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Mini orchids: photos, names and features of care

Mini-orchids are a great alternative for lovers of indoor plants who do not have enough room space to assemble an extensive collection of full-size specimens. Dwarf plants will not take up much space, but unlike their counterparts of the standard size, they need special care associated with providing temperature conditions that are not typical for exotic cultures.

Real dwarfs in Orchid family quite a bit of. After all, for successful growth of "solar" epiphytes in the crowns of trees, it is better to have small sizes. Among epiphytic mini orchids, there are species that do not even grow on the trunk and not on thin branches, but on the leaves of evergreen trees.

But mostly enthusiasts are interested in those orchids that have small pseudobulbs with short rhizomes, short inflorescences and large bright flowers.

Particularly preferred are species in which the flower diameter and length of the shoot are almost equal, and ideally the size of those and others approaches 10, see. There are options when one large flower is replaced by several small ones, gathered in a thick brush. The volume of the room hothouse often cannot accommodate more than a dozen large plants, so the desire of orchid breeders-enthusiasts to have as many small plants as possible in their collection is understandable. It is about these dwarf orchids and the secrets of caring for them at home and will be discussed in this article.

A feature of agrotechnology of most of these crops is the need to ensure the difference between day and night temperatures in 4 — 6 ° C. How can I do that?

First of all, we divide the year into two seasons - spring-summer and autumn-winter. In the spring-summer season the sun shines brighter, and, despite the fact that the heating is turned off, in the evening in rooms with southern and western windows it can become very hot. Therefore, in the summer greenhouse is better to have on the north or east windows.

Since the night temperature is always below daytime, open the window or transom for the night, but so that there is no draft. In the autumn-winter season, the bright sun is not so dangerous anymore, eastern, western and even southern windows are suitable for the greenhouse. Considering the peculiarities of mini-orchid care at home, with the beginning of the heating season, install a greenhouse as close as possible to the window glass, it is colder there at night. Strengthen the night cooling from the window will help plastic film or even a thick curtain, fencing off the battery from the window sill.

Remember that always, in winter and in summer, the greenhouse standing on the window should be kept constantly ajar for ventilation. In a sufficiently large greenhouse, when caring for mini-orchids, a small fan (for example, a computer fan) can be adapted for more intensive evaporation of water and the attendant cooling.

The main features of the cultivation of mini-orchids are shown in this video:

Mini orchids of the genus Amesiella and Antsistrohilus

Amesiella garay - Ameziella

The genus is named after the American botanist Oks Ames, who described many tropical orchids from Southeast Asia and tropical America. In the genus there are 3 miniature epiphytic species.

Amesiella philippinensis (Ames) Garay - Amesiella Philippine

Homeland - the Philippine Islands. It grows like an epiphyte in tropical rain forests at an altitude of up to 800 m above sea level. m. Monopodial epiphyte or lithophyte with a short shoot and rather large snow-white flowers (5 diameter) and snow-white flowers, the most expressive part of which are long (3,5 cm) for nectar-filled spurs. The lip has a yellow spot in the center. Branches usually appear in the winter on fleshy drooping peduncles. Flowering continues until the first spring months.

Such a mini-orchid at home needs a moderately warm temperature regime of cultivation (day - 18 — 30 ° C, night 13 — 26 ° C), strong ambient light (autumn-winter supplementary illumination) and average humidity (50 — 70% ). In winter, watering is reduced a little.

Block culture is preferred, but can be contained in small pots with good drainage, breathable substrate, with regular spraying.

Ancistrochilus rolfe - Antsistrohidhus

The genus name Antsistrohilus comes from two Greek words “fishing hook” and “lip” and reflects the structural features of the front lobe of the lip with a thin curved tip. The genus includes two species of small epiphytic orchids from rainforests in Africa (from Guinea to Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Congo, Uganda, and Tanzania). They grow as epiphytes or butt epiphytes in lowland and mountain rain forests, as well as on the coasts.

Ancistrochilus rothschildianus O'Brien - Antsistrohilus Rothschild

Symphodically growing epiphyte from rainforests of Africa (from Guinea to Tanzania). Pseudobulbs flattened, 2 — 3-leaf. Inflorescences are lateral, 6 — 8 long, cm; flowers are rather large compared to shoots, 7 cm in diameter, bright crimson, fragrant.

Look at the photo - at such a mini-orchid the purple three-blade lip is strongly bent back:

The flowers have a not very pleasant smell with a metallic tinge. One of the few brightly colored compact African orchids. It blooms in summer, autumn and early winter. The plant is of moderately warm content with a cool dry wintering, during which not only leaves but also roots die.

At this time, the plant needs to stop watering and additional lighting (optimum illumination 10000 — 20000 lx). For abundant flowering needs clear differences in day and night temperatures. The relative humidity of the air must always remain high. Block culture is preferred.

Flowers of the mini orchid of the genus Askocentrum

Ascocentrum schltr - Askocentrum.

A small genus of monopodially growing epiphytic or lithophytic orchids, totaling 4 — 5 species. The genus name is composed of two Greek words - “Askos” - the bag and “Kentron” - the spur and describes the most remarkable feature of the flower - a short spur at the base of the lip.

Medium-sized orchids with short, hard, leathery leaves and thick aerial roots. The inflorescence (erect or slightly curved, many flower dense brush) carries several dozen wide-open medium-sized flowers with a small spur.

Sepals and petals are similar, the three-lobed lip is fixedly connected by its base and lateral lobes with the base of the column, inside the lip there is a callus-like outgrowth.

Plants need a warm or moderately warm growing mode, strong ambient light, high relative humidity (70 — 80%). During the winter holidays, the temperature may drop slightly, but not lower than 15 ° С. During active growth requires regular abundant moisture, but during the rest period, watering should be limited to avoid rotting of the base of the shoot.

Can be kept in pots, hanging baskets, in potted culture. During active growth requires abundant watering, strong diffuse illumination (20000 — 35000 lux) and intensive dressings with full mineral or organic fertilizers.

Ascocentrum ampullaceum - Ascocentrum venopodobny.

Homeland - the tropical areas of the Himalayas, Burma and Thailand. Epiphyte, rises to small heights to 300 — 900 m above sea level. Monopodially growing epiphytic orchid with fleshy dense leaves of length 14 cm, densely covered with purple dots. The roots are thick.

The inflorescences are dense, many-flowered, short (up to 8 cm long), carry many compactly arranged pink-purple flowers with a 1,8 diameter — 2,5 that sparkle in the sun — see petals of this mini-orchid of almost the same shape, 0,9 long, see. The lip is small, brighter colored, 0,6 long — 0,7 cm. Spur is short, 0,7 length cm.

The column is short, round in cross section. It blooms in February — July.

Ascocentrum miniatum - Askocentrum rust red.

The species is quite widespread in South and Southeast Asia, from the Indian Himalayas to Indochina and Indonesian islands. Monopodially growing epiphyte, grows on the trunks of large trees. A small orchid with a relatively short, upright, strong stalk, sometimes branching closer to the base.

The leaves are green, fleshy, grooved, toothed at the end, length 5 — 28 cm. The inflorescences of this dwarf orchid are formed in the axils of the lower leaves, they reach 24 cm in length and develop many small orange-red or yellow-orange flowers with a diameter 1,0 — 1,8 cm .

Petals and sepals are similar, elliptically obovoid, obtuse. The lip is small, pointed at the end, length 0,4, see. Spur is straight, cylindrical, length 0,7 — 0,9, see.

The flowering time of this species in nature - spring - the beginning of summer. In a culture of flowering plants can be found almost all year round, but the peak of flowering occurs in April, May and June.

Dwarf orchids of the genus Bulbofillum

Bulbophyllum thou. - Bulbofillum.

The generic name is made up of two Latin words - "bi" - two and "frenum" - bridle and reflects the peculiarity of the structure of stamens - 4 is genuinely located separately on two small stalks.

The genus is 26 epiphytic or lithophytic species from South America. Orchids of small and medium size with tetrahedral olive-green univalent pseudobulbs and few-flowered short inflorescences.

Bifrenaria atropurpurea - Biphrenaria dark purple.

As seen in the photo, this mini orchid would be very suitable. name "black orchid"":

This expressive plant with dark flowers is found on tree trunks only in the lowland forests of Brazil. A small sympodially growing orchid with tetragonal in cross-section, single-leaved pseudobulbs with a length of 6, see. As pseudobulbs age, they wrinkle a lot. The inflorescences appear at the base of the pseudobulb of fairly densely shifted brown scales and carry 3 — 5 dark colored flowers.

