Even if you design your garden in a “natural” style, you cannot do without the proper care of roses. This does not mean that it is necessary to plant bushes on a ticker, cut in accordance with strict canons, to give them a strictly defined form. But even natural, landscape design implies accuracy. In addition, if you do not care for garden roses as required by the plants, they will simply die.
Healthy plants must be resistant to stress in order to withstand bad weather conditions and attacks by parasites. For the bushes to grow hardy and healthy, they must grow in comfortable conditions. In this case, almost everything depends on the proper care of roses.
How to properly care for roses: weed control
To care for roses properly, as required for their normal flowering, plants need loose, aerated soil. These conditions are created before planting.
When caring for roses in the soil avoid anything that may lead to soil compaction. We often forget about the pressure of our own weight, going to a flower bed, or about the consequences of intensive watering in the form of silting the soil. Rammed soil hampers the growth of roses and makes them particularly vulnerable to a number of diseases. Therefore, the soil between plants should be regularly loosened, while avoiding damage to the roots. Chopper is suitable as a tool, but for deeper loosening it is better to use special two-tine forks.
Even when caring for roses in the fall will have to fight with grass or weeds, you need to do it all the time. One cannot do without it, because their seeds can lie underground for years in a state of rest, besides, they are constantly brought in by the wind or animals. Perennial weeds annoy most of all, so they must be thoroughly removed even before planting roses. If roses have been growing in the flowerbed before, it is necessary to remove all residues of roots from the soil as soon as possible. If you cut down only the elevated parts of old roses, you will repent, since then it is hopeless to fight the germinated roots afterwards.
The answer to the question of how to care for the roses in the garden, so that they do not overgrow with seed weeds, is obvious: this is done by the old proven method - regular weeding of the flower bed. Keep the soil clean and remove the weeds at an early stage of development.
The next section of the article is devoted to the mulching of the soil while caring for roses when grown in a garden.
Roses care in open ground for beginners: soil mulching
Mulching is necessary for soil aeration and successful weed control. Apply organic material — usually bark mulch — onto the soil between the plants. The thickness of the layer of mulch should be approximately 5 cm. The material itself consists of pieces of wood bark, different in size. The layer of mulch prevents dehydration, so the development of underground plant parts becomes more active due to balanced moisture, and the growth of many weeds is suppressed at the cellular level of development.
How to care for roses, mulching the soil? The layer of mulch on the soil surface should be even. Avoid uneven layers of mulch around the plant, as they prevent water from entering the roots of the plant. As a result of this, newly planted roses, which have not yet had time to properly take root, will suffer from a lack of moisture. It is best to mulch the soil the following year. landing plants.
Remember that mulch does not contain nutrients! The splitting of microorganisms in the mulch is due to nitrogen, which means that the roses themselves may not be enough. The consequence of this is depletion of plants. Therefore, in order to properly grow garden roses when caring for them, add additional nitrogen to the soil before mulching.
Watch a video of outdoor rose care with tips for newbies:
How to care for roses in the open field: the right watering
Roses need a lot of water. This does not mean that you need to water every day. This is more likely to harm than help.
It is clear that immediately after planting it is necessary to water the rose with enough water. The roots of a developing plant can only receive water from nearby sources. This means that during the cultivation of roses in the open field when caring for plants, they should be additionally watered from a watering can. Then the root system of the rose will grow, and it will receive moisture from sources located deeper and farther.
On the one hand, the dry surface of the soil does not mean that roses suffer from a lack of moisture, but on the other hand, a light soil moistening does not provide adequate water supply for the plants. In no case can anything be done, so it is to water the flowers every evening from a hose. This will lead to the fact that it is best to feel and develop not roses, but different types of mushrooms.
If a real drought comes, it is best to water it rarely, but plentifully. According to the basic rules for the care of roses, in the dry season, plants need at least from 20 to 30 liters of water per square meter. Such a volume of water can penetrate to the desired depth. After that, roses can live without problems for a week or two.
In the course of how to care for roses in the open field, during watering it is important not to wet the bark of plants. If this happens, it should dry as soon as possible, so as not to give any chance of fungal diseases. It is undesirable to water roses around noon, in hot weather, because it can cause burns of the bark.
In the course of intensive growth, roses consume large amounts of water: having formed, that is, having reached a certain mass, the plant must be able to transport nutrients. In late summer and early autumn, the volume of water can be reduced. By this time, the growth of the bush should slow down, the branches should mature and come to rest in order to have time to better prepare for the winter cold. Nature has not endowed roses with the ability to hibernate at certain times of the year, they have to be forced to it, creating appropriate conditions.
Next, you will learn how to care for the roses in the soil, making the right fertilizer.
Proper care of garden roses: dressing
For successful growth in the care of roses in the garden you need to make nutrients. They must be provided in a certain ratio, a certain amount and at a certain time. Nutrients must be in the soil, and in a form acceptable to the plant. An important factor here is the acidity of the soil, which ideally should be 5,5 — 6,5 pH. For example, phosphorus is added at the site with acidic soil, but adding iron to the soil with a high acidity value does not make sense. Even if its quantity is sufficient, it will not bring benefit to roses in such conditions.
Roses have a great need for nitrogen at the main stage of active growth. Closer to autumn, it is more important to stimulate not the growth, but the lignification of tissues, so that the plant can survive in the winter. Tissue hardening is stimulated with potassium-containing fertilizers.
Attention! When caring for garden roses, remember that despite the great need for nutrients, these plants do not tolerate the soil with a high concentration of chlorine. Chloride compounds are especially dangerous because they attract parasites.
In the year of planting roses need relatively few nutrients; if the soil is well prepared, additional fertilizer will be superfluous. However, about a month before planting, the soil should be well fertilized with compost, well rotted manure or horn shavings. During this time they form sources of nutrients. Fresh manure and the addition of chemical fertilizers during planting can only harm. In the second year of planting, the used nutrient sources must be replaced with suitable fertilizers.
When caring for roses in the open field, feed the plants once in spring to stimulate growth, and a second time after the first flowering period to cause the growth of young shoots. It is necessary to stop dressing no later than mid-July in order to give branches the opportunity to properly harden by winter.
Shops offer a wide selection of all sorts of fertilizers with different nutrient contents and various effects. Before fertilizing plants by any means, one should first read the instructions and get an idea of the quantities in which it should be used.
Mineral fertilizers, for example, Blaukorn, act quickly, but not for long. Organic fertilizers, such as horn chips, form sources of nutrients and act slowly. Many of the fertilizers that you can buy today, as well as special fertilizer for roses consist of both organic and mineral components, that is, components of fast and slow action. The action of modern long-acting fertilizers, or long-term fertilizers, stretches for months or entirely on the growing season. These fertilizers give nutrients depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil, as well as in the amount that plants need.
Care for outdoor roses in the fall: preparing garden flowers for winter
When caring for roses in the open field in the autumn, remember that plants need to be prepared for winter.
The best protection against cold is the correct planting of a plant, in which the grafting site is covered with earth. Even if the winter will be extremely harsh and snowless, and the shoots on the surface of the earth will freeze to death, the rose has a chance to recover.
Other preventive measures against frost protection in the winter when caring for garden roses:
- Timely termination of feeding;
- Sufficient lignification of branches in the fall;
- Effective plant shelter.
In no case do not take measures of protection to prepare for the winter when caring for roses in the autumn too early. Wait a little, let the rose bushes stand for a while in the cold without shelter, so that their shoots can woody well. On the flat terrain, roses begin to prepare for winter only in early November.
Breathable shelter protects the roses even in the most severe winter, so take care of it when you take care of plants in the open field.
As a rule, rose bushes begin to prepare for winter in late autumn, sprinkling the space between the plants with earth. This should be done carefully, so as not to bare or damage the roots. An additional thin layer of fir twigs perfectly covers the plants from the dry wind and solar radiation, especially climbing roses.
In regions with relatively mild winters, when preparing for winter while caring for roses, they often refuse to dig. It is safe if the rose is planted properly and deep enough. You can dig in the spring, as soon as the weather is warm. This is best done on a cloudy day.
Stamp roses when leaving for the winter, they bend down to the ground, and the bend point is the bend point based on the trunk, of course, if the stem is elastic enough.
Attention! Shtamb need to bend in the right direction, otherwise it will break!
Fix it on the ground with the help of a debris and cover the crown and stem with earth and fir branches. If the stem is too hard and it is impossible to bend it, then cover the crown and stem with a breathable material, such as brushwood, hay or reed, and finally with burlap. The count must be massive enough to withstand the snowfall, storm and increased load.
And one more moment care for roses in the open field when preparing for the winter should be given attention. Plastic bags in the role of a protective coating seem to be comfortable, but in fact they do more harm than help. Under such a coating is formed something like a greenhouse climate.
Because of this, the plant tissues in the spring begin to soften too soon, and if frost suddenly strikes again, the rose will suffer. Plastic coatings are dangerous, even if they are thoroughly holed.
How to care for garden roses: pest control
Like any other plant, a rose is a tasty prey for various parasitic organisms that live on it. At first, the appearance of a rose suffers from pests, and later they begin to negatively influence the development of the rose and damage the viability of the plant. Other external factors, such as the weather or the condition of the soil (see p. 30 and beyond), can also further harm the rosebush.
Some pests attack roses regularly, and others so rarely that few people know about them. It is worth fighting pests alone, even though they cause serious harm, and trying to cope with others is generally useless.
In any case, the roses need optimal growing conditions, since a healthy and developed plant can better withstand the attacks of parasites or, at a minimum, withstand them. These conditions are created when choosing a variety of roses, place of growth and in preparation for planting plants, without thinking about the prevention of disease or protection from parasites.
Remember that all the measures you will take in the event of a pest attack are "piece". Therefore, it is always necessary to think about the effective and preventive protection of roses from pests even before planting.
A lesion can be prevented or mitigated by its effects. Insect-eating animals / birds can also be attracted to the fight against pests of roses, destroying various caterpillars, larvae, butterflies and beetles, however, they often cannot help prevent defeat itself. Especially with the defeat of fungal diseases there is a need to use chemicals to avoid even more harm.
The right choice of means and its application according to the instructions minimizes possible side effects, in addition, modern industry constantly produces new and more effective means, which, moreover, are becoming more efficient and environmentally cleaner. The choice of drugs, their dosage and method of use are indicated at the end of this manual.
In the case of the use of chemical plant protection products, it is necessary to follow all instructions for use given in the instructions for each preparation!