As a rule, Kostenets is a rosette consisting of dense fleshy leaves. Leaf plates are called wyayas. Their shape can be very diverse: feathery, triangular, xiphoid, etc.
For acquaintance look at a photo of a flower of an asplenium which are given below.
Types of asplenium: photo and description
Depending on the species, ferns differ in the structure of the terrestrial part, the type of root system, the mode of reproduction and the conditions of cultivation. The following is a brief description of the most common Asplenium plant species.
South Asian (Asplenium australasicum)
Nest (Asplenium nidus)
Bandworm (Asplenium scolopendrium)
Bulbaceous (Asplenium bulbiferum)
Life-Giving (Asplenium viviparum)
The black (Asplenium adiantum-nigmm)
Haired (Asplenium trichomanes)
Antikum or Osaka
Notched (Asplenium incisum thunb)
The South Asian species is an epiphytic fern with large fronds collected in a dense outlet. The sheet plate can reach 1,5 m long and 20 cm wide. Leafs whole, lanceolate with a narrowed base. The root system is covered with small scales and is a lump of many matted processes.
In Asplenium nidus, unseparated large light green fronds with a wavy edge form an outlet. Fern nest asplenium has a large root system, covered with scales. The roots and the ground part form a tangled "nest" (hence the second name). For a spectacular appearance is very appreciated among plant growers. A pronounced central vein, painted in black and brown, gives the plant an unusual look. Asplenium nidus 'Fimbriatus' is particularly well suited for indoor conditions.
Kolodendrovy Kostenets its structure is identical to aspenium nesting however there are a few nuances. As the leaves grow, they curve in an arc, and the rim is wavy or even curly. The shape of the sheet plate is belt-shaped and strongly elongated.
The flower of the onionaceous asplenium possesses complex-pinned vayas, on which buds are formed, from which daughter plants are formed. The dimensions of the leaf plate reach 60 cm long and 30 cm wide. The color of the ground part of the plant is light green, and the petioles are dark brown or brown.
Viviparous fern - This is a perennial plant, germinating in the form of rosettes. The sheet plate reaches the length of 60 cm, and the width is no more than 18 cm. The fronds are arc-curved, often dissected and rather fluffy. Many filamentous segments give the flower an unusual appearance. On the upper side of the leaf plate are the buds, which later germinate and give young shoots.
Kostenets black - fern of small size, reaching a height of no more than 30, see. This fragile plant has dark brown petioles and shiny triangular leaves with a pointed end.
North Aslenium It is one of the most compact flower varieties. Its height can reach no more than 10 cm. Vaia leathery and elongated.
Hair Kostenets grows up to 20 cm tall and has narrow feathery leaves with a matte surface. Petioles brown color with a flat groove.
Asplenium Antikum - indoor plants, which are very rare and mostly in avid plant growers. The length of the sheets reaches 1 m, and their surface has a glossy surface. Vayi solid with jagged edge. This type is one of the most expensive.
Crispy Wave - is a very unpretentious in the care of the view with high decorative qualities. Its bright green leaves have a shiny surface and a fully corrugated edge.
Asplenium notched - Kostenets is small in size, reaching 20 in height. See Leaves thin, strongly openwork, painted in light green color. The root system is short and compact. The base of the petioles is colored dark brown. The fronds have a pointed end and pinnacle structure.
Take a look at the photo of the species of the flower Asplenium provided below with the corresponding names:
Proper care for asplenium at home
Asplenium is easiest of all ferns to keep in the room. This plant, which is not very demanding of environmental conditions, with proper care, develops quickly and regularly produces young shoots. It is enough to follow the list of indicators.
Proper care for asplenium at home begins with the selection of the most optimal location of the pot. The preferred location is a penumbra or shade. The light must be diffused, because Direct sunlight burns juicy leaves.
Best suited windows from the east and west. The main condition for choosing a place is the absence of drafts. Cold air flows are detrimental to a tropical plant.
Optimal temperature for growing a tropical plant in summer, it ranges from 20 to 24 ° С, and in winter it is not lower than 10 ° С.
Caring for asplenium in terms of air humidity is simple. It carries dry air, but gratefully responds to spraying with soft water. The best indicator of the amount of moisture in the air - 60%. In hot periods it is recommended to put the pot on a tray filled with gravel and water. In this way it is very easy to moderately moisten the habitat of the vegetation.
Flower soil is excellent as a substrate. It can be purchased at any specialty store. The main condition is that the ground should be loose and permeable.
Care at home for fern asplenium in terms of soil moisture plays a very important role. During the period of growth it is necessary to constantly keep the substrate moist, but during the period of rest water is much less. Water soften. It is most expedient to use room temperature water for the moistening of an earth coma that has settled for two days.
Top dressing is necessary in the summer every 3 weeks with the help of complex mineral fertilizers of weak concentration.
No pruning is required for this type of home vegetation. It is enough to remove dry or damaged shoots and leaves as needed.
Important! Do not use glitter leaves. It is detrimental to the health of the plant.
Take a look at the photo of care for asplenium at home for their detailed study:
A transplant will be needed every 2 in the spring. To do this, you can independently prepare a soil mixture. The following ingredients are required:
- Leafy earth.
- Peat soil.
All of the above components mix in the ratio 3: 2: 1: 1. To improve the properties of the substrate, you can add several handfuls of fine charcoal.
The transplant process itself is fairly standard. A drainage layer up to 3 thickness is laid on the bottom of the pot. Soil mix is poured and the plant is planted. After well moistened earthen room. The main thing in transplanting is to carefully remove the fern from the old tank. Its rhizome is rather fragile and it is very easy to damage it.
Look at the photo of a transplant of a fern asplenium for confidence in the correctness of the process:
This type of vegetation may be affected by the action of such pests:
Take a look at the photo of a pest-affected flower of Kostenza for information:
When observing a similar pattern on a home plant, it is worth washing the leaves with soap and treating it with insecticide.
Of all the harmful insects, the most dangerous are nematodes. These are microscopic worms affecting the leaves and the root system of a plant. If they are available on home vegetation, health measures, as a rule, do not give results.
The presence of worms indicates a serious violation of the conditions of fern. Therefore, most often the flower is simply destroyed. However, at the initial stage there is a chance of cure with the help of contact poisons (mercaptophos, BI-58, phosphamide). But remember the safety measures when working with similar substances.
Look at the photo of the indoor flower of the asplenium affected by nematodes for a thorough examination:
How houseplant grows asplenium: detailed instructions
The breeding method depends on the type of flower. Asplenium nidus gives offspring by spores; other species are best propagated by offspring.
The following is a detailed description of how the asplenium plant reproduces using spores. It is worth considering that this method of cultivation of vegetation is the most complex, lengthy and energy-intensive. First you need to collect planting material.
It is located on the reverse side of the leaf plate and is a small bulge in which the spores mature. Choose a healthy adult leaf with already brown sporogony and gently cut them, and pour planting material onto a sheet of paper. Pour the drainage layer 2-3 cm thick into a wide tank, cover the soil and moisten it well.
After that, distribute the spores over the surface of the ground and cover with dense polyethylene or glass. Such a “lid” will maintain moisture and temperature in the nursery. The container is kept in a warm darkened room for about 2-2,5 months. When seedlings emerge, the greenhouse can be removed and put the pot in a more lighted room.
The following describes the second method of how an asplenium houseplant propagates by cuttings.
Some species of fern have special buds on leaf plates. As they grow, they grow and fall away. In order to grow a new young flower from them, you need to carefully cut off the formations from the frond and plant it in a small container with nutrient soil. After it is enough to water and cover with a greenhouse until full rooting, which occurs within 3-5 weeks.
Another simple and effective way of breeding fern asplenium at home is the method of dividing the root system.
It can be used during the planned transplant bush. To do this, carefully cut off a part of the plant with a rhizome and land in a separate pot. After plentifully watered and contained in the same conditions as an adult plant.