Muscari flowers, they are also an onion, they are also mouse hyacinth, do not be confused by such an abundance of names. In various sources you can find information about the fact that this wonderful baby belongs to the family Lilein, Hyacinth or Asparagus. Let's leave the debate about the classification of specialists botanists. For us, amateur growers, it does not matter. Classification is not important to us, aesthetics is important to us, and in this respect, the mouse hyacinth is an extremely attractive, interesting and unusual plant, as you do not call it. The article presents photos and tips on how to plant and care in the open field, what subtleties and secrets of this process exist.
The genus Muscari (lat.) Currently includes the 44 species. After reading the botanical description, we learn that muscari is a relatively small bulbous plant. Its height is not more than 40-60 cm. Radical leaves, length 10-17 cm. The bulb itself has an ovoid shape approximately 2 cm in diameter. Leafless floral arrow. The flowers are blue, blue, purple, rarely white. They are collected in a thick multicolored brush. Pedicels are short. The perianth is sprasnolist, barrel-shaped with six short teeth, curved outward. Fruit - heart-shaped or spherical box.
No description will ever convey the beauty of the plant. Once again you will be convinced of this, having seen muskari, his photo already makes it clear how interesting the viper's bow is. Seeing it with your own eyes - you will love this amazing flower forever. In the meantime, look at the flowers of Muscari or viper onions in the photo illustrating the richness of plant species:
Viper's bow by ear is not very good, it looks handsome (with photo)
Indeed, despite the fact that on hearing the viper's bow is somehow not very beautiful, then on the appearance of this plant is just a handsome man from the world of flora. In some sources you may come across such a name as hyacinth muscari - this is incorrect. Hyacinth and squirting onions are two different kinds. Yes, they belong to the same family, nevertheless. Mouse hyacinth is an exclusively popular name. If you compare the hyacinth and viper onions in the photo, you will see some similar features. It is because of them and because of the small size, muscari popularly called mouse hyacinth. In Europe, for example, it is called grape hyacinth because of its similarity with an inverted bunch of grapes. Look at the photos of some representatives of this genus:
Thanks to breeding, many varieties have been created, which differ in the period and time of flowering, flower color, and frost resistance. We recommend to pay attention to these types of Muscari:
- Armenian (Colchis);
- ugly shaped;
The Armenian species is the most famous and common. As an ornamental plant, it has been cultivated for a long time. Breeders created a lot of interesting varieties of this species, many of which won international prizes. The most attractive in our opinion are:
- Blue Spike - late flowering, blue, extremely lush and fragrant;
- Fantasy Creation - the green flowers turn bright blue in the beginning;
- Pink Sunrise - a very rare pink color of the inflorescence;
- Safir - dark blue with a white border;
- Azureum - sky blue;
- Artist - blue with white border, bright aroma;
- Christmas Pearl - purple-blue, barrel-shaped flowers;
- Peppermint - long flowering (up to 30 days), pale blue.
All types of viper onions are actively used in landscape design. They look succinctly anytime, anywhere. You can find a lot of original compositions using muscari, photos of flowers and flower arrangement options on the Internet.
Muscari in open field - planting and care without problems
The main issues that primarily interest amateur gardeners about muscari are planting muscari and caring for a plant in the open field in such a way as to obtain magnificent flowering. It is preferable to plant in non-acidic, sandy, light soils. If your site is dominated by clay soil, it must be improved by applying organic fertilizer with sand. Crude, acidic soil is categorically unsuitable. Good drainage is also important. Viper bow prefers light, but not bad we feel in the shade.
The classic landing of Muscari is carried out at a depth equal to three bulb heights. Depending on the type of soil depth of landing is possible to vary. In ideal light soil, it makes sense to increase the depth by 2-3,5 cm, in clayey soil - to decrease by the same 2-3 cm. In central Russia we land in September and a month and a half before frosts in other regions. The ideal ground temperature for planting the Viper 5-7 ° C. This is the optimum temperature for rooting.
Muscari flowers amicably in a row - planting an adder's bow
If planting an adder for you for the first time awaits you and you are not sure that the bulbs are ready for seedbed preparation, it is better to be safe. So that the flowers of Muscari together in a row will delight you in the spring, as a preventive measure against the bulbous mite, process the ground onion bulbs. Also buy and process the bulbs with a fungicidal composition.
Divide the onions in size. Since the average size of the bulbs about 2-x centimeters planted them at a distance 10 cm from each other. Stay between rows in 20-25, see. Small onion can be placed on 4-6 pieces per well. Get a pretty little bush.
Digging the land is not necessary, just get rid of weeds. Pour some complex mineral fertilizer into the wells and sprinkle it with earth. The bulb should not come into contact with fertilizer. Plant the viper's onion bottom down, cover the hole and compact it. You can instead use fertilizer humus. Place it on the bottom of the hole, cover it with sand and place the onion there.
Donets bulbs after planting requires moisture. Liberally pour. This helps to create a good root system before frost. Mulch with peat, sawdust or humus. Create a layer approximately in 7. In addition to the heat-loving varieties, Muscari are quite cold-resistant, but just in case, cover the landing site with leaves, pine branches or reeds.
There are options for the care of Muscari: feeding and watering time
So, we figured out planting muscari, caring for them is the next key point. There are some options that save time and effort. Let's start with top dressing. Do the first top dressing when the ground dries out a little after the snow melts. Between the rows, make grooves 10 depth cm and deposit 30-50 g ammonium nitrate, 60-80 g superphosphate, 30-50 g potassium salt on 1 sq. M.
The second dressing is done when the shoots go up a few centimeters. The composition of the second feeding is as follows: 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulphate and 20-30 g of superphosphate per 10 l of water per 1 m2.
The third dressing should follow after the appearance of buds. Prepare a mullein solution (1 part of the mullein on 20 parts of water), add superphosphate and potassium sulphate to 20-30 g in the resulting solution. Add 10 l feed on 1 square meters
In the period of the beginning of flowering you need to produce a fourth dressing. Repeat the proportion of the solution of mullein. Add to the solution 40 g superphosphate, 15 g potassium fertilizers and water.
This method of feeding is considered a classic for all types of bulbous. But muscari in this respect is not a particularly demanding plant. Many experienced amateur gardeners are limited to humus as a top dressing and at the same time get good results. What method will be most suitable for you - experience will show.
Regarding watering, remember that the viper onions require abundant watering during flowering and small before and after. Watering should be carefully, directing water to the roots, so as not to damage the stems and flowers.
Watering time, choose depending on when the sun's rays fall on the area with muscari. If this happens in the morning, water it in the evening and vice versa. If the weather is hot, and you can not water regularly - mulch. You can use pine bark, dry grass, fine gravel. After watering and rain, loosen the soil.
Time to collect stones and dig muscari bulbs after flowering
The next important point about muscari is when digging out the bulbs after flowering for later transplanting. Such small onion crops as a viper onion are seated once in 4-6 years. By mid-July, the plants stop growing, leaves begin to dry. The time has come to rest and you can remove the bulbs or collect stones, as popular wisdom says.
Dig out should be a bayonet spade. Immerse the bayonet into the ground noticeably deeper than the bulb. Carefully select all the bulbs and babies from the soil. Carefully remove the soil from the bulbs by hand.
The above-ground part of the onion should not be immediately removed. For some time the nutrients will flow into the bulb. During 30 min, muscari bulbs should be etched with a base solution. Prepare the solution as follows: 10 g of foundationol on 1 l of water. Dip the onion into the prepared solution, then dry it. There is another way to protect against pests and diseases. Rinse the bulb in running water and dip into the 0,3's percentage of the malathion, then dry.
For protection, you can use heat treatment instead of chemistry. This is especially true if you are planning a distillation. Place the muscari onion on 10 min in water at 50 ° C. Dry thoroughly.
Drying in direct sunlight can not be categorically. Dry no more than a couple of days. Store them before landing in a box lined in a single layer. Room where stored onions Muscari should be well ventilated.
Check stored bulbs once per 7 days. This must be done in spite of protective measures. With diseased bulbs, the disease can easily become healthy. Signs of the disease are darkening, the appearance of spots or softness, unpleasant smell.
Muscari on the windowsill - spring in January
Ideal for viper onions and for breeding in containers. It can be driven out in winter. To do this, select the bulbs and save them at 15 ° C until early September. In September you can plant muscari in a container. The best substrate for planting will be the following: woody earth, leaf earth, humus and sand. The proportion of 1 ׃ 1 ׃ 1 ׃ 0,5, respectively. Properly grown muscari on the windowsill is the real spring in January, when a snowstorm rages outside.
After disembarking, pour abundantly and place it again in a room with a temperature of 15 ° C. Already in January, the shoots will be 3 high. See Place the containers of flowers in the fridge on the bottom shelf for a period of three days. After that you can place them in the room. In two weeks, muscari flowers will bloom in all their glory.