As with any other plant, the right care when growing hydrangeas - a pledge of lush flowering and longevity of the bush. Unlike peonies, before planting a hydrangea, the landing pit can not be prepared in advance - it will be enough to bring the necessary components into it just on the eve or even on the day of planting. Some species, for example, tree, in general, the composition of the soil is of little demand. After you prepare the plants for the winter, share your summer observations with friends, read the necessary books and articles. If the snow fell, you can go to the country and throw it to the shelter. In the winter, study the prospectuses, get acquainted with the novelties, dream about future purchases and think about where to put them. During the off-season, orders are received for plants and, if you do not want to miss something, study the catalogs, because rare varieties can quickly end.
On this page, you will learn how to plant hydrangea in open ground and how to care for plants.
When and how to plant garden hydrangea in open ground
The first thing you need to decide is when to plant a garden hydrangea on the site. Theoretically, plants in a container can be planted throughout the season. But it is better to do it all the same in spring or autumn. Every time has its pros and cons.
The planting season begins as soon as the snow melts and the soil is suitable for processing. On warm areas - this is the middle of May. If the hydrangea grew in the open ground in the next nursery - no problem. But if she is a “foreigner”, who came from abroad, she has to be careful with her buds and protruding tender leaves. Frosts such plants definitely will not survive. Therefore, it is better to postpone the landing until June, or, if you constantly live outside the city, in case of a cold snap, cover the bush with non-woven material (agril, spunbond, lutrasil, etc.).
The hydrangea root system is wide, so it does not make sense to dig a deep hole. In order to plant the hydrangea correctly, as practice shows, the hole must be of such a diameter that the roots fit in it in the straightened state. In hydrangeas, the root system is always wider than the crown.
Ideally, the land should be clayey, fertile with admixture of peat, humus and pine needles. The optimal pH value of 4,5 is 6. Dolomite flour, lime and ashes are not added to the soil; complex fertilizers are mixed in instead. The only hydrangea with which the composition of the soil is almost indifferent is tree.
Autumn planting usually attracts flower growers by the fact that they buy an already flowering shrubbery and are absolutely sure that they are planting the type and variety. But she is only suitable for tree hydrangeas, Bredshneider and panicled. These plants are hardy enough. But still, when you take care of the hydrangea after planting, do not forget to mix the tree trunk with a layer of leaves, shavings or peat. Thermophilic hydrangeas, as well as small (usually rooted cuttings 20-30 cm tall) are sold, it is better not to experiment with petiolian hydrangea in the fall - most likely they will not survive the winter.
Summer planting is less preferable, since the plant will often have to be watered, especially at first, because the soil in which the plant was in the pot will dry out faster than the surrounding soil.
The photo of planting and caring for hydrangeas shows how these agricultural techniques are performed:
The following describes how to care for hydrangea in the garden by month.
How to care for hydrangea in the garden
Before landing in the garden is still far away. Therefore, if you already have seedlings in containers, hide them in the cellar, on the glazed loggia or in the refrigerator.
If you have large-leaved or other not quite frost-resistant hydrangeas that are under cover, you should pay a visit to the plot, see how they wintered and air them. On the shelter you can throw snow. Previously, the awakening of the kidneys to you to anything, there may be more cold.
If the snow has melted, it has become sunny and warm, the shelter must be urgently removed so that the plants do not mate. Need to open in the evening or in cloudy weather, so that hydrangeas are accustomed to the light. And, of course, gradually, without baring the trunks in one day. Is that out of curiosity, as they are there, then immediately cover a little. But it is not necessary to remove lurasil from branches, as well as to remove a thick layer of mulch. Variety 'Amethyst Magical' on pristvolnyh circles and backfilling of bases of shrubs broadleaf and other thermophilic hydrangeas.
According to the proper agrotechnology of growing hydrangeas, at the beginning of the month it is possible to cut off those plants that overwinter without shelter, since the sap flow has not yet begun.
It is important to remove last year's inflorescences (they themselves will not fall off, but only disfigure the waking bush), cut off the shoots to the first pair of strong buds and clean the bushes from thin branches.
New items can be planted even in the first half of the month, if they do not promise frosts and positive weather has been established. Just do not forget one important rule of planting and care for hydrangeas in the open field: we plant - we shade. Frost and cooling will still be for sure, so if you do not live outside the city constantly, wind the plants with lutrasil.
With thermophilic hydrangeas remove excess mulch, unravel. Lutrasil do not touch yet!
When caring for garden hydrangeas in the open field during this period, start feeding plants with complex mineral fertilizers. Then you can fertilize with a mash from rotted manure.
The time of the first pleasures - the stalked hydrangea and Bretshneider begins to bloom.
This month, cut semi-woody cuttings. Tree, paniculate, large-leaved, well rooted, but petiolate - much worse.
In early July, while the shoots have not matured, cutting can be continued. But it is better to rest, especially since a wave of mass flowering has come. Starts blooming hydrangea panic 'Bulk', comes the turn of the tree. Frozen Sargent hydrangeas and other heat-loving species grow to the stage of flowering. Blooms! large-leaved hydrangea, in late August, the second wave of flowering of its “remontant” varieties begins. The hottest months have come, so hydrangeas do not forget to water. The lack of water will indicate drooping leaves. So that the shoots can be woody in time, they start feeding with phosphate and potash fertilizers.
Buying hydrangea in bloom is a very attractive option. You see that you acquire - no re-grading. But if the plants are planted very late, there is a risk that they will not have time to take root, spring planting in this case is preferable. To be faithful to late hydrangea planted It is possible to mulch the stem around a thick layer of leaves, shavings or peat.
Young bushes of tree, petiole, paniculate hydrangea should be wrapped with lutrasil. And pristvolnye circles zamulchirovat peat, sawdust, wood chips, leaves, crushed bark. Adult bushes do not need to cover, but the mulch also does not hurt them. Thermophilic hydrangeas (oak-leaved, Sargent, rough, sawed, broadleaf) must be thoroughly covered. Initially, they spud, then mulch, cover. For abundant flowering of broadleaf hydrangea, including the remontant, it is important to preserve old shoots, especially the upper buds.
Watch a video of planting and caring for hydrangeas in the garden to better understand how to grow these plants: