Keeping of

An unusual and mysterious orchid flower has long been the undisputed favorite of gardeners. He will find very few apartments where the orchid flower in the pot would not have been present, since there is a huge variety of this culture on sale. And keep from buying is very difficult. However, you need to have enough serious knowledge in order for an Asian beauty to grow and flourish. The description of the culture will make it possible to transform its cultivation at home into a fascinating occupation, rewarded with abundant and long flowering.

See all orchid flower varieties and choose those varieties that are more suitable for interior design. In principle, the decorative flower orchid can successfully develop in any indoor environment. But he does not tolerate drafts. Keep this in mind when placing homemade orchid flowers on windowsills and in rooms that are often ventilated.

Look at the orchid photo of flowers and make sure that nature has created a huge variety of these epiphytic plants:

Potted Orchid Family Flowers (with flower photo)

Potted orchid flowers are something special. Their flowers, peculiar, magnificent beauty, shrouded in a breath of exclusivity, make these plants pretentious. However, many types of orchids are quite unpretentious, and, with some experience and knowledge, you can easily keep them on the windowsill.

Orchids belong to the youngest and largest family of plants called Orchideaceae (Orchidaceae, or Orchidaceae), numbering around 750 genera, which include 10 000 to 30 000 species. Natives come mainly from tropical, constantly wet and mountain forests, cool, moisture-saturated misty tropical forests, as well as from stony coastal deserts facing the seas. There, flowers of the orchid family develop mostly as epiphytes on trees, where they receive nutrients from rotting wood. Some species grow in the soil, and some species even on rocks.

Orchids distinguish two typical forms of growth:

  • Monopodial species form one vertical main shoot growing upwards. Flowers are formed on the sides of the main shoot.

A typical representative of monopodial orchids is Phalaenopsis (Phaleanopsis).

  • Sympodial species form under the ground a horizontal axial shoot-rhizome, from which multiple lateral ones depart. They grow to the side of the axial escape and rush upwards. Flowers are formed on the tops of the shoots or on the sides. Sympodial orchids have storage organs, the so-called pseudobulbs.

A typical representative of sympodial orchids is Cattleya (Cattleya).

See how the indoor orchid flower looks in the photo, showing both monopodial and sympodial flowering forms:

What an orchid flower looks like: characteristic, size and description

To begin the description of an orchid flower is worth noting that all its species amaze with an endless variety of shapes, colors, patterns, structures and smells. The size of an orchid flower depends on many factors, such as the type, growth shape, number of shoots, plant type, etc. the smallest flowers are 1 cm, the largest ones are 25 cm in diameter.

In order to imagine what an orchid flower looks like, you need to know the basic botanical characteristics. The structure of their flowers is difficult, but in fact surprisingly simple. Characteristics of orchid flower is that they all consist of:

  • Three external colored sepals, or sepals (sepalen), fused together in some species that alternate with three petals, two of which are called petals (petaien),
  • And one medium modified - lip (tabellum), which stands out for its unusual shape and color, which serves as a landing site for pollinating insects,
  • In addition, a special component of the flower of orchids is a column (columna), formed by accreta in the center of the flower stamens and pistil.

Look at the variety of homemade orchid flowers in the photo, which shows blooming specimens of different species:

Growing orchid flowers at home: how to care for a flower

If throughout the year when growing orchid flowers to care for plants in accordance with the individual rhythm of life of each of them, then you can easily achieve flowering.

Before you take care of the orchid flower, you need to know that in late winter and spring, a period of active growth begins. At this time you need to provide orchids are well lit and plenty of water.

In summer, the orchid develops intensively, which means it needs regular watering and fertilizing. To supply the plant with nutrients necessary during the growing season, there are special fertilizers.

At the end of summer and autumn pseudobulbs ripen, shoots and flowers are laid. At this time, a decrease in temperature on 4-6 °, full “autumn” lighting and less intensive watering are recommended.

In autumn and winter comes the stage of rest and flowering. Many orchid flowers at home bloom to the beginning of the dormant period or during it. Winter care comes down to the motto: “More light, less water.”

A lover of indoor plants can do and reproduction of orchids. If you refer to the vegetative propagation method, you will achieve good results. Propagation by seeds is better to provide specialists, because this is a difficult and long task.

Beautiful types of orchid flowers: names and pictures

It is useful to know the names of orchid flowers, at least so that after purchasing the next plant, it would be possible to arrange proper care for them. There are different types of orchid flowers and for the most part they are wild. Look at the beautiful orchid flowers presented below and see for yourself in this variety.

Pafiopedilum - Paphiopedilum.

Orchids got their name due to the shape of the lip (Greek paphos - “an island with the temple of Venus”, pedilum - “slipper”).

In Asia, there are about 60 species. There are much more hybrids that plant lovers should be interested in, at least for reasons of protecting original species from extinction. Hybrid forms are more durable and feel good in heated premises.

The shoe has a special growth program: each leaf rosette gives only one flowering shoot. Then new sockets are formed in the leaf bosoms, which bloom the following year.

The flowers are white, yellow, green, brown and purple, often striped, spotted or tiger-colored.

Depending on the type and variety of papiopedilum may bloom in spring, summer, autumn or winter.

The most common are:

Pafiopedilum callous (Paphiopedilum callosum) - white and red brown, prefers warmth and shade;

Pafiopedilum is beautiful (Paphiopedilum spiceria) - white and green with purple longitudinal stripes.

Pafiopedilum is wonderful (Paphiopedilum insigne) - yellow-green with brown, tolerates lower temperatures compared to other species of this genus.

  • Family: Orchidaceae (Orchids).
  • Homeland: Tropical Asia.
  • Location: Semi-shady in summer, bright in winter, but not direct sunny.
  • Temperature: The room temperature is maintained throughout the year, it is cooler at night. Exception: in September, at the end of growth, withstand 2-3 weeks at night in cool, and in the afternoon in the sun.
  • Air humidity: Provide high humidity. Spray the leaves often.
  • Substrate: Special for orchids.
  • Watering: It is necessary to maintain moderate and uniform humidity. Water only when the substrate is dry. In winter, water less.
  • Top dressing: From April to September every 3 week in small doses.
  • Transfer: After flowering, but only if the substrate is compacted or has got a musty smell.
  • Reproduction: The division during transplantation.
  • Pests, diseases: Possible damage spider mites and scutes. With stagnant waterlogging - aphids and phylloxera.

Pafiopedilum feels best when growing in a bush. Better not to divide!

Tselogina comb - Coelogine cnstata.

Celogin (Coelogine) - it is an epiphytic orchid, it makes a brilliant, best impression when growing in a spacious hanging basket. Its hanging white flowers with golden scallops are arranged in groups on stalks up to 30 cm long and make it one of the most elegant orchids.

  • Family: Orchidaceae (Orchids).
  • Homeland: Himalayas, Nepal.
  • Location: All year a lot of light and air. Avoid the midday sun. In the summer place in the open air.
  • Temperature: Maintain moderately warm temperatures in summer, 14 ° С in winter, and 8 ° С at night.
  • Substrate: For orchids.
  • Watering: From May to September is moderate, from October to April it is dry to contain.
  • Top dressing: Once a week in 2, add fertilizer for orchids to water for irrigation.
  • Transfer: If necessary, after flowering.
  • Reproduction: Pseudobulb division during transplantation.
  • Pests, diseases: Only in the case of a gross violation of the rules for care.

Important! Make sure that young shoots do not get water!

Odontoglossum (sharp tongue) - Odontogiossum.

Orchid breeding specialists recommend three "room" species:

Odontogiossum bictoniense from the highland forests of El Salvador

Smelling lily of the valley Odontogiossum pulchellum

Odontogiossum crispum

Odontogiossum bictoniense blooms in autumn, the other two in winter or spring.

  • Family: Orchidaceae (Orchids).
  • Homeland: Central and South America.
  • Location: All year light or semi-shady.
  • Temperature: In the summer of 20-24 ° С, at night it is cooler by several degrees. In winter, 14-18 ° C.
  • Air humidity: Provide artificially high humidity.
  • Substrate: Special for orchids.
  • Watering: During the period of growth to maintain uniform moisture. In the winter - just to keep the pseudobulb from drying out.
  • Top dressing: During the growth period every 2 week with small doses of fertilizer.
  • Transfer: Once a year after blooming.
  • Reproduction: Pseudobulb division during transplantation.
  • Pests, diseases: Only if non-compliance with the rules of cultivation.

Zigopetalum - Zygopetalum.

The unusual name of the orchid comes from Greek and indicates a callused thickening at the base of the lip that covers the flowers like a horsetail. On sale there are various types and hybrids, the most famous hybrid of zygopetalum:

'Arthur elle'

  • Family: Orcidaceae (Orchids).
  • Homeland: South America.
  • Location: Light or partial shade, a lot of air.
  • Temperature: Maintain room temperature all year. In winter, 10-18 ° C.
  • Air humidity: Provide artificial high humidity.
  • Substrate: Special for orchids.
  • Watering: Moderate year round.
  • Top dressing: From March to September, every 2 week add fertilizer for orchids to water for irrigation.
  • Transfer: Annually after flowering.
  • Reproduction: The division of leafy pseudobulb during transplantation.
  • Pests, diseases: Only with very inappropriate care.

Important! Do not spray, spots may appear on the leaves.

Look at all these orchid flowers in the pictures, where they are presented in blooming form from different angles:

growing experience at home ...читать