Let the climbing plant be a mountaineer and not as spectacular as, for example, wisteria, it still takes a worthy place in country gardens. Rather, this creeper is suitable for home gardens, decorated in a landscape style.
Its natural beauty will become a worthy frame of the perimeter of the territory, set off bright annuals, serve as an excellent background for any floristic compositions.
Perennial decorative creepers - the largest group of all climbers. The value of perennial climbers lies in the fact that they, like other creepers, occupy small areas when planted where there is no place for trees or shrubs.
Their long shoots, densely leafy varied in structure and leaf coloring, studded with gorgeous flowers, and then with no less decorative peculiar fruits, cover a large area, provide shade and protection from the sun, and create a unique decorative effect.
Description and photos of the mountaineer, as well as tips on growing plants in the country are presented in this material.
Liana Highlander Balju
Among the plants with such a name there is a Baljuan mountaineer liana, or fallopia - rare and surprising. It is a deciduous climbing plant that grows very fast, reaches 10-12 m in height, and reaches 5 m in width. Even in the year of planting, it can increase more than 3 m.
Young shoots in this species are smooth, green or reddish-pink, lignified - gray. Leaves broadly oval or oval, up to 10 cm long, spiky, heart-shaped or spear-shaped at the base, smooth, light green, on petioles up to 3,5 cm long.
As seen in the photo, the flowers of the plant are highlander white, with a pinkish-lilac shade:
The flowers are small, 0,6-0,8 cm in diameter, collected in large, up to 40 cm, the final paniculate inflorescences located on the branched side shoots have a pleasant delicate aroma.
Liana needs a support in the form of a wire, and better - a strong cord with a rough surface for growth upwards. The mountaineer does not have antennae, air roots, suckers, it does not cling to the surface of the walls, but actively wraps its vertical support with its shoots. Horizontal support mountaineer does not fit.
When growing a plant, the mountaineer is in the country, do not forget that he loves fertile soil, moderate watering, and a sunny place, although in our southern region it grows well and winters in partial shade. For 1-2, the plant is able to close the facade of the house with fresh bright greens, decorate the balcony, gazebo, pergola, fence.
His fast-growing shoots have to be sent in the right direction. In the middle zone it freezes to the level of snow cover, but it quickly grows and blooms only by autumn. It blooms better in the sun, in the shade - much weaker.
But the most amazing thing is abundant and long flowering.
Look at the photo - the white clusters of the Highlander densely cover the liana from June to late autumn:
Decorative and autumn yellow color of leaves. Especially abundant blooms mountaineer in a well-lit place. Annual pruning stimulates the plant to lush flowering, prevents the bottom of the vine to be exposed.
Shoots twist not only on the support, but also among themselves, forming powerful rope-shaped stems. Under their own weight can break loose from the support.
Propagate this spectacular vine with seeds, layering and green cuttings. Seedlings usually bloom in the first year. When breeding by layering, shoots dug in spring already have roots by autumn and can be separated from the parent plant.
Formation of young plants of the mountaineer is usually carried out at the end of winter, subjecting to strong or weak pruning, depending on the circumstances.
Planted in a permanent place where there is enough space for growth; this placement will save the landing from the need for pruning.
Highlander XNUMX heat-loving plant. Recommended for vertical gardening in the southern regions of Russia.
Negative attitude to the open southern exposure, as in this case in the south there is a rapid wilting of flowers, the best development reaches in the shade. In frosty winters, it slightly freezes slightly, but with the onset of spring growing season it is quickly restored. He needs a spacious place, protected from cold winds.
Features vines: blooms on shoots last year; shoots only turn wood at the base; tolerates urban environment.
Curly Tuberous Highlander
In addition to the above type in the amateur gardening there is a tuber highlander. Its elevated part in the form of leaves, shoots and inflorescences is very similar to the Baljuan mountaineer, but it blooms only in the fall.
It blooms, creating a fragrant aura, until the first frosts, and then, as befits a grassy liana, dies. The tuber is dug for winter and stored in the basement next to the rhizomes of cannas and dahlia tubers.
The tubers of this mountaineer are knobby, round or oval, weighing from 50 to 400 g, creamy yellow. In spring, it is desirable to germinate them on a windowsill or in a greenhouse a month before disembarking. When planting a mountaineer in the ground, the tubers of this plant species can be divided or cut into pieces.
They are planted at the lattices, it is possible at the fence of the chain-link mesh at a distance 1 m from each other, deepening no more than 10 cm.
By the autumn, a “nest” of them up to 100-1 kg is formed from a tuber weighing 1,5 g, with good care (watering, feeding, weeding, mulching). Already a few months after landing, the mountaineer completely covers the pergolas, walls and trellis. It is also used for decoration of fences, arbors, street lamps.
What this type of mountaineer looks like is shown in the photo: