Perhaps, no private plot of land can do without flowers of asters. These plants, for all their undeniable beauty, require minimal care. Annual varieties are beautifully renewed by sowing seeds, and perennial forms can be spread through the garden by dividing the bush. The cultures are so varied in height, size and color range of flowers that they can be used in any flower garden or mixborder.
The first descriptions of the aster plant have survived from ancient times. So, when opening a royal tomb 2000 of a summer prescription near Simferopol, researchers found an image of an aster, and the ancient Greeks considered this flower to be an amulet.
Thin petals of asters look like rays of distant stars, so the plant got its name (Latin aster - "star"). An ancient belief says that if you go out into the garden at midnight and stand among the asters, you can hear a quiet whispering. This flowers communicate with the stars. Already in ancient Greece, people were familiar with the constellation of the Virgin, which was associated with the goddess of love Aphrodite. According to the ancient Greek myth, aster arose from cosmic dust when the Virgin looked from the sky and wept. For the ancient Greeks, aster symbolized love. In China, asters symbolize beauty, precision, elegance, charm and modesty.
See how beautiful aster flowers are in these photos:
Perhaps, aster flower breeding by seeds is the most beloved in Russia. It is grown everywhere, at each garden plot the owner will find a place for this flower, and asters in return will please the florist with their beauty. There are many varieties of asters, according to some data, more than 4000 have been created in the world, and at least three hundred are actively used in floriculture. Breeders are energetically working on the creation of new products.
They create varieties in France, England, Denmark, Sweden, especially many varieties created in Germany. Domestic breeders bred more than 100 varieties of asters.
Unfortunately, at present the seeds of Russian asters are rarely imported. This situation was due to the destruction of the flower seed system in the country. Therefore, there are breeders, there are new varieties, but there is no mass seed production, and only a small part of the wonderful Russian asters can be purchased at a flower shop. But the Russian varieties of annual asters grow better in our (far from such soft as in Europe) growing conditions, more resistant to diseases. The same can be said about perennial forms. Yes, and selection in European countries is aimed at creating varieties with a long flowering period, which is justified by a long growing season, because spring comes there earlier and winter is later than in Russia.
But at the same time, as a rule, the longer the flowering period, the longer the period from germination to flowering. Therefore, most of the “European” varieties of late flowering period (from germination to flowering more than 115 days). Domestic asters bloom earlier and have time to fully show their best qualities before the autumn frosts.
Astra annual or Chinese belongs to the Astrov family (Asteracea dum) (Compositae) genus callistephus (Callistephus).
The genus name translated from Greek means “beautiful wreath”.
The genus callistefus includes only one type of callistefus chinese (Callistephus chinensis ness)which received widespread in floriculture under the name Astra annual. Translated from the Greek "aster" means a star. The wild-growing aster was brought to Europe from China in 1728. And in 1745, in France, forms with terry inflorescences have already appeared. From France in 1752, Astra came to England, where Miller selected plants with terry inflorescences of purple, white and red. And by the end of the 18 century, a large number of varieties with blue, purple, purple and pink buds were added to them.
Asters became especially popular at the beginning of the 19 century after Florist, a florist, brought luxurious plants with terry peony inflorescences around France and thus attracted the special attention of all gardeners to asters. By the middle of the 19 century, gardeners had asters with inflorescences from the brightest to the darkest tones. More tried to get the inflorescences, consisting of tubular flowers of needle shape.
Therefore, the oldest group is considered tall tubular asters. In the 50 of the 19 of the 20th century, a beautiful Peony-shaped aster was bred, then Anemovidna, and by the 1860 year some of the best varieties of asters were created - Cherepitchataya, Chrysanthemum-shaped and Perfecto.
Later, the cornea aster, selected from the Pionovidna, and Needle with intergrown needle petals, appeared.
Since the end of the 19 century, Germany has become the main center for breeding and breeding asters, where most of the modern world assortment of asters has been created. At the beginning of the 20 century, asters began to be selected in the USA. The cultivars obtained here are characterized by a large plant height and large inflorescences. Currently, overseas work on the creation of new varieties of asters continues to be breeders in Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, and the USA.
In Russia, gardeners loved and grew asters from the time they appeared in European gardens, but they did not cultivate their varieties and even received seeds from abroad. In our country, for the first time, the selection of asters began to be practiced in 1923 by Professor S.N. Zhegalov at the experimental station of the Moscow Agricultural Academy. K.A. Timiryazev.
