Zephyranthes are very popular flowers in ornamental plant growing. Flower growers love these indoor plants for unpretentiousness in care, beauty and for a special "highlight" - the rapid ejection and blooming of buds. Gentle "upstarts" are able to please the eye of their owner almost all year round.
The genus Zephyranthes numbers about 45 species. It received its name from the merger of the words Zephyr (the ancient Greek god of the western warm wind) and anthes - the flower. Sometimes it is also called "rain lily" for the coincidence of the flowering period with the rainy season. The name “upstart” has taken root in our region - the flowers of zephyranthes have an extraordinary growth rate of peduncles, the impression is that the plant literally shoots out of the ground.
Look at the photo flowers zephyranthes at home - the most popular types are presented:
Room flower Zephyranthes - white, pink and yellow (with photo)
In nature, indoor flower zephyranthes grows in tropical and subtropical regions of America, and is found in places in Argentina, Chile and the West Indies. Despite the diverse geography, all species have common features - the ability to literally jump out of the ground, throw out buds in a couple of days, they also note unpretentiousness, a period of rest. Differences of this kind are in the color of the flower and timing of flowering. White, pink and yellow colors of buds - the most common. In the photo below you can see representatives of these varieties.
The whole genus is a perennial small-bulbous plant of the Amaryllis family. Small bulbs, up to 3 cm, covered with brown scales. The neck is short or elongated. The leaves are narrow and long, up to 30 cm, linear-needle, have a dark green color. Peduncles single tubular, leafless, tall, can reach 25 - 30. See There are two-colored species.
For lovers of snow-white beauty - wonderful white zephyranthes
Among the plants, white-flowering species are distinguished, they are the most common - they are Atama (Zephyranthes atamasca) and snow-white (Zephyranthes candida). For lovers of snow-white beauty, they are of particular interest. Their dazzling white flowers are beautifully shaded by dark green leaves. Despite external similarity, they bloom at different times - the flowering time is the first of March and April, and the snow-white blooms from July to October. The common for these two species will be keeping them in cool rooms, they do not tolerate heat. Another feature, due to which wonderful white zephyranthes is more popular than other species - belotsvetkovye species less demanding to the light and can even be located on the north windows.
For lovers of bright colors - yellow zephyranthes
The yellow color is golden (Zephyranthes Aurea) and lemon (Zephyranthes Citrina). Outwardly, these species are difficult to distinguish, but they have different flowering periods. Golden zephyranthes blooms in December - January, and the time of lemon blossom is at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. These species are more demanding of lighting and, being obscured, will not give full bloom. Remember that the yellow zephyranthes will thank you with their beauty for the attention and care for themselves.
For lovers of bright colors, this variety allows you to create true works of art in the form of a combination of colors on your windowsill. Yellow Zephyranthes has a sustainable flowering time.
Delicate pink zephyranthes - a romantic miracle
One of the most beautiful is deservedly considered the large-flowered pink Zephyranthes (Zephyranthes grandiflora) - this is the real romantic miracle. Large, soft pink buds with yellow stamens attract many lovers of beauty. Zephyranthes blooms pink from April to July.
The bicolor flowers include a multi-colored flower (Zephyranthes versicolor), which has white petals that have a characteristic reddish-green hue.
Many growers pick out elongated pots, where you can plant several onion bulbs of different types with different flowering periods and then you get the impression of a constantly flowering plant.
Zefirantes at home - what and how to do to care for the flower
Caring for marshmallows at home is quite simple - like all Amaryllies, it is light-requiring, it easily transfers even direct sunlight. Therefore, in the apartment flowers are better placed on the southern, western and eastern directions of the windows. What and how to do to care for the flower, we describe below.
In the warm season, plants can be planted outside, then in the fall there will be a large, strong bulb that will give flower stalks next year. These flowers feel good at normal room temperature, the average range of 18-26 degrees. Watering requires moderate, the soil should be slightly wet, but not constantly wet. Despite the fact that these plants love moisture, constantly wet ground can lead to rotting of the bulbs or weak flowering plants. Therefore, zephyranthes at home still needs attention.
It is best if watering will be done with separated water when the topsoil dries out. Mineral fertilizers are applied during the entire growing season once every two weeks at the dosage recommended by the manufacturer.
Transplanting upstarts is done after the end of flowering, with the beginning of the dormant period. To do this, select low wide pots, it is better to use clay pots, moisture stagnates in them less, and the root system breathes better. To prevent stagnation of water in the pot and avoid rotting of the bulb, it is imperative to use drainage. When planting zephyranthes, the soil should be selected light and nutritious, good results are obtained using the sod land, humus and sand in approximately equal proportions. If the soil is made independently, then before falling asleep in the pot it is better to calcine the earth in the oven or process it with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Useful information about planting and rest period
Propagation is possible with the help of seeds and onions, useful information about this is important for each grower. The fruit is a seed box. But obtaining seeds and the subsequent cultivation of a full-fledged plant is quite laborious and does not always give the desired result - the skills of artificial pollination are required, and such a flower blooms only for a year through 3-4. Therefore, the most common method of planting - planting bulbs. If you follow the simple rules of care, zephyranthes actively bloom and can produce up to 10 bulbs. To plant the bulbs, at the end of flowering the plants gently separate the daughter bulbs from the mother. Then they are planted in prepared pots. When planting marshmallows it is important that the neck of the bulb is not completely in the ground, it should slightly look out above the surface. If the neck of the bulb is short, then it is better to deepen the head so that its upper third is visible above the ground. It is better to plant in the already damp ground and after planting do not water for several days, let the soil dry. It is necessary to plant flowers once in 1-2 of the year, otherwise a large number of them will drain the earth faster, and the result will be the lack of flowering. If, however, time to plant bulb-babes, then a flower will delight you with lush flowering.
In nature, zephyranthes have a period of rest. Potted flowers have already adapted to the average year-round temperature regime for a long time, but we want a beautiful flowering plant, right? Therefore, it is better to listen to the biological preferences of the species. In order to provide Zephyranthes with a rest period in winter, it is necessary to reduce its watering in the fall, and then to completely stop it. If the plant has not dropped the leaves, you can cut them. In general, the plant may well overwinter with leaves, but the flowering in the next growing season will be more scarce. Watering a plant that does not shed its leaves should be no more than once a month. We remember that this indoor flower does not tolerate overwetting, especially during a dormant period in winter. The temperature in the room where the flower will hibernate should be around 10-12 ° C. You can use balconies, basements and even a refrigerator, light the plant in a period of rest without the need.
If your indoor flower does not make you happy violent bloom, you need to think about what mistakes you make when caring for him. Work on the bugs begins with a detailed analysis of the situation and the activities carried out. The most common mistake is that they haven’t transplanted a flower for a long time; Then simply transplanting and planting the bulbs will return full bloom. It is possible that your flower does not have enough lighting, this is corrected by moving it to a new, more illuminated place, or by additional lighting. A common mistake is abundant watering, in which the earth in a pot resembles limp mud. In this case, reduce soil moisture and the next transplanting the flower you need to take care of good drainage in the pot. You can also take a photo of zephyranthes and show it to specialists on the florist forum. You will be prompted to correct the situation.
In general, this houseplant is quite resistant to various diseases and pests, but it also has enemies. These include spider mites, scutes, and amaryllis worms. To deal with them will help the solution Aktellika and disinfection of the earth during transplantation.
If you comply with these simple conditions of care, your indoor flower Zefirantes at home will long delight you with a beautiful constant flowering.