currently, varietal forms began to actively appear in the gardens, located in the northern temperate zone of Russia.

Recommended varieties of Scots pine:

Pinus sylvestris Albyns

Creeping dwarf pine varieties. The branches are slightly curved, horizontally located. With age form longlines. The needles are green. Annual increments within 10-15, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sylvestris Bexel WB SDL

Mini-variety of Scots pine. Dense, spherical shape. The needles are green, soft, preferably 2 once a year to clean the crown of dead needles. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant. In order to avoid breaking, it is desirable to have a winter snow cover.

Pinus sylvestris Candlelight

Large-sized grade of Scots pine. Tapeworm. Form of pyramidal-pin-shaped. The needles are green. After the growing season, young growths are painted in a milky color. After about a week, the gains turn yellow, and by the end of the summer they turn green again. Annual increments 3-4, see Fully frost-resistant.

Pinus sylvestris Chantry Blue

Dwarf varieties of Scots pine. Globular-oval shape. The needles are green and blue. Annual increments 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.

  • Pinus sylvestris Doone Valley. Mini-variety of Scots pine. Round-tier form. The needles are green and blue. Annual increments 3-6, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus sylvestris Jakutsk. Dwarf varieties of Scots pine. Pyramid shape. The needles are green, turning yellow with the onset of autumnal cold. Annual increments 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus sylvestris Meffengowd. Dwarf varieties of Scots pine. Pyramidal shapes. The needles are green, turning yellow with the onset of autumnal cold and remaining golden all winter. Annual increments 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus sylvestris Moseri. Mini-variety of Scots pine. In the early years it has a very dense, rounded shape. With age, it becomes ovate-ovoid. It is advisable to 2 once a year to clean the crown of dead needles. The needles are green, turning yellow with the onset of autumnal cold and remaining golden all winter. Annual increments 7-10, see Fully frost-resistant. Requires precise light landing site.
  • Pinus sylvestris Trollguld. Dwarf varieties of Scots pine. Pyramid shape. Green-golden needles throughout the year. Depending on the season, the saturation of the golden color varies. The peak of the saturation of the yellow-golden color falls on the early spring. Annual increments 10-12, see Fully frost-resistant.
  • Pinus sylvestris Watereri. Sredneroslyy grade of Scots pine. Round, slightly sprawling shape. There is a lack of a pronounced leading shoots. Large branches have a vertical direction of growth. The needles are dark green. Annual increments 15-25, see Fully frost-resistant. In the first years after planting may suffer from the rays of the spring sun. To prevent the branches from breaking under the weight of snow, it is advisable to tie them in late autumn or early winter.

Next, you will learn how to grow pine in the country and how to care for the tree.

Growing pines in the country: planting and agricultural care (with photos)

When growing pines in the country, keep in mind that these are some of the most photophilous conifers. Only in open areas do they acquire the typical form of a crown. In shaded areas and in thickened plantings, pine trees are not decorative.

For planting and caring for pines, it is better to use sandy loams or loose, well-drained, slightly acid loams. Dwarf varietal forms prefer nutritious friable loams - only on such soils they have a dense compact crown.

Pines less than other conifers need additional nutrition. Only young plants can be fed in the spring after melting snow on wet ground with light complex or combined mineral fertilizer. When growing and caring for pines do not overdo it with fertilizers: excessive nitrogen fertilizing, especially with fresh manure or faeces, can lead to the death of plants.

Transplantation should be carried out either in spring before bud break or in autumn. Deepening of the root collar is unacceptable. Plants with actively growing shoots root extremely badly. Young trees tolerate transplantation relatively easily, large pines, taken from nature, do not take root. Large garden specimens can be replanted only after preliminary preparation of the root ball, consisting in repeated pruning of the roots for 6-12 months before the intended transplant.

These photos show the correct planting and care of pines in the country:

When caring for pines in the country, be moderate in watering. Most species of pine trees are sugally and absolutely do not tolerate stagnant and groundwater. Adults, well-developed specimens are extremely drought-resistant.

In order to care for the pines in the way that proper agricultural technology implies, do not forget that all members of the genus are cold-tolerant, but the frost resistance of species is different. Most of them, unfortunately, are not able to withstand the frosty winter for a long time, and many species, although they can survive short frosts, but die during the freezing of the root ball. At the same time, adult specimens of all kinds are more resistant to cold than the young ones; therefore, even thermophilic pines such as P. brutia, densiflora, parviflora and pinea can be grown in the gardens of temperate regions.

Of course, even gaining strength, these plants will never look as luxurious as in their homeland, but, given the winter shelter of young specimens, they may well replenish the collection of conifers.

When caring for pines, young plants needing shelter and undersized varietal forms can be easily insulated for winter with a broom tree. It is almost impossible to protect large specimens of pines from frost; for this reason, thermophilic subtropical species are not considered in our manual.

Observing the rules of agricultural engineering, in the spring for the even awakening of weak plants, abundant watering, spraying and shading from the sun's rays are recommended. It is very important to shed the soil after a frosty winter.

The next section of the article is devoted to the use of pine trees in landscape design.

The use of pine trees in the landscape design of the garden (with photo)

All pines have a number of characteristic attractive features that combine majesty and elegance with monumentality and even some roughness of the branches, which contrast with the elegance of the needles. Not surprisingly, in the design of gardens around the world, pines are one of the most common and favorite conifers. Suitable for growing species can be picked up for almost any climatic zone, so the pines can be found next to palm trees in southern gardens and near heathers in the gardens around the Arctic Circle.

See how beautiful pine tree landscaping compositions are:

Pines are used in different ways. In the south, to bring in northern color and create a contrast with the coarse foliage of evergreens, in the north, as one of the main and most enduring plant materials. Large pine trees are especially good for planting in single specimens and in light groves.

As can be seen in the photo, dwarf pines in the design of the garden and elfin forms are indispensable for small plots when composing mixborders and rockeries:

Pine shears are not suitable for cutting, but they are very good for forming curly crown. Compact specimens can be easily and fairly quickly obtained by regularly breaking out growth buds in the fall or early spring and shortening the growing shoots in the summer.

And finally, learn how to grow pine from seeds.

Reproduction when growing pines in the country: how to grow a tree from seed

In the practical gardening of pines, the reproduction of pines is carried out in two ways: natural - by seeds, and varietal grafts. Cultivation from seeds of varietal varieties is used only to obtain new forms. Theoretically, reproduction by cuttings and layering is possible, but it is associated with such great difficulties that it makes no sense to consider it.

All pines are very easily propagated by seed. When storing high-quality seeds under normal conditions, germination is lost through 1,5-2 of the year, and in an airtight container at 0 + 5 C, it persists for more than 15 years. Seeds with damaged covers are not stored and require immediate germination.

Freshly fallen seeds are not ready for immediate growing of pines, as they have a “dormant” germ. Before as propagate pine, for the awakening of the seed embryo a period of even low positive temperatures is necessary. For species whose needles are bundled in 2 units, this period is approximately 2-3 of the month, for species with a bundle of 3-5 and more needles - 4-6 months. Scarification (violation of seed covers before sowing) to pines is not required.

The seeds are propagated for breeding pines in the following ways:

  • Sub-winter sowing. Seeds are sown in the ridge to a depth of 1,5-2, see and mulch with loose earth to the height of 1-1,5, see. In the spring, after emergence, the plants, pinching the spine, are seated or left on the ridge until the fall or next spring.
  • Snowing In the fall or winter, the seeds are sown in boxes, then 1-2 is kept warm for weeks, then transferred to the street and instilled in snow until spring. Shoots appear at the end of spring - at the beginning of summer, they are unpacked in a row or left in boxes until autumn.
  • Cold stratification. At the end of winter, the seeds are mixed with large, clean, slightly moist sand, sawdust or sphagnum moss and placed in plastic bags or boxes that are stored in a refrigerator or basement at + 3 ... + 5 C for 1-3 or 4-6 months depending on from the view.

You can sow seeds in boxes or bowls in earthen mixture consisting of rotted leaves of the earth, peat and coarse sifted sand in the ratio 3: 1: 1, and stored in the refrigerator or basement as well as seeds, arranged in plastic bags, maintaining a constant temperature and even moderate humidity of the substrate.

After the stratification period is completed, seeds that were stored in bags are washed and sown in boxes or plates and exposed to light at a temperature of + 18 ... + 23 ° С. Seedlings contain in the light, avoiding direct sunlight, and moderately watered.

If the seedlings are excessively dense, then they dive. Young pine seedlings are very sensitive to waterlogging - over-watering will inevitably lead to the death of the roots. If the seedlings develop normally, the boxes, when it comes to heat, are carried out into the garden, where, after gradual accustoming to the sun and fresh air, they are planted in a ridge. Transplant young plants endure absolutely painless.

Varietal characteristics in seed propagation are determined only in the third or fourth year of cultivation, but the percentage of varietal compliance is very small.

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