A bouquet of hydrangeas - a fantastic sight. Unfortunately, the century of cut-off inflorescences is not long - just 5-10 days, and even then, if you use any special techniques. The easiest of them is to remove as many leaves as possible, update the cut and split the ends of the shoots. And then put the bouquet in a vase, the best glass. Metal containers are strictly contraindicated.
Want to enjoy the hydrangea longer - buy a plant in a pot. In this case, frost resistance does not matter, therefore, it seems that you can choose any variety you like. However, this is not quite true. The plant must be small and compact, otherwise it will take a lot of space and in the end will require a large, and therefore very heavy flowerpot.
A small hydrangea can be placed on the windowsill or carried out on the balcony, buried pot in a box with the ground. To hydrangea pleased you for two months, or even three, do not forget to protect it from the midday sun rays, constantly water and spray with settled water, and also put into practice other ways of caring for a home plant.
Varieties of homemade hydrangeas
Hortensia is a flowering shrub from a group of perennial garden crops. The leaves are rather large with pointed edges, their color is saturated green. There are two types of flowers - large fruitless and small fruit bearing, collected in spherical inflorescences, similar to large caps.
Pay attention to this photo: hydrangea at home is represented by these two species of flowers:
The color of flowers varied:
from snow white to cream color
Light green color
Most often in the home grow the most capricious variety of hydrangea - large leaf. Also on the window sills of many houses and apartments you can see other varieties of this beautiful flowering plant - tree, petiole and panicle hydrangea. In room culture, hydrangeas are much more compact than garden varieties, and their flowering time is longer.
Different varieties of homemade hydrangea - pictured below:
Ways to multiply the hydrangea at home
Hydrangea at home will delight its owner with a long and violent annual flowering only with proper care of the plant. To do this, it is important to ensure proper care, which consists of planting, watering, fertilizer, and proper lighting.
There is a 3 way to grow a homemade hydrangea, which throughout the entire period of its life (3-4 of the year) will turn green and please with a riot of colors. You can grow a indoor flower in these ways:
- Sprouting from seed. When choosing this method of growing hydrangeas, the seeds of a flowering plant are spread on the soil surface, slightly sprinkled on top of them with earth, then covered with a glass pot or film. Once a day, for 30-40 minutes, the film or glass must be removed from the ground for air to enter the soil. After the first seedlings appear, the glass should be removed, wait for the first two or three leaves to form and pick the hydrangea in pots with a diameter of 7, see.
- Division of the bush. This is another good way to multiply a homemade hydrangea; it is the easiest and most painless for a plant. The bush is divided in spring, for this it is removed from the pot, divided into parts so that the new plant has a root and point of growth. Before planting a bush, the roots are shortened, plants are watered and the soil is covered with peat.
- Cuttings. Experienced growers use this option as well. breeding home hydrangeaas grafting. How to multiply the hydrangea at home by cutting? It should be carried out in January-February to get a multi-bush. If, however, to carry out the reproduction of hydrangea at home by cutting the spring, this will lead to the formation of a single-bush. From root shoots, cuttings of length 7-9 cm are cut, each of them must have at least three internodes. After pruning, the cuttings need to be treated with a root stimulator, applying it to the cut, and then they take root in a substrate of peat and sand. Plants should be indoors at + 18- + 20 degrees. Full rooting of plants occurs within 3-4 weeks. They can be planted in April, and the division of the bush is recommended in the spring when transplanting hydrangeas.
By choosing one of the ways how to grow hydrangea at home, you can almost always have a flowering plant on your windowsill.
For planting hydrangeas at home, you can make an earthen mixture of turf and coniferous land, peat, shredded pine bark and river sand in ratios 2: 1: 1: 0,5: 0,5.
All methods of breeding and planting home hydrangea are shown here on video by experienced growers:
How to grow hydrangea in a pot and how to care for it at home
Home care for home hydrangea is not much different from the preferences of her garden relative. In the house it is necessary to find a spacious bright place for the plant, which will not fall into direct sunlight. The most comfortable temperature for healthy growth and development of the indoor flower is + 20 ºC. In addition, it is important to prevent the formation of drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
The comfort of the temperature for this indoor flower is indicated by its green leaves. If he starts to dump them, it means that the air temperature in the room is too high for him.
Caring for home hydrangea also involves maintaining the necessary level of humidity. For this indoor flower humidity should be high enough. To create favorable conditions, you can use a humidifier, or near the pot to put a saucer with water or a tray with wet moss and stones.
Features of such care for hydrangea at home in the photo below:
During the care and cultivation of homemade hydrangea, special attention should be paid to its watering. This indoor flower is one of the moisture-loving crops, so the whole period of activity must be often and abundantly watered.
Caring for hydrangea in a pot at home should be based on the following rules for watering the plant:
- The soil around the roots should always be moderately wet, it is important not to allow it to dry completely, and the top layer of soil should be slightly dried before watering. If you follow this recommendation, how to care for your home hydrangea, the roots will not rot, and the plant will not hurt.
- In the dormant period, which occurs immediately after the hydrangea has faded, the frequency of irrigation is gradually reduced. In winter, you just need to ensure that the earthen room does not dry out.
- As soon as new green leaves are noticed on the bush, the frequency of watering should be resumed as before.
- Water the flower should be soft settled water at room temperature.
How to care for homemade hydrangea in the pot in the summer?
