Without enough nutrition, peonies, like all other plants, will quickly lose their ornamental qualities, and their flowering will stop in a few years. After all, the content of nutrients in the soil is limited, over time the earth is depleted, and the flowers begin to lack the necessary micronutrients. Feeding peonies in spring and summer is not just necessary - fertilizer and stimulant application is the key to the long-lasting beauty of your bushes.
Of course, the most important thing for peony is water. It dissolves nutrients in the soil surrounding the culture and, through the suction roots, delivers them to all parts of the plant.
When growing 3-year-old peonies in 6-liter pots in one warm day (air temperature - 25 ° C) in sunny weather, the soil in them dries out and daily watering is required. And the second observation: under the peonies in the garden is always dry soil, except for the rainy period. If we assume that an adult peony consumes only 1 l per day, then its need to replenish soil moisture for 2 weeks - 14 l.
So, peonies need water most of all and always need watering with dry soil! And this is more important than any fertilizer, but you should not ignore fertilizing while caring for peonies.
On this page you will learn how to fertilize peonies in spring and summer, and what to do if your bushes refuse to bloom.
How to feed the peonies in early spring for lush flowering?
In early spring, with cold and undeveloped ground parts, the development of the plant is due to the nutrient reserves in the roots. After the leaves unfold, a downward flow (sugars) from the leaves to the storage roots also occurs. This period of presence of two equally intense flows in the growth process is very short: from mid-May to early June (2-3 week), full growth of the shoot and the beginning of flowering for the flowers. Later, in summer and early autumn, downward flow of sugars formed during photosynthesis prevails.
What to fertilize peonies and when you need to make feeding? It is considered necessary to carry out these activities throughout the growing season. But spring feeding of peonies is especially important during active growth of plants.
The main nutrients necessary for the growth of pions are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They are required in significant quantities. Full development is impossible without magnesium, sulfur, boron, iron, copper, zinc, which are needed in smaller doses. They are commonly referred to as trace elements.
What happens to peonies with a lack of fertilizer? When nitrogen deficiency leaves, starting from the tips, become light green, and then yellow. Perhaps too much watering and / or rain washed nitrogen from the soil.
With insufficient feeding of peonies in spring and summer with phosphorus, the leaves first acquire a dark green, then purple or purple-purple hue. Darkening begins with the veins, and then spreads to the entire leaf plate. Brown coloring appears on the edges of the leaves. The darkened leaves fall. One reason for this may be poor availability of phosphorus for acidic (pH <5,5) or, on the contrary, alkaline soils (pH> 7).
If there is a lack of fertilizers for potassium-containing pions in spring and summer, drought resistance in plants decreases, they wither more quickly. The edges and tips of the leaves become yellow-brown in color and curl. Buds and / or flowers are lagging behind, do not reach normal size. This can often be observed with too active growth of plants.
With a lack of magnesium, the leaves between the veins become yellow or orange. The color change begins at the edges, then spreads to the center of the sheet. Magnesium is often lacking if the soil in the garden is light and acidic.
With insufficient feeding of peonies in spring and summer with fertilizers with sulfur, the leaves acquire a whitish, yellow or yellowish-brown tint. The color change starts from the base of the leaves, then spreads to the top. Symptoms primarily appear on young leaves. This is observed if the soil is poor in organic matter.
If at peony care in the spring and summer do not add fertilizing with boron, the leaves on the tops of the shoots turn yellow. Light bright or dark spots resembling splashes appear on the leaves. Flowering weakens or stops. Many barren flowers.
With a lack of iron leaves become whitish or yellow. Veins remain green. The absorption of iron is inhibited on alkaline or neutral soil, and also if lime has recently been introduced into the soil.
With a lack of fertilizing peonies in spring and summer with copper fertilizers, the leaves of the plants turn pale, bend, or curl. The reason may be an excess of potassium permanganate, which disrupts the flow of copper into the plant.
With a lack of zinc on the leaves appear yellow spots. Veins first remain green, then yellow too. Plants are stunted.
The following describes how to feed the peonies in the spring for lush flowering bushes.
Spring and summer fertilizing peonies fertilizer for flowering
The growth and development of pions, like other plants, is controlled by special compounds - plant hormones. Auxins stimulate cell growth, and the height of the plant depends on gibberellins. These are growth stimulants. But there are other hormones that inhibit the growth and development of the plant. They are called growth inhibitors. With a lack of its own plant hormones, it is possible that growth and development are impaired, in which case it is advisable to use artificially synthesized analogues of these substances.
What is to feed the peonies in spring and summer, so that they actively bloom?
Heteroauxin stimulates root formation and growth, increases the survival rate of delenok. A good result is given by soaking in the solution and watering at the root through 10 days after planting. The solution is prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package. Efficiency is enhanced when combined with zircon.
Epin increases resistance to fungal diseases, increases cold resistance, increases decorative effect. The double treatment of plants is recommended: in May when the stems grow and in the budding phase. At damage by frosts good effect is given by immediate spraying of plants with epin. The solution is prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package.
Zircon - growth regulator, root formation, inductor of flowering and disease resistance. It provides an increase in germination, acceleration of seed germination, growth and development of plants, stimulates root formation, protection from adverse external factors - frost, drought, excess moisture. Efficiency is enhanced by feeding peonies in early spring along with the addition of heteroauxin. To soak the seeds, 0,02 ml is dissolved in 200 ml of water. For spraying plants - 0,05 ml in 200 ml of water.
Tsitov accelerates seed germination, increases resistance to external adverse conditions. Prevents the development of diseases of leaves, rot. To soak the seeds, 1,5 ml is dissolved in 5 l of water. Soak time - 10 hours. The same solution is used for spraying plants. The greatest effect is observed when combined with epin and zircon.
Ferovit - universal growth and photosynthesis stimulator. Designed for root and foliar dressings during the entire growing season. A good effect is given by spraying the plants 3-4 times per season in the morning and evening hours. For the preparation of spring fertilizer for pions 1,5 ml of the drug is dissolved in 1l water.
Siliplant - micronutrient with active silicon and a full set of trace elements. It increases the strength of plant tissues, stimulates their own defenses to withstand adverse environmental conditions and diseases and thereby enhances growth. Therefore, the effect of a siliplant on a plant can sometimes be compared with the effect of growth promoters. To prepare the working solution 2-3 ml is mixed with 1 l of water. Feeding is carried out in the spring at the beginning of the growing season, then another 2-3 times with an interval of 20 days. With root feeding, the consumption of the working solution 4-5 l on 1 m 2. For non-root - consumption 1-1,5 l on 10 м2.
The video “Feeding Peonies in Spring and Summer” shows how to fertilize plants:
Knowing how to feed the peonies in early spring and summer, you will provide the bushes on the site with a long lifespan and active flowering.
Next you will find out why not peonies bloomand what to do in this case.
The reasons why peonies do not bloom, and what to do in this case
Peonies planted last year or the year before last do not bloom. This is normal. Most varieties and hybrids begin to bloom in the third year after planting.
Part of the peonies does not bloom in the third year. According to some observations, the hybrids are ahead in the development of the peony variety of the moltochnotsvetkovogo and in the third year already, as a rule, they bloom fully, although not abundantly.
But individual varieties, most often red and some of the late flowering, can begin to bloom only in the fourth year.
Peonies are already 4 year or more, but they do not bloom. If their appearance is normal, then there may be several reasons. The following describes why the peonies do not bloom, and what to do in this case.
- Perhaps the planting material was poor quality or the delenka was non-standard, too small. In this case, it remains only to wait.
- Recessed landing. Peony rhizome should be located below the soil level by no more than 5-6 cm, otherwise they will not bloom. Especially it concerns the varieties of peony lactic flowering. To test, carefully remove the soil above the center or with a wooden probe to determine the depth of the rhizome. If the rhizome is deeply buried, the plant should be dug out at the end of August, divided into standard delenki and planted according to the rules.
- The plant was planted close to trees, bushes, large grassy perennials with a large root system, penetrating into the zone landing peony. A transfer to a more suitable place is required.
- An overly large plant has been planted or an adult plant has been transplanted. In this case, the new root system is developing poorly, which ensures the full development of the pion. Then in the second half of August, the pion should be dug out and, following all the rules, divided and landed in a new place.
It so happens that in the garden for many years peonies grow, but in recent years they have become much worse to bloom. Most likely, the problem of depletion of the soil. Peonies need to provide abundant food, fertilizing is done through wells.
It is possible that the deterioration or cessation of flowering is also possible if the peonies accidentally fell asleep with earth or, on the contrary, the rhizome was exposed. Check the depth of landing and restore the normal level of the dive - see 3-5.
Peonies 8-10 years. Some of them continue to bloom well, and hybrids began to ache and bloom worse. With good care, the varieties of peony can grow in one place and bloom normally for 30-50 or more. The life of hybrid peonies is limited, and after 8-10 years they are strongly affected by gray rot, and they should be divided and planted again.
To combat gray rot, the main disease of pions, should in the spring, during the period of active growth of the plant, carry out spraying 2-3 with a solution of copper-containing drugs: Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate, chlorine-copper oxide. Concentration - 0,5%. Before feeding the peonies and treating them for diseases, use the information on the recommended preparations and their concentrations for treating pions in the spring and, at a later date, from the end of spring with watering and spraying.
The reasons why peonies do not bloom may be different. Below are some of them.
- An unsuitable place - too shaded, too dry or too wet, near large trees, shrubs or perennials. It is necessary to transplant the plant.
- Kidney damage late spring frosts. Be patient, the next year the peonies should bloom, if the rhizome itself was not damaged.
- The dry season, lack of moisture during the formation of the kidneys in the previous year, lack of nutrition.
- Too rapid flowering of the bush last year, excess buds were not removed. They should be removed before flowering next year.