Decorative landscaping of residential and office space often requires non-trivial decisions when choosing crops. The palm tsikas is the only typical genus recognized in the Cicadas family. Total known about 95 subspecies flower. The most famous of them is the ticus drooping, commonly known as the Saga of the Palm and the Royal Saga of the Palm. The second name Tsikas received thanks to the appearance, which is very similar to him. If proper planting and care is organized, the cicas tree at home can be powerful and gorgeous, and with a lack of attention it is very easy to shed leaves. About the correct reproduction and agrotechnology of this plant can be found on this page. In the meantime, we offer to see photos of cicas at home - these are various forms for interior gardening:
The birthplace of the flower is Old World with species around equatorial regions - east and southeast Asia, as well as the Philippines with ten species, East Africa with Madagascar, northern Australia, Polynesia and Micronesia. There are 26 species in Australia, while the Indochina region contains about 30. The northernmost species, the drooping cicasus, is located on the 31 ̊north latitude in southern Japan. The most southerly species, the megacarp cicasus, is located at 26 ̊ of southern latitude in southeastern Queensland.
Despite the presence in the title of the word "palm" - it is a completely different kind of plant. Cycadaceae are a rather primitive group of plants - fossils were found on almost all continents of the planet. Scientists often mention that the cycad began to evolve simultaneously with dinosaurs, and early cicasian fossils appear in the Cenozoic (although cicas-like fossils may belong to the Cicad family, far beyond the Mesozoic). There are species that have long been extinct, and there are remaining to this day, but not particularly evolved over the past few millions of years. Often in groups, tsikas are classified as minerals because of their honorable age, so to speak.
Description of cicas and photos of palm trees
Some of the species in tropical and subtropical regions can reach 12 meters in height. The description of cicas includes botanical characteristics and photos of palm trees from various angles. Based on the proposed information, you can choose the appropriate type of this plant.
Dark green leaves with an olive tinge are distinguished from other members by the presence of veins, but not lateral ones, like most leaves. They reach three or four meters in height, especially in the reproductive period. If you do not keep your home tsikas under direct light, then there is a chance that they will reach even larger sizes. In indoor plants of this species, the leaves can be of two types - coniferous and scaly. Coniferous leaves are arranged in a spiral - they are not constant, fall off and leave behind the base of the leaf. The leaflets are well formed, have veins, but no secondary veins. Scaly leaves are brown in color, they are very stable and can perform a protective function. They are not collected in the form of cones, and pollination occurs with the help of air.
The trunk may branch several times, thus producing several domes with leaves.
By the way, the trunks are very rough and retain scars from old leaves. It is also in the order of the norm that various shifts of the base of the stem or processes on the base of the main stem are possible. As a result, over time we get a cluster of many plants and branches. It is worth knowing that not all plants of the subspecies can branch, and for some of them the main stem may even be deep underground. Thus, the impression is made that the leaves of cicas seem to have grown out of the ground.
On the stalks of cicas there are small protective spikes or hooks that should be avoided during the pruning process. An elderly plant with a well-developed trunk will have a large cocoon of leaves above it. The young ones mostly look like rosettes of leaves, coming from the trunk of the earth. Cicas has straight, strong trunks, which tend to have 10 and are more centimeters in diameter; older samples can be twice as wide.
The dioecious cicas, as well as representatives of the Cicadova family, are unique representatives not forming cones on a female plant, but a certain structure with seeds on the lower edges and pollen or a strobile on a male. The bush needs several years to grow. And reproduction occurs only after 10 years of vegetative growth, which occurs on the onions that arise at the base of the trunk. Naturally, at home, tsikas grows much faster, since special indoor plants have been created.
Home care for cicasas
Growing indoor plant tsikas not so difficult, if you comply with all the conditions. They give large roots, so the capacity needs to be chosen wide and deep (the 40 container and more centimeters in height will do). By the way, I would like to note that in the open field, the cicas grows much better than in containers. Caring for cicasus at home is not particularly difficult.
Palma does not particularly need the sun for best growth and development, but this does not mean that you need to limit it in the light - a plant grown in the shade gives weak, faded leaves. If the flower is constantly grown in the shade, then as a result you will not get any flowering, and the foliage will simply fall off. Therefore, it is better to grow it in a house close to a lighted window and to put it under direct sunlight for about an hour per day for 4, this will be quite enough.
Like other cicasas, this species does not tolerate excess moisture. Before watering the plant again, make sure that the soil is really dry. Try to avoid watering from above, that is, it is worth watering only the lower part with the roots. Neglect of this nuance can lead to rotting of the roots, and later - to the complete extinction of the bush.