Later, from the beginning of the 50-s of the 20-th century, breeders worked on breeding new varieties: G.E. Christer in the Oryol region, A.A. Davydov in Kursk and A.I. Kuznetsov in the Voronezh region. Currently, over the breeding of new varieties of asters are working scientists VNII gardening them. I.V. Michurin. The All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry named after N.I. Vavilova. Works on the study of aster annuals were carried out and the laboratory of breeding and seed production of flower cultures VNIISSOK.
Aster looks like: description of the plant
Astra is a grassy, upright plant, photophilous, cold-resistant, tolerates spring and autumn frosts to -4 ° C, as a rule, requires watering. The bulk of the roots is located at a depth of 15 – 20 cm, a part penetrates the soil even deeper, and therefore the aster is well supplied with water and nutrients. Damaged roots during planting or loosening are easily restored, which allows you to plant seedlings of different ages, as well as successfully transfer plants to a new place even in the budding and flowering phase.
Aster stem covered with stiff short hairs. The stem color is green, red, anthocyanin. Each aster shoot ends with one inflorescence. The branching of the main stem begins during budding, sometimes on 2 – 4 days earlier.
When describing an aster flower, it is worth noting that tall and dwarf species are branching the most, less than the average.
Plant height is divided into dwarfs up to 20 cm, low 21 – 30 cm, medium 31 – 60 cm, high 61 – 80 cm and very high, more than 80 cm. Shaped bushes depending on the number of branches of the first and third order and their angle otkhozhdeniye happen spherical, oval, columnar, pyramidal, wide strong, wide spreading.
The number of leaves on the main stem is not the same. For different groups of asters, it varies from 6 to 19.
Look at the photo - in the aster plant, the leaves located in the lower part of the stem have an oval-rhombic shape, the edges of the leaf blade are large-toothed-serrate, the upper leaves are pointed:
Annual aster varieties often differ in leaf color. They are light green, green, dark green.
Inflorescence basket aster, consists of central bisexual tubular flowers, transitional and marginal false-reed female type.
Coloring inflorescences varied: from white to all shades of blue, red, purple, pink, lilac. Less common varieties with yellow color inflorescences. There are varieties with a two-color color of the inflorescence, for example, central reed flowers are white, and marginal flowers are red.
There are no varieties with pure orange color. The shape of the inflorescence are divided into flat, flat-round, hemispherical and spherical. The diameter of the inflorescence into small - 2 – 4 cm, medium 4,1 – 6 cm, large 6,1 – 9 cm, very large 9,1 12 cm and “giant” more 12 cm.
Inflorescences are non-double, semi-double, double and double-double.
Fruit seed with a dense shell from narrow to wide-wedge-shaped, gray, brown, red and anthocyanin from light to dark. 1 g contains 330 – 560 seeds. Germination persists 2 – 3 of the year. Seeds swell and germinate pretty quickly. At the optimum temperature of 18 – 23 ° C, mass shoots appear on 4 – 7 day after sowing. In terms of the onset of flowering, all varieties of asters can be divided into seven groups: very early blooms within up to 95 days from the emergence of shoots; early varieties in 96 – 100 days; medium early varieties bloom in 101 – 106 days; average varieties 107 – 112 days; average 113 – 120 days; Late 121 – 126 days; very late varieties over 126 days.
Terry varieties of asters are very decorative, their decorative period of one inflorescence lasts for 10 – 20 days. Non-curly varieties bloom faster. In cut plants, the buds are not disclosed, therefore, half-dissolved aster blossoms for bouquets should not be cut.
Tubular (bisexual) flowers in the inflorescence bloom 3 – 7 days, reed 33 – 52 days. Aster one-year peculiar to self-pollination and cross-pollination, as a rule, within the same plant.
With a strong degree of terryiness, the process of pollination occurs with difficulty. The smaller the tubular flowers, the less seed is formed; in inflorescences consisting only of reed flowers, the seeds are practically not tied. Therefore, when breeding or selecting terry forms or varieties, reasonable terry limits should be sought (not higher than 80 – 85% in inflorescences located on the branches of the first order).
Seed ripening lasts for 40 – 50 days after the beginning of flowering, but seeds that are not fully mature can also germinate. Freshly harvested seeds germinate poorly, they need time for post-harvest ripening (usually 6 – 10 days). A sign of seed ripening on the plant wilted reed flowers and the appearance of a cannon in withering inflorescences.
In the flower design asters are used in different ways. Very effectively they look in the autumn with coniferous and evergreen shrubs. Compact bushes allow asters to be used singly and in groups. You can create flower groups from some asters, choosing plants by the color and height of the bushes.
It should be remembered that tall varieties become bare below, so before them it is advisable to plant lower perennials that preserve foliage for a long time. Perennial asters are extremely frost resistant. In the autumn, when frosts damage the inflorescences of gladioli, dahlias and other flower crops, asters are still fresh and give an excellent cut.
Aster inflorescences do not bloom in water. Therefore, they are cut off completely blooming in the morning, they stand in water for a long time, without losing freshness. Before you put flowers in the water, the stalks of asters must be cut and remove the lower leaves from the stem. Asters can stand in the water for 3 weeks, and water should be changed at least 2 once every 5 days.
Then you can get acquainted with the photos, names and descriptions of asters of annual varieties.
The best varieties of annual asters: photos and description of flowers
The variety of cultivated varieties and groups of asters caused the need to classify them to facilitate the work of gardeners by definition and description of varieties. The most comprehensive and convenient is the classification developed by N.А. Petrenko (1973). It is based on the decorative qualities of various varieties. All varieties are divided into 3 class reed, tubular and transient. The first class includes varieties and varieties, the decorative effect of the inflorescences of which are only tubular flowers, the second class includes varieties and varieties with reed and tubular flowers, third class varieties and varieties with reed flowers only. Classes are subdivided on the basis of the structure of the inflorescences on 10 types, which in turn include 44 cultivars that differ from each other not only in the structure of the inflorescences, but in their shape, size, and shape of the flowers and the habit of the plants. Varieties within a variety, as a rule, differ only in color.
The following aster annuals are the most popular:
American Beauty Variety Type
Voronezh variety type
Dwarf royal type
Sort type Laplat
The variety is pinkish. Class reed, hemispherical type. Varieties are medium early. Bush durable, columnar shape, height 50 – 70 cm, diameter up to 40, see Peduncles well leafy, strong, up to 40, see. Hemispherical inflorescences, terry, 7-10 diameter, see Reed flowers are wide, completely cover the disk of yellow tubular flowers. On the plant to 20 inflorescences on the shoots of the first and second orders. Duration of flowering up to 60 days. Many varieties are affected by fusarium. The use is universal.
Victoria variety type. Class reed, tiled type. Varieties are medium early. Bush durable, columnar shape, height 40 – 65 cm, diameter 25 – 40 cm. Inflorescences of flat-circular or hemispherical shape, double or double, diameter 9-10 cm, up to 25 pcs. on the plant. Reed flowers are wide, short, tiled; often small central disk of yellow tubular flowers is often completely covered. Duration of flowering up to 50 days. Resistant to fusarium. The use is universal.
Variety Voronezh. Created by Voronezh breeders, combines the characteristics of two varieties (Rose and Victoria). Flowering period from very early to medium. Bush column-shaped or oval-shaped, durable, height 50 – 65 cm, diameter 25 – 35, see Hemispherical inflorescences, double. Reed-shaped flowers of the boat-like or semi-sweet form, in the Center, the flowers are directed upwards, and the marginal flowers are located imbricately. The diameter of the inflorescence 6-10, see the number of inflorescences on the plant to 30 pcs. Blossom is very friendly, lasting up to 50 day. When describing these forts asters, it is worth noting their resistance to fusarium. The use is universal.
Annual plants of aster breeding G. V. Ostryakova
Long-term observations made it possible to isolate several groups of asters by the period of vegetative growth.
Very early varieties. Blossom noted 75 – 90 days after germination:
Names of early varieties of asters (91-103 of the day):
Average - 104 – 115 days:
Average 116 – 126 days:
Late varieties - more than 126 days:
Here are photos of asters of annual varieties of asters:
For industrial floriculture, the following groups have been singled out: casing, cutting and universal.
The group of casing includes varieties that are characterized by short stature, a large number of simultaneously blossoming inflorescences.
Vologda laces. The variety is intermediate between Dwarf Royal and Radio. The flowering period is average. The bush is almost spherical in shape, 20 – 30 height in cm, 25 – 30 diameter in cm. The inflorescences are highly ornamental, white, double, in diameter 6 – 8 cm, located on the surface of the bush. Seed productivity of plants around 2 g. The variety is relatively resistant to fusarium and septoria.
Euphrosyne. The variety is artistic. The height of the 31 plant is cm, the diameter of the 16 shrub, see. The inflorescence is dark red-purple with a diameter of 5, see. Reed flowers are twisted lengthwise into a tube. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score - 99.
Glow. Dwarf royal type. Early flowering period. The bush is closed, wide, very strong, medium-sized, medium leafy, 25 – 35 tall, see. Green leaves, hairless. The inflorescence is crimson, does not fade, tiling medium density, double, diameter 4 – 5, see Weight 1000 of seeds 2,1 g. Seed productivity of a plant 3,3 g. The variety is relatively resistant to fusarium and adverse weather conditions.
Irva. The variety is artistic. The height of the plant 44 cm, diameter of the bush 20 cm. Red inflorescence to 10 cm in diameter. Reed flowers twisted lengthwise into a tube. The decorative score is 99, resistance to fusarium 99%.
Look at the photo varieties of asters, description which is given above:
Baby curb. The variety is intermediate between Dwarf Royal and Radio. Flowering period sredneranny. The bush is almost spherical in shape, 34 – 38 cm in height, 37 – 43 diameter, see Inflorescences highly decorative, pink, terry, 8-10 diameter, see. Seed productivity of 2,6 – 9 plants. The variety is relatively resistant to Fusariosis.
Midi. The variety is intermediate between Radio and Dwarf Royal. 36 plant height, see. The diameter of the bush 16 – 17, see the bush columnar. Hemispherical inflorescences, dark red, 6 diameter, see Reed flowers scaphoid, compressed laterally. The length of the peduncle 23, see. Early flowering, the vegetative growth period 99 days. Seed productivity 2 g. Resistance to fusarium 98%.
Hope. Sortype Radio. The height of the 44 plant is cm, the diameter of the 21 shrub is cm. The length of the spike 27 is cm. The inflorescences are white, double, the diameter of the 10 inflorescence see cm. The reed flowers are slightly twisted in length. Fusarium resistance - 99%, decorative score 99.
Nastya. Variety Pompon. The bush is compact in height 43 cm, diameter 18 cm. Inflorescence purple color, diameter 5 cm. Reed flowers are flat, tubular, of medium size, painted in the tone of the reed. Fusarium resistance - 98%, decorative score - 99.
Natsmi. The variety is artistic. The height of the 30 – 35 plant is cm, the diameter of the 20 bush is see. The inflorescence is red, with a diameter of 9,5 – 11, see Reed flowers are twisted along the length of a tube. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 99.
Nika. The variety is intermediate between Radio and Dwarf Royal. Early flowering period, the period of vegetative growth is 99 days. Bush height 27 cm, diameter 19 – 25 cm, almost spherical shape. On the plant to 16 inflorescences, hemispherical shape, dark purple color, diameter 9 cm, reed flowers twisted into a tube along the length. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 98.
The best grades of asters are shown in these photos:
Autumn Olympiad. The variety is intermediate between Dwarf Royal and Radio. Flowering period sredneranny. Differs in high decorative effect and relative resistance to fusarium. The height of the 35 – 37 bush cm, 40 – 43 diameter, cm. Inflorescences of blue color, terry, with a diameter of 7 – 9 cm, are located on the surface of the bush. Seed productivity of the plant 2 – 6 g. It has a high decorative effect and relative resistance to Fusarium.
Sophia Sortype Princess. The height of the plant 47 cm, diameter of the bush 20 cm. Stems strong dark anthocyanin coloring. The inflorescence is dark red-violet in color, diameter 8, see Reed flowers are short, flat; tubular long, painted in reed tone. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score - 99.
Havsky Zakat. Close to variety Laplat. The bush is closed, pyramidal, strong, up to 33 cm, 13 – 18 diameter, see Inflorescences are dense, strongly terry, red-carmine color, 4 – 6 cm diameter, consisting of two rows of reed edge flowers, the rest are tubular. Early flowering period. The variety is relatively resistant to fusarium.
