Flowers peonies in their pristine beauty are not much inferior to roses, and some forms completely superior to them in many characteristics. The only thing that peonies can lose to the “queen of the gardens” is in the duration of flowering. But if land different types of peonies with different blooming time, your site will be painted in bright colors all summer.
According to the generally accepted botanical systematics, pions belong to the Pionov family (Paeoniaceae), which includes only one species of peony (Paeonia). According to various sources, the genus includes from 40 to 47 species of peonies, and all plants grow in the Northern Hemisphere: in Europe, Asia, North Africa, North America.
Most naturally occurring pions have a simple flower shape. They are very decorative and can be grown in gardens along with varietal peonies.
All species of herbaceous peonies grow in areas of the Northern Hemisphere with clear seasonal temperature changes from relatively high in summer to fairly low in winter. The annual cyclical development of these pions corresponds to the seasons and includes the dying off of the above-ground grass part in the autumn and the obligatory rather long winter state of rest.
The duration and level of temperatures for winter dormancy depend on the type of pion. For full flowering of a p. Lacticula and its varieties, the duration of this time should be at least 40 days. According to Alan Rogers, the temperature level for the winter dormancy period for some species should not be higher than 2 ° С, and its duration ranges from 40 to 60 days. According to other observations, the longest duration of rest (more than 100 days) is in n. Maryin root, so in spring it grows later than the rest.
For peonies to bloom, the temperature of the air and soil must be kept at a certain level for a specific period. The temperature level is lower for the early flowering and higher for the late flowering.
For flowering varieties of peony lactiflore, according to my observations, the temperature should not be lower than 16-17 ° С. All species of herbaceous peonies can be cultivated in most parts of Russia, with the exception of the Far North.
Popular types of peonies flowers
See photos, titles and description of the types of peoniesmost popular in home gardens:
Caucasian peony (P. caucasica Schipcz)
It grows in forests and forest edges in the middle mountain zone in the western part of the Caucasus at an altitude of 900-2000. Stems are branched, 50-100 height, cm, pinkish. Leaves dvuzhdytroychatye shares wide oval. The top color is green without gloss, the bottom is greyish green. The plant resembles p. Mlokosevich. The flowers are pink-purple, light purple or deep pink, with a diameter of 10-12, see. It blooms in the Moscow region in the middle - the end of May. Often considered as a type of p. Crimean or p. Trizhdroychatoy.
Peony "Japanese" (P. japonica Makino)
It grows in Primorye, on Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands. Occurs in valleys, along river beds. The flowers are white or pink. The leaves are rough, without shine, light green on the edge. The appearance is externally similar to P. oboviate - P. obovata.
Peony milky-flowered (P. lactiflora pall)
It is found in the Far East, in Transbaikalia, Mongolia, Japan, and Korea. It grows in valleys, on forest edges, hillsides. The height of the stems 60-100 cm, on one stem are several flowers. Leaves are twofold, pointed, green, shiny. In appearance, the plant resembles ordinary garden peonies. In this type of peonies, flowers are simple, creamy-white or pinkish, rarely red. In the suburbs begins to bloom from May 25 - June 5. Highly decorative. The progenitor of the vast majority of garden peonies.
Peony (P. macrophylla Lomak)
Endemic, growing in Georgia - Adjara, Guria. Occurs on the edges of mountain forests. The height of the stems 100 see. The leaves are large, up to 22 and width up to 15 cm, bright green above, glaucous below with pubescence. One of the most early-flowering species in the Moscow region after 10 in May. The flowers are large, white, with a slight yellowish tinge. In the Moscow region is cultivated with difficulty, in the spring needs protection from Botrytis cinerya (gray rot).
Peony Mlokosevich (P. mlokosewitschii Lomak)
Endemic, growing in Kakheti and Lagodekhi, in the western part of Dagestan. Occurs in forests, on steep slopes. The height of the stems to 100 cm, their color is pinkish. The leaves are very decorative: with broad rounded lobes, gray-green with a bluish tinge and pink petioles. Flowers with a diameter up to 12 cm, at the dissolution of yellow, later cream. One of the most early-flowering - in the Moscow region blooms after May 15, once in my garden - May 9 (in 1972). Decorative after flowering (in the second half of summer, unfertilized carpels open with coral-red beads of ovules inside.) Exceptionally decorative look, highly appreciated by amateurs.
Peony obovate (P. obovata Maxim)
It grows in mixed and deciduous forests of the south of Primorsky Krai, in China and Japan. Stems height 60-90 cm, single-flowered. Flowers with a diameter up to 10 cm, bright pink or white.
Crimean peony (P. taurica (P. daurica Anders)
It grows in the Crimea and the Caucasus. The height of the stems 36-62, see. The leaves are dark green, with wide oval lobes. Flowers with a diameter up to 10 cm, red-pink or purple-pink.
These photos show the types of peonies that are most popular in Russian private plots:
What other types of herbaceous plants are peonies
Peony (P. tritemata Pall ex de Candol)
It grows in the Crimea and the North Caucasus, in the mountainous deciduous forests on open slopes. Stems height 50-100 cm, thin, often tortuous. The flowers are purple.
Peony "Wittman" (P. unttmanniana Hartwiss ex Lindl)
The species is common in European Russia, in Siberia, and is found in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China. In the north - in the Komi Republic.
Endemic, grows in Abkhazia, in forests and on the edges of mountainous areas. Stems height 80-100, see. Leaves are dark green. The flowers are wide open, pale yellow, and later cream. One of the early flowering species.
Peony evading (P. anomala L.), commonly known as Maryin root.
It grows in forests, forest edges and meadows. Shrub trim. Stems are single-flowered, cm 80-100 tall, red colored. Leaves dvuzhdytroychatye, with narrow segments, shiny, dark green-olive. Flowers with a diameter up to 9 cm, purple, look to the side. Kind of early flowering, in the Moscow region with 16 May. It has a number of varieties. The roots are purple, with a characteristic "pharmacy" smell. Spring shoots appear late from the ground and then develop rapidly. One of the most popular species peonies. Widely used in pharmacology.
Peony hybrid (P. hybrida f. intermedia Meyer, ex Ledebour)
It grows in Finland (Lapland), in the north of the European part of Russia, in the mountainous regions of Altai and Turkmenistan, among bushes, in meadows and open rocky slopes. Stems are single-flowered, height up to 80 cm, can branch above. The leaves are tridimentary, the segments are notched into narrow linear short lobes. The flowers are shiny, pink, purple, bright red, looking to the side.
Peony officinalis (P. officinalis L.)
It grows in France, Switzerland, northern Italy, in Crete. The height of the stems 40-90, see. The shares of the leaf are deeply cut into narrowly oblong or elliptical parts. Flowers solitary, large (up to 13 cm in diameter), dark red. In the gardens of amateur flower growers, terry varieties are widespread, resulting from the mutation of the main form of the species. They are widely cultivated in the gardens.
Foreign peony (P. peregrina Mill). It grows in Italy, the Balkans, in Asia Minor, Moldova. Occurs in semi-shaded areas among shrubs. The height of the stems 35-70, see. Leaves dvuzhdytroychatye, some leaves separated to the base, shiny, green. Flowers with a diameter up to 15 cm deep dark red. The plant resembles P. medicinal.
Peony finelygreen (P. tenuifolia L.), also known as p. voronets. It grows on the slopes of shrubs in the steppes of the Crimea, Ukraine, Voronezh and Rostov regions, the North Caucasus. Stems, height 30-45 cm, single-flowered; often strongly deflected to the side, touch the leaves of the earth. The leaves are pinnatisect, consist of narrow linear pointed lobes, resemble a fern. The bush forms a hemisphere, similar in appearance to a hedgehog. Flowers with a diameter up to 8 cm, dark red with a purple tinge. Blooms very early - May 15-25. In nature, there are plants with a semi-terry form of a flower. The view is popular, especially for use in garden design. There is a garden terry form - P. tenuifolia, var. rubra plena with terry-shaped flower and with erect stems, resulting from the mutation.
Peach "Wich" (P. veitchii Lynch, var. Veitchii), a kind of scourge.
It grows in China, in the provinces of Gansu, Shanxi, Sichuan, Guangdong at the heights of 800-3600 m. The height of the stems 60, see. On the stem in two or more flowers, looking to the side. Small flowers - 5-9 cm, pink or magenta (red-fuchsin). Leaves are deeply dissected, medium-sized, without luster, light green. 23 may bloom in the Moscow region on May -2 June.
Peach "Wich" (P. veitchii var. woodwardii Stapf and Cox), a species of woodward.
It grows in China, in the provinces of Sichuan and Gansu, in the mountains on forest edges, at an altitude of 600-2400 m. According to the description, this type of peony differs from the Scourge variety in smaller plants - its height is 30, see several flowers on the stem, pink and pink lilac looking to the side. Easy to cultivate. It blooms in the suburbs in the first decade of June. Graceful highly decorative plant.