Onion crops delight the eye with its development of powerful greens, and when flowering - with exquisite forms of magnificent large buds. Sparaxis flowers are rare guests on home gardens. The reason for this is the lack of a special knowledge base for florists. Let's try to fill this gap. The article describes how the sparaxis is planted and the subsequent care of the crop when grown in the open field during the whole vegetative period. Various photo varieties with short descriptions will also be offered. Many gardeners will be interested to know that it is possible to successfully grow sparaxis flowers at home, achieving multiple blooms over the course of the calendar year.
Look at the photos of the most common varieties of Sparaxis "Tricolor Mix" and "Jumbo Star Mix" - make them look attractive during the whole summer:
Description and photos of flowers sparaxis - get acquainted with a newcomer
To begin, we get acquainted with a newcomer and decide whether it is worth settling at home or in the garden. The description of the colors of sparaxis includes the appearance of the plant, its exactingness to the environmental conditions, especially the cultivation. The flowering period is in the summer months (June - August), the exact dates depend on the time of planting and variety. Possible forcing bulbs to certain dates in green conditions. Look at the photo of flowers Sparaxis - this is a great decoration for the garden and landscaping of the living room:
The bud has a funnel shape, a number of varieties displayed flowers in the form of stars. At home, sparaxis produces a flower up to 60 cm in height, in open ground the plant reaches a height of 1 meters. Flower growers also have dwarf varieties that produce flower stalk up to 15, see. The plant belongs to the deciduous group. Perfectly is suitable for gardening of the Alpine hills, beds and flower beds. Looks beautiful in group plantings on 20 - 30 bulbs, planted at a distance 15 cm from each other. As a container culture will find its place in the landscaping of open terraces, loggias and balconies.
Botanical features of sparaxis:
- heat-loving, in the middle zone of Russia, special storage of the bulbs is required, they freeze out in the open ground;
- requires a bright enough place for planting; it does not bloom in the shade;
- does not tolerate the action of the wind, so it is important to protect the landing of artificial obstacles;
- soil mixture should contain a large amount of organic matter and not retain moisture;
- With a long absence of flowering, it is necessary to add an additional complex mineral fertilizer.
Storage bulbs can be arranged in a cool basement. For this, sawdust and wood chips are suitable.
Growing sparaxis in the open field: planting and care
Agricultural technology of this culture requires constant attention and regular care. Growing sparaxis in the open field begins with the stratification of the bulbs and preparing them for proper planting. In early March, it is important for the planting material to create conditions for lowering the temperature regime. You can do this by placing the bulbs in a cellophane bag with holes in the lower (vegetable) boxes of the refrigerator. The term stratification is 1 month. Planting sparaxis in the open field is carried out in mid-May in the previously prepared soil. It rolls with the introduction of organic fertilizers and mineral complexes. In the southern regions, where the winter temperature does not fall below 15 degrees Celsius, landing is possible in the fall, in mid-October. Subsequent care requires mandatory shelter for the winter with a spruce or fallen leafy deciduous trees. Before planting on the dug-out area, wells of 12 cm depth, located at a distance from each other on 25 cm, are prepared.
When spring planting care sparaxis begins after planting. Requires regular watering with warm water. After the appearance of the stems, mineral supplements begin - 1 once a week, dissolved mineral complexes can be added to the water for irrigation.
Flowering begins in mid-June or early July. It is quite long, about 30 days. Then the reverse evolution of the vegetative part occurs. The stem gradually dries out. It is impossible to cut it off before complete drying, because it gives nutrients to the bulb. This ensures abundant flowering next year. After the stem has dried, dig out the bulbs. They must be dried thoroughly in a ventilated dark room. Then they are deposited.
Reproduction of sparaxis by seeds is allowed, in this case the seedling method of cultivation is practiced. Flowering occurs only after the complete formation of the bulb. This may take up to 3's. In the first year, a small onion grows. The following year, it is grown using the above-described standard rules for growing in open ground. And only in the third year you can see a delightful flower. An adult plant produces a large number of small onions each year. By growing them you can get a great varietal planting material.
Dispel sparaxis at home
Grow sparaxis at home in two ways. The first is the constant growth in a special pot. The difficulty lies in the fact that the culture requires a period of winter dormancy. Providing it in a city apartment is very difficult. Spraying the sparaxis from the bulbs grown in the backyard area is the best way to produce great flowers in the winter.
Often sparaxis is grown on certain dates. For example, in order to be able to donate a flowering plant on 8 March, it is necessary to start spraying the sparaxis bulb around November. During this period, the bulbs are laid in the refrigerator for stratification on 30 days. In mid-December, the bulbs are planted in deep pots in groups. On 1 a pot with a capacity of 8 liters can be planted with 3 bulbs. For pot sizes above 10 liters, you can plant a group of 5 bulbs. After the appearance of sprouts is required to carry out additional lighting with fitolampy. Every day you need to highlight for 5-6 hours. Regular watering and weekly application of mineral fertilizers ensure the rapid development of the plant and abundant flowering just in time.
Sparaxis varieties (with photo)
Gardeners have at their disposal several groups of this crop. Of interest are both tall and dwarf forms. Varieties of sparaxis include both monochrome types and blends. Popular is the sparaxis “Jumbo Star Mix” - these are tall stalks with colorful flowers that bloom for a month. It has a lot of shades: from snow white to yellow, magenta and blue. Look at the photo of the Jumbo Star Mix sparaxis - the options for using it in landscape design are shown:
Flowers Sparaxis "Tricolor Mix" - this is another popular group, which has magnificent colors of buds. Flowers with a diameter of up to 5, see. Peduncle height to 50, see. Coloring of petals - white, blue, purple, red, yellow. Look at the photo of this sort: