A representative of the Malvaceae family, hibiscus is a plant that grows mainly in the subtropics and tropical regions - in the Asian part of the world and the Mediterranean. Hibiscus varieties for home breeding are presented in the 4-x main types: terry and tree, Syrian and herbaceous. Most often it is a luxurious shrub with bright petals, which is grown as an ornamental plant. To date, there are more than two hundred different varieties of hibiscus, and breeders continue to develop new varieties of this shrub.
Look at the hibiscus varieties in the photo and select the appropriate type for yourself:
The pride of the peoples of the Pacific Ocean and the main natural decoration for Asian girls and women, hibiscus, or the Chinese rose, is in great honor among the inhabitants of China and India. The unique graceful petals of the plant is not only one of the national symbols of Malaysia, but also the designation of the commandments of Islam.
Hibiscus varieties with photos and descriptions
Hibiscus varieties cover a large number of flower buds. Consider their description and photos in this article below in a little more detail. More than two hundred varieties and types of shrubs today are distinguished by scientists. And some of them can be found not only in Asian regions in the wild or cultivated form, but also in the greenhouses of gardeners from other parts of the world. The most popular types of ornamental shrubs include the following.
Terry Chinese hibiscus and treelike (Syrian)
Chinese hibiscus is a flowering year-round evergreen shrub up to 3 meters and with leaves reaching lengths of 15. Terry flower - mostly red shades, stamens spliced into one tube. This is one of the most common plant species in our area, which is popularly called the Chinese rose. This plant is one of the national symbols of Malaysia. One of the types of Chinese roses is terry hibiscus - a perennial plant, reaches a height of almost two meters. The flower is a large specimen of milky white, red or yellow color and is about 15 in diameter. See the flower petals edged with a kind of border. This feature of the plant and gave the name to this variety. The bush itself consists of beautiful green, toothed leaves.
Tree hibiscus is also called the Syrian rose. It is very popular among gardeners, because it has large bright flowers with a diameter of 10. This type of plant is often used to create a hedge in summer cottages. Syrian hibiscus - small shrub with leaves in the shape of eggs and beautiful colorful flowers. This “miracle” can be found only in the warmest latitudes of the globe, since severe winters pose a great threat to this shrub. Of red flowers prepare a soft drink - hibiscus tea.
Hawaiian and Grassy Hibiscus
Hawaiian Hibiscus - the name says it all - is grown in Hawaii. It is a shrub up to a meter. The leaves are elliptical, concave. Flowers, like other samples of hibiscus, large bright red.
Herb hibiscus - can reach a height of two and a half meters. The color of the flowers is the most diverse - white, pink or red. Flowers and leaves are larger in size than other types of hibiscus, but the shrub is not too thick, so gardeners are advised to pinch shoots for future plant pomp. This type of plant in our area appeared not so long ago. AT grassy hibiscus not whimsical.
Hibiscus is triadic or northern most often found in areas with a temperate winter climate, for example, in Europe, the Crimea, and the Far East. It is not too large in height, it reaches the entire 80 centimeters in height. The flowers are also small in size with yellow shades, and in the center of the bud is a purple color. This type of hibiscus has one of the longest flowering periods - about a month.
In our area, the most popular species is Chinese hibiscus. This plant looks beautiful in any interior, but requires proper care.
Care for different varieties
Care for different varieties of hibiscus is not very different and is based on certain rules. Among the tips for caring for any plant is undoubtedly important is the correct watering. Like any other shrub, hibiscus loves water. The whole soil should be saturated with water, but the plant should not be watered too often, as the ground must completely absorb moisture and dry out. But here care should be taken: it is necessary to avoid drying out the soil, since it can lead to the loss of buds and foliage of the plant.
Many gardeners also recommend spraying hibiscus to avoid spider mites. Also an important condition for maintaining the growth and immunity of the plant is a special fertilizing with mineral fertilizers (mainly potassium and phosphorus), which should be done in the spring-summer period once in 14 days.
Stronger than water, hibiscus can only love light. A lot of light, both in summer and in winter. If the plant is in outdoor conditions, then priteny it is also not required. Hibiscus is temperature sensitive. The optimum temperature for a plant is + 24 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature at which a flower can support the process of vital activity is limited to + 12 degrees Celsius.
The last important point in the care of the plant is pruning, which should be carried out regularly. The procedure is irreplaceable in that it contributes to a more rapid growth of shoots and the maturation of new flower buds. In addition, pruning rejuvenates the plant.
Rules of landing
Since the shrub grows mainly in warm regions, when planting hibiscus at home, you should choose sunny places that are protected from the wind. Landing rules recommends paying attention to the soil structure. If planting is carried out in an outdoor garden, the pit for placing a seedling should be no more than 15 liters in volume. For planting, you should use various mineral fertilizers such as superphosphate and regular humus.
Pot or ordinary pot is also ideal for planting plants. It is important to ensure that there is no direct sunlight, the room was periodically ventilated (but without drafts!) And temperature standards were observed.
A necessary rule is the hibiscus transplant, which should be done at least once a year. This is done to make the plant feel more comfortable and grow more actively. In the first periods of life hibiscus should be transplanted into a larger pot, if you need to achieve a beautiful, voluminous, branched crown. As a rule, transplantation occurs in the spring. In the process of transplanting, you need to remember that every year you need to add new soil to the vessel.
Possible problems with breeding plants
The undeniable advantage of the bush cultivation technique is its natural endurance. Possible problems with plant breeding can occur only with a gross violation of agricultural technology. Small misses in the care of the plant will not cause its withering, unless they show up constantly. However, there are a number of problems faced by many gardeners who grow an exotic flower.
Due to the sharp violation of conditions of detention, which include low temperature conditions, lack of water or high humidity, the plant may stop blooming, the buds fall off, and the leaves begin to turn yellow. Excessive watering of the plant or an excessive amount of sunlight can lead to a change in leaf color. Yellowing of the leaves may also be due to a lack of minerals in the plant. Insufficient or improper bait can cause problems with vegetative growth and flowering of hibiscus.
A common problem for shrubs is the topic of pests that infect plant tissues and prevent their growth. Aphids, spider mites are the main sources of infection. The cause of wilting of hibiscus can be an inefficient treatment with chemicals that can trigger a phytotoxic shrub reaction. The leaves will change shape, become rigid.
Sometimes light brown spots appear on the edges of the leaves - this is also the effect of a wrong approach to growing shrubs. It indicates the improper feeding of the plant or a high concentration of mineral fertilizers in the soil. If the leaves begin to fall off intensively, these are the first signs of chlorosis - an insufficient level of calcium chlorine in the water.
Numerous fungal diseases can be caused by a deficiency of vital elements in the plant's body. They destroy leaves, flowers and stems. Outwardly, it is not difficult to identify them - rusty-colored spots or black dots form on the leaves, and the stems are covered with dark depressions.
In conclusion, it should be noted that, despite the difficult technique of care, the plant, which has an incredible beauty of flowers, is a unique ornamental shrub, ideal for creating a beautiful image both in a country garden and in a regular city apartment.