Cineraria flowers are a genus of flowering plants of the Compositae family. Their homeland is primarily South America, and there are several varieties in the north. The genus includes herbaceous plants and small subshrubs. In the past, this genus was considered in a wider sense and included subspecies in the territory of the Canary Islands and Madeira, which are now transferred to the genus Pericallis, including Florist's Cineraria. The article presents the most colorful colors of culture. Considered in detail planting and caring for a plant in room conditions and on the garden. With proper cultivation of cineraria from seeds in the garden, it is possible to get chic flowering islands that attract with their singularity and duration of flowering. Look at the photo flowers of cineraria in a variety of shades:
The plant often has problems with aphids, thrips, spider mites and whiteflies. These insects kill the energy of a plant, cover it with its waste or unsightly straps. It is recommended to spray the leaves and shrubs with a non-toxic, insecticidal soap ready for use until the solution begins to drip from the leaves. Repeat the procedure once a week or at the frequency recommended by the manufacturers. Also, do not forget to take precautions, especially with regard to protective clothing.
A densely populated area of soil, excessively wet nights and wet leaves can lead to fungal diseases, leaf spot, gray rot and powdery mildew. To prevent disease, ensure good circulation of air and water at the beginning of the day, as it will have time to dry before the beginning of the night.
In some areas, cineraria is used to treat cataracts.
Growing cineraria at home from seeds (with photo)
Cineraria can be propagated by stem cuttings taken at any time during summer time. Growing cineraria at home from seeds is carried out by the seedling method and allows you to save all the decorative features of these varietal characteristics of the parent plants. Look at the photo of the results of the hard work of a grower and daily proper care:
For the seeds of the plant to germinate, they need sunlight. No need to close them. Seeds are sown indoors in a room in early September, in February and in October. Maintain a temperature of 20-25 degrees Celsius until germination, which takes 10-15 days. Be careful that water does not fall into the seedlings, in order to avoid the appearance of fungus. After a month, transplant seedlings into pots. When the roots begin to grow, and they will be cramped in the same pot, transplant them into a larger container. Two weeks after disembarking, the bush is moved to a bright place. As soon as the buds begin to appear, fertilizer should be started with fertilizer: 1 / 2 fertilizer solution and increase the temperature by 10 degrees.
Planting cineraria and subsequent maintenance in the open field
Cineraria flower is a compact plant with exploding flowers of white, pink, red, purple and blue hue. As perennials, they grow only in the coastal area of America. In other places they are short-lived, but spectacular as indoor plants. If you plan to grow it in the house or in the garden, you need to provide them with proper care. Planting cineraria in the open field is possible only in seedlings, this ensures early and long flowering. Subsequent care is to maintain the looseness of the soil, timely watering and the application of mineral fertilizers.
Even when grown in acidic, moist and organically rich soil, they require fertilizing with fertilizer. The amount of top dressing is best determined based on the instructions on the package with the fertilizer, the frequency of use - at least 3-4 once a month or at the frequency recommended by the manufacturer. It is important that they provide enough nitrogen for the leaves, phosphorus for the flowers and potassium for the strong roots. Spread the fertilizer evenly around the plant at the rate of 1 / 4 glass to 10 square meters of soil, loosen it a little and add water. Do not feed cineraria, if you keep it indoors. In such conditions on fertilizer, they will bloom 1-1,5 of the month, and will not bloom again.
The plant is best kept at a temperature of 12-18 degrees Celsius during the day, dropping to 7-12 degrees overnight. At higher temperatures and bright light, the leaves fade and the flowers fade faster. For better performance, put indoor plants on the windows facing north, providing them with filtered light for several hours a day. Garden cineraria, growing on the north side, is best kept under a canopy or under an open canopy under a tree.
If cooling is expected, it is better to cover them, and then open again at the first rays of the sun.
Plucking cineraria during flowering increases the number of flowers and the duration of their flowering. Garden plants are pruned on the ground after germination and the end of the flowering period, and then bloom again in spring or early summer. Do not forget to sterilize scraps and other cutting tools by wiping them with a cloth moistened with medical alcohol.
The most interesting cineraria varieties (with photos)
And now we will consider the most interesting cineraria varieties suitable for cultivation in the garden and in room conditions. All of them have their own advantages, and in combination they can form bright ridges and curb ribbons. Look at the photo of the cineraria variety and read their descriptions.
To care for silver cineraria no special skills required. It blooms for a very long time, but the flowers are completely inconspicuous. This variety is very popular among gardeners due to its unusual silver-ash leaves. This is one of the reasons why it is so often used in landscape design for the compilation of all sorts of compositions. Some gardeners grow cineraria to shade other, brighter flowers - cannes or silver sage, for example.
Cineraria Hybrid is attributed to the Astrov family, and in nature it is found on the Canary Islands. This is the only species that breeds just like a houseplant, the rest belong to garden crops. This annual plant has beautiful leaves in the shape of a heart and beautiful inflorescences, gathered in the shape of a basket. Color and the degree of terry can absolutely any. Its main peculiarity in care is that the plant does not tolerate heat, the temperature acceptable for it ranges from 15 to 20 degrees.
This is a subspecies of the cineraria hybrid. Its height can reach 60 centimeters. The leaves are also in the shape of a heart, and their edges are jagged. The grade received the name because of the numerous multi-colored inflorescences collected in the form of a basket. It must be remembered that all parts of the plant are poisonous.