Everyone has varieties of panicle hydrangea, unlike tree, petiole, large-leaved, ashen and other forms, inflorescences are elongated. They resemble fluffy panicles, which is why the species got its name. According to the description, paniculate hydrangea can be compared only with the oak-leaved variety, but, of course, the heroine of this material gains in brightness, density and duration of flowering.
The most favorite shrubs gardeners: panicle hydrangea, chubushnik, lilac. Every shrub is good in its own way. But the lead from this trio is still hydrangea. Firstly, she is a true champion in the duration of flowering. Secondly, it grows and blooms in partial shade without any problems, where lilacs and a pince-face will wither. Thirdly, its hats decorate the garden exactly when almost everything has already faded, and only dahlias await the end of the holiday - the first autumn frost.
Recently, new varieties of paniculate hydrangeas appear literally every year. To understand this stream is difficult even for specialists. Look at all the forms of "live", and especially on new items, nowhere, even abroad. It is expected that a collection of the best varieties of paniculate hydrangeas will soon appear in the Botanical Garden on Prospekt Mira.
Photos of adult panicle hydrangea with a detailed description are very rare, nurseries do not indulge buyers with such gifts. So we have to collect information bit by bit. And, of course, experimenting at your own risk.
Selection of hydrangea paniculata
Previously, with panicle hydrangea, everything was simple - in the Russian noble estates and later on the summer cottages there was only one cultivar - 'Grandiflora'. He was brought to 1829 by a German doctor Philipp Philipp Franz von Siebold, who had worked on islands in the Nagasaki area for several years, from Japan. Another old variety, 'Floribunda', caught by Karl Maksimovich in 1860 in Petersburg from a Japanese nursery, did not receive such wide distribution among us. A little later, two more cultivars became known in Europe - 'Rgaesoh' and 'Kyushu'.
The origin of them was all the same - Japanese.
The situation changed in the fifties, the prologue of the century, when two enthusiasts - Robert and Elena de Belder (Jelena and Robert de Beider) - took up the selection of paniculate hydrangeas. Flower growers owe their appearance to them! such masterpieces as 'Unique', 'Brussels Lace' and 'Pink Diamond'.
Breeders in Europe and the United States are still working with the legacy of de Belder. For example, using plants from their arboretum in the 1970-80-ies. Dutchman Peter Zweinenburg (Pieter Zwijnenburg) gave the world such beautiful varieties of paniculate hydrangeas, like 'Phantom ', 'Limelight' and 'Silver Dollar'. The first cultivar has become famous for the largest size of inflorescences to date, the second for its extraordinary, limonaceous sterile flowers, the third for its spectacular appearance of the bush: large pyramidal inflorescences and strong, vertical shoots.
Then you can see the photos, names and descriptions of varieties of paniculate hydrangeas, popular with gardeners.
The best varieties of panicle hydrangea for the Moscow region: photo and description
The height of the bush 2 m. Inflorescence in length to 30 cm, conical, fertile and sterile flowers. White, later pinking. It blooms until October.
The height of the bush 2-3 m. The inflorescence is a wide cone, 20-30 cm long. The flowers of this variety are paniculate hydrangea, suitable for the Moscow region, sterile, creamy-white, then pink. It blooms until October.
'Great Star' ('Le Vasterival')
The height of the 2 bush is m. The inflorescence is round, with a diameter of 15, see. Among the fertile flowers are sterile, very large, white, in the form of a “propeller”. It blooms until September.
'Dart's Little Dot' ('Darlibo')
The height of the bush 0,8-1 m. The inflorescence is spherical, with a diameter of 15 cm, white flowers, sterile and fertile. It blooms until October.
The height of the bush 3 m. Narrowly, loose inflorescence, length 20-35 cm, white flowers, sterile and fertile. It blooms until mid-August.
The height of the 2,3 bush is m. The inflorescence is wide-conical, cm long 30, the flowers are sterile, light green, then white. This one of the best varieties of paniculate hydrangeas for the Moscow region blooms until the beginning of October.
'Mega Mindy' ('Ilvomindi')
The height of the bush 1,8 m. Conical inflorescence, up to 30 cm. Most of the flowers are sterile. The color is white, then red pink. It blooms until August.
1,6 bush height m. As seen in the photo, this paniculate hydrangea has a conical inflorescence, cm long 20:
The flowers are sterile, white, then rich pink. Continues to bloom in October.
The height of the bush 2-3 m. The cone-shaped inflorescence, up to 30, see. The flowers are sterile and fertile, white, then pink. Continues to bloom in October.
2 bush height m. Look at the photo - in this variety of paniculate hydrangea, the inflorescence is the largest, conically rounded, 30 long, see:
The flowers are sterile, white, then light pink. It blooms until October. Reminds a variety of 'Grandiflora'.
The height of the bush 2 m. Inflorescence shirokokonicheskoe, up to 40, see Sterile and fertile flowers, white. It blooms until October.
'Vanille Fraise' ('Renhy')
The height of the 1,8 shrub is m. The inflorescence is wide-oxical, cm long 30, the flowers are small sterile, pale pink. This panicle hydrangea, recommended for the Moscow region, continues to bloom in October.
The height of the bush 1,7-4 m. The inflorescence is conical-rounded, to 25, see. The flowers are sterile, creamy-white, then pink. It blooms in October.
The height of the bush 1,3-3 m. The inflorescence is conical, 25 long, see. The flowers are sterile and fertile, white. It blooms in October.
The height of the 2-3 bush is m. The inflorescence is a wide cone, see 25 long. One-third of the flowers are small fertile, the rest are sterile, white, then intense red. In the garden, this paniculate hydrangea blooms until September.
If you delve into the Internet, look into various forums, it becomes clear that the leader in this list is 'Limelight'. Behind him come 'Vanille Fraise' ('Renhy') and 'Phantom', and, perhaps, the 'Grandiflora' n'Kyushu '.
When describing varieties of the best paniculate hydrangeas, one should not forget about especially fragrant forms. In theory, fragrant can include all hydrangeas, which have a lot of fertile flowers. However, the flavor of the varieties is different and not always pleasant. Well, that at a distance, it is usually not heard.
However, there are varieties, as the merits of which the fragrance is mentioned in the first place!
For example, hydrangeas smell honeyWim's red'and'Big Ben'.
Admire the photos of the best varieties of paniculate hydrangeas for Moscow region on these photos:
AGM Panicled Hydrangea Varieties: Photos and Names
Over the past twenty or thirty years, the varieties of hydrangea paniculata have appeared so much that the florist closely faced the problem of choice.
Most Russian gardeners solve the problem simply, buying up all the new items in a row. But foreigners have become thoughtful. The varieties they have on sale are much larger, and the gardens are smaller in area. In 2008, the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) of England has published a bulletin on hydrangea paniculata.
The goal is to acquaint lovers with 47 best varieties, especially those that have been rewarded for garden virtues - AGM (“Award of Garden Merit”).
New and old cultivars were evaluated in terms of availability of the variety for buyers, relative ease of cultivation, suitability for use in garden design, as well as the appearance of buds and flowers, stability of the shape and shades of inflorescences, decorative foliage, color of shoots, resistance to diseases and pests.
The winners are varieties: 'Big Ben' (2008) 'Floribunda' (1993) 'Grandiflora' (1993) 'Kyushu' (1993) 'Limelight' (2008) 'Phantom' (2008) 'Pink Diamond' (1993) 'Pinki-Winki' (2008) 'Silver Dollar' (2008) 'Unique' (1993).
The closest candidates for the award are grades:
To overcome the bar they are hampered by one circumstance - according to the judges, they are not yet sufficiently accessible to a wide range of amateurs.
What is good variety 'Dolly'? The height of the plant is approximately 1,5 m. The inflorescences are conical, dense, very blooming. Experts consider it one of the most attractive hydrangeas. 'Pink Lady' is distinguished by an elegant conical inflorescence, with a blush covering the end of summer.
By the way, 'Pink Lady' is the same age as 'Dolly', both varieties are registered in 1990.
In addition, the Royal Society of Gardeners of England held a ranking of varieties. Plants were evaluated on a three-point system. Three points mean great, two - very good, one - good.
