Planting phloxes and caring for them in the garden with the right approach will not be difficult. Phlox flowers allow caring for them, so to speak, in the dacha mode: on weekends and holidays. In order for the cultivation of perennial phlox not to cause trouble and worries, you need to know only the basic principles of agricultural technology. If the perennial flowers of phlox do not require care, except for weeding and loosening during periods of snow cover, then annual crop varieties may need mulching and other agrotechnical measures. We offer you to learn about planting a phlox flower and caring for it in the country all that is necessary for successful cultivation.
The page offers a video about the care of phloxes of different types and varieties, also gives advice on compliance with the rules of agricultural engineering.
You can also see step by step planting phlox and care for them in the photo, illustrating all the operations.
Features agrotechnics and secrets of growing phlox
Of great importance for the successful cultivation of paniculate phloxes are the microclimate of the site, in particular the illuminance; wind direction and strength; soil structure; proper care; weed and pest control diseases.
The peculiarities of phlox cultivation consist in the fact that these flowers, like most members of the Sinyukhovye family, prefer well-lit places, however, they tolerate short-term light shading.
There is grade, whose flowers in the sun can sometimes fade to white, while losing their attractiveness. According to the agrotechnology of growing such phloxes, it is necessary, during planting, to select areas that will be protected from direct sunlight during the midday hours. Then you can learn all the secrets of growing phlox in the garden near the house and in the country.
For some varieties of phlox, paniculata with a smoky color of the flower, it is also necessary to select places where their unique coloring will appear brighter.
For example, varieties:
The 'secret' will look spectacular in the penumbra.
Sometimes in the cluster phlox there are varieties that have weak shoots. Such phlox when growing and care should be protected from the wind. They will be more comfortable in areas surrounded by shrubs or trees; You can also use the "services" of rocker plants.
When choosing a place for growing phloxes, one should not forget that plants planted on the north side of the site bloom later. This also applies to phlox, which grow under the crown of tall trees. In the northern areas for varieties of spray phloxes of late flowering period, it is desirable to choose well-lit areas.
Look at the cultivation of phlox in the photo, where all the major agronomic measures are presented:
Conditions for growing flowers of phlox in the open field: planting and care (with video)
Special conditions for growing phloxes are needed, in particular, they should not be planted near trees and shrubs with a shallow root system: for example, near spruce, birch, apple, chokeberry, because they actively absorb moisture from the soil. It is recommended to avoid placing flowers of phlox for cultivation near the barberry and pine. These crops are intermediate hosts of the rust fungus that infects many plants, including phloxes, although rarely.
For the cultivation of phlox in open ground low places are not allowed, flooded with melt water and torrential rains. A good predecessor for phlox are Irises, marigolds, calendula, nasturtium, escholtsiya.
Phloxes like a loose fertile, well-saturated soil, not clogged with weeds. Grows well on neutral, slightly alkaline and slightly acidic soils (pH 6,0 - 7,5).
Plant absorption of minerals from the soil is associated with respiration of the roots, as a result of which the energy necessary for the nutrition process is formed. But if the soil is very dense or excessively wet, the roots constantly lack oxygen, and they cannot fully absorb nutrients, even when they are sufficient. Planting phlox in the open field and the subsequent care of the crop requires regular application of mineral and organic fertilizers.
The air permeability of the soil is achieved by adding to it a slightly decomposed peat, finely chopped moss, half-burnt leafy ground and other baking powder.
The increase in soil moisture capacity is achieved by the introduction of organic components: peat, humus, leaf soil, compost. These materials, with the exception of high-moor peat, contain humic substances, which make it possible to retain water well. Highly moor peat, as well as sphagnum moss, does not contain humus substances, but retains water well due to the special cellular structure of the peat-forming plants.
See the cultivation of phlox on the video, which shows all the main agrotechnical issues of care:
Planting phlox and caring for them in early spring after winter (with video)
In principle, it is possible to plant and transplant phlox at any time: from the moment when growth shoots appear until the end of summer. However, it is better to plant phlox in the spring: leaving will be easier after that. Already in July, in the lower part of the shoots and rhizomes of phlox, renewal buds are formed (vegetative eyes) and when planting plants one must be extremely careful not to damage them.
In September, in the middle zone of Russia, phlox transplantation is already a little desirable, but if the need arose, it should be done by mid-month, since in the event of early cold, the plants may not have time to get stronger, root quite well and prepare for wintering.
Transplantation with a lump (transshipment) is possible during any period of vegetation, while the growth of phlox almost does not stop, but their development slows down, flowering begins at a later date.
If shrub phlox is planted in a permanent place, that is, for five to six years, the distance between plants should be 50 - 60. When planting, the root part is buried no more than 2 - 3 cm, be sure to be watered and continue to be watered, depending on the weather. within a few days.
The main care for phloxes in early spring is weeding, watering and preventive measures.
Phlox care in the spring after winter is that, as soon as the topsoil dries out, they slightly loosen around the bushes. The depth of loosening is determined by the nature of the location of the root system and organs of renewal. Phlox paniculata has a shallow root system, so loosening should be no deeper than 3. See the soil around the bush (near 10 cm) when caring for phlox after winter is best left untouched so as not to damage the awakening buds.
See the care of phlox in the spring on the video, where all the tips are illustrated:
Care for perennial phlox in the spring at the cottage
Phlox are sensitive to lack of moisture. Heat and drought are disastrous for them. If there is a shortage of water, it can be noticed that the leaves of plants in the hot noon hours are drooping or twisting upward, although the next morning they look resilient and fresh. If phloxes do not get water in time, they fade and can no longer recover. It is very important to remember, when caring for phloxes in the spring at the dacha, that the lack of moisture in late autumn reduces the hardiness of phloxes. Water so that the entire treated soil layer is soaked (15-20 liters of water per 1 sq. M).
Phlox suffer from both deficiency and excess water. Their root system is located in the upper oxygen-rich soil layer. When it is saturated with moisture, the root system begins to experience a lack of oxygen and quickly dies, leading to the death of the entire plant.
A negative effect on phlox and lack of carbon dioxide, which leads to a decrease in the accumulation of nutrients.
Carrying out the care of perennial phloxes in the spring, it is necessary to enrich the soil with carbon dioxide, this can be done by applying organic fertilizers, which also improve its structure.
In the hot dry period, if there is no possibility to constantly be on the site and water phlox, mulching plantings is effective.
Mulch is a keeper of soil fertility, it prevents the evaporation of moisture and reduces the number of irrigations, protects the roots of phlox from overheating, and the soil from compaction, prevents the appearance of weeds.
As mulch, you can use rotted leaves, humus or mowed grass. Leaves compost improves soil structure and water holding capacity.
By five years, some varieties of phlox lose their attractiveness, shoots become thin, inflorescences and flowers become smaller. Such plants must be rejuvenated.
During the growing season of plants, periodically carry out preventive treatments aimed against pests and diseases (spraying or dusting) and feeding.
At the end of flowering, to prevent self-seeding and preserve varietal phlox, inflorescences are pruned. This pruning stimulates the formation of a large number of lateral shoots that sometimes bloom by autumn.
Top dressing at care for phlox in spring
Phloxes grow quickly, require a lot of nutrients, in connection with this, the plants should be fed in early spring, then at the time of budding (phase of the beginning of the formation of inflorescence) and at the beginning of flowering. Organic fertilizers and mineral fertilizers can be used as feedings for spring phlox care.
In the spring overwintered phloxes begin to grow at the expense of nutrient reserves in the rhizome, but in the early stages, they need nitrogen nutrition. Therefore, when the flowers of the branch are about 5 cm (the “brush” phase), in the care of phlox in the spring, it is recommended to dryly feed ammonium nitrate into the grooves at a distance of 10 cm from the bush or between rows (randomly) based on 25 - 30 g on 1 sq. m. Top dressings when caring for phloxes are applied only to moist soil.
In summer dressings, during the budding period, potassium and phosphorus should prevail. Potassium affects the resistance of plants to disease, heat, cold, the color of flowers. Phosphorus enhances root growth, strengthens shoots. But it should be remembered that the effect of phosphorus is beneficial only in the presence of nitrogen.
A month before the end of the growing season, nitrogen fertilizers should be excluded. You should always be extremely careful with them. Nitrogen stimulates the growth of green mass, but we should not forget that phlox may be more susceptible to disease, cracking and lodging of shoots from an excess of nitrogen.
Especially responsive phlox to organic. To achieve the best affect, it is recommended to alternate between organic and mineral nutrition.
The introduction of wood ash for phlox is very useful. Adding it to the "diet" will enhance the brightness of the color of flowers due to the potassium contained in it and will relieve from many problems. In the ash there is only nitrogen, but there are all macro-and micronutrients. The dose of making ash 100 - 200 g per 1 square. m
To prepare the ash solution, 300 - 500 g of ash should be poured with two liters of water, boiled for no more than 10 minutes, cooled, filtered and diluted in 10 liters of water. It can be used as foliar application.
Ash solution is used as a means against pests. It has a sterilizing effect, in other words, prevents the reproduction of many types of pests. Oven ash is very much appreciated, especially birch - this is the “golden” fertilizer for phloxes. However, everything should be in moderation, one should not be too zealous with ash, so as not to raise the pH of the soil. It is worth noting that phloxes like foliar feeding more than root.
Weeding is one of the mandatory methods of care. Many weeds are intermediate hosts of the fungus Erysiphe cichoraceamm f. powdery mildew, as well as rust and other fungi. Therefore, timely removal of weeds significantly reduces the risk of phlox infection. It is necessary to thoroughly destroy the field breech, snyt, dandelion, creeping couch grass, a shepherd's purse, horse sorrel, schiritsu. Root weeds are harvested and removed outside the site.
Known chemical method of weed control is effective only for the destruction of their shoots. Seeds that are in the soil, even when using herbicides can remain viable for several years.
This necessitates repeated treatments with chemicals, which can lead to the accumulation of residual quantities of drugs and the death of planted plants. Since the rate of decomposition of herbicides used on flower crops, little studied, to abuse this method of weed control should not be.
Phlox care in autumn
Special attention should be paid to the preparation of phloxes for winter. In the late autumn, when caring for phloxes, the dead shoots of the bushes are cut to the level of the soil or to a low stump. The height of the hemp should be 5-10 cm. Cutting the shoots to the level of the soil, try not to damage the formed buds of renewal (vegetative eyes).
Practice has shown that autumn pruning of phlox shoots to the level of the soil facilitates spring work in the garden. It has also been observed that phlox that are not pruned in autumn, freeze up much more often in spring, which is due to the uneven melting of snow.
Pruning easier to carry out in dry weather. When pruning shoots check the position of the rhizome, how deep it is in the soil. If necessary, sprinkle fertile soil (you can sprinkle with sand), which in the spring, as soon as possible, you will have to be very carefully cleaned, trying not to damage the growing young shoots.
After pruning, the soil surface is cleared of weeds and leaves fallen from phlox. All cut parts of plants are also removed and destroyed.
In the spring, do not rush to dig up plants that seem dead. On the roots of phlox are dormant buds, which can revive the bush. There have been numerous cases in which the fallen plants recovered in two or three years.
According to the observations, the phlox varieties of paniculata differ in their great vitality:
'Dove of peace'
'Johann Sebastian Bach '
With good care, phloxes remain decorative for four to five years, depending on the variety and its origin, then the aging of the plants begins. In many varieties of bush phlox, starting from the fourth year, the bush thickens. It happens noticeably, as the central part of the rhizome grows, gradually as if lifted upwards, at the same time it becomes bare, begins to woody and dies.
This leads to a general decrease in the decorativeness of phlox - flowering is weak and short, inflorescences and flowers noticeably shallow. In addition, the old weakened plants often get sick, as over the years, they accumulate numerous infections. Therefore, in one place phlox is usually cultivated for no more than five (six) years and timely rejuvenate.