Flowering plants are used in gardening homesteads, not only in flowerbeds, but also as creeping species in rock gardens and lawns. Ground-covering phloxes are resistant to trampling, provide long abundant flowering, give an unforgettable aroma in the garden. We propose to consider the Douglas phlox (Phlox douglasii), pleasing the eye with early flowering, which may begin at the end of May. We choose its varieties in advance, approximately in March - April, since it is advisable to plant on seedlings. In the article we will consider the features of planting and growing this flower culture - we collected many years of our own experience and received consultations from agronomists. In the meantime, you can see a photo of Douglas Phlox in various variations of its use in landscape design:
Description and photo of Douglas Phlox and its varieties
Mountain varieties of this flower family have certain advantages over lowland varieties. The description of Douglas phlox was first introduced by a famous traveler as early as the beginning of the eighteenth century. It was his name that formed the basis for the name of the variety. If you look at the photo of Phlox Douglas and its varieties, it becomes clear that this culture will successfully find its place in any landscape design:
Starting the description, we immediately note that there is another name - “moss carnation,” and so it was not accidentally called the Douglas phlox. During that period of time when the plant prepares for flowering or after its completion, the interweaving of its stems resembles a dense cushion of moss. The height of the stems can reach only 7-8, see. At the same time, they are tightly intertwined. At the end of spring, she collects numerous buds that bloom simultaneously in late May, turning the mossy pillow into a bright fragrant spot.
A distinctive feature valuable for landscape designers is that the plant stems are of evergreen types. In the fall, snow covers them, but immediately after it converges in spring, the ground is covered with a dense green carpet. In areas with insufficient snow cover, it is recommended to grow the northern variety (Phlox borealis), which is resistant to frost and even severe frost.
Planting and subsequent maintenance of ground cover phlox
For the cultivation of the need to select the appropriate area. Planting ground cover phlox is carried out in early spring by sowing in open ground. To get an early flowering period in the first season should be grown seedling method. In this case, sowing should be carried out in early February. Planting Douglas phlox is possible with the help of vegetative propagation by rhizome or layering. All subsequent care for them in this case is no different.
It is quite simple to choose a suitable place on the site - the plants are not too picky, But flat dry areas without shade are preferable. A huge amount of sunlight and abundance of nutrients in the soil is the key to long-term continuous flowering. Before planting, sufficient drainage should be ensured and an estimated amount of organic and mineral fertilizers should be applied. Please note that during the spring thawing of snow with a large amount of accumulated water in the area of Douglas phlox may die. Its root system does not tolerate even short-term waterlogging. Therefore, at the beginning of the descent of snow cover around the landing should dig deep trenches for water flow.
When preparing the site to start exploring the composition of the soil. If it is clay or loam, then the top layer to a depth of 15 cm should be completely removed. Then we deepen the trench for another 30, see. We fill it with 5, see with rubble or building sand (broken brick, river pebbles). Then we put organic fertilizer in the form of distillation and fill it with fertile black earth soil. Place for landing should be slightly elevated above the level of the rest of the site. This will help to avoid many problems in growing Douglas phlox, in particular, to protect against drowning in the winter and spring periods.
Care for ground cover phlox is not difficult. This is a timely watering. On hot days, it is held daily in the morning or evening. Before the beginning of flowering and after its completion, root mineral supplements are conducted in liquid form. Before leaving for the winter, it is necessary to prune old shoots. Also an important event is the regular loosening of the soil. But be careful, the depth of the root system of the plant is very small. Loosen the earth can be to a depth of 7, see.
Look at the photos of various varieties of Douglas phlox - they are mainly distinguished by the color of the petals:
The optimal way of subsequent reproduction of a plant is the preparation of cuttings for planting. This is done during the period of mass trimming. Selected strong green shoots. They root perfectly in the water for 2-3 weeks. Then they land in shkolku. And the next year in the spring they can be used as planting material for alpine slides, yards and flower beds.