The soil must have drainage - a correctly composed soil instantly removes moisture from the ground, if a couple of minutes pass - the soil is not suitable. Also it is necessary to give preference to slightly acid and neutral ground. The soil mix for cicas must consist of charcoal, pumice, coarse peat, pine bark, pebbles and bone meal.
The plant tolerates cold normally, and can tolerate temperatures below 20 degrees Celsius, but not for a very long time. With a dry content, it can even easily exist at a temperature of 8 degrees. In general, cicas is a very affordable species that is very easy to grow. Suitable winter temperatures are 13-15 ̊С, in summer - 15 ̊С and higher.
Reproduction and how to transplant cicas
Cicas transplanting is recommended in spring or summer. You must be very careful, because you can damage the growing roots and roots, which can give future sprouts. Also, before transplanting, it is necessary to remove most of the leaves, if the root ball is smaller than you expected. Subsequently, the leaves on the bush very quickly restored, and you should not worry that the plant has become too naked. Watering again needs the roots, not the foliage itself. Before transplanting a tsikas, you need to prepare a special soil for palm trees and suitable for the size of the pot.
Cicas reproduction is quite simple and can be carried out by cutting and germination of seeds. First, you can try breeding with the help of processes that are available on the lower part of the trunk. You only need to carefully pinch them off and do not forget to remove the leaves beforehand. After the cut, the parent tree should be given a couple of weeks to rest and wound overgrowing, for example, you can sprinkle the cut with resin, coal or wax. The appendix is placed for some time in the root growth stimulator, and then placed in the shade and the soil, which quickly drains moisture. We advise you to use pumice stone, although gardeners often also use sand, perlite and other similar materials. The sprout will take root for about 6-12 months after planting. If a young plant is soft when pressed or there are some destructions on the surface, you did not observe all the conditions of care.
After the roots and foliage add a few centimeters in height, the cicasus can be transplanted into a separate pot with the soil recommended for the plant. Greenhouse conditions tend to speed up the process. Heated roots are not required here.
Secondly, you can propagate the plant with seeds that are obtained from the fruits of cicas. You will need several attempts to fertilize a female flower - a cone. Seeds give a good dry and rest for about a month 3-4. You can speed up the process if you trim the seeds a little and look for ripening embryos inside. It will appear as a ribbon - a cream-colored structure inside the seed, if you make a longitudinal section. When the seeds ripen, the embryo expands and eventually emerges from there. For growing cicas, many gardeners use bottom heating or a greenhouse. After planting, use a good soil mixture with perlite and peat, and also do not forget to water every third day. Often there is no need to spray. When the first leaf is opened, the sprout can be transplanted into a separate pot.
Tsikas revolyuta - the most common variety
Cicas revolyuta is also called the cicasum of the drooping, sago palm, sago king and Japanese sago palm. This is the most common variety among domestic flower growers. He is one of the gymnasiums in the Cycados family. The plant is originally from southern Japan, including Ryuku Island. It is one of several species used for production, as well as a very popular ornamental plant.
Cicadas have no relation to palm trees, and the Latin name "curled back" refers only to the shape of the leaves.
Tsikas revolyuta is a symmetrically developing shrub with dark green leaves on a thick, shaggy trunk. As a rule, it is 20 centimeters in diameter, but may be wider. The fruit is very low, almost on the ground, but it is very long. Older plants can bear fruit up to 6-7 meters tall. However, under natural conditions, this variety grows very slowly - it will take at least 50 years to fully mature. Stems can branch several times, thus producing several heads with leaves.
Semi-gloss, green leaves have a length from 50 to 150 centimeters, and when they grow, take the form of a feather. The stalks reach 10 centimeters in length and have small protective spikes.
What to do if the leaves of cicas turned yellow
Yellow spots are the result of insects on the foliage and petioles of a plant. If the tsikas had time to get infected, then treat it with an actellic or karbofos. What to do if the leaves of cicasso turned yellow and actively fall in droves? First of all, check the condition of the soil and the root system. To do this, you need to get an earthen room and inspect the roots. In the presence of rot, it must be cut and powdered with crushed charcoal. Then soak in a basin with dissolved 10 tablets of Trichopol (the amount per 5 liters of water).
The natural process is the yellowing and dying off of the lower leaves of the flower.
It may also be due to the fact that the air in the room in which the cyclone is contained is too dry. In this case, should be more water the flower and supplement the procedure with spraying. Especially strongly tsikas needs it frying in the summer and in the winter when in apartments begin to heat.