From the proper digging and storage of tulip bulbs depends on how good seed you get for the next year. You do not need to wait for frosts to get the kids out of the ground, but it’s not too early to start this agricultural practice. When all planting material has left the garden bed and sorted, it is necessary to create proper storage conditions for tulip bulbs, observing the temperature and humidity conditions.
Multi-field crop rotation on the plot is practically impossible if the collection of tulips occupies a large area. You can restrict 2-full crop rotation, when after the tulips the land goes under steam.
With strict observance of all agricultural practices and rules, tulips can be grown in the same place for several years. Signal to change places are the occurrence of fungal and viral tulip diseases.
On this page, you will learn how to dig and store tulip bulbs at home.
How is the digging of tulip bulbs?
The digging of tulip bulbs is done annually. With annual digging, the multiplication factor increases, the yield of large bulbs increases and the losses from diseases decrease, since diseased bulbs annually cultivate and destroy.
It is permissible to grow only two babies without digging for two years. Digging of bulbs is an important element of the complex of agrotechnical measures.
Begin digging when the leaves turn yellow and 2 / 3 becomes covered in a light brown color. Earlier digging has a negative effect on the breeding rate and ornamental qualities of plants in the next year.
However, a delay in digging may cause no less damage. In case of late digging it is sometimes impossible to determine the nest place, as a result of which the amount of mechanical damage and loss of children and even large bulbs increases.
In addition, during late digging, the susceptibility of fungal diseases increases and the appearance of the bulbs deteriorates due to the numerous breaks in the covering scales. The reason for horizontal breaks is only late digging.
The following describes how to sort and how to store tulip bulbs before planting.
How to sort and store tulip bulbs before planting
After digging, tulip bulbs are scattered over the varieties in the 2-3 layer in boxes with a mesh bottom for drying, as they contain a lot of moisture and easily rot and grow moldy. The bulbs are dried under a canopy for one to two days, after which the “nests” easily disintegrate, and the bulbs are cleaned of old scales, roots, stems and pickled in 0,5% manganese-potassium solution for 30 minutes.
Two-fold treatment of the bulbs in a solution of manganese-acid potassium (after harvesting and before planting) not only protects the bulbs from diseases and pests, but mostly satisfies the needs of the future plant in manganese. The boxes and rooms where the bulbs were stored are disinfected.
Sort pickled tulip bulbs should be as indicated in the table.
Table "Sorting tulip bulbs":
|Parsing||The diameter of the bulb (in millimeters)|
|Darwin's hybrids||other classes|
|“Extra”||more 40||more 35|
|Category I baby (countable)||15-25||15-20|
|Category II babe (by weight)||less 15||less 15|
The definition of paring bulbs produced by the smallest diameter, which does not allow flat bulbs to go into large parses and improves the quality of planting material.
After sorting, the bulbs continue to dry for 3-4 weeks (July) at an average temperature of 23-25 ° С, but not lower than 22 ° С and not higher than 26 ° С with good ventilation and an average humidity of 70-80%. To control the humidity using a psychrometer, which can be made yourself.
In August, the temperature is reduced to 20 ° C, and in September to 17 ° C. Each gardener maintains the temperature, based on the availability of premises and household appliances.
Compliance with the temperature during storage of tulip bulbs at home is of paramount importance, since during this period in the bulb is the process of formation of the buds of the replacement and daughter bulbs, as well as the flowering stem and flower of the plant.
At the end of June, regardless of whether the bulb is dug or continues to be in the soil, leaf buds are formed in it. In July, the rudiments of the flower are laid: the tepals and the stamens of the outer circle.
In August, the formation of the rudiments of the stamens of the inner circle and the ovary with the pistil is completed. Violation of temperature during storage of tulip bulbs after digging storage can have the most negative consequences when using bulbs in the forcing and lead to the appearance of "blind" buds during flowering.
Proper storage of tulip bulbs significantly reduces disease losses and lays the foundation for a good harvest.