Fully opened flowers reach across the 4 cm, their petals and sepals are purple-brown, slightly lighter in the middle. Side sepals fused their bases under the lip and straightened in a horizontal direction.

Smaller petals, pointing forward. Lip rounded, concave, bright pink with white, slightly wavy at the end. The column is short, wine-red, the cup of the anther is white. The flowers of this species have a very pleasant aroma. It blooms in March and June.

When caring at home, these dwarf orchids need a moderately warm growing mode with 14 — 18 ° C winter night temperatures, high humidity (70 — 80%), and strong ambient light. This species grows well in western windows, where it suffers less from direct sunlight.

Bulbophyllum - Bulbofillum.

A large genus comprising more 1800 epiphytic, lithophytic or rarely terrestrial species, widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, New Guinea, and on the islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Perennial symnodially growing rhizomatous herbaceous plants (often with thickened pseudobulbs).

Leaves from 1 to several. Inflorescences from single to multi-flowered, racemose or umbrella-shaped. Flowers of different sizes (from 0,5 mm to 50 cm), of various colors, sometimes with numerous outgrowths not only on the lip, but also on the leaves of the outer perianth circle, the lip of the flowers is often movably articulated with the stem of the column and in the middle part curved back.

The wide range of the genus suggests that among bulbofillum there are both heat-loving and cold-loving species. All of the following types are well suited for room greenhouses, they need a moderately warm growing mode, moderate ambient light and constantly high humidity.

Bulbophyllum disciflorum Rolfe - Bulbofillum disco floral.

In culture, the species is also known as the Trias disciflora (Rolfe) Rolfe. A small epiphytic orchid hails from Thailand, Laos and Vietnam (up to 1500 meters above sea level). Pseudobulbs ovoid and very small (about 1,5 eat), collected in close, univalent clones.

The leaves are bright green, with pointed tips, fleshy, up to 6 cm. Short inflorescences develop at the base of the pseudobulb and carry a single greenish flower, cm 2,5 diameter, which is densely dotted with red-purple dots on the inside. The lip has an even brighter purple color.

Flowering occurs in February — March.

It requires a moderately warm growing mode, moderate ambient light with obligatory shading from direct sunlight and high humidity (80 — 85%).

Bulbophyllum frostii Summer. - Bulbofillum Frost.

The homeland is the evergreen low-mountain forests of Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam (1450 meters above sea level). Epiphyte or litofit medium size. Long rhizomes shoots with flattened univalent pseudobulbs.

The leaves are fleshy, oval, bluish-green. Inflorescences few-flowered, short, umbrella-shaped, with well-marked bracts. The flowers are olive-green, with thick dark purple spots and numerous warts. Lip purple, bent back with a longitudinal central groove.

It blooms from December to April. Prefers block cultivation.

Bulbophyllum lobbii Lindl. - Bulbofillum Lobba.

Homeland - lowland forests of Southeast Asia and Indochina (1300 — 1800 m above sea level). Long rooty shoots with univalent ovoid pseudobulbs and petioled leathery leaves. Single-flowered inflorescences, erect.

Flowers with a diameter of about 7,5 cm, light yellow with purple-brown stripes on the petals and specks on the sepals. The narrow heart pointed lip is movably articulated, in the place of articulation there is a bright yellow convex callus.

It blooms from May to July.

It can grow well both in pots and on blocks, it requires a moderately warm growing regime, it needs moderate illumination.

Bulbophyllum nipondhii Seidenf. - Nipponda Bulbofillum.

The homeland is the middle mountain forests of Thailand, Vietnam and the south of China (up to 1500 m above sea level). Epiphyte small or medium size. Long rooty shoots with univalent ovoid pseudobulbs and petioled leathery leaves. Inflorescences few-flowered, umbellate.

Flowers are 2 long cm, bright crimson, with purple veins on the sepals, which are connected by their upper edges along the entire length.

Usually blooms in April and May.

Miniature Cattley and Cochleanteses Orchids

More recently, these Cattley were part of the genus Sofronitis (Sophronitis Lindl.). They are common in the mountain forests of Brazil, and need a cooler mode of cultivation compared to most members of the genus Cattleya.

Cattleya cernua (Lindl.) Van den Berg - Cattleya tilted.

In culture, the species is also known as the Sophronitis Inclined (Sophronitis Setia (Lindl.) Lindl.). Epiphyte or small lithophyte from Brazilian lowland rain forests (1000 — 1500 m above Um.). Psedobulbs oval or cylindrical, univalent. Inflorescences apical, 4 — 10-flowering.

