Even poisonous plants can decorate the garden of a summer cottage or other plot. And although they are very dangerous for children and animals, decorators do not hesitate to use them. One of the representatives of such dangerous but beautiful plants is the buttercup garden ranunculus, which is exactly translated as a frog. Indeed, it is similar to frogs in that it lives in localities, such as water bodies, small rivers, lakes — houses for frogs. These colorful and bright "frogs" when cultivated in the garden create a unique atmosphere. Garden buttercups flowers - this is a simple fit, simple care when growing and magnificence in the flowering process. Look at the photo of flowers of a buttercup garden, illustrated by the brightest representatives of the genus:
This plant came to Europe from Asia in the 16 century, when gardeners were fascinated by the shape and beauty of this plant. And although it secretes poisonous juice, it is still used to decorate the site. You should always keep in mind that it is dangerous, especially for pets and children. Therefore, it is necessary to provide him with a fence so that the little pranksters do not damage the flower and themselves.
Features care garden buttercup
Speaking about the features of the care of a garden buttercup, it would be nice to know about the history of the plant. In the world there are a huge variety of varieties of buttercup, but in this article it is considered garden, because he is the most common. Thanks to time, evolution and breeders, the world has more than 300 varieties of this plant, of various colors and sizes. In the climate of the Northern Hemisphere, in countries such as Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Russia, and others, the flower survives well and grows healthy. Some similarities "frogs" with dahlia, peonies. Buttercup height can be up to 65 cm, inflorescence diameter - from 8 to 10 cm. The most popular colors are red, yellow, orange. In nature, there are no blue inflorescences, and breeders have not reached such a crossing.
There are several features for the care of a garden buttercup. Observing the rules of watering, loosening the soil, feeding, cleaning from weeds, cleaning dried flowers and leaves, correct pest control can achieve the desired result. Also, you should always follow the growth, so that the flower does not grow too much over the territory, because the “frog” is an aggressive plant and can easily displace more peaceful flowers. You should always set boundaries of growth. And, of course, you need to monitor the soil moisture, constantly carry out timely watering, but do not allow waterlogging. There is nothing difficult. You should always remember these basic rules and then everything will work out, even for a beginner gardener.
Fertilizers should pick the right ones that contain nitrogen. Kemira Universal, which contains all the necessary nutritional components, is perfect for this purpose. This fertilizer should be introduced at the time when the growth of leaves begins once every two weeks. During the formation of buds, you should change the feed to potash-phosphoric and with the same frequency to make the soil.
Fortunately for many gardeners, the garden buttercup is not subject to insect and pest attacks. If you follow the above rules, you do not have to use pest control at all. The only problem that will have to face in the case of overwetting the earth, is the rotting of the root system. And during the period of summer rains, leaves can be struck by a butterfly, dew, and roots - by nematodes. In this case, you should use bioinsecticidal preparations that will get rid of pests and insects forever.
So, what should be remembered about the care of garden buttercups in the process of growing crops? In short:
- Timely and moderate watering of the soil;
- Determination of plant growth limits;
- Rare, but plentiful top dressing at different periods of growth;
- Care and pest control during high humidity.
Buttercup flowers after a flowering period (with photo)
After the buttercup flowers of the garden are turned up in all their glory, watering of the soil is reduced. If the leaves are yellowed, then watering stops altogether. In late summer, early autumn, the tubers are dug up and placed in separate boxes and dried indoors at room temperature, not more than 20 degrees. Then, placed in special bags with perforations and unpacked in early spring. It must always be remembered that the tubers are very fragile. Therefore, all actions should be carried out with high caution and gloves.
Look at the photo of the buttercup garden flowers after the flowering period and proper care - they continue to delight with the colorful petals:
Reproduction and planting of buttercups - features and rules
As for the direct planting of a buttercup garden, there are two correct and proven methods - the division of rhizomes and planting seeds. Let us examine in detail the features and rules of each method. The features and rules that relate to the breeding of garden buttercups are not as important as it seems at first glance.
1. Seeds for planting should be purchased in flower shops that specialize in this issue. Its seeds are very difficult to obtain and store, because their viability is low. Here are a few rules to follow in order for a flower to grow healthy:
- Seed should be planted at the end of February or in March;
- The soil should be fairly loose;
- The composition of the soil - peat, dry leaves and sand, in proportions 1: 1: 0,5 parts, respectively;
- Planted in the ground seeds sprinkled and moistened with a spray;
- Sow in good pots. Capacity after planting should be covered with glass and stored at a temperature not higher than 12 and not lower than 10 degrees, constantly removing moisture and airing.
The above rules, with full observance, will ensure that the first shoots will climb through 2-3 weeks. After the appearance of the first shoots, the capacity should be moved to a room with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees.
2. The way the division of rhizomes is no different from the standard cultivation. Buttercup garden in this case is obtained better than from seeds. You should always take a healthy and strong maternal plant.
This paragraph had to answer the question, "How to plant a garden buttercup?". After reading and observing all the rules and features, even the youngest gardener can easily grow an excellent “frog” for his garden.
Popular varieties of ranunculus "frogs" and their features (with photo)
Entering the search phrase "Garden buttercups flowers", you can stumble upon many articles and photos of this bright flower. Their features are described above, but for now it's time to get acquainted with the species. Depending on the variety, some indicators are different, such as the length of the stem, the diameter of the inflorescence and the color of the petals. The most popular varieties of ranunculus or "frog" that have taken root in the climatic conditions of the northern hemisphere are:
- "Frog" halubiform. It is also called African. This flower is densely doubled, and the shape of the flower most resembles a ball;
- buttercup french. It is semi-double and has only two rows of petals;
- "Frog" Persian. Named so because of the similarity with the Persian cats (the same thick and wide). Small, with simple or semi-double flowers;
- peony buttercup It is he who most of all looks like wonderful peonies (whence the name). Terry, with large and bright flowers.
If you look at the photo of a buttercup garden, you can briefly delve into its beauty and elegance. And all this despite the fact that the plant is very poisonous! After all, the beauty of his drunk. In addition to decorative varieties, there are also wild varieties, but they have a lot of problems. It is difficult to take care of, it is not easy to get accustomed and more poisonous than decorative analogues.
The most important feature of the buttercup garden is a perennial flower that will always emphasize the plot. They grow well with each other, but do not tolerate weak neighbors. Aroma hides a terrible poison. Always remember about safety measures so that children and animals cannot reach it. Construct special fencing, which will save the little naughty, and prevent the growth of buttercup.