A variety of modern types of flowering annuals allows you to create the most diverse paintings in the garden. Long flowering can be organized with the help of correctly selected species and varieties. Arctotis flowers belongs to a large family of aster and Asteraceae, they can be grown from seeds in seedlings. In this case, we obtain prolonged flowering until the first frost. This article describes the whole process - from planting seeds to organizing proper care in open ground. Some varieties of arctotis are also presented, the cultivation of which in groups creates magnificent colorful paintings. All the subtleties of agricultural technology are told by experienced growers. This knowledge base allows you to get specky and healthy plants. In the meantime, we offer to see the arctotis in the photo showing the diversity of this culture:
Description, photos and types of arktotis
First you should take a little closer look at this beautiful flower. The description of the arktotis compares its beauty with the gerbera and ostestermum, however, they belong to the same family and are perfectly combined in group plantings next to each other. Different types of arktotis are presented, the photos of which are shown below on the page. For now we will pass to the detailed description of culture.
So, the flower received its name from the Latin translation of the phrase "bear ear". That is how the pioneers described the dense and densely pubescent foliage of the plant. The deciduous mass is fleshy and has a rich green color with a silvery sheen. It looks very elegant on any flowerbed or curb group. During flowering aesthetics are complemented by the presence of bright colors. With the proper cultivation of seedlings from seeds, flowering can begin as early as mid-May. Most of the seedlings are already planted in a flowering mind, which increases the decorativeness of the culture.
The structure of the petals is such that it seems satin. Brilliant pearl petals can be snow-white, pink, yellow and red. They stand out contrasting middle, with blue and purple hues. Hybrid arktotis possesses a special decorative effect - it has large-sized inflorescences of inflorescences, reaching widths in 15, see. A distinctive feature is that the buds close in the evening, after sunset, and bloom in the morning. Arctotis hybridus is resistant to adverse growing conditions.
Arctotis Aspera or rough is not common. Differs in greater emptiness of deciduous mass and small buds in diameter (up to 8 cm). Arctotis Stoechadifolia and Arctotis Acaulis (stemless) are suitable for curbing. They are distinguished by a small stem height and an abundance of small inflorescences. Stiff-haired type can be pricked, so care is needed in caring for it.
The annual cultivation of crops is mostly practiced, although in reality the plant belongs to perennials. However, in the conditions of our country's climate, it does not tolerate hibernation. Although it is possible to preserve the root system, if at the end of the autumn you can dig up bushes and grow them in containers during the winter in room conditions.
Growing arktotisa from seeds: planting seedlings
In its natural habitat, this culture is forced to develop and survive in difficult conditions, where there is little moisture in the soil and a huge amount of scorching sun rays. Growing arktotis from seeds requires organizing the right habitat for it. The soil should be light and fairly structured. Be sure to add ¼ of the sifted sand. Seedlings are planted in mid-February. Inputs appear after 2-3 weeks. A pick of a seedling is required when a second pair of true leaves is developed. The deadline for planting arktotis seedlings is the end of March. In the future, planting this culture no longer makes sense, since the flowering period will be very short.
In the process of growing seedlings, it is very important to nip the center stem in time. This is usually done at a time when seedlings reach growth in 8, see. This measure stimulates the growth of lateral shoots and arctotis acquires a caste form. Please note that the flowers are very sensitive to damage to the root system. For inexperienced or novice florists, we recommend planting an arktotis from seeds on 2 seed in a separate peat pot, half full of soil. In the future, transplanting and picking is not carried out, and the soil is poured in as the seedling grows.
Planting in open ground and subsequent care
In the process of growing seedlings requires a hardening procedure. For this, the plants at the age of 1 start to make months out into the open air for half an hour every day, gradually increasing the time of “walking” to 6 hours. Landing arktotisa in open ground can be carried out in the first half of May, but a temporary film cover is required. To organize the subsequent care of the culture is quite simple. The plant should be watered regularly, make mineral fertilizers for long flowering. Loosening of the soil is carried out every week after watering. Then it is important to mulch the soil rotting sawdust.
The soil for the culture is prepared in advance. Humus is introduced, digging is carried out to the depth of a bayonet spade. Landing scheme 15x15 see. Before planting, digging holes, disembarking is carried out with peat pots. They safely disintegrate in the ground in 1 week. If the seedlings were grown in plastic containers or cardboard boxes, then the container must be very carefully removed. The main thing here is not to break the root system. She is very sensitive to mechanical injury. The seedling may die.