The variety of forms of garden plants is amazing. Use a combination of unusual representatives of the flora can be on the plot.
РThe Artenia station is still gaining popularity with florists. However, its cultivation is not difficult, and the presentation on the page varieties with photos help you choose the right copies.
Considered in detail planting in open ground seedlings and from seeds, consistent care in the process of growing. The flower deserves attention, even the photos of its varieties cause sincere admiration.
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Even in the last century, the genus Armeria (from the Latin word Armeria) from the Gilvaceae family found great popularity as a garden plant within our country. In total, there are 93 species of this unique pro beauty perennial, but less cultivated - there are about 50. Specimens represented in this genre are very popular frost-resistant ornamental garden plants. His pink, white and red buds can often be seen in the front gardens and on the plots. Color depends on the type and variety, which will be discussed a little later, but for now let's get acquainted with the description and photos, revealing the army as a representative of his family.
Botanical description of the army and its photo
Many argue about where this interesting name came from. Some inept flower growers say that it comes from the name of the country of Armenia, considering it to be the homeland of the army, but in fact there is only a flower there, and this is quite rare. His homeland is taken by botanists to consider the terrain of the Mediterranean. Often, the army is found in the eastern part of Europe and America. The plant species of the Siberian Armeria is found in Mongolia and Siberia. In general, many say that the name of the flower is Celtic and is literally, as “near the sea”, it is justified by the fact that almost all species grow on the coasts of the seas. By the way, the French believe that such a name comes from the old French word, which was called bearded carnation, which has a rather large similarity in the botanical description with the army. We will continue the botanical description, but for now in the photo below you can see that they are really a bit similar, even externally.
On average, plants of the genus Armeria with growth reach from 15 to 60 cm in height. There are both stunted and more massive herbaceous plants. Botanists characterize them as perennials, but some can easily be grown as annuals (provided that during the winter in the region the temperature drops below -15 degrees). Armeria has a short root root system, the leaves seem to grow right out of it, forming a “cushion” outlet. They are simple in shape with solid edges. The linear-lanceolate leaves lack a root and they sit on the stem and form a dense cushion. In most species, the leaves are numerous, but the shoots are not always and they are often called pedicels, since they also play this role in the structure of the plant.
On a straight, smooth or, rarely, pubescent stem, there is a capitate inflorescence with beautiful small flowers, the diameter of which rarely exceeds 0,5. See Buds covered with transparent, membranous bracts. Plant monoecious and self-pollinated. After the growing season, a single-seeded fruit is formed, which can be seen in the photo below.
Popular types of garden varieties: Primorye, Alpine, Siberian (with photo)
Garden cultures represented by the Armeria genus are represented, as already mentioned by 50 species, all of them differ in size and even in flower shade. Most often there are representatives with pink, red and white inflorescences, and which ones, let's find out further and see the popular types of varieties in the photo.
The most popular species that is grown as an ornamental garden plant is the seaside Armeria (Armeria maritima), it can be seen in the photo a little lower. It is better to grow it near water bodies, then this perennial will be able to show itself in all its beauty. If there is no possibility, then you need to try to create the usual conditions in which he lived in the natural environment.
In height, the coastal Armeria grows only by 20 cm, it is the length of the stem-stalks with a top inflorescence. Its base is elastic and flexible, pubescent with hairs. A rosette of basal sessile leaves of blue-green color, reaches 20 cm in diameter. Some gardeners grow seaside armies in the open field to get beautiful carpet-covered soils, as shown in the photo below.
The flowers at the seaside look hold on for a long time, they bloom in May. Flowering continues 2-3 of the month, some hybrids may bloom again in early autumn. Small flowers of lilac or pink armory are collected in capitate inflorescences, diameter 2-3 cm, forming a cap on the top of the stem.
Most often, the seaside species of Armeria can be found on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and in the North-Western part of Europe. As a perennial garden plant, varieties with red or dark red flowers (Bloodstone, Vindictiv, Düsseldorf Stolz) or inflorescences of pink shades (for example, Louisiana army) are used. Some of the hybrids can be seen in the photo below.
Alpine Almeria (Armeria alpina), which is popular with gardeners, is also distinguished by the same variety of shades of inflorescences of a plant, as a plant undemanding to care. Most of the representatives are wild specimens, they can be found traveling in the Alps on rocky and mountainous terrain. Perennial alpine armies are grown as a perennial as a garden crop, which reaches 30 cm in length. Radical linear-lanceolate leaves are evergreen and many of them easily tolerate the winter cold. Capitolum inflorescences of small flowers reach 3 cm in diameter and have a pale pink or white shade. The length of the peduncle in Alpine Armeria is up to 30 cm, and flowering occurs in early June and ends in about a month. Popular varieties of the Alpine Armeria species are representatives with white (Alba village), red (Laucheana) and pink flowers (Rosea).
Pseudo-armeria or a beautiful type of Armeria is famous for the fact that breeders recommend using seed mixtures of this plant. Armeria pseudarmeria 40 hybrids are cm long, with evergreen leaves forming a rosette. Flowering occurs from early to late summer, you can see beautiful flowers of white, red and pink hues. One of the popular varieties of the beautiful Armeria species is the “ballerina Red”, represented by red inflorescences. There is a hybrid called a ballerina with white small flowers. Not less popular are the varieties that form spherical apical inflorescences: Joystick White (white army), Thrift, Red Planet, and Bees Ruby with pink flowers.
In the regions of Mongolia and Siberia, on the mountain slopes and rocky terrain, there is another unique species - Siberian Army. This perennial herbaceous plant no more than 30 cm in length with small (0,5 cm in diameter) flowers, forming cap inflorescences, as shown in the photo below. The look is considered rare, but differs in beautiful pink blossoming and quite unpretentious.
Juniperweed armory (Armeria juniperifolia cespitosa), or also known as turfy, is also a popular garden plant. His homeland should be considered rocky areas of Spain and Portugal, from where he was introduced to Europe and cultivated several centuries ago. The perennial form of soddy Armeria is compact and its maximum growth is 15 cm. The rosette of linear leaves in the diameter reaches 15-20 cm, it forms an ascending stem with pubescence. Older plants can decay with age. The flowers of juniper Armeria are pink or red; mixtures of seeds of different varieties are used to grow it. Thus, you can get a beautiful carpet on a plot of miniature bushes. Vigorous flowering is characteristic of a soddy species; it comes to the fact that there are so many inflorescences that you cannot see the green tops of the plant. The most popular hybrid used in horticulture is obtained by crossing the seaside and turfy species. No less popular are other varieties. For example, you can easily grow the flower of the Brno Armeria with terry flowers of lilac color or Bivens Varieti. By the way, terry flowers are a distinctive feature of the whole species.
If you want to see tall herbaceous ornamental plants on the plot or in the front garden, then pay attention to the view of Velvich Armeria, with very large basal leaves. The flower often reaches 35-40 cm in height. The leaves are 10 cm in length, and 5cm wide, creating a volumetric basal socket. The diameter of the inflorescence can reach 2 cm, and the flowers themselves are pink. To grow Armeria welwitschii you need to prepare a fertile soil rich in potassium, otherwise it will not work.
Another fairly widely used species in landscape design is the beautiful Armeria.. Evergreen narrow linear leaves form a rosette of dark green color. On a hard stem, an inflorescence is formed from a variety of white, red or pink flowers. Usually in diameter it reaches 5 cm, and the flowering itself lasts from early summer to October. Armeria formosa is considered a cultivated species with the longest vegetative period.
Reproduction and planting Armeria in the open field
Almost all varieties and types of Armeria can be propagated both vegetatively and by seed. The first method does not cause any inconvenience. A perennial plant, it can be easily propagated by cuttings, but more often by dividing the bush. A uterine plant is taken, divided into parts, and after the first shoots appear in the water, you can plant an army in open ground in its permanent place. By the way, gardeners perform such a procedure with plants that have reached 5 age. The fact is that from this time on the bushes begin to grow and lose their characteristic decorative appearance. Reproduction is carried out in spring and autumn.
Before planting and breeding is to prepare the ground. Conditions, at least a little, should repeat the climatic environment of the natural habitat of the army. Thus, sandy or rocky soil with a good drainage system is more suitable for it. Some gardeners use a loamy mixture if it is possible to make it loose and moisturized. Also, make sure that the place where the Armeria will grow in the open ground is well lit and other plants do not shade it.
One of the ways of breeding Armeria - with the help of seeds, sowing seedlings or directly into the open ground before winter. The second option is possible only in the conditions of a cold winter; if it is warm, the seeds will not have time to undergo the necessary stratification. In this case, it is best to sow in late April in open ground.
For seedlings useful greenhouse (mini, it can be made from a plastic or wooden box and a piece of glass). Seeds need to be stratified in a cold room or in a refrigerator for 2 weeks, before planting, put them in room temperature water for 7-8 hours, then sow in the soil at a shallow depth and sprinkle with soil on top. The temperature content of the future seedlings from 15 to 21 degrees. Planting in open ground is carried out at the end of February at the beginning of March.
Care of the army: temperature, lighting, transplanting
Thermophilic Armeria is easy to carry and cold, and even frost to -15 degrees, if in the region the temperature drops below, but not much, then in winter the plant should be covered with spruce leaves. If the mark on the thermometer has dropped much lower than -15, then the plant will immediately become one-year.
With regard to lighting, the place should be very bright, the army does not hurt the sun's rays. In the hot and dry season, it is best to organize regular watering, but you should not overdo it, as the plant will survive the drought, but an excess of moisture in the soil will lead to rotting of the root system and the death of the flower.
Transplant is only for older plants. When the army reaches 5, the bush needs to be dug up, divided into parts and seated. Otherwise, it will begin to grow and lose its decorative appearance. Many gardeners say that from this age the plant begins to focus more on the green mass, rather than on flowering, because it needs to be updated. In the future, such a procedure will be needed at intervals of 2-3 of the year.
Feed the plant can be mineral fertilizers, such care for the armies, too, should be moderate, since some species can stop blooming from an excess of nutrients. Flower stalks, in which the inflorescence has faded, need to be cleaned in time, the main decorative part will not appear on them and it will only take power from the plant.
As for diseases, this is rare for Armeria, but if the soil is not sufficiently acidic, then the plant may suffer from spotting or aphids. In this case, only cardinal pruning of all the shoots without exception will help.