Planting a petiole hydrangea on the backyard plot is done in those cases if they want to decorate the wall of the building, the main entrance, the arch or the pergola. This climbing plant is no less beautiful than wild grapes, and besides it will decorate a support not only due to its decorative leaves, but also due to delicate inflorescences. Like any climbing culture, the stalked hydrangea requires adherence to some particular care.
Hydrangea petiolaris is a liana found on Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, in Japan, on the Korean peninsula. It grows in coniferous and mixed forests. In a culture with 1865, however, it is still extremely rare in gardens.
Why is curly moss hydrangea so good? First, a more powerful and spectacular frost-resistant liana capable of growing in the climate of central Russia simply does not exist. This type of hydrangea blooms the very first - in June. Flat, corymbose, light inflorescences up to 25, trimmed with lace, cm in diameter, envelop the plants from head to toe. They are not just a lot, but a lot. Inflorescences are not only pleasant in appearance, but also exude a light honey aroma that attracts bees and bumblebees to the garden. Like many hydrangeas, white-boiled sepals of infertile flowers gradually turn pink and remain on the plant in such an elegant way for two months.
As can be seen in the photo, the stemmed hydrangea is beautiful at any time of the year:
In the spring, when dark green shiny leaves appear on a huge liana, in summer, during flowering, in autumn, in late September - early October, dressed from golden-lemon foliage and even in winter, when graphic, powerful copper brown come to the fore shoots covered with flaking bark.
If you really try, you can find a plant with yellow (or rather gently green) and yellow-green (variegated) foliage. How these varieties will feel in central Russia, no one checked. In one of the gardens of the Moscow region, the yellow-leaved hydrangea is growing for the third year has not yet bloomed (in any case, early). But thanks to its winter hardiness, this stalked hydrangea did not freeze.
How to plant a stalked hydrangea in the garden
Before planting the stalked hydrangea, you need to choose a suitable site for it. The ideal place - a quiet area near the house, surrounded by trees. Liana does not like blown by the wind and open places with too dry hot air. Probably because of such discomfort in her in the winter the tips of the shoots can freeze.
The stalked hydrangea prefers acidic, humus-rich, loose soils with good drainage, at a young age requires regular watering. The first few years after planting, the stalked hydrangea, even with good care, grows slowly and, as a rule, does not bloom. Only over time, it "picks up speed" and gives out huge gains - about 0,7-1,0 m per season. It begins to bloom when it wants - in the second, third and even seventh year after planting, it all depends on the size of the acquired plant, the light and the microclimate of the site.
The first inflorescences appear on the lower, older shoots, so the plant looks at first, like a ballerina in a pack.
Like her relatives, she does not like anxiety, in particular, transplants. So it is necessary to plant the plant immediately to a permanent place, in extreme cases, prikopat briefly in a plastic container.
But on the other hand, the stalked hydrangea tolerates almost any haircut - tested in practice, and in a rather barbaric way. Pruning on the stump - a severe test for many plants, but this hydrangea does not die, and having come to his senses a little, calmly grows, though not too quickly.
The stalked hydrangea is a liana having a mass of air roots and suckers, with the help of which it is attached to a support. But she is unable to find support herself, she needs to “show” where to crawl. Just do not tie shoots, she just does not appreciate, and put under them wooden slats. The young liana herself chooses from which side of the tree to start climbing to the heavens. Of course, over time, she completely braid her powerful shoots trunk.
Do not listen to those who offer to remove the pedicel hydrangea for the winter from the support and shelter from cold winds and frost.
This liana is not a varietal grape, it is “glued” to a wooden or stone surface. Becoming the owner of such a plant, you will quickly understand everything. Best support for stalked hydrangeas in the garden - adult durable wood with sufficiently hard wood - ship pine or centenary oak, at worst, large larch or maple, linden, for lack of those - a serious pillar (such as those attached to electrical wires) or a powerful pergola, built, as they say , for centuries. No birch, poplar, bird cherry, apple, and the more so short-lived ash-leaved maple is not taken into account. You can allow the plant to braid the wall of the house, shed, garage, only necessarily stone or brick. The wooden surface does not fit, if only because it needs to be painted from time to time, and it is impossible to tear off an adult hydrangea from a support - there will be no lianas or walls left.
There is another original version - cultivation of hydrangea petiole-shaped bush height 2-3 m. To prevent the shoots from falling, they are first fixed with the help of reinforcement. And then the liana is cut every year. As a result, the owner of such a plant is engaged in something similar to the creation of garden bonsai. Troublesome, but original. Suitable for a garden in the oriental style, especially if you remember that this hydrangea is Japanese by nationality.
The photo "Planting and care for the stalked hydrangea" shows all the main methods of growing vines:
Sometimes the stalked hydrangea is offered to grow as a groundcover. Why make such a powerful luxury creeper force to climb along the ground ?! Firstly, you will never see it in all its glory, and secondly - it will take not just a lot, but an incredibly much space, looking at the “baby” brought to the garden, you just cannot imagine how much, and, in Thirdly, which is quite important, the plant most likely will not bloom. Perhaps the only justification for such a method of cultivation is the decoration with the help of a hydrangea of a perennial boring steep slope. Just remember, it is impossible to walk on such a carpet, especially after the rain - slippery trunks will constantly be confused under their feet.
Watch the video “Cultivating a stalked hydrangea” to better understand how to care for this plant:
Propagation of a braided hydrangea
The pedicle hortensia can be propagated by layering and cuttings. Layering - easier, cuttings - more difficult. However, according to the GBS RAS, cuttings 100% survival rate. But there is one nuance. Many gardeners complain that small plants purchased or donated to them do not survive the winter. There are three reasons for this. The first is that the plant was planted at the wrong time, that is, in the fall, not in the spring. The second - the stalk did not have time to develop a sufficient root system, it was dug out in the year of rooting. And finally, the third - a small plant less frost-resistant than its adult counterparts.
So if you decide to purchase a newly rooted hydrangea in the fall, either try to seriously wrap up the plant, or find a place for wintering in the cellar, on the glazed loggia or in a relatively warm garage, in short, where the temperature is slightly above zero.
The seeds of the hydrangea of the petiole tend to ripen in the middle lane, however, the seed propagation method is used infrequently, because they quickly lose their germination. It is necessary to sow, in this case, in the fall. As a result, the germination of seeds and the preservation of seedlings occur in late autumn and winter, and this requires great efforts to maintain the light, temperature and humidity conditions. In our conditions, there is no self-seeding in hydrangea of the petiole.
Differences of petiolous hydrangea from other ornamental trees and shrubs
In addition to the stem hydrangea in nature there hydrangea unusual (N. anomala). It is found in the Himalayas and in China. Outwardly, both plants are very similar, only professional botanists are able to distinguish them from each other. What is the business of ordinary gardeners to these nuances? The most direct. Many experts believe that both species are included in Russian gardens under the name of “hydrangea pedicels”, and more often - the more common hydrangea in Europe is unusual. Foreign kennels do not send it to us in order to deceive a gullible customer, just in Europe both species grow equally well, and, apparently, they are confused a long time ago. But in Russia it is very important what kind of hydrangea will fall into our garden. The fact is that the unusual hydrangea is less hardy and in the middle lane feels much worse than its relative.
The description of petiole hydrangea is similar to another twin liana:
Japanese schizophragm (Shisophragma hidrangeoides)
The homeland of this plant is Kunashir Island and the Peninsula Korea. Listed in the Red Book of the USSR.
On sale there are species of plants, the form 'Rosea '
Such ornamental plants and shrubs from the stalked hydrangea in a non-flowering state are almost indistinguishable. Winter hardiness of the schizophragm in conditions of central Russia is doubtful; most likely, the plant will be constantly frosting. According to the USDA American classification, schizophragm belongs to the 5 zone, that is, it withstands temperatures up to -26 ° C. A copy that grew in the Main Botanical Gardens them. N.V. Tsitsina never blossomed and, eventually, became extinct. Recently, Polish nurseries offer schizophragms and, probably, they have already appeared on the domestic market (and, consequently, in our gardens). Her inflorescences are unusual, not a plant - a treasure for fans of extreme experiments.
Look at the photo of the stalked hydrangeas, with description which you met on this page: