Exotic plants on the windowsill - this is an opportunity to diversify the phytodesign of an apartment or office. Sometimes the gardener is driven by simple human curiosity. For example, I want to know how to grow a persimmon from a stone on the windowsill at home - is it possible, will the tree bear fruit and please its owners with bright orange berries. A separate question is how to care for the plant, so that it pleases with its emerald green and rapid growth in the conditions of a short day in the winter and with dry air near the central heating radiators.
Just say, the persimmon from the stone at home is growing quite slowly and the first results of persistent daily work will be visible only after 4-5 years. It is during this period that the first flowering of the bush can be expected. Approximately in 8 months the tree will give fragrant and bright berries that can be eaten.
In the proposed material, you can familiarize yourself with the whole agrotechnical process and draw for yourself the necessary knowledge about how to grow persimmon at home from a bone obtained from a mature fruit. Planting and growing is a process that requires not only knowledge, but also experience. And you can draw it from the advice of experienced gardeners.
Preparing for planting and germination
When we are preparing for planting, we think first of all about the quality of future cuttings. It is necessary to select the most suitable for the description of the variety of fruit, without spots and dents. Peel should be bright orange, glossy. The leaves should be light, brown, dry and without signs of damage to putrefactive bacteria.
Note! To germinate, you can take a stone only from persimmon, which has not been exposed to low temperatures. After even a brief freeze, the bone becomes unviable. Wait for the seedlings in this situation will not be easy.
Before you take the planting material for the cultivation of persimmon from the stone, you need to bring the berry to full maturity. This can be done in a warm dry place. For example, near the radiator. Full maturity is determined by cracking the peel, complete drying of the sepals. At this point, you can remove the bones and expose them to preplant treatment.
To begin, we disinfect in a weak solution of potassium permanganate - soak should be at least 48 hours. It is better if the solution tank will be located on the radiator all the time at a temperature of 35 - 38 degrees Celsius. This will facilitate the activation of biological processes and the germ from such a bone will be overlooked earlier.
The first advice from experienced gardeners: if, when soaking, some bones float to the surface of the solution, they should be thrown out. They will not sprout.
The second stage of preparation for planting persimmon at home is the effect of growth activators. There are two options for the development of events. If you have nothing against the achievements of the modern chemical industry, then go to the nearest store for gardeners. There are sold in a wide variety of growth activators and accelerators of the formation of the root system. Choose a suitable for stone fruit crops. From home methods, soaking the bones in aloe juice is optimal. With a purchased stimulator or aloe, soak a gauze and wrap all the prepared bones into it. Then put all this in a plastic bag and place in the refrigerator for 60 days. The temperature for stratification should be at least 5 degrees Celsius. The conditions on the second (middle) shelf of the refrigeration compartment correspond to this.
After stratification over the 2 months, heat exposure is necessary. To do this, a bag with stones is placed on the radiator battery for 7 days.
The second secret from experienced gardeners: before soaking the seed, it should be slightly filed from two longitudinal sides with a file, without completely removing the entire skin. Instead of a file, you can use coarse sandpaper. This should be done very carefully.
Planting persimmon seed at home
Since the preparatory procedures require some time (usually 3 - 3,5 of the month), planting persimmon seed at home takes place around February or March. At this time, the light day is significantly increased and the emerged shoots have enough natural light so that they do not stretch out and are not subjected to putrefactive processes.
For planting should prepare a well-structured soil. For these purposes, a mixture of river sand and ordinary land in the proportions 50 / 50 will do. After mixing, the soil is roasted in the oven for 3 hours. Then spill a warm solution of potassium permanganate and after cooling, you can proceed to planting.
The depth of embedding into the ground must not exceed 10 mm. After planting, the container is covered with a plastic bag and placed in a warm place. It is necessary to air plantings daily and slightly moisten the top layer of soil. With the right actions, shoots can be expected after 14 - 20 days.
If after the shoot, the scales remain on the germ from the stone, it should be carefully removed with tweezers or small nail scissors. Wait until the process happens on its own is not worth it. This can destroy a weak, fragile sprout.
The third secret of the experienced: for self-removal of a bone, immediately after the emergence of seedlings it is abundantly sprayed with water from a spray bottle, cover the pot with cellophane and put on 12 hours in a dark warm place.
We send to a permanent "apartment": picking and further cultivation
A pick is an agrotechnical technique necessary for the qualitative development of the root system. It is held at that moment when the 2 first real leaflets are fully opened. At this moment we send the seedlings to a permanent "apartment", allocating a separate pot for each seedling. And here there is one secret - it is important to choose the right volume and diameter of the pot. For standard seedlings, a pot with a diameter of no more than 10 cm and a volume up to 1 liters will fit.
After picking, cover each pot with a glass jar. This creates optimal conditions for further rooting. Once a day we remove the glass glass and ventilate for 30 - 60 minutes. After 2 weeks, you can remove the protection for good.
The second transfer takes place at the beginning of May. Now already taken large pots up to 3-x liters. In the summer period, plants can be brought to fresh air or placed in a greenhouse, where cucumbers and tomatoes grow and develop.
Further cultivation will not require such a colossal work, which was done during planting and growing seedlings. Subsequent transplants may be required if the tree develops vigorously and the crown extends beyond the limits of the pot by more than 3 cm.
The first bloom with proper care for persimmon at home can be seen after 5 years. This usually occurs in mid-June. It is worth remembering that fruiting persimmon requires natural pollination. Therefore, after the blooming of the first flower, it is necessary to transport the plant to the open air. At the same time, the foliage should be protected from direct sunlight - an unaccustomed plant can get sunburn and die.
However, leaf fall in the last days of autumn is a common occurrence for persimmon. At home, she does not change her habits, baring her twigs steadily every October or November. Do not be afraid, after 32 a month later, the process of development of leaf buds will begin again.
For wintering persimmon at home, a window sill is perfect, under which there is no central heating battery. The average daily temperature should not exceed 18 degrees Celsius. Throughout the winter, it is necessary to maintain optimum soil moisture, preventing the root coma from drying out. Spray branches should not be. In early spring, around the end of February, you should help the plant to wake up. To do this, remove the top layer of soil to a depth of 7-mi. Then a new nutrient soil is poured and the soil is plentifully spilled with complex fertilizer. The pot must be placed in the brightest place with more high ambient temperatures. After this, daily spraying of the branches is required.
From mid-February to the end of March and from mid-August to the end of October, additional lighting is required with artificial daylight lamps for 3 hours every day after dark. This technique allows you to accelerate the growth process.
The location of persimmon at home should be light, relatively warm and without drafts. Opening the window over it in winter is definitely not worth it. This may not only slow down the growth and development of the plant, but also destroy the entire tree.
Feeding is carried out 1 once a week, starting in mid-February and until the full discharge of deciduous mass. For this purpose, alternations of complex mineral and organic fertilizers dissolved in warm water are used.
After the fall of the foliage in autumn, you can begin pruning in order to form a harmonious spherical crown. To do this, it is enough to shorten the shoots to the desired length. The optimal length of each shoot for development at home is 60, see. All side branches on the center are shortened to 20. See
House-grown persimmon from a bone in the shape of a bonsai is the perfect decoration for any modern interior. And during the fruiting period, it becomes even more attractive. Try to conduct this bold experiment at home and you will be amazed at the result.