Flowers with a diameter of 2,2 — 2,7 cm, cinnamon-red, the lip at the base is orange-yellow with purple spots. It blooms in autumn or winter.

Needs moderate or cold growing mode, strong ambient light and high humidity (> 80%). Daily temperature variations should be 7 — 9 ° С.

Prefers block cultivation.

Cattleya coccinea lindl. - Cattleya alay.

In culture, the species is also known under the name sofronitis alay (Sophrontis coccinea (Lindl.) Rchb.f.) An Epshifit or lithophyte plant from Brazil, grows in lowland or lowland rain forests (650 — 1670 m above sea level) on moss-covered trees or on mossy stones. Pseudobulbs are spindle-shaped, single-leaved, only 2 — 5 in length.

Inflorescences apical, 1 — 2-flowering. Flowers with a diameter of 3 cm, scarlet, the base of the lip is orange-yellow with scarlet longitudinal stripes.

Mass flowering occurs in January, February, March and April.

Cochleanthes raf. - Cochleantes.

The genus is 40 species from the humid cloud forests of South America.

Sympodically growing epiphytes of medium size with small thickened pseudobulbs, two apical leaves and fan-shaped pointed green vaginal leaves on rhizomes. Inflorescences are lateral, single-flowered.

It requires a cold temperature mode of growing (in summer - 27 ° С, in winter - 8 ° С), strong ambient light and high humidity (80%).

Cochleanthes flabelliformis - Cochleantes faithful.

Small delicate orchid from shady moist mountain forests of Venezuela, Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Brazil and Fr. Jamaica (250 — 1200 m above sea level). Pseudobulbs are not pronounced, the leaves on each shoot form a kind of fan.

Inflorescence length 10 cm, lateral, erect, single-flowered. The flowers are fragrant, 7,5 cm in diameter, white with a broad striped purple-purple lip. It blooms in March and June.

Plant warm or moderate growing regime. It grows well in conditions of constantly high humidity, ambient light and with proper shading from direct sunlight.

Mini Orchid Epidendrum and Helcia

Epidendrum peperomia - Epidendrum truze.

It grows in pine forests and oak forests of Colombia and Venezuela (600 — 2700 m above sea level).

A miniature epiphyte with thin branching laterally compressed shoots forming dense pillows, double-rowed ciliated leaves along the edges and greenish-purple flowers with a glossy brownish obovate lip. Flowers diameter 2,5 cm, fragrant, waxy.

It blooms from February to May.

It requires a moderate temperature regime of cultivation, strong illumination and constantly high humidity (70 — 85%). Prefers block cultivation.

Epidendrum schlechterianum ames - Epidendrum Schlechter.

An extremely widespread small orchid, found along the Pacific coast of Mexico to Brazil and Peru, as well as on the islands of Trinidad and Jamaica. It grows as an epiphyte and lithophyte in a wide range of habitats from humid rainforests to dry highlands, rises in the mountains to a height of up to 1100 m above y. m

This species is located on a vertical substrate “upside down”, its not very long (10 — 15 cm) branching thin shoots from top to bottom are covered with fleshy succulent leaves of length 1 — 3 cm, width 0,3 — 0,4 cm.

Leaves with purple midrib, pointed bilobed tip and from the outside have a keel. In the spring, near the top of the shoots on short peduncles appear from 1 to 3 flowers, so unusual that it is difficult to see them immediately among the leaves.

Most of all, the flowers resemble strange greenish-purple insects. The flowers, as well as the shoots, seem to be spread over the substrate, they reach 2,5 cm in length and can be painted in yellowish green, greenish bronze, reddish green, purple or pink.

Flower segments translucent, pointed. The wide lip is connected to the column to half the length. It blooms in spring and summer.

It requires a moderate temperature regime of cultivation, strong illumination and constantly high humidity (70 — 85%). Prefers block cultivation.

Helcia Lindl. - Helcia

A small genus of sympodially growing epiphytic orchids from tropical regions of America, including the entire 4 species. It is characterized by univalent thickened pseudobulbs, drooping inflorescences with single flowers with a three-lobed lip.

Helcia sanguinolenta lindl. - Helce is blood-spotted.

The homeland of this epiphytic orchid is Ecuador and Colombia (600 — 3000 m above sea level). Pseudobulbs 8 long cm, univalent. Leaves up to 20 cm, severely tapering to the base. The inflorescence appears at the base of the pseudobulb and develops only one flower with olive-green petals and sepals, covered with chestnut-brown spots and a white lip with carmine-red veins.

The lip is about long, forked at the end, where its blades diverge slightly to the sides, with jagged and wrapped edges, with two erect yellow shell-like appendages at the base near the column, between which there are two outgrowths.

The callus of the lip is yellow, and its front lobe is white, with reddish spots and stripes that do not reach the tip of the lip.

May bloom in May or late autumn and winter - from October to February. It requires a moderate growing mode (18 — 26 ° C in summer, 12 — 20 ° C in winter), moderate illumination (10000 – 20000 lux) and high relative humidity throughout the year.

Types of dwarf orchids of the genera Isabelia and Lelia

Isabelia Barb.Rodr. - Isabelia.

A small genus from Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, comprising the 3 species. These are miniature sympodially growing epiphytes or lithophytes with oval 1 — 2-leaf pseudobulbs, thin branching rhizomes, and few-flowed apical 1 — 4-flowering inflorescences.

Isabella violacea - Isabelia is purple.

Also known as Sophronitella violacea (Lindl.) Schltr. Sophronitella violacea. Brazilian endemic, grows as an epiphyte or lithophyte in humid mountain forests at moderate altitudes. Pseudobulbs are ovate, 2 long — 3 cm, 1 — 2-leaf.

Leaves are linear, v-shaped at the cut. Inflorescences apical, 5 cm long, shorter than leaves, 1 — 4-flowering. The flowers are 2,5 cm in diameter, lavender-pink, evenly colored, wide open, with pointed petals and sepals. It blooms in late autumn and winter.

When caring at home, this dwarf orchid needs a moderate temperature mode of cultivation, bright ambient light (10000 — 15000 lux) and moderate air humidity (50 — 70%). It does not have a clearly defined rest period, therefore it needs regular watering throughout the year. Prefers block cultivation or cultivation in small clay pots with a light, well-drained substrate.

Laelia lindl. - Lelia.

Some time ago, a rather large family today was reduced to 25 species, transferring a substantial part to the Cattley genus. The homeland of lelias is the tropics of Central and South America. These are sympodially growing epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial orchids with thick 1 or multi-meter pseudobulbs, 1 — 3 fleshy apical leaves and upright little or multi-flowered inflorescences. The flowers are large or small, often brightly colored.

Laelia speciosa - Lelia is beautiful.

The miniature epiphytic orchid comes from the highlands of Mexico (1400 — 2500 m above sea level). Pseudobulbs up to 6 cm, oval, 1 — 2-sheet. The inflorescence is apical, 1 — 2-flowering. Flowers diameter 12 — 18 cm, purple-pink.

Look at the photo - this dwarf orchid has a wavy lip around the edge, with a longitudinal stripe, a pale yellow lip inside the throat, white with purple spots in the middle and with a wide pink-lilac edge:

It usually blooms from March to August, the peak of flowering occurs in March and June. Sometimes there is an autumn bloom (October).

It requires cold or moderately warm content (with winter night temperatures of 12 — 16 ° C), moderate ambient light, and high relative air humidity (80%).

Flowering stimulates a winter dormant period, at which the temperature is lowered to 10 — 12 ° C and minimizes irrigation as much as possible. It is well suited for cultivation on a unit with fully open roots.

Miniature Orchids of Promeneus and Psycho Psychella

Promenaea Lindl. - Prom.

A genus of epiphytic or lithophytic orchids from Brazil, including 19 species. Representatives of the genus live in moist lowland tropical forests, grow on rocky slopes, butt parts of trees. All promeneas are small sympodially growing orchids with convex pseudobulbs hidden in the bases of leaf sheaths and with single flowers up to 5 in diameter. See

In culture, the best known are the golden yellow (P. xanthina (Lindl.) Lindl.) And the slipway (P. stapelioides (Link & Otto) Lindl.). All species of the genus require moderately warm content (winter night temperature 14 — 16 ° С), moderate ambient light and high relative humidity (80%).

Preferably content in small mesh pots or baskets.

Psychopsiella limminghei - Psihopsiella Limminga.

The only species of this monotypic genus is found in the rain forests of Brazil and Venezuela. A miniature epiphytic orchid with small flattened pseudobulbs up to 2 cm in length and quite large flowers compared to the plant itself (3 — 4 cm in diameter).

Petals and sepals, blunt at the ends, brownish-orange or red, with light spots. Spinal sepal concave. Petals reddish-brown with a yellow border on the edges. The lateral lobes of the bright yellow lip are also covered with numerous reddish-brown bright stripes and spots, they are narrow at the base and extend into vertical ears.

The anterior lobe of the lip has a narrow isthmus and may be directed upwards or slightly bent. The column has comb-like wings. Maximum flowering occurs in the summer months - from May to September, but individual flowering plants can be found late in the fall and early spring.

It needs a moderately warm or moderate growing mode, diffuse illumination (18000 — 25000 lux) and high humidity (75 — 80%). It does not tolerate stagnant water near the roots, so watering is reduced a little in winter. Prefers block culture and regular spraying.

Mini Orchid Tolumnia and Trichopilia

Tolumnia raf - Tolumnia

The genus includes about 40 species and natural hybrids from tropical America and the West Indies. These are sympodially growing epiphytes or lithophytes, stems with small pseudobulbs or without pseudobulbs, sometimes have rather long rhizomatous areas.

The leaves are lanceolate, compressed from the sides, often crescent-shaped, curved back, opposite, collected in leafy rosettes. Multi-flowered inflorescences, lateral.

Most species need a moderately warm growing mode (the temperature should not rise above 24 ° C), high humidity (75 — 80%), and strong ambient light (25000 — 35000 lux). They do not have a clearly defined rest period, therefore they need regular and daily spraying throughout the year. Prefer block cultivation.

Species of this genus interbreed well, currently many wonderful miniature hybrids have been obtained, for example, T. Jairak Flyer 'Coco Drop', T. Ralf'-Yagi 'Jon'.

Tolumnia sasseri - Tolumnia Sasseri.

A miniature orchid from the flat rain forests of the Bahamas (300 — 1000 m above sea level). Thickening on the shoots is absent, rhizomatous areas of shoots are long and thin. The leaves are lanceolate, sickle-shaped, compressed from the sides, collected in bilateral sockets.

Inflorescences are erect, many-flowered. The flowers are fragrant, with a diameter of 1,2 cm, white or lavender-pink with transverse brown stripes on the petals and sepals. The lip is large, pinkish-white with a yellow-brown callus in the center.

Tolumnia variegala (Sw.) Braem - Tolumniya motley.

In culture, the species is also known as the motley oncidium (Oncidium variegatum (Sw.) Willd.). It is found in Puerto Rico, Dominica, Haiti and Cuba.

Small, but unusually expressive plant from the group of "sunny" epiphytes. The pseudobulbs are tiny, 1 long cm, they are hidden among the leaves growing with a wide fan and almost imperceptible. The leaves are linear or crescent-shaped, 4 — 15 cm long, 1,0 — 1,6 cm wide, dense and rigid, almost triangular in cross section.

The inflorescence is 15 long — 40 cm; it bears many small lavender-and-pink flowers of various shades, in which the sepals are brownish-orange, the petals and the lip are pink with a brownish base. Lip length 0,7 — 1,5 cm, three-lobed, forked at the end.

It blooms mainly in spring (May) and in the second half of summer.

Trichopilia lindl. - Trichopilia.

The genus includes 26 species from Central and South America, as well as from the West Indies. The ego is sympodially growing epiphytes with monomethral univalent pseudobulbs and lateral 1 — 2-flowering inflorescences. The flowers are large, widely disclosed, usually fragrant.

Trichopilia marginata Henfr. - Trichopilia bordered

The species is distributed in tropical forests of South America from Guatemala to Colombia. It has the brightest lip coloring among all known types of trichopilia. Pseudobulbs oblong, univalent. The inflorescence is 2 — 3 is a flowering, short, its base is covered with several scaly leaves.

Flowers with a curved pedicel. Petals and sepals are linear-lanceolate, pointed, white with a reddish-crimson stripe in the middle. The lip is funnel-shaped, with a white border, its bell is lowered sharply down, and the whole front blade is painted in a bright pink-carmine color.

It blooms in May and June. It requires a moderate growing mode (temperature in summer 18 — 26 ° С, in winter — 12 — 20 ° С), moderate illumination (10000 — 20000 lux) and high relative humidity of the air throughout the year.

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