Usually, the roses for the winter remain in the garden. But, if we leave roses in the country for the winter, then it is necessary to take care that they are reliably protected from freezing. It is necessary to prepare roses for winter from the end of August, gradually reducing the frequency of fertilizing. Thus, there is a preparation of roses for the winter, due to the slowing down of the process of increasing green mass. The most active preparation of roses for fall in the winter begins during the transition period, when the installation of permanent snow cover is expected. At this time, the shelters of roses are being installed for the winter in order to protect them from frost in conditions of small snow cover.
On this care for roses in the fall in the process of their preparation for the winter does not end there. You need to carefully examine the shrubs and remove the diseased or old parts. Proper care for roses when preparing them for the winter will give a great result in the form of abundant flowering for the next year.
See how the roses are prepared for the winter in the photo, illustrating all the agrotechnical activities:
How to prepare roses for winter
Before you prepare roses for winter, determine the varieties and their resistance to adverse environmental conditions. When we buy a rose, we know how low the temperature can be. But our winters are also characterized by thaws, after which return frost is not uncommon, as well as sharp cold winds. Therefore, if a rose is characterized as frost-resistant, it does not mean that it is winter-hardy. When planning care for roses for the winter, keep in mind that winter hardiness is the resistance of plants to a complex of factors: frost damage, winter drying, drying out, soaking, bulging, damage from the ice crust.
Roses, like other plants, fall in the hardened state in autumn, and in late winter they produce the maximum resistance to frost. During thaws, this resistance decreases. Therefore, if after a long thaw frosts come, the plant may not withstand. Air-dry shelter helps the roses. If you do not use it, snow and covering materials save you from winter draining and frost.
Scientists have developed a map of winter hardiness of plants. Total defined 11 zones. The zone number corresponds to the lowest temperature that the plant will most likely endure without shelter. For example, the Moscow region belongs to the 4 zone, and Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Leningrad region - to the 5 zone. This is approximately, however, it helps to choose the right plants for the garden. Most roses belong to the 6 zone and need shelter. In the catalogs of foreign firms often found the concept of "winter-hardy," "very cold-resistant," "hardy," "park." These definitions are more applicable to Europe.
Buying a park rose, you think that it does not need shelter. But not so simple.
Park rose 'Robusta' (4 zone) winters without shelterreally can freeze to death
'Rugelda' (zone 5) - always with cover
Climbing rose 'Flammentanz' (zone 4) must be lowered from the support and covered
It is necessary to cover all the roses, regardless of their winter hardiness, in the year of their purchase. And in the future, roses, which are defined as residents of the 4 zone, are not covered. Roses of the 5 zone need to be bent to the ground and pinned. The rest is covered.
See how to prepare roses for the winter on the video, where the whole process is illustrated:
Preparing Roses for Winter: Flower Care
Caring for a rose for winter, in September, pinch the tops of growing shoots and buds. Pick flowers.
And now we are preparing roses for winter with the help of special agrotechnical measures. Powder the ground around the roses with ash. The end of September - the beginning of October is the best time to bend down roses. Stems at this time still elastic. After the first frost, they will become brittle. Therefore, remove climbing roses from the supports, bend the scrubs, tilt the stumps. Bend down carefully, not at once. Collect the remaining leaves and burn them. If autumn is rainy, then above the roses, which will go to the airy dry shelter, make a roof from the rain.
Roses well for the winter spud. But this must be done when a steady "minus" comes. To do this, you must prepare the soil mixture with sand in advance and keep it in a non-freezing room.
What happens if you spud roses early? The rain will wet the “hillock”, and the frost forms a crust. Dampness in the absence of air causes rot. If you are not able to spud flowers, then just in September, once again check whether the vaccination site is properly buried. If it is visible for some reason, cover centimeters on 10 with earth. It'll be enough.
Conclusion: hilling is not necessary if the rose is planted correctly and agricultural machinery is observed.
How to cover roses for the winter
Frost -2-3 ° C not only does not harm the roses, but on the contrary, has a good effect on them, hardens the wood and helps its maturation. Bend the bushes at above zero, otherwise the shoots will break. And you need to cover the roses when a stable subzero temperature is established. This is usually the end of November. Before you properly cover the roses for the winter, you need to select the protective device from those described later in the article.
How can I hide roses for the winter (with video)
You can apply a slightly modified version of the air-dry shelter. Before covering the roses for the winter, I set the frame over the flowers in mid-October. It is necessary to spray the bushes with phytosporin. All climbing roses, scrubs, standard roses bend and partially remove foliage. If autumn is rainy, then cover the frame with a film, leaving the ends open. In late October - early November, roses are cut before shelter, and the remaining foliage is removed. The lutrasil of the greatest density is stretched onto the skeleton. Top cover with plastic wrap.
The ends are left open. If the temperature is below freezing at night, and during the day it is close to zero, the ends are completely closed with lutrasil, and the film is lowered at the ends on 2 / 3. In winter, uncovered places will be covered with snow, and during thaws, the shelter is ventilated without my intervention. This method has proven itself very well.
Roses that do not fall into the air-dry shelter, or just bend down to the ground, or wrap lutrasilom. Hybrid Tea Roses and Roses floribunda cut to 50 cm, bind, put on a bush for two bags of lutrasil. If several roses are planted next to each other, try to cover them with a common lutrasil cloth. To do this, between the bushes put some kind of support, such as a box.
Climbing roses and scars connect, swaddle thick lutrasil and bend down to the ground, holding the arcs. It is very good to make hooks from thick wire with which you can pin branches to the ground. Ground-covering and polyanthus roses bend down to the ground, the arcs set above them hold them. With the onset of a stable nightly negative temperature, they wrap lutrasil. In this form, all the "rose farm" goes into the winter. In the harsh climate, it is important that the roses go under the best insulation - snow. Roses need to be bent to the ground before the onset of extreme cold, otherwise they become fragile.
The experience of recent years shows that single roses can not even cover. In the spring, you still have to do a strong pruning. Roses come out of winter with already green stems, but the spring weather with sharp drops of day and night has a detrimental effect on the twigs, and they turn black. This happens due to the fact that the bright day sun awakens the above-ground part of the plants, and the earth is still frozen, the root system does not work. Roses, wintering in an air-dry shelter, perfectly tolerate these early spring temperature fluctuations.
In shtambovy roses vaccination place, located high above the ground, you need to save from frost. Try to remove the foliage, remove undisturbed shoots. Untie the boles from the support. I have it already has a bias, made even when landing. Gradually tilt the rose so that the grafting site is near the ground. Fasten the bob in this condition. You can use arcs for this. Can spray rose phytosporin. In a rainy autumn, an umbrella can be placed above the crown of the bowed trunk. The vaccination site can be wrapped with several layers of lutraive if night frosts continue. Before establishing frosts, you should put a bag of the thickest lutrasil on the crown. Put an arc over the stem, and with the onset of frost build an air-dry shelter.
See how to cover the roses for the winter in the video, which shows all the methods described above:
We open roses in the country after the winter
In the spring, as soon as the temperature rises above -5 ° C, we open the roses in the country after the winter, for this we remove the film from the ends. And at a temperature equal to 0 ° С or slightly higher, remove the film from the air-dry shelter, leaving lutrasil. With single standing roses, remove the top bags. When the ground is thawed, cut out all the sick and weak branches, raking off the ground. Treat bushes with phytosporin. To leave Lutrasil on roses until the beginning of May, as sharp daily fluctuations in temperature are dangerous.
Immediately after the final removal of the shelter (reveal the roses in cloudy weather or in the evening) proceed to pruning. Planted by phytosporin and the plants themselves, and the earth. Loosen the soil around the bushes and mulch rotted manure. If there is no manure, then they are fed with nitrogen fertilizers and the soil is well mulch with garden compost.