In summer, the plant needs fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. Twice a week the plant is recommended to be watered with a solution prepared from such mineral substances as 30 g of potassium sulfate, 40 g of superphosphate, 30 g of ammonium nitrate. All these components should be mixed and well dissolved in a bucket of water.
Starting in mid-August, feeding should be stopped. During this period, the vegetative growth of the plant is suspended, and new buds begin to be laid. After some time, weak, fully formed shoots and basal growth will have to be removed.
To get a lush flowering bush, when growing hydrangea at home, experienced growers recommend applying two types of fertilizer from different sides of the pot:
- Ammonium-potassium alum at the rate of 10 alum per 2 l of water. Alum is often replaced by iron salts, with the result that the inflorescences will turn blue.
- On the other side of the pot add lime, because of what hydrangea flowers will get a lilac shade.
In order to obtain the most uniform blue color of hydrangea inflorescences, the plant is sprayed with a solution of aluminum citrate. To prepare the solution, take 50 g of this substance on 1 l of water.
In soil with a neutral pH, hydrangea of white or cream color will grow. The unique property of a plant to acquire different shades is due to its ability to accumulate aluminum. As a result of even the most minimal oxidation of the soil, the flowers become bright in color. For oxidation, you can use peat, sawdust or coniferous substrate. To reduce the acidity of the soil is suitable lime and ash.
Caring for hydrangea in a pot: requirements for lighting and maintenance in winter
For the successful cultivation of home hydrangea, except for proper planting and watering, it is important to comply with the requirements for lighting, which is necessary for the growth and development of the indoor flower. This flowering plant does not like too bright light, in such conditions on its leaves white spots are formed. However, the dim light does not contribute to the development and growth of hydrangeas.
How to care for hydrangea at home, what kind of lighting suits her best? Hortensia loves the light, so you need to place it on the window sills, which are located on the south side, but it is important to prevent direct sunlight. You can create a shade using a cardboard to protect the leaves and flowers of the hydrangea from sunburn. If possible, you can put a pot with a potted flower at a distance 3-4 m from the window.
Hydrangeas need winter rest. Therefore, in October, after cutting off the leaves, transfer it to a dark room, where during the winter the temperature stays at the level of 7-10 degrees of heat. From late February - early March, the plant is usually returned to a bright, warm room.
By the way, at first large-leaved hydrangea was grown in the premises: in greenhouses and cool rooms. When kept in a hot room in winter, it will simply die due to a lack of light and low humidity and the attack of a spider mite. In addition, the plant needs rest for restoring the forces it spent on flowering, and if this requirement is not followed, then the next time the plant can please its owner with luxurious flowers only after a year, not earlier.
If there is no suitable place for wintering hydrangea, after flowering it should be planted without delay in the garden, and then do not forget to carefully cover.
How to grow homemade hydrangea: transplanting and pruning
The annual transplant contributes to the beautiful flowering, which is best done in the fall, after the plant has faded. It is best to take a mixture of sand, peat, leaf and sod land in relation to 0,5: 1: 1: 2. Use humus for planting is not recommended. Be sure to do a good drainage, consisting of expanded clay or small pebbles.
Choose wide pots, as the roots expand in width, not in length. In addition, the new pot should be one and a half times larger than the old one. For planting home hydrangea always need to use a wide pot, which is due to the well-developed root system of a flowering shrub.
When planting and caring for hydrangea at home, it is important to timely prune it. In this case, the bush will be lush and neat. Pruning a room flower, as well as a garden plant, is needed in order to save it from weak shoots. Such care is carried out twice a year. The first time weak shoots are cut in the fall after flowering, they are cut off completely, and strong - in half.
Pruning is done in the spring, it is necessary to remove strongly elongated and weak shoots. For the formation of a beautiful lush bush of the correct form, growers recommend trimming the top.
Demonstrated such care for home hydrangea in this photo:
Mistakes in growing homemade hydrangeas
In the process of planting and caring for home hydrangea, many gardeners are faced with the problem of reproduction of pests that cause serious damage to the plant. The development and growth of the indoor flower usually slows down or stops altogether, and in such a case it is not possible to wait for flowering. Moreover, if you do not timely protect the flower from pests, it can die.
However, this will not happen if you do not allow the following care errors:
- Frequent overflows and too high humidity. These are the main causes of gray mold. The treatment is carried out using a drug such as Bordeaux.
- Increased temperature in the room. With high air temperature and high humidity, favorable conditions are created for the appearance of the powdery mildew disease. You can find it on such grounds as oily stains on the leaves and stems. After some time after their appearance, the spots become yellow. If you do not conduct a special treatment, the hydrangea will die. Copper-based preparations are used to eliminate powdery mildew. To get rid of the disease will help another remedy, prepared on the basis of such components as green soap - 150 g, and blue vitriol - 15 grams. They are mixed and diluted in 10 l of water, after which the affected plant is treated.
- Dry indoor air is an ideal environment for spider mites and aphids. Dual treatment of indoor flower with Actellic or soapy water will help to destroy these parasites.
- As a result of insufficient lighting, improper watering, lack of or even an overabundance of minerals in the soil, these flowering houseplants turn yellow.
- Poor watering and low air humidity cause the hydrangea to dry out. Drying can also occur with illiterate transplantation or improper feeding of the shrub. Damage to the root system during transplantation is particularly adverse on the condition and appearance of the indoor flower.
- After the hydrangea dries out, there is a massive leaf fall.. You can stop this process if you ensure abundant watering and increase the humidity of the air.
Features and rules for protection against hydrangea pests at home on the video below: