Adiantum fern is a plant whose homeland is considered to be South America and some tropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In nature, it is found in humid places, often along streams. His shoots are blackish-brown, "lacquer". Fronds are light green, slightly bluish, fragile. The leaves are small, rounded at the top, with sorus bottom. It is traditionally considered to be a greenhouse fern, since it has quite impressive dimensions of the bush. However, adinatum at home can be grown with no less success. Look at this page with a variety of photos: beautiful Ruddy and Venerin hair, Frahrans and stopovidny Adiantum create a unique atmosphere of comfort in any residential and office visits. About the care of this indoor flower can be found in this article. Also offered detailed information on popular varieties.
Choose from 200 species the best room adiantum (varieties with photos)
How to choose a room adiantum? View his decorative forms on the photo. Choose from 200 species the best variety for indoor cultivation. To do this, we further offer varieties with photos and descriptions of botanical characteristics.
Variety Adiantum Venerin hair turned from wild in the Crimea and the Caucasus in the "lodger" greenhouses and apartments. His leaflets are wedge-shaped, brown stalks thin. The created clones are not afraid of zero temperature; in case of weak frosts they drop the fronds, but do not die. In dry areas need spraying. Excellent side by side with aquariums.
Grade adiantum Ruddy - heat-loving unpretentious fern of South American origin. In his family: Victoria elegans (with branched graceful vayas), Fragrantissima (with large vayyami), Fritz Luthii (with triangular small vayyami) and many others.
Exotic lovers will enjoy the unusual small-hair adiantum. It surprises with diamond-shaped feathery fronds with setae on both sides. Young plants have a greenish-bronze color.
Grade Handsome reaches 1 m and has a brittle rhizome, which should be careful when transplanting. The flower does not tolerate direct sun, drafts and wintering colder than + 20ºС. For him, a well-preserved greenhouse or florarium with moist warm air and dim lighting is good. Excess water in the pots should not be, and spraying should be carried out on the plant.
Variety Adiantum stopovidny propagated by rhizome and division of the bush. Disputes make it very difficult. It is better to transplant into loose coarse substrate (peat + coniferous earth + pieces of bark; or peat + leaf earth + expanded clay). Pots periodically immersed in water. As fertilizers use special (for ferns).
Adiantum - home care
For fern adiantum, proper care at home requires adherence to simple rules:
- for a comfortable life the plant needs high air humidity and abundant watering, the clod of earth should not be dry;
- excess moisture provokes fungal diseases;
- coolness is desirable for wintering, but room temperature is also suitable;
- waii are extremely fragile, recover slowly, they should be protected from damage;
- the bases of last year's wai are the supply of nutrients and mechanical protection of the roots;
- branchings are easily formed on rhizomes, therefore transplantation by division of a bush is acceptable;
- drainage is provided at the bottom of the tank;
- substrate requirements are minimal; a mixture of sand with peat, sheet and humus soil will do;
- can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers;
- pests - mealybug and scale insect.
Does the flower adiantum?
When saying the words adiantum, they mean a fern living in indoor conditions. After all, the fern flower is a mythical and unprecedented phenomenon of a magical untouched forest. In the distant past, the plant was called mysterious, because, unlike the flowering plants, it hid the secret of its breeding for a long time. Does he exist in reality - no one knows.
Until the green miracle spores, its main difference from the flowering is the development (unfolding) of young leaves and their growth in length. In flowering leaves, snails are excluded, and they grow at the base or evenly along the edge. To refer to the leaf of a fern coined a special term - frond. The adiantum fern itself received a name from the Latin “not to wet” for its ability to not absorb water droplets, but to let them slip. At the same time, the leaves are very delicate, unlike the stalks, which look like wire.
The representative of flora, ready to breeding, has brown spots at the bottom of the wai. These are sporiferous zones (sorus) from which “dust” is separated. Sowing a dispute on the forces of specialists botanists. Therefore, it is better to purchase a fern in a store or floriculture.
Green adiantum even decorates photos of greenhouses immensely. Its decorative effect, openwork foliage, elegance of forms delight. Designers are advised to decorate them with winter gardens and home interiors. After all, some species easily tolerate indoor wintering with dry warm air and do not require a lot of light.
Grow poison or medicine?
The special chemical composition distinguishes ferns from other plants. In nature, they do not serve as food for animals and are not edible for almost all insects. Their love except that shield, capable of harm. Are you finally cultivating poison or an effective remedy for growing this plant? Let's try to understand this issue.
An amazing property is the presence of bactericidal substances in the “body”. Crushed rhizomes can be used as a substrate for orchids and epiphytic bromeliads.
There is no strong poison in the leaves, but it is impossible to try them on a tooth, having learned about the bactericidal properties. For example, adiantum fragrance contains hormone analogues and unsafe bio-substances.
Pharmaceutical water extracts, tinctures, powders, syrups are useful. Due to its antibacterial activity, fern heals the respiratory tract and serves as antipyretic. Back in the 1st century AD they strengthened their hair. Today, Caucasian women are preparing infusions to make their hair shine.
To go through all the stages of working with an adiantum — from sowing a dispute to making an infusion — is an educational process. A steamed substrate should be placed in a plastic or glazed pot (equal to peat, stale sawdust and brick chips). Compress the mixture and coat another 1,5 mm of brick dust. Sprinkle with soft water from a spray bottle and sow.
For a start, take a clean paper and put on it a spore-bearing vayu. Splashing brown dust (spores) are evenly spread on the ground in a pot, sprayed, and the pot itself is covered with glass. With diffused light and relative coolness, shoots may emerge in a month. The thickness is thinned with tweezers, the outgrowth is poured to connect male and female gametes. If lucky after fertilization will appear young ferns.