- Three points were awarded a grade: 'Big Ben', 'Dolly', 'Kyushu', 'Limelight', 'Phantom', 'Pink Diamond', 'Pink Lady', 'Pinki Winki', 'Silver Dollar'.
- Two hydrangeas received points: 'Brussels Lace', 'Chantilly Lace', 'Dharuma', 'Last Post', 'Martinvast', 'Praecox', 'Skylight', 'Unique', 'Starlight Fantasy' ('Degustar'), 'Vanille Fraise'.
- One point went to varieties: 'Dart's Little Dot' ('Darlibo'), 'Greenspire', 'Taiwan From', 'Mega Pearl', 'Mid Late Summer', 'Sherwood', 'Vera', 'White Moth'.
Several varieties have not received any positive evaluation.
Surprisingly, it was rejected by the beloved RussiansWhite lady'.
See how the best varieties of panicle hydrangeas look on these photos:
The most beautiful varieties of paniculate hydrangeas: photos and description of flowers
Most of the hydrangeas change their color from white or cream to pink and even crimson, which is especially appreciated by Russian gardeners. The most spectacular in this sense, the variety 'Diamand Rouge'. 2011 New. Awarded a silver medal at the competition during the largest international exhibition Plantarium 2011 (Holland). By the fall of its inflorescences become red-purple, almost with a purple shimmer, and the leaves - rich orange.
Another interesting cultivar - 'Wim's red'- in August, the inflorescences acquire a maroon-red hue.
'Big Ven' - One of the most beautiful varieties of paniculate hydrangeas, it is awarded the English Royal Gardeners Society award for garden virtues (AGM). Attractive large conical inflorescences, by the end of flowering becoming rich dark pink.
As can be seen in the photo, the variety of garden panicled hydrangeas'Mega mindy'(' Ilvomindi ') dense large cone-shaped inflorescence from white gradually turns into crimson:
In search of bright colors you should pay attention to the series. magical:
Especially good varieties'Magical Fare''Pinki winki'and'Magical flame' with purple-pink conical inflorescences. They differ in size: the first is much higher.
Do not forget the classics - "peaks" of inflorescences 'Pinki Winki' and widespread caps 'Pink Diamond' и 'Magical Flame'.
And if you still want white? So that in the coming autumn twilight hydrangea pearl clouds soar ?!
In this case, you can advise the grade 'White diamond'. This is a small shrub rounded shape, height 1,3 m. Its inflorescences remain white until late autumn.
Dwarf Bushes Panicled Hydrangeas
And what about those who have a garden really small or there is simply no place for a large bush? Search for hydrangea babes. By the way, such varieties of dwarf paniculate hydrangeas are useful for a low hedge, and even for a border. They will look good in a small mixborder. By the way, reducing the size of the bush is one of the modern areas of breeding hydrangeas.
The "highest" of babes, 1,2 m - 'Sandae fraise'('Rensan'). Looks like 'Vanille Fraise'. The variety received a silver medal at the Plantarium 2010 competition (Holland).
Same height 'Dharuma' - slow growing shrub. Differs in very early and incredibly plentiful flowering.
Even lower dwarf 'Bombshell', the height of the whole 1 m, with a dense spherical crown.
Look at the photo - the flowers of this panicle hydrangea are numerous, dense, almost round:
'Dart's Little Dot' ('Darlibo') also meter hydrangea. Her inflorescences are very interesting, in shape resemble hydrangea inflorescences Bretschneider.
Recently appeared grade 'Little lime'- relative of the beauty'Limelight'. The bush is good, the mini-copy of "mum". Height up to 1 m.
Very Baby - Grade 'Bobo' ('Ilvobo'). Plant height - 60-70, see. Bush is compact, inflorescences are huge, dense, pinking quickly. Shoots vertical. For smaller gardens, it can also be grown in containers on balconies and terraces. In 2010, the variety received a gold medal at FLORALL (Belgium).
Below are photos and descriptions of new varieties of paniculate hydrangeas.
New varieties of garden paniculate hydrangeas
Height 3 m and even more. Spectacular foliage. Inflorescences narrow, large, up to 50 cm tall. Powerful shoots.
'Magical Moonlight' ('Kolmagino')
Translated into Russian, the name of the variety sounds like "Magic Moonlight." One of the most beautiful paniculate hydrangeas. Height 2-2,5 m. Tough shoots. Dense "stuffed" elongated white-green inflorescences. Improved version of 'Limelight'. On a sunny place in a continental climate, the flowers quickly turn white.
The height of the plant is 1,8. The shoots are bright red, the inflorescences are large, conical. Differs in plentiful blossoming and strong aroma. By autumn, the flowers of this paniculate hydrangea become dark pink in color.
Obtained by crossing two varieties: 'Limelight' и 'Grandiflora'. Height to 1,5-2 m. The main feature of this variety are very dense conical inflorescences up to 40 cm in height on hard, strong stems. Flowers immediately slightly pistachio, then white and cream, by the end of the summer they appear pale pink. The inflorescences of this new variety of paniculate hydrangea are distributed evenly throughout the bush, creating the impression of a huge blooming bouquet. Flowering from July to late autumn.
2011 New. Awarded a silver medal at the Plantarium 2011 competition (Holland). The bush is dense, compact. The autumn shade of inflorescences and leaves is unique. The inflorescences become red-purple by autumn, almost with a purple shimmer, and the leaves are saturated-orange.
In 2013, the hydrangea paniculata Candlelight was awarded a silver medal at Plantrium. Shoots are vertical, strong, beautiful dark red color. Panicles of inflorescences - yellow-lemon, by summer - pastel, creamy-white-yellow, large up to 20 cm, pointed. Abundant flowering of this new paniculate hydrangea begins quite early and lasts from mid-June to late August - early September. Shrub medium height 100-120 cm, with pronounced vertical growth.
This grade 2015 g. Is a new standard for assessing the merits of all paniculate hydrangeas. Vertical strong inflorescences are converted from pure white to saturated garnet-pink color very quickly. Thick, very strong stems hold heavy inflorescences in an upright position without problems. Very early flowering: since the beginning of summer. The flowers become saturated with garnet red before other varieties start to bloom. High winter hardiness. 1,5 bush height - 1,7 m.
Sort on the fan. This wonder is grown for the sake of original foliage. Green leaves at the beginning of the growing season are covered with cream and white strokes and specks. In July, the leaves become sharpened. How abundant flowering is still unknown. The variety appeared in our country relatively recently.
New hardy variety, height 2,5-3 m. The shoots are strong, numerous, large inflorescences up to 25 cm, they blush early. In 2011, the variety received an award at FLORALL.
Here you can see photos of varieties of paniculate hydrangeas, the names of which are given on this page:
Fans of hydrangeas are sometimes waiting for an unpleasant discovery. The plant, extracted by hook or by crook, finally blossoms, but the inflorescence does not correspond to the description of the variety, nor its photos on the Internet. How can you not be upset!
Do not rush to blame everyone in the world for fraud and throw out the "intruder" from the garden. Most likely, your plant is simply not mature enough. Many hydrangeas varietal signs may not appear immediately, for this sometimes must pass several years. By the way, this feature is characteristic of the classic variety 'Grandiflora'. Can be capricious and 'Limelight'. This beauty needs special lighting, diffused light. Having planted a shrub in full sun, you can never wait for lime colors. The same can happen when landing in dense penumbra.
Of course, re-grading cannot be ruled out. But even in this case, look at your purchase. What is more important for you in the end: a label or a beautiful plant ?!
The next section of the article is devoted to how to care for panicle hydrangeas in the garden.
How to care for paniculate hydrangea in the country (with photos)
Caring for paniculate hydrangea in the open field is not at all complicated, because this bush is simply “not killed”. It grows everywhere, except swamps and clean sand. True, alkaline soils are not very fond of, but in the middle zone of Russia they must also be searched.
Baby hydrangea, like a kitten, you can caress, just kill their attention and care. For example, drag around the site in search of the most suitable place. Or in the process of how to grow paniculate hydrangea, you can feed it so that it simply does not carry the winter. Hortensia can be trivially poured; this plant, despite the name, which translates from ancient Greek as a “vessel with water”, simply will not endure frequent irrigation on clay soil. Do not use imported and fertilizers prolonged action. They are undoubtedly good, but are designed for a longer period of vegetation, and can prevent the plant in time to prepare for a state of rest.
It is certainly possible to feed paniculate hydrangea in the care of the garden, but it is better not to rake the last year’s foliage under the plant and mulch with pine needles.
Whether to water the paniculata hydrangea when grown? Only in drought.
Does the soil loosen under paniculate hydrangeas? Better not worth it. You can, of course, a centimeter three depth, but why? The root system of the hydrangea is superficial, only the roots accidentally damage. But the mulch of this beauty will only be useful. Yes, and no weeds.
The photo of care for paniculate hydrangea shows all the main agricultural methods:
How to grow paniculate hydrangea: the formation of the bush
It is better to spend 2-4 on the formation, than to try to give the plant a decent look every year.
But everything is simple. In the year of planting, you should not cut the plant at all - leave it alone, let it settle down and acclimatize at a new place. A year after planting, before the growing season, look at your new product and decide what you will do with it. What you need and more interesting - to form a plant on a trunk or in the form of a bush. It is necessary to prune the hydrangea bush while it is young, according to the same principle by which the hydrangea is formed - the “tree”.
The difference is that for the “tree” you are looking for one and strictly vertical shoot, which will eventually turn into a trunk, and for hydrangea bush you need from 3 to 5 shoots growing at an angle of about 30 degrees to the vertical.
Everything else (root shoots, except for the future "legs", of course, the lateral shoots that form on these "legs" should be cut off during the first few years. On the shoots originally chosen by you, only the upper buds are left each spring for 2-3. to keep the leaders straight in a given direction, you can drive bamboo sticks at the right angle and attach future “legs.” When leaders become powerful and solidify enough to withstand any snow and rain with gusts of wind, they are cut off . Height 1,0-1,2 m Then shrub can grow as you like: in width, in height, in the form of a sphere, a pyramid or a fungus on several legs.
In addition to the bush and the tree, there is also a third, intermediate form, a fountain or a vase, when you leave some basal shoots that diverge at an angle of 45 and more than vertical degrees.
At the fountain, you can save and central escape. The idea of formation is that you want to raise the natural annual growth, so that the inflorescences do not lie on the ground. In addition, you achieve a clear contour of the bush, blooming annually in large or equal in size inflorescences. Even after the formation of the bush will for some time continue to give fresh basal growth, which will need to be cleaned in the spring.
If the small size of the garden or the desire to have many different varieties of panicle hydrangea do not allow you to allocate enough space for each bush, you can form a hydrangea in a small bush. To do this, in the second year after planting (when planting in the fall - in the third year) in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season, make a low pruning, leaving 2 buds from the ground. This stimulates the formation of a large number of new shoots growing from the ground itself. During the season, remove all weak shoots, as well as shoots growing inside the bush.
You can leave skeletal shoots on the 6-12 plant. In the future, every spring, cut the branches by one third. In addition, with this method of plant formation you will have a compact bush form, the inflorescences will be much larger.
To form panicle hydrangea "tree", choose one strong shoot, directed vertically.
Cut the remaining shoots. Pinch the side shoots from the main trunk. At the height of the 0,5-1 meter, select several (3-4) strong side shoots, directed in different directions, in the form of a bowl. To trim the skeletal shoots for more lush flowering can begin when the tree reaches the desired shape.
Below you will learn how to form paniculate hydrangea on a trunk.
How to form paniculate hydrangea on a trunk
Panicle hydrangea on a shtambe is a good substitute for a rose, which requires too much trouble from the hosts and free space on which the plant will need to be laid before the frost. Copies with luxurious hats of inflorescences can be found in garden centers, but they are, unfortunately, not cheap. Hortensia on a trunk can and even be grown by yourself. Among the rooted cuttings, the strongest and highest are chosen and 3-4 of the year is engaged in its cultivation.
The main thing when leaving during the cultivation of hydrangea on the trunk is to correctly select the height. Low - does not make sense, you get a bush on some strange leg. High (about one and a half meters or even a little more) looks beautiful, but the hydrangea crown may freeze or break if the circumstances fail.
Probably the best option - about a meter or a little more. Of course, the variety chosen for this purpose must have strong branches.
So, for the formation of paniculate hydrangea on a trunk at the height of 1, m or slightly more trunks are cut, and from the 4-5 below, the buds are allowed to develop to skeletal branches. It is necessary to cut the crown of the stem hydrangea carefully, it requires a rather gentle pruning. Otherwise heavy inflorescences will break off.
The following describes how to properly trim paniculate hydrangea when grown in the garden plots.
How to trim paniculate hydrangea in spring
How to trim paniculate hydrangea - perhaps the most painful topic for fans of these plants. You can discuss it for hours. The main questions are: when to cut and how many buds to leave, so that the plant “gives out” worthy exhibitions of inflorescence caps.
Before the first snow, so that the bush does not break, they cut the largest inflorescences. To trim paniculate hydrangea in the spring, as advised to experienced gardeners, you need to wait until it is time when it becomes obvious which buds are alive, because it is important that the plant does not disturb the plant once again. They cut all the dried and the thinnest. You can shorten too long or ugly branch.
- First option - strong pruning (leaving two buds);
- Second - moderate (leaving 4 buds),
- The third - weak (remove old inflorescences, the so-called "decapitation").
In the first case, the plants bloom very late, forming a huge cap. But this pruning is not suitable for all varieties, sometimes the branches can not stand, and the plant falls.
With moderate pruning you expect average flowering times and the average size of the inflorescences. With a weak - early flowering, but small inflorescences, however, numerous. It is curious that the method of pruning has almost no effect on the appearance and size of the inflorescences of the varieties 'Big Ben' and 'Brussels Lace'.
For 'Vanille Fraise' and 'Limelight' a medium, gentle option is required. But the variety 'Pinki Winki' requires serious pruning. The conclusion is simple: some varieties of panicle hydrangea during the care when grown in the garden require an individual approach. And, of course, do not forget that with a strong pruning in our climatic conditions, you can not wait. Or get as huge as the 'Phantom' variety can produce, for example, that the bush will simply break from the heavy rains.
Watch a video of cropping hydrangea pruning to better understand how to form a plant:
Panicle hydrangea in landscape design: what to plant next to the bushes
In general, hydrangeas are self-sufficient plants. Especially do not need partners hydrangea petiolate and large-leaved. The ideal combination for any garden is the Bredshneider hydrangea, moth and lilac. Here, as they say, nothing is reduced, not added.
But you can "play" with the hydrangea tree and paniculata. The ideal background for panicle hydrangea in landscape design is coniferous plants and barberries, purple foliage-shaped bladders, Bredshneider hydrangea. Another win-win is the mixborder of hydrangeas and rhododendrons, especially evergreens.
The design of the classic is considered to be a combination of paniculate hydrangeas with thujas, Chubushniki, white 'Variegata', 'Elegantissima' turtle, with a snowy berry, with a Volzhanka, stems, perennial asters, large ferns, pink-tinted phloxes, variegated phloxes of the 'Nora Leigh' type, white white foxes, pink shades, pink-colored phloxes, host Nora Leigh, host white white foxes. varieties.
It is shown in the photo, next to paniculate hydrangeas in the country, you can plant plants with blue needles, bluish leaves or blue flowers:
This can be aconite Karmikhel, clematis, hosts, cereals, Buenosayress verbena, blue junipers.
But yellow, orange and especially red plants hydrangeas categorically contraindicated. Can you, for example, imagine the hydrangea 'Limelight' in the vicinity of “golden balls” or powerful red dahlias ?!
What else can be planted next to paniculate hydrangeas on the plot? You can surround these plants with borders of low coniferous plants, a spirey, stonecrop prominent and even autumn crocus. Or themselves plant a hydrangea as a border, of course, some low-growing variety. Only not 'Bobo', it will look too heavy, focus on attention, and after a serious rain, large inflorescences, located, in my opinion, too close to the ground, will also be dirty. By the way, this variety has another drawback - fragile twigs. Therefore, before the first snowfall inflorescences will need to be cut.
See how beautiful the paniculata in garden design in these photos: