The astilbe flower is a species with 18 rhizomatous plants of the Stone-hem family. In nature, they grow in mountain gorges and forests of Asia and North America. Some species are known under the name of "false goat beard" and "irregular spirea." On the basis of several major astilbe varieties, hybrid varieties were created that are stronger and brighter.
Gardeners noticed that the flower is very attractive to birds, and when cut, it spreads a wonderful fragrance throughout the room. It looks great in containers and pots in the garden, as well as in the indoor space. This is an excellent alternative to many ornamental shrubs in the gardening of wet and even wetlands.
Description of astilba as a culture and its photo
Starting a description of astilbe as a botanical culture is based on the fact that its snow-white, pink, lavender and colorful flowers rise on high stems above the crushed leaves from the beginning to the end of summer (it all depends on the particular variety). Then, provided that they are well located, they will only grow and develop. Foliage, as a rule, basal, with deeply toothed leaves.
They are one of the easiest perennial flowers - to grow them, you do not need to have special knowledge or skills, but at the same time they give a high return. If you get rid of pests, you will notice how the most shaded part of your garden will shine and how they will shine in a sunny place.
The height of the flower can vary from 15 centimeters to 2,5 meters, and the width - 18-30 centimeters. The size of adult plants depends on the cultivated variety, as well as the conditions in which they are located.
Look at the astilba photo from different angles, they demonstrate the attractiveness of the culture for gardeners:
Planting and care of astilba - success depends on the place of growth
Gardeners grow these grassy hardy perennials because of the beautiful and big like ferns, leaves, and dense, like cirrus clouds, flowers.
Caring for astilba, it is necessary to know that the plants are adapted to shaded areas and soils with excessive moisture. That is why they are often grown near ponds and reservoirs (and they look very harmonious in such places). They will also grow calmly on clay and slightly acidic soil. Success in growing astilba largely depends on the place of its growth.
By the way, we recommend preparing the land in advance: it must be loose and fertile. And just before planting, mix the soil with a small amount of humus (peat, manure and other organic materials).
In countries with a cooler climate, astilba can tolerate prolonged exposure to the sun, but subject to the constant presence of moisture. In drier areas, the leaves simply burn out when exposed to full sun. Landing should be carried out in a suitable place.
Some flowers of astilba have a strong and pleasant aroma. Different varieties of the flower will bloom from about mid-spring until late summer. If you choose different types, you can extend the flowering of the bush until the end of summer and even until the first days of autumn. The remains of flowers still remain for several weeks and continue to look good, and then eventually turn yellow and the bush dries out.
Reproduction of astilba using seeds, cuttings and layering
You can grow astilba using seeds, but be warned - they will germinate quite difficult. It is best to start the process with a bush or part of it (cuttings or cuttings). Even a small plant in this case will quickly grow in mass and grow well in the very first year. You can plant them at any time - in spring or autumn, but be sure to try to avoid planting in the hot summer. If it happened that they planted a flower in the summer, carefully water the plant until it grows and gives new shoots. Reproduction of astilba using cuttings and layering allows you to quickly get a fairly powerful plant with amazing decorative qualities.
If you plant a bare root, then make sure that the hole is twice as wide as the plant and about 40-50 centimeters deep. Place the plant in such a way that it is located slightly down. If you plant a root with a crown, then you need to plant one to two centimeters below ground level. Also during the growing season, a young bush must be in rich soil (adding humus will help). Do not forget to regularly check the soil of astilbe to make sure that it is wet.
Flowering of astilbe causes stormy delight
To see all the attractiveness and decoration, you do not have to spend a lot of energy on growing a flower and caring for it - we have already said that even when dry, it retains its attractive appearance for several more months. But to see the bloom of astilbe, which causes rapid enthusiasm among all others, will have to try.
Flowers can be cut when they begin to look uneven or already in the winter, and it is recommended to prune the bush in the middle or late spring. Divide the plant every four to five years to keep them healthy and unharmed, and of course beautiful. To start, dig a plant, and then divide the bush into several parts using a sharp knife or the same sharp shovel. After division, the plant is immediately transplanted into a container with water to prevent dehydration and drying out (some practice placing divided bushes directly into the well).
Astilbe has almost trouble-free flowering, it can be disturbed by just a couple of diseases and insects. For example, some gardeners note that new shoots in the early spring ate groundhogs. Look at the astilba bloom in the photo, illustrating the beauty and beauty of this process: