Clematis pruning is done in accordance with the group - only this way it is possible to preserve the species characteristics of these plants and ensure their violent, long-term flowering. Before picking up a scissors or pruner, be sure to find out to which pruning group the vine cultivated in your garden belongs, so as not to accidentally ruin its natural beauty.
Pruning is an important agrotechnical technique for growing clematis.and she should be given special attention. Timely and proper molding contributes to the development of a healthy, resistant to adverse factors, beautiful and abundantly flowering plants.
Depending on the belonging of clematis to one or another garden group, the principles and methods of molding vary considerably. The distribution of plants according to this characteristic allows you to systematize the entire huge range.
On this page you will learn about clematis varieties of different pruning groups and you can see in the photo how the formation of vines is performed.
Spring pruning of clematis 1-th group
Clematis, blooming only on the shoots of last year, do not cut at all in the fall or only sanitary pruning is necessary, that is, they remove weak, broken and entangled shoots.
Clematis belonging to this group will eventually become bare from the bottom, their decorative effect decreases, and therefore they need periodic rejuvenation of the entire hive - once in 4-5 years.
In this case, the clematis shoots of the 1 group are completely pruned immediately after the spring flowering in order to allow the plant to form new shoots that will bloom next year.
Clematis of the first group of pruning include: all princes, clematis mountain, as well as clematis from the group of Orientalis, vine growing and 'Fargesioides', if they are planted in a protected place.
See the photo on how clematis is cut by the 1 group:
Clematis Autumn Pruning of the 2 Group
The 2 group of pruning includes clematis, which bloom in spring and early summer on the overwintered shoots of last year, and again in the second half of summer - in early autumn on shoots of the current year. They need to save until spring part of last year's shoots with a length of 0,7-1,2 m, that is, to the height of 10-15 nodes.
For these plants, an autumn weak pruning is performed on approximately the 1 / 3 length of the entire shoot. It is recommended rationing shoots stored in the winter. In an adult bush, it is enough to leave no more than 10-12 of the strongest shoots. Some of them, if necessary, remove the spring (broken, damaged, poorly wintered).
Clematis of the second group of pruning includes the majority of varieties of hybrid origin included in the group of large-flowered hybrids.
Correct and timely pruning according to the scheme recommended for a particular garden group, against the background of regular care, guarantees the development of healthy, well-formed bushes that bloom long and abundantly, most fully revealing all of their potential capabilities and characteristic features of a particular species or variety. size, shape, color of flowers and its brightness, abundance and duration of flowering.
Correct Clematis Cutting of the 3 Group
In the 3 th pruning group includes clematis, long blooming from June to July on the shoots of the current year. They do not need to save the shoots in winter, so a strong pruning is applied, when all the shoots are cut almost to the base of the bush, or rather, to the height of 1-2 nodes, that is, to 10-15, see.
In adults, well-developed bushes, located in a suitable place (warm, windless) and receiving timely and adequate care, you can leave part of the shoots in the fall, like the clematis of the second group.
This combined method of pruning can be achieved earlier flowering first on last year's shoots and a little later on regrown shoots of the current year. However, it should be noted that this technique can weaken the plants, and on young bushes or weakened by insufficient care, combined pruning is generally unacceptable.
Clematis of the third group of pruning include many varieties from the group of Large-flowered hybrids: 'Aleksandrit', 'Comtesse de Bouchaud', 'Ekstra', 'Kardinal Wyszinsky', 'Luter Burbank', 'Rahvarinne', 'Victoria', 'Ville de Lyon' and varieties from the group of Integrifolia, Eastern, varieties of Texensis, Vititsell , as well as some small-flowered species, hybrids and garden forms ('Jouiniana', 'Mrs. Robert Brydon', 'Praecox', 'Odoriba', straight, Manchurian, Maksimovic, Raeder, rusty, Fargeza, etc.).
These photos show the correct pruning of clematis of the 3 group:
It is possible to distinguish strong-growing small-flowered shrub vines that bloom in summer and early autumn on the shoots of the current year, but do not need annual pruning, subject to growing in warmer areas or when placed in a place protected from the wind.
These are clematis: vineyard, virginian, pungent, Chinese, short-tailed, ligoucoliferous, tangut and varietal 'Fargesioides'.
They can be cut off in the fall or spring, as clematis of the third group, and if they are in a well-protected place from the wind and receive adequate care or are used as ground cover, you can only slightly cut the weak, thickening and unnecessary shoots, and a strong pruning to hold once in several years (according to the scheme of the first group of trimming).