In addition to the present climbing hop, this name is appropriated to other ornamental plants. For example, in botanical reference books some types of bindweeds, princes and moon seedlings are called hop. In addition to landscaping suburban areas, this culture is used for other purposes: cooking, baking, brewing, textile industry.
In the culture of hop climbing mastered since the early middle ages. This is a grassy vine, the length of which reaches 7-8 m. It is the longest wild grass known to us. Twenty or more years the rhizome of the vines has been living, throwing out new long stems each year.
The description, tips on planting and grooming climbing hop can be found on this page.
What hops look like and how it is used
As soon as the ground warms up in spring, the buds of rhizomes wake up, pushing out thick juicy shoots. In appearance, these shoots resemble vegetable asparagus, with which they can compete on the table at this time. Hop shoots and taste are similar to asparagus.
But the shoots quickly reached for a support, wrapped around it. Hexagonal, hollow, like hemp grows, stems quickly. Curls their hops strictly clockwise. For tenacity, thin, flexible and long stems are equipped with spike-suckers.
Hop leaves are opposite, on long purple petioles. The rhizomes are powerful, the taproot goes to a depth of 3 m, and the overgrowing roots are located in the soil layer to 60, see.
The flowering of this climbing plant will quickly reveal the heterosexual hop. Male flowers are small, gathered in panicles. Mature pollen-like grains are light, dry. Caught up by the wind, they can be transported over a distance of 3 km.
After discarding panicle fall off. Other female inflorescences are cones hanging in bunches from branches. The lump consists of flowers placed on the crankshaft. Fertilized female flowers subsequently produce seeds, which are small brown nuts.
See what the curly hop looks like on these photos:
Hop blossoms long, from late June to August. At the end of flowering on the scales and the ovary, it is easy to notice small golden-yellow bubbles. These are lupulin glands, for the sake of which people from old time have bred hops. Put this spice in kvass for perfume. In bread baking, it can replace yeast.
Ripe hop cones are so rich in Lupulin that it is worth touching as one of them literally sprinkles yellow powder. As soon as the bumps begin to exude a delicate aroma, and the scales noticeably brighten - it's time to start cleaning hops.
For what purposes only it was not used! It turned out that this plant can give and oil, which is obtained from inflorescences, and fiber, not inferior in strength to hemp.
Young shoots before blooming of leaves in the Caucasus are used as a vegetable. Raw shoots are crumbled and eaten in a salad, boiled - sprinkled with peanut sauce and eaten instead of beans and asparagus. Young leaves, chopped and fermented with salt, are suitable for boiling green cabbage instead of cabbage or nettle.
Breeding climbing hop
Climbing hops are propagated by vegetative shoots, which awaken each year from the buds on the surface of the rhizome or from the buds on the underground part of the last year's stem, on which the roots develop.
All lash in the fall to be cut. The cut signal is complete extinction of the stems.
When growing this creeper, keep in mind that climbing hop is light-requiring, but it grows better with even illumination and makes shading.
And for decorative purposes, this unpretentious vine can be used with great success for gardening fences, supports for lamps, decorating the unsightly walls of various buildings.
Hops have the ability to spread self-sowing, because of what sometimes becomes hard-to-dig a malicious weed.
The main agrotechnical methods of planting and caring for curling hops are shown in these photos: