All orchids of the Pleiona genus are endangered, and therefore protected plants: according to the relevant convention, it is prohibited to disturb the natural habitats of these epiphytes or lithophytes. Those copies of the playon flowers, which are sold in stores or at floristic exhibitions, are obtained by a painstaking method of seed selection.
Family Playone (Pleione) named for the sea nymph Playona, the mother of seven Pleiades, turned by Zeus into stars. It is a small genus of terrestrial or lithophytic orchids, consisting entirely of 18 species and 6 natural hybrids, which are found from the north of India and Nepal to Thailand, Vietnam and Fr. Taiwan. Playone grow in mid-mountain or alpine cloud forests at heights 500 — 2300 m above sea level. m, often in moss pillows, among them there are both spring-and autumn-flowering species.
The first are:
Playone Taiwanese (Pleione formosana)
Playone Hooker (Pleione hookeriana)
Playone Limprihta (Pleione limprichtii)
The second are:
Playone spotted (Pleione maculata)
Playone Reichenbach (Pleione reichenbachiapa)
Spring-flowering species and hybrids bloom in March -April, inflorescences appear before the leaves unfold.
Recently, several popular hybrids with large bright flowers have appeared. For example:
Pleione Tongariro (P. Versailles X P. pleionoides (Kraenzl.)
Braem Pleione Tongariro & H.Mohr
The agrotechnology of caring for orchids in the playon at home, as well as the most popular types of these plants are described on this page.
Rules for caring for piedon orchids at home
Small vegetative shoots and rather large flowers make these plants look like spring crocuses or autumn crocus. Sometimes they are called “Indian crocuses”.
Species of this genus in October must shed their leaves, their roots and the old maternal nseudobulba die off. So they prepare for the period of winter dormancy, which they experience in the form of leafless pseudobulbs with several buds of renewal at the base of the pseudobulb and several dormant buds near its summit.
The development of 1 — 2-flowering inflorescences is ahead of the development of shoots that remain underdeveloped during the entire flowering period. Compared with the shoot, the flowers are disproportionately large, single, with a diameter of 6 — 12.
Flowers have various shades from whitish-pink and yellow to lilac-red and purple. The three-lobed lip bears several longitudinal crests. Flowers remain fresh for two weeks. The most decorative effect is achieved by planting several pseudobulbs in a wide bowl at once.
Pleione blooming in spring can be kept on cool window sills, in winter gardens, cold greenhouses, and in warm climates where the snow melts in March - even in open ground, well covering the plants for the winter.
Playone light-requiring, require maximum illumination during intensive growth, then next year they will give not one, but 2 peduncle. At the same time, leaves that grow in dim light can get burned when the plant is moved from the shade to direct sunlight.
The substrate for pot culture Pleyone at home should be loose, breathable, but quite fertile. As a substrate, you can use a mixture of turf land, leaf humus, lowland peat, ginger peat, sand against 1: 1: 1: 1: 2, you can add a portion of weathered dry manure.
An even lighter substrate is made up of shallow pine bark, sphagnum moss and coarse-grained perlite for 2: 3: 1. During active growth in the spring-summer period, the playon responds well to weekly supplements with balanced liquid mineral fertilizers at a concentration of 0,2%.
According to the rules of care, for successful flowering, most species need a period of biological dormancy (cessation of watering and cold keeping at a temperature of 0 — 4 ° С from November to February).
The exception is more thermophilic P. maculata, P. reichenbachiana, P. X lugenaria, which bloom not in spring, but in autumn. For normal growth and flowering, they require a winter temperature not lower than 10 ° C.
For a time of rest, the spring-flowering playon's pseudobulbs, which have been thrown off, are dug out of pots, daughter pseudobulbs are separated from dying off maternal pseudobulbs, cut off all old dead roots, leaving only their bases with a length of no more than 2 — 3, see. Then the pseudobulbs prepared for wintering are placed in sterile jars or plastic bags and placed in a refrigerator (preferably not on the door, but in the section for vegetables).
In late January or early February, the plants are removed from the refrigerator and start planting. Several well-matured pseudobulbs are planted in one pot at once. Plants bloom before unfolding the leaves and thickening the pseudobulb, since all the necessary flower organs formed in the bud beforehand, during the resting period.
If the playon taken out of the fridge does not bloom in due time, it is possible that they did not have enough light to form full-fledged flowers. Try next year to arrange them not dark, but bright wintering, for example, on a glazed non-freezing loggia or between window frames.
Watering is resumed only after the roots of the young shoots begin to grow. Water the plants abundantly, completely wetting the substrate lump.
Since the rotted root system of the pioneer is not capable of recovery due to the development of lateral roots, they should not be allowed to rot from too early or excessive watering.
Playone is propagated with the help of "babies", formed on the "Babes" Pleione tops of old pseudobulbs, which are separated and planted separately. In the current year, they will give only a vegetative shoot, not capable of flowering, but with good care for the next year, the young shoots of them that are developing can bloom.
Types of orchids playone
Pleione bulbocodioides (FVanch.) Rolfe - Playone bulbopenkovidnaya
Homeland - China (Prov. Yunnan). It grows on mossy stones or stony soils in scrublands, on wooded slopes or wet cliffs at a height of 900 — 3600 m above sea level. m. Pseudobulbs are oval, 1 — 2-sheet, purple-green.
Flowers with a diameter of 7,5 cm, purplish-pink with a yellow spot in the center of the lips and numerous red spots on its surface. The lip is fringed, in the center has a 3 longitudinal keel. It blooms in spring (March - April).
Pleione formosana hayata - Taiwanese Playone
A ground or lithophyte spring-flowering orchid from lowland rain and alpine mist forests of Taiwan (1000 - 2500 m. Above sea level). Pseudobulb is univalent, oval or ovaloconical, oblate. Inflorescences 1 — 2-flowering.
As seen in the photo, this orchids playone flowers diameter 6 — 10 cm, pink, fragrant, lip white or light purple with yellow spots and light brown specks, fringed:
It blooms in spring (March — April).
Pleione formosana f. alba - Taiwanese Pleone, white uniform
Garden shape with small, rounded psvdobulb and almost white flowers carrying longitudinal yellow carina on the 3 lip.
Pleione grandiflora (Rolfe) Rolfe - Playone grandiflora
A terrestrial or lithophyte spring-blooming orchid grows in the Himalayas, China and Vietnam on rocky surfaces in moss cushions of primary high-mountain mist forests at 1500 — 3300 m above sea level. m. Pseudobulbs oblong, univalent. 1-flowered inflorescences.
The flowers of this orchid are pioneer with a diameter of 10 cm, white, fragrant, the lip is light pink with brown and purple spots and strokes, fringed. It blooms in spring, usually in March.
Pleione limprichtii Schltr. - Playone Limprihta
Homeland - China (Prov. Sichuan and Yunnan). It grows in mountainous misty forests (2000 — 2500 m asl.) In humus-rich soils or on moss-covered stones. 1 pseudobulbs are leafy, greenish-purple, oval-conical, with an elongated tip. It blooms in spring, 1 inflorescences — 2-flowering.
Flowers with a diameter of 5 - 6 cm, purple-pink, fragrant, the lip is light pink with crimson spots, fringed. It blooms in spring, March - April.
Pleione maculata (Lindl.) Lindl. - Pleone spotted
The ground autumn-flowering orchid is from Indochina and grows in lowland and lowland rain forests (600-2000 m above sea level). Pseudobulbs are double-leaved, barrel-shaped, conical on top, with purple spots.
Inflorescences 1 — 2-flowers, flowers with a diameter of 4 — 6 cm, cream-white, fragrant, white lip with yellow and red-violet stripes and strokes. It blooms in late autumn and winter.
Pleione reichenbachiana (T. Moore) Kuntze - Playone Reichenbach
A rare autumn blooming orchid. Motherland - South Asia and Indochina. Epiphyte or lithophyte grows in primary cloud forests (1200 — 3400 m above sea level). Pseudobulbs are cylindrical, double, with chestnut spots. Inflorescences 1 — 2-flowering.
Flowers with a diameter of 6,5— 10 cm, pink-purple, fragrant, the lip is lighter with purple spots, fringed along the edge. It blooms in autumn, in October — November.