Decorating any plot on hot summer days is a gazebo or any other nook where you can hide in the shade of climbing plants. For the organization of such corners are used various fast-growing vines. The girlish grape is one of the most popular cultures in Russia. Appreciated for its ability to grow rapidly and lush deciduous mass. The girlish grapes are pyatilistochkoy and triostracnee are common - in the landscape design of the site it is used for planting fences, building facades, sheltering arbors and pergolas. You can use it to form columns, arches and other elements of green architecture. It is mainly used for growing from seed in spring by sowing seedlings. But reproduction is possible by means of grafting.
Look at the photo of the girlish grape pyatilistochkovy and triostrenny - both types represent a high decorative value for any landscape design:
Description of the culture and the history of its distribution (with photo)
Parthenocissus is a genus of fast-growing vines, including 10 of various varieties. Parthenocissus culture description was first given by travelers more than three centuries ago. In wild form, the plant grows in Central Asia and in some regions of North America. Currently, the culture is quite popular, but the history of its distribution is rather thorny. The most frequent guests in Russian gardens are ivy-shaped or tri-stipe girlish grapes and virginian five-leafed variety. Look at them on a photo - creepers organically fit into various styles of landscape design:
The five-spotted partenocissus has a tremendous ability to tolerate quite severe Russian winters. Therefore, its cultivation is possible almost throughout the country except the regions of the Far North.
The name of the girl's culture was not accidental. The fact is that botanically the plant belongs to self-pollinating types, it does not require a pollinator. In the wild, partenos kisses produces seeds without pollination. In gardens, this condition persists, although it does not matter much in cultural cultivation.
For the first time in the landscape diazine, the plant began to be actively used in Europe in the middle of the seventeenth century. Vine fast-growing vines was common in public and private parks, gardens. They decorate various architectural groups, facades. Rapid growth allows the use of partenocissus in landscaping terraces, gazebos, balconies and loggias. For 1 year shoots can reach 15 meters in length. Throughout the summer, large openwork leaves have a rich green color, tinged with crimson by autumn. In early September, the liana is decorated with a scattering of dark blue, almost black berries that contrast favorably with the red autumn foliage. Be careful - the berries of the maiden grapes are not edible and can cause damage to the gastrointestinal tract.
Advantages and disadvantages of girlish grapes in landscape design
Any culture used for decorative purposes has a reverse “side of the coin”. The advantages of girlish grapes in landscape design leave no doubt as to the feasibility of use, however, the disadvantages should be known. Let's start by listing the merits of culture, these include the following advantages:
- high aesthetic qualities due to attractive foliage;
- unpretentiousness to environmental conditions, ability to grow on any soils;
- perfect wintering without additional shelters;
- the plant does not depend on the amount of sunlight, which makes the possibility of its use unlimited;
- resistance to pests and pathogens is high;
- saturates the surrounding air with oxygen and protects the facade of the building from excessive moisture.
In addition to the advantages, there are disadvantages that you should know and, if possible, try to neutralize. First of all, we should talk about a powerful root system capable of spreading tens of meters around the planted plant. The roots of the maiden grapes capture all the nutrients and moisture and deprive other cultural plantings.
With proper care and timely pruning, ivy does not create strong shading in a residential area, does not clog drainage systems, and does not destroy the foundation. Well, a long period of hibernation is a real problem. And it can be solved only with the help of the correct formation of the vine.
Growing maiden grapes from seed: planting and care (with video)
The use of this culture allows in a matter of weeks literally to transform any, even the most neglected, suburban area. Growing maiden grapes from seed is the most common method of reproduction. An alternative may be planting with cuttings, but for this you must be able to purchase them. As a rule, planting grapes with seeds is carried out in early March by seedling. The container is covered with soil, seeds are laid out on the surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. Shoots appear after 2 weeks. Then, with the appearance of the first pair of true leaves, a pick is carried out in separate cups. Thus, by mid-May, you can get a strong and strong creeper up to 50 cm. After landing on a permanent "place of residence" care is to form a vine, abundant regular watering. At the end of this page you can watch a video that shows the main stages of this agricultural technology.
Planting maiden grapes cuttings includes several stages. To start the soil is prepared. In order to exclude the spread of the root system throughout the site, you can dig in an iron barrel and plant a cutting in it. At the bottom of the barrel is laid drainage. Then the turf soil mixed with organic humus is filled up. The hole is dug up to the depth of 20, see. A cutting with roots is buried in it. The soil surface is mulched. The first watering should be abundant. It is then watered daily in dry weather and 1 once a week during rainy weather. It is necessary to immediately establish a support around which the growing liana will twist. If this is not done in a timely manner, then it will be extremely difficult to disentangle the thickets. If the landing is carried out near the facade or fence, support is not required. Antennae of girlish grapes are equipped with special suckers that are easily attached to any wooden, metal or concrete surface.
Caring for the liana should include regular application of mineral fertilizers. In early spring, you can sprinkle with a solution of nitroammofoski, after 2 weeks begins a comprehensive feeding, consisting of a solution of mullein and potash fertilizer.
Mulching allows you to retain moisture and create favorable conditions for growth. The optimum layer of mulch is 6-8, see.
Pruning is an obligatory agrotechnical measure in the care of the five-spot grapes. It takes place in the 3 stage:
- all frozen and dried shoots are removed in the spring, a place is made available for the growth of new green shoots;
- during the summer, 1 once a week should be cut off the extra shoots;
- in the fall, in preparation for wintering, those shoots are removed that are too thick planting.
Look at the video of the process of planting and growing girlish grapes in landscape design: