Consider a plant with the Latin name Platycodon grandiflorum (platicodon). It belongs to the family Kolokolchikovye and is considered one of the most beautiful. The bright platicodone photo of the front garden turns into a colorful panel. In Russia, the flower is sometimes referred to as wide-bell. A very beautiful bell is successfully used in landscape design and in indoor conditions for gardening interiors. A beautiful flower, born in Japan, is now available for cultivation in various climates. This is facilitated by long-term breeding work and the elimination of hybrid forms.
Platicodone grandiflora at home does not require special care, usually planting is carried out with seeds. They germinate pretty quickly. By the way, for cultivation in the garden this perennial culture is also advisable to plant seed seedling method. If the proper care of the seedlings is carried out, the flowering begins in the first year of the flower’s life. Look at the photo of the flower platicodone, they will clearly show all the refinement and beauty of the plant:
Platicodone - Oriental Flower
Japan is considered to be the birthplace of the magnificent bell, as well as the Ussuri region, Manchuria and China. Nevertheless, he perfectly got accustomed to European gardens. In central Russia, gardeners observe the emergence of shoots from the ground in the 2 half of May. And it blooms in July and August.
What just is not the eastern flower platicodone, striking the imagination with its variety of shapes and shades of petals. Its color varies from white to lilac. Light petals are riddled with blue veins, and, for example, large-flowered platicodone (dwarf "Hanus Pink") shows a bright pink shade. The most popular varieties are:
- Fuji White and Fairy Snow (white);
- Fuji Blue (blue);
- Fuji Pink (Platicodone Pink);
- "Alba Plen" and "Plen" - platycodone terry white and blue;
- "Pumilus" - purple.
All varieties are divided into ordinary and dwarf. Stems of the usual very unstable. With a dense landing of mixborders, "smoothing" occurs. If the flower is planted far from other plants, the stems will have to tie up. A similar lack deprived varieties dwarf large-flowered. Among them are Alpinus (30 cm), Apoyama (25-30 cm), Pumilus (15 cm), Hanus (15 cm). “Hanus Alba” and “Hanus Pink” are beautiful with white and pink buds, respectively.
Platicodone at home - not capricious and elegant culture (with photo)
It is quite unpretentious to environmental conditions, the culture attracts attention with its abundant flowering. The elegant form of petals and greenery creates a colorful composition in fairly lighted places. If necessary, additional illumination with phytolamp is required. We list the basic rules that will help grow and maintain platicodone at home.:
- growing is considered a moderately difficult process;
- the flower loves both sunny glades and partial shade;
- refers to winter hardiness;
- requires regular watering throughout the season;
- begins to bloom in late July, early August and pleases the eye for more than a month;
- the height of ordinary plants, including terry - 0,5 m, dwarf - 15-25 cm;
- to maintain an attractive appearance, the stems are tied up;
- Cannot be transplanted in adult condition.
The root system of the plant has a pronounced central root. Tsvetochnye shoots appear from the root of the neck. They are attractive already at the stage of emergence of broadly lanceolate, with a jagged edge and a pointed "nose" of leaves.
The color of the leaves is dark green, and the texture is hard. The leaves are arranged vertically (3 units in a whorl) or opposite. The end of the stem is crowned with a rare panicle with 2-mea - 5-ry large flowers, each of which can reach 8 cm in diameter. After flowering, seed boxes "come" to replace the petals, in which the seeds have ripened. Before winter, the stems must be cut and the root neck must be mulched. Look at the photo of flowering plants at home:
Growing platycodone from seeds, cuttings, rhizomes: planting and care
Known 2 main flower propagation method: seeds and vegetative. In the fruit boxes are born a lot of seeds. They are small and light-sensitive. Growing platicodone from seeds begins by sowing without embedding in the soil. When breeding cuttings and rhizomes, planting and subsequent care are somewhat different, but only at the initial stage.
If you plant several varieties next to each other, all varietal characteristics will be lost. When the whole 1-grade is in the garden, it will transmit all signs, incl. dwarfism, the future generation.
Seeds do not require stratification. Immersed in the boxes in the room in March, they will sprout in 12 days. However, seedlings will bloom only in 2-th year.
Vegetative reproduction involves the use of stem cuttings with "heels". At the end of May, when 3 internodes are observed on the stem, cuttings are cut from the root collar with a sharp knife.
Experienced growers propagate the plant by dividing the rhizomes. But it takes root in this case hard.
For the bell, Platicodon should be landing in the 1 half of the warm season. To do this, prepare the hole, which is added to the 0,5 glass ash and 1 Art. spoon of mineral fertilizer (full). For a dwarf variety, a 1 teaspoon of fertilizer will suffice. Two weeks after planting will require regular watering and shading from the bright sun. At one place, without any movement, the plant can live up to 7 years.
It is convenient to buy a new thing for the garden in a floriculture or special company in the middle of summer. The gardener will become the owner of a container with an already flowering platicodone. Until mid-August, plants can still be transplanted into the ground. With a later purchase is better to postpone the transfer until next spring. And for this you need to perform several "magical" actions. Find a sublime place in the garden. Prikopat container there. Cut the stalks before winter. Cover the box with lutrasil until spring.
In order to resist the instability of the stems, the organization of densely planted flower beds is recommended. In the foreground mixborders and rockeries planted dwarf varieties. The best neighbors of the bell are daylilies and irises. Beautiful combinations give you a fine leg, fescue or belous. A special effect is demonstrated by contrasting pansies planted nearby.
What care is required for platicodone after successfully transferring it to a permanent place of residence? You must follow a few simple rules.
Planted both in open glade and in partial shade, flowers require fertile and permeable soil. They do not like excess soil moisture. Therefore, the entire period of development and growth of a green friend needs moderate watering.
Excess moisture easily provokes disease. Rot can affect the root neck and roots. If the leaves became spotty, then the owners overdo it with watering.
It is necessary to save the shoots and cups from insects. The most dangerous pest is the spider mite.
In order to preserve the aesthetic appeal, flowering bells are removed from flowering plants. The stalks need a garter. Especially need it terry varieties.
The described representative of flora refers to winter hardiness. He carries frost without any special shelter. However, caring gardeners prefer to protect the root neck and mulch it for the winter with a 2-x centimeter layer.