Pachistachis is a tropical flower of the acanthaceae family. In nature, it can be found in East India, on the Australian coast or in the tropical forests of America. Due to the origin, it is believed that at home the pachistachis flower is quite capricious and whimsical, but this is not at all the case. We offer a closer look at the flower yellow pachistahis and learn about taking care of him at home according to agrotechnical rules. How is the planting, pruning and reproduction of plants - about all this can be found in the proposed article. In the meantime, look at the photo of pachistachis yellow in all the variety of flowering:
Translated from the Greek word "pachistahis" is translated as "strong ear", and the name of the flower was due to its appearance. It looks like a shrub, the straight and thin shoots of which reach a height of about 1 meters (at home - about 80 centimeters). The leaves of the plant are dark green, pointed. The main decoration of the plant is yellow or red inflorescences that look like spikelets, these are pretzvetniki. Pachistachis flowers appear perpendicular to the spikelets and look like small white leaves. They quickly fall off, but pretzvetniki hold for a long time.
Types of pachistachis for home breeding (with photo)
In total there are about a dozen species of pachistachis, but most often at home you can find varieties of yellow (Pachystachys lutea) or red (Pachystachys coccinea) plants. The characteristics of these varieties are the same, the only difference is the color of the pre-flowers. They bloom from spring to autumn. Look at the types of pachistachis for home breeding - the decorative possibilities of the plant are illustrated:
The flower is light-loving enough, although diffuse lighting is required for yellow pachistachis. If you leave the plant in direct sunlight, its leaves will dry or, as they say in the common people, “burn”. In this case, the plant becomes small, pulls in height, and the leaves at the pachistachis curl. In winter, the flower will need additional lighting, as Soltsk at this time of year sits down early.
Red pachistachis differs from the previous type in the color of inflorescences. In this species, they have a dark green color, of which appear red flowers colors. In addition, the red pachistachis is higher, and colorful.
Planting and reproduction of pachistachis in room conditions
Pachistachis propagated by cuttings, the spring and summer periods are ideal for their transplantation. For planting, a spacious flower pot with a volume of at least 3 liters is required. For planting several plants you can use a low pot with a wider top. Planting of a pakhistakhis in room conditions can is made in the spring and in the fall. Breeding is most often practiced by grafting during trimming a flower with a decorative purpose.
Pachistachis needs light, air-permeable soil. Here is ideal as a store mix for ornamental plants, and its own "assembly". You can prepare the soil according to the following relationship:
- 1 part of leafy ground;
- 1 part peat;
- 2 part of the clay-sod;
- 1 part of the humus;
- 1 part of the sand.
Do not forget that the flower loves moisture and it is necessary to provide high-quality drainage.
How to care for a plant at home
Despite its exotic origin, the plant is quite unpretentious. However, when caring for pachistachis at home, it is necessary to observe the following nuances and subtleties. Let's figure out how to properly care for an exotic guest on the windowsill.
Indoor pakhistahis is a heat-loving plant, and in no case should the ground be cooled. The ideal temperature in the warm season is + 20 - + 25 degrees, in winter + 16 - + 20 will be enough. It is important to take care that the plant receives enough light, the pot should be placed near the window or near the source of artificial lighting, in summer the flower pot can be put on the balcony or loggia. In addition, pahistahis should be protected from drafts: it can cause leaf fall.
In winter, the plant can be transferred to moderate watering, but it is not recommended to allow the land to dry out - drought can kill the flower. In the active seasons, in spring and summer, abundant watering is necessary (you can water it immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries out), and once every couple weeks you should add any complex fertilizers that can be purchased in specialized stores.
It is strictly forbidden to overmoisten the soil, and to ensure sufficient moisture, you can put the pot on a tray with wet clay, pebbles or moss, but the bottom of the water pot should not touch. Pahistahis feels most comfortable in rooms with high humidity. If the air in your house is dry, it is enough to spray the flower with clean settled water every day. Inadequate moisture can cause leaves to curl, spoiling the appearance of the plant.
How to prune a plant to form a bush
In order for the plant to retain its beauty, it needs regular support and pruning of pachistachis. Nature laid so that the first years of the life of the plant growth occurs in one trunk, without branching. After the growth stops, the active formation of lateral branches begins. At home, this process can be controlled. Before you prune a plant to form a bush, it is important to consider the future shape of the crown.
Experts advise to form the plant from the first year of life, the first pruning should occur at a height of 10-15, see. Remove the third pair of leaves from the buds of lateral shoots, repeat all tiers of shoots. Repeating the pinching is necessary 3-4 times in the first year of life - this will allow you to get a well-groomed, fluffy and low bush.
Trimming all the tops should occur in early spring, before the beginning of the stage of active growth. Repeat the procedure every year.
Pachistachis breeding occurs by cuttings of length 10-15, see. You can replant them when it is convenient for you: they perfectly take root at any time of the year. In order for the cuttings to take root as soon as possible, they are put into ground mix or just a glass of water. Rooting takes place within three weeks, all this time you need to take care of them in the same way as an adult plant: monitor the air and air the soil, regularly spray it with clean water.
After the appearance of the roots, the young pachistachis can be planted in a small pot with a light substrate. If the cutting is not rooted, it is necessary to cut the leaves and leave it in a warm place, preferably under the hood. Flowering will begin no earlier than six months after the appearance of the roots.
Possible problems with the plant
Aphid, spider mite, mealy charvets and shchitovka pose a threat to pakhistahis. If you notice insects, it is urgent to spray the plant with a chemical preparation and, if possible, isolate the affected plant from the rest of the indoor plants. The affected shoots and leaves will have to be removed.
The following potential problems with the plant threaten Pachistachis:
- yellowing of leaves - usually occurs due to lack of moisture;
- leaf fall - not only drafts, but also low temperature, lack of leaf or soil moisture;
- root rot - due to temperature fluctuations. In the event that the roots are badly damaged, it is necessary to shorten the top;
- powdery mildew (white deposits on the stem or leaves) - as a preventive measure, potassium phosphate fertilizers should be added to the soil. Affected parts of the flower must be removed.
Pachistachis is a luxurious and spectacular flower. Photos of indoor pachistachis can be seen once and love this exotic shrub so that it is necessary to grow it on your windowsill.