Proper agricultural technology of indoor plants gives a lot of positive emotions and creates a delightful picture of green decor. There are secrets florist, allowing you to properly organize all the moments and get great results. Phalaenopsis orchid transplantation at home at first glance, the occupation is quite simple. But if you do not follow the recommendations, you can cause irreparable harm to the plant. One of the common mistakes is the removal of all the old soil. In this case, the transplant can lead to a long illness and even death of the beauty. The fact is that this tropical plant can only coexist in symbiosis with a certain microflora. In the new soil of these "helpers", preparing nutrients for the root system, will not. The result may be a rapid wilting and dystrophy in the absence of good root nutrition.
No less important is the subsequent care that accompanies the buildup of a new root mass. On this page you can see photos and videos showing the subtleties and secrets of professional florists.
Step-by-step Orchid Transplant: From Preparation to Implementation
From the preparation to the realization of the intention, all steps must be taken correctly. Step-by-step orchid transplantation includes the initial inspection, preparation of the soil and capacity, inspection of the root system, removal of its old parts and planting in a new place. It would seem that everything is simple and clear. But there are many subtleties and secrets.
The most important thing is to determine in time the time when the need for a transplant occurs. There are two subtleties. Immediately after the purchase of plants in the store can be applied to transfer to a large container with the addition of soil. There is nothing complicated. Soak the plant for 2 hours in warm boiled water. Then let the residual moisture drain and remove the lump from the previous pot. Then put a layer of soil in 2 cm at the bottom of a new layer and install a com. From the sides we pour fresh special soil or lay sterilized forest moss (previously dried).
The standard transplant procedure is performed 1 once every 2 year. More often this procedure is not recommended. Another subtlety of the process is the selection of a suitable container.
Where can the phalaenopsis orchid be transplanted at home in order to provide a comfortable environment for successful development? Professionals recommend using two types of pots for this purpose:
- transparent plastic pots that let light through;
- hanging baskets with fairly large holes in the weaving over the entire surface (they can be made of wicker rods, aluminum wire, sawn coconut shell).
If you plan to keep the Phalaenopsis orchid after transplanting on the windowsill, it is better to choose a plastic pot of suitable diameter. But for hanging pots there is nothing better than wicker baskets. By the way, you can do it yourself. Gaps in the weaving should be 2 times larger in diameter than the thickness of the roots of the flower.
Step-by-step guide to transplanting Phalaenopsis orchid at home:
- prepare the soil and the new pot;
- soak the plant for 2 hours in warm water;
- take out carefully from the old pot, if at the same time the roots that have sprouted through the bottom break off, that's okay;
- remove all the old soil and put 5-6 large items aside (take them to the new residence of the orchid);
- we wash the entire root system under a weak stream of warm water and examine it attentively;
- all old, damaged and, God forbid, remove rotten roots with sharp scissors or garden shears;
- slices are powdered with crushed cinnamon or charcoal;
- we put a small amount of soil into the new pot and straighten the remaining roots in it;
- Dip the soil to the place of growth deciduous outlet, some roots can be left on the surface.
In some cases, it makes sense to pre-remove some of the hardwood below. This is required if the roots have sprouted through a deciduous mass or when the leaf is yellowing. It is also recommended to remove mechanically damaged leaves. To carry out this procedure, the sheet should be cut along the common middle line and stretched in different directions at the base. So it will be removed along with the annular scales. If there are dried flower stalks on the plant, they are cut at a distance of 1 cm from the base.
As a disinfectant is allowed to use alcohol solutions of brilliant green and iodine.
After washing the root system, the plant can be soaked in 15-20 minutes in a diluted tincture of propolis, zircon or succinic acid. Propolis tinctures need 25 ml per 2 a liter of water, zircon for this amount of water - 25 drops, succinic acid - 10 tablets. All these substances stimulate the protective properties of the plant and accelerate the flowering process, making it more productive and long lasting.
After soaking, the orchid should be laid on a clean paper towel and left for an hour 2 outdoors. It is advisable to free the Phalaenopsis orchid from the old soil in the evening, and carry out the final transplant in the morning. During the night, the root system adapts, all cuts will be tightened. The leaflets and their joints should be thoroughly blotted with a paper napkin before planting, completely removing any accumulated moisture.
During the immersion of phalaenopsis orchids in fresh soil should leave all the leaves and the rosette itself above the surface. Even a small deepening can lead to decay and death of the plant. The location of the outlet - exactly in the center.
When do you need orchid transplantation at home?
It is very important to carry out these works in a timely manner. If the orchid is only bought and brought home, then you should give it time to adapt. This is about 2 of the week. During this period, the flower will get used to the internal microclimate. Transplant after purchase is required only with a large mass of roots and their germination through the bottom of the pot. In all other cases, it is better to postpone this procedure until a more favorable period.
When an emergency orchid transplant at home is required, each florist determines himself. Usually through the transparent walls it becomes clear that the root system is too large and does not allow new roots to develop. Another reason is ground depletion. Manifested in the form of a short flowering period, a small diameter of the buds, the absence of growth of new deciduous mass. You can try to start to feed the flower. But it is better to transplant phalaenopsis in new soil.
The optimal time for the transplant procedure is the beginning of March. It is during this period that new flower forces awaken, the active growing season and the development of the root and deciduous mass begin.
Choosing soil and pot
Buying quality soil for orchid transplantation is a difficult task. Most stores sell the so-called substrate. In fact, the best option is coconut shells. Presence of bark, dry moss, etc. is allowed. After purchasing in a store, the soil is filled with boiling water with the addition of potassium permanganate and left for 10 minutes.
Choose a pot according to the rules that are written above. Transparent plastic allows you to stimulate photosynthesis in the root system. If the roots of the orchid do not receive direct sunlight, then the plant may die, because it will not receive enough nutrients.
A new pot should be on the 2 cm larger in diameter than the former. Pot height - diameter multiplied by 2.
Aftercare and transplanting orchids: video
To carry out such manipulations is half the battle. Aftercare for the transplanted orchid includes initial watering and regular fertilizing. The first time should be watered carefully. This is done immediately after transplantation. The pot with the transplanted plant is put in a basin with warm boiled water for 45 minutes. Then the remaining water is drained. Repeated watering may be required after 3-4 of the day. It depends on how much the soil was initially saturated with moisture. If the orchid transplant was carried out at the beginning of March, then after 2 weeks, regular feeding should be started. They are conducted as follows:
- when watering, and it is held 1 once every 7 days, 10 tablets of succinic acid are added per 2 of a liter of liquid (this substance stimulates the establishment of new peduncles and flower buds);
- the following 2 irrigation mineral water is added to the water with a high nitrogen content (stimulates the growth of root and hardwood);
- following 4 irrigation mineral fertilizer is added to the water with a predominant content of potassium and magnesium (stimulates long-term and long-term flowering;
- then alternate potassium fertilizer and succinic acid throughout the entire flowering period.
Look at the video of the Phalaenopsis orchid transplant at home - the whole process is shown step by step and available: