Miltonia (Miltonia ) belongs to the Orchidaceae family (Orchids). Her homeland is South America.
Miltonia Orchid is an elegant representative of the Orchid family, which, with its alluring beauty, fascinated almost every grower. This plant owes its name to Viscont Milton, a well-known English gardening patron. It was his in the XIX century. It was called the "discoverer" of this wonderful flower among the sophisticated orchids.
To meet in nature such a plant is possible in the forests of Brazil and Colombia, where the climate with a significant amount of precipitation prevails. Herbaceous perennial plant of medium size pleases beautiful bright inflorescences with captivating aroma.
Varieties of miltonia with abundant blooms at home
If you look at flowers of hybrids of miltonia (Miltonia), it becomes clear why they are called pansies. The flowers are very similar to pansies, or violet. Although these popular orchids form pseudo-bulbs, they do not have a strict rest period.
The leaves of the miltonia plant reach 40 cm long and are distinguished by their coloring - yellowish with a gray tinge. Sinus hardwood plates are the place of growth of peduncles, which are decorated with velvety inflorescences of variegated colors: white, pink, purple, red. Not only the wide palette of colors amazes the imagination, but also original ornaments on the petals, which by their smoothness and grace resemble butterfly wings.
The perfect combination of exotic and simplicity was the reason why every connoisseur of orchids is trying to decorate their greenhouses with this attractive specimen. Today, all kinds of room miltonia, there are more than twenty. The most popular ones are described below.
Brilliant (spectabilis) the species justifies its majestic name. Large sizes of flowers with purple veins surprise the palette of yellow-pink shades. Duration of flowering is more than 4 months - from the end of summer and all autumn. Yellow platinum sheets have a belt-like shape. This type of miltonia flower is heat-resistant, since it can withstand both cold and rather warm temperature conditions.
Ragnielli (regnellii) - a type of orchid with oblong leaves and a glossy surface. The half-meter flower spike of the plant is framed with fragrant flowers, the number of which varies from 5 to 7 pieces. White petals are decorated with delicate purple stripes and snow-white border.
Yellowish (flavescensmiltonia - Argentine "beauty", the inflorescences of which stand out for their white "painting" on the refined petals. The flowers are medium in size with a diameter close to 7 cm, their number on one peduncle comes to 10-15 pieces. With its abundant bloom, this kind of miltonia in its familiar home conditions pleases from the beginning of March to mid-August. The foliage of a pointed plant in yellow tones. Each individual sheet reaches about 40 cm in length and acquires a narrow belt-like shape.
Snow White (candida) the appearance of such a home plant during flowering is decorated with 3-5 white flowers. Large sizes around 9 cm in diameter, delectable aroma and brown-red specks on the delicate petals are the distinctive features of the inflorescences in this type of miltonia.
Miltonia Clowes (clowesii) - room "beauty" with the sophisticated leaves of a narrow oblong greenish color. Their length is about 40 cm, and in their fly they barely reach 2 cm. This species differs by very long erect peduncles - more than 60 cm. At each one during flowering there are 7-10 exquisite flowers that bloom alternately. Coloring petals tiger, combining brown stripes with a light yellow background. Externally, the flowers resemble small stars 6-7 cm in diameter, the lip of which is in the shape of a violin with wavy edges and purple-white colors. Such exotic blossoms have a pleasant alluring fragrance.
Cinematic (cuneataThe variety of homemade Miltonia orchid depicted in the photo is a bright representative of its family.
Elliptical sheet plates are more than 20 cm long and 3 cm wide. On a long, erect stem, successively placed from 5 to 8 flowers about 7-8 cm in diameter. Delicate petals have a peculiar waviness of the edges and are decorated with small brown spots on a light yellow background. The lip of the flower is trapezoidal with small reddish-purple specks.
Miltonia varieties and hybrids (with photo)
There are many attractive varieties and hybrids of miltonia with red-white and pink-white flowers. Some of them bloom all year round. Among the most common are the following representatives:
The main difference between these varieties of room miltonia shown in the photo is their unsurpassed flowers.
For "Hudson bay»Peculiar white-cyclomenic color of inflorescence petals with an amazing reddish pattern.
Saturated red flowers with white ornament is the main distinguishing feature of the variety “Red Tide».
Inflorescences in a hybrid "Saint heller- bright pink with purple or white edges.
Sort "Newton falls"Has a fairly large fragrant dark crimson flowers, the diameter of which is about 12 cm.
How to make a capricious miltonia bloom at home
Miltonia is classified as demanding domestic plants. That is why most flower growers give her the comic nicknames: “sultry beauty”, “sissy”, “caprice”. But because of her unrivaled chic appearance, all the "requests" are trying to fulfill and surround with reverent care. Such efforts are directed only to bring the indoor habitat of this flower to the setting of its natural growth. This is precisely the answer to the popular question of how to make a capricious miltonia blossom in familiar home conditions.
If you look into it, then it is quite possible to create the desired and favorable atmosphere for normal development with abundant flowering of such an orchid.
First of all, it is worth choosing a “cozy” place of residence. This location should be light or semi-shady all year. Exactly such as in tropical and subtropical forests. Ideal for western and eastern parts of the apartment. It is advisable to protect from direct sunlight, which adversely affect the foliage and inflorescences.
- Temperature: in summer, not higher than 25 ° С, in winter around 20 ° С, nighttime - from 15 to 18 ° С. It is important to worry about eliminating drafts, because they damage the delicate petals of beautiful flowers and can worsen the condition of the hardwood plates.
- Air humidity: artificially provide high humidity. It can be as folk accessories with wet fabrics, a tray with water or the achievements of technology - special humidifiers.
Do not wet the plant! Therefore, to spray the leafy crown should not be to get the effect of freshness, this procedure can give the opposite result.
- Substrate: for orchids, which include osmund. The pot is an important attribute for the full development of this demanding home plant. A plastic container with transparent walls of small dimensions will be suitable. This condition will allow the rhizomes to absorb sunlight, and gardeners to control the condition of the soil.
By adhering to such recommendations, it is easy to provide the right atmosphere for growing a graceful miltonia orchid and to achieve amazing results with bright lovely inflorescences.
How to water miltonia
The capriciousness and refined orchid miltonia complicates care for her at home. But even beginners in floriculture can cope with this difficult task, having studied the main rules and requirements of this beautiful "sissy."
The most important condition for full growth of the plant is proper soil moisture. Watering should be moderate in spring and summer, economical in winter.
It is necessary to ensure the regularity of such a procedure, especially during the flowering period. For inexperienced flower growers who want to figure out how to properly water the home miltonia, it is worth checking the soil and its moisture level before each irrigation. Since the upper layers of the soil to avoid overflow must be dry. As a liquid for soil moistening, it is worth choosing soft, separated water of room temperature. Be careful when watering, do not allow moisture on the leaves!
- Top dressing: every 3 of the week add water to the water fertilizer for orchids. Activate the use of additional feedings is in a period of intensive growth and flowering plants.
For details on the nuances and important points regarding the proper care of the orchid with miltonia at home, look at the video, after which some questions and ambiguities “disappear” by themselves:
Why does the miltonia turn yellow leaves and the plant does not bloom?
The discrepancy between the created habitat conditions and the requirements of a naughty orchid immediately has a negative effect on its general condition. The first signs of the disease manifest themselves in the yellowness and dryness of the leafy plates.
There are several reasons why the leaves of miltonia gradually turn yellow:
- Excess sun.
- Dry air
- Highly concentrated fertilizers.
- Dense heavy soil.
- Moisture has fallen into the leaves.
Eliminating these causes, you can easily get rid of the phenomenon when miltonya gradually turns yellow. And then the flower will thank for the attention and care for its beauty and amazing aroma.
Among the dangerous insects that cause harm to the plant, and which are the reason why the orchid does not bloom, are isolated such as:
Favorable conditions for their appearance: dry air, hot temperatures. As a treatment, it is better to use concentrated soap solution and insecticides.
It is safe to say that pests and diseases occur only with improper care.
Resuscitation of damaged miltonia without roots
One of the most tender parts of this beautiful orchid is the root system, which can often rot, get hurt, die. But do not despair, because among the experienced flower growers known successful results of resuscitation of the refined miltonia in the absence of rhizome. This procedure can last from two months to a year.
Therefore, it is necessary to be patient and deal with the basic rules and points on how to effectively revive the withering miltonia and achieve the desired results with minimal losses.
The initial stage of this process involves the daily soaking of damaged parts. This water bath should last from 3 to 5 hours at a temperature around 22ºC. To get better and faster results periodically, but not more often than once a week in 2-3, enrich the water with growth stimulants.
With the advent of the first small processes of the root system, stop adding “top dressing” to the liquid, and extend the procedure itself to 2 hours.
Resuscitation of the damaged miltonia without roots will be completed as soon as the length of the young root processes is more than 5. This is a signal that the plant is ready to grow in the substrate in its usual conditions. And now the main task is to prevent the repeated death and withering of the delicate orchid.
How to transplant miltonia
Transplanting a beautiful miltonia in a familiar home environment should be performed only when strictly necessary:
- Flower "outgrown" pot.
- A poorly developed plant.
- Capacity damaged.
The explanation of this phenomenon is quite understandable and simple: the gentle "beauty" is difficult for the change of "place of residence". Therefore, experienced growers recommend producing such a procedure no more often than through 3-4 of the year. Summing up, we can affirmatively state that transplantation should be rarely performed. If transplanted, in the fall or spring.
To answer the question of how to properly transplant subtle miltonia, it is necessary to note the important nuances:
- Choosing the right pot.
- Selection of high-quality substrate.
- Neat execution technique.
Regarding the new pot, its size should not be too large, as this will halt the desired growth of the plant and may be the reason why miltonia does not bloom for a long time.
If there is no experience in preparing the soil, it is better to use the purchased mixtures, which contain red peat and crushed pine bark. These lightweight components allow rhizomes to get the necessary amount of air and feed all the vital plant systems.
Do not worry if you notice that part of the root system will die. This is a normal process of adaptation and rooting in the new substrate, which can last about six months. During this period, watering should be moderate. But already after a successful transplanting procedure, a home flower will please with its active growth and abundant flowering.
Methods of breeding miltonia when transplanting at home
A prerequisite for the creation of unique orchid collections to any gardener is to study the reproduction characteristics of a bright representative, miltonia. Such a process is rather laborious and involves a number of difficulties.
Reproduction is carried out by dividing the pseudobulb usually during transplantation. Pseudobulbs, which can be full-fledged young plants, should be carefully separated and planted in the prepared soil. Caring for such a young plant is the same as when transplanting: moderate watering, humidified air, sufficient lighting and warm temperature conditions.
An alternative method of reproduction can be the division of the bush. Such a procedure is possible with the appearance of young shoots 4-6, they indicate the "maturity" of the plant and the ability of its parts to function independently.
As transfer tanks fit small plastic pots with a laid drainage layer. When placing them young flowers should carefully place the roots, not much deepening them.
Such actions may not immediately give the desired result, but a little effort and effort - and the collection of orchids will be able to replenish with young blooming "beauties".