Spectacular foreigner from America, reminiscent of a bright butterfly, will certainly update any garden, loggia, lawn, conifer, flowerbed, pond or even a single stone, adding a colorful twist and an unusually attractive appearance. Incredible tigridia is the perfect decoration for any garden. Flowers in the open ground perfectly tolerate even the most adverse climatic conditions. Planting and care must be carried out in strict accordance with the requirements of the agrotechnical plant. Everything about it and even more can be found in the proposed article. You can also see the flowers of tigridia in the photo, showing the perfect beauty of the plant:
The mysterious name of the flower "tigridia" came to us from the time of the Aztecs. In ancient times, it was used as food, as now potatoes, because it contains a large amount of starch and glucose. The tubers were also given healing properties for infertility, fever and stomach disease. Until now, this plant remains a common vegetable in Mexico.
Let's go back to the flowers. His name comes from the Latin word "tigris" - "tiger" and "eidos" - "similar" and it is associated with a colorful pattern. Refined plant belongs to the family of Iris. There are about 40 various flower species found in Mexico, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala and Peru. Despite all the variety, they still have common signs: it is a perennial bulbous bulbous plant with a straight or branching stem 30 -70 cm, single flowers or 2-3 at the top of the peduncle, the leaves are xiphoid. Because of such a feature, you can sometimes see a light in the shape of a square. It has 6 petals: three inner and three large outer petals. Internally, the end of large petals and small petals have a marble pattern. The perianth consists of 6 lobes: three large and three external. The seeds are flattened, angular. Growing and caring for tigridia distributed in the open field. These are always bright flowers. Particularly distinguished tigridia peacock. Already from the name it is clear that if the association with the peacock, the colors are extremely colorful and memorable.
Different varieties - different shades (with photo)
Different varieties can have different shades: red, orange, pink, purple, yellow, white. Flower decoration - cupped core speckled or striped with a diameter up to 6, see. Different varieties of tigridia allow you to make unusual compositions in open ground. Look at the photos of some of them:
Today the most popular varieties of tigridia are:
- Alba - white with dark red spots,
- Aurea - dark golden yellow with red spots,
- Canariensis - creamy yellow with crimson strokes,
- Lilacia is reddish purple with white strokes,
- Rosalind - pale pink flowers,
- Specialty - red with red and yellow specks.
Often, the markets are full of just such flowers. However, there is still a galantus-shaped tigridia. Originally from Mexico. The flowers are like a snowdrop. In height reach 70 cm.
Tigridia chess. 2,5 flower height pinkish with yellow spots, cm similar to fritillary flowers. He came from the mountains of Mexico and Guatemala.
A heat-loving foreigner is accustomed to a warm climate, and this obliges anyone who wants to get him into his collection, to study the flower of a tigridia and, in particular, planting and care. But there are some pleasant surprises.
Not enough to plant - you need to know and care for radiant tigridia
At first glance, this extravagant flower with a spectacular appearance may seem fiery yet. However, further care for tigridia is surprisingly simple. The plant is often planted in groups. It is not enough to plant this mysterious guest. You need to know a lot about caring for a radiant tigridia in the open field in your garden. Any gardener knows that this “beast” bloom lasts only one day, or to be more precise - 8 hours. But when the buds of several plants unfurl one by one, the effect is so daunting that it's worth it.
To care for a flower is quite simple:
- To water with the warm upholding water without a large amount of impurity of salts;
- Loosen the soil and then mulch it in order to preserve moisture and internal microclimate;
- Fertilize complex mineral and organic compounds mainly in liquid form in the form of bark;
- Trim to form a beautiful plant;
- To protect from drafts - for this you can use small garden forms;
- Preparation for winter.
It's simple. The only feature is that if there is a hot, dry summer, then you need to water it more abundantly, and if vice versa, then as the topsoil dries. By the way, an experienced florist noticed similarities with the agricultural technology of growing gladioli. And it really is the same. After planting a month after the appearance of leaves, it is necessary to feed fertilizers with mineral fertilizers. The next is at the time of the appearance of the buds. By the end of their flowering, watering should be reduced. It is necessary to prepare for the winter. And do not forget to trim the inflorescences. It is worth doing as the buds wither, which will help extend the flowering time, and at the same time maintain a neat and decorative look. Usually this period lasts from July to September. When the above-ground part of the bulbous perennial will wither, then you should not water it. Attention! As soon as the first frosts come on, the bulbs need to be dug.
Getting ready to survive the winter correctly
Southern perennial is thermophilic, so he needs to help the winter to survive outside the open ground. As soon as the first frosts occur, the bulbs must be immediately dug out and dried at room temperature. A month later, remove the land from them so as not to damage the root. We are preparing to survive the winter properly, and for this we use the methods recommended further. And then there are three types of storage:
- in paper bags on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator,
- in a sandbox,
- hanging in a nylon mesh.
Wherever the tubers are stored, the temperature should be kept from + 4 to + 10 degrees. You should also pay attention to the fact that there was no dampness or humidity in the room and there was good ventilation.
How will the landing of tigridia, so it will grow
Properly prepared soil is the key to success. Experienced growers say that as the tigridia planting passes, it will grow in the future, the pomp of budding and flowering will depend on it. Therefore, before planting the South American beauty we prepare the ground. If the ground is heavy, some fertilizer or sand must be applied. This will help retain moisture and conduct air faster. If the soil is dense, it needs to be loosened by adding some sawdust there. And if the soil is acidic, the solution will help with the addition of lime. If this is a flower bed or growing seedlings at home, then you can easily use the land bought in a flower shop, peat, cultivated sod land or a little sand.
When and how many tigridia bloom? Depends on landing. The flower is very responsive to cold, so it is better to plant it in early summer. It is in the form of seeds and bulbs. If you are impatient to speed up the result, you need to sprout seeds in the spring at home, so that by the beginning of the season there should be bulbs for planting. Young bulbs in open ground are very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations. In March, they are placed in a light soil mixture and watered a lot. Then the large bulbs are planted on 8 cm in depth, smaller ones closer to the ground. The distance between the tubers 15, see. When the plant is still in the seeds, sow at the end of spring, so that the flowers have time to blossom. The distance between them 5, see. After two - three weeks waiting for flowers.
Diseases and pests are not asleep
No particular pests are threatened by tigridia. However, do not forget about the two worst enemies of almost all colors - frost and rot. You should not relax - diseases and pests are not asleep and are always ready to attack. It is a pity if the plant will die. From the cold you can hide it in the heat, but what about rot? And there is an excellent remedy for it - before drying, process it with fungicides - with foundationol or benat. In addition to these two "friends", the plant can be affected by scab, rust and mosaic virus. If proper preventive measures are carried out, the right way to store, spray leaves with antifungal agents or herbal infusions, then the flowers are completely safe. Experienced growers advise against using a natural mustard solution against the fungus: on 1 a liter of water 10 grams of mustard. Also, natural pests, such as thrips, medars, slugs, do not sleep. It is better to deal with them with strong and professional means from the store. The smallest elementary efforts and everyone has a brilliant joy for the eyes and another achievement as a gardener.