The second group includes varieties with high ornamental and economic - biological characteristics, characterized by high growth, long peduncles, large inflorescences.
White ball. Variety Pompon. The flowering period is average. Closed bush, moderately leafy, durable, moderately growing, height 45 – 57, see Green leaves, hairless. Peduncles strong, 30 long, see. Inflorescences are dense, flat-rounded, densely double, with a diameter of 8, see. The variety is relatively resistant to Fusarium and adverse weather conditions.
Galina. Variety Pompon. Late flowering period. The bush is columnar, rather strong, compact, 60 – 65 tall, see Peduncles strong, well leafy. The leaves are smooth, dark green. The inflorescences of dark burgundy are flat-rounded, strongly terry, with a diameter of 7 – 8 cm, located on the surface of the bush. Seed productivity of plants 0,8,
Zina. Variety Pompon. Late flowering period. The bush is compact, columnar, 64 cm in height, 17 cm in diameter, with 10 – 11 branches of the first order, 42 cm long, in light green color. The inflorescence is light-cowberry (young inflorescences are white), as they mature, they are painted along the edges of the 3 of a number of reed flowers, the other long-tubular ones are colored to match the reed. The diameter of the inflorescences 9, see. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 99.
Zemfira. Variety Voronezh. The height of the plant 60 cm, diameter 47, see. The inflorescence is gentle salmon, hemispherical, with a diameter of 10,5, see. Peduncles green, long. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 99.
Zefir. The variety is pinkish. Flowering period sredneranny. The bush is durable, up to 50 cm. The terry inflorescence is light, salmon cream colored, 10 – 11 cm in diameter, consists of reed flowers, slightly twisted into a tube. Before the end of flowering, reed flowers unwind and take a navicular shape. Seed productivity of the plant 1,9 g. Fusarium is slightly affected.
Maxi. Variety Voronezh. The term of flowering early 95 days from germination to flowering. The bush is oval, 66 height, cm, 30 diameter, see. Peduncles are strong dark anthocyanin, 18 length, see. Hemispherical inflorescences, dark blue, 6 diameter, see. Resistance to Fusarium 99%. 98 decorative score.
Raspberry ball Variety Pompon. The flowering period is average. The bush is very strong, columnar, 58 – 62 height, see. Peduncles are very strong, 35 length, see. Inflorescences are terry, crimson, 7 – 9 diameter, cm, reed flowers are flat, wide, arranged in 3 – 4 row, the other flowers are long tubular. Seed productivity of the plant 2,2 g. The variety is relatively resistant to septoria and fusarium.
Bride. The variety is intermediate between Duchess and American Beauty. The flowering period is average. The bush is wide, strong, medium leafy, 62 – 68 height cm, 53 – 56 diameter, see. Hemispherical, double, white inflorescences, cm diameter, 12 – 13 cm, on very sturdy peduncles 35 – 42 cm long, spherically located on the surface of the bush. Relatively resistant to fusarium.
Chavskaya blue. Sort type of Laplat. The bush is upright, medium-leaved, medium-strength, up to 65, see. Peduncles are strong, 33-long, see. The inflorescence consists of long tubular and 2 – 3 rows of marginal reed. Inflorescence strongly terry, blue, diameter 8, see. Early flowering time. The variety is relatively resistant to septoriosis and fusarium.
Khavskaya silver. Sortype Princess Bouquet. Column-shaped bush, height 68 – 72 cm, diameter 29 – 32 cm, fragile, with 6 branches of the first order. Peduncles up to 50 cm. Inflorescences are thick-flat, flat-rounded, silvery-crimson-red, 8 diameter, see Reed flowers are wide, flat, 1,6 length 2,0 cm, located in the 2 – 4 row along the edge of the inflorescence. The remaining flowers are long tubular, 2 long, see. Flowering is abundant and long. The flowering period is average. Seed productivity 1,2 g. Weakly affected by Fusarium.
A group of varieties of universal use have a solid compact form of a bush, long flower stalks, abundant and long flowering.
White ball. Variety Pompon. The bush is columnar, 57 cm in height, cm 34 in diameter. The inflorescence is white, in diameter 8 cm, the reed flowers are flat, tubular, long, painted in the tone of the reed. Peduncles green. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 98.
Vera. The variety is artistic. The height of the plant 55 cm, diameter bush 22 cm. The length of the shoots of the first order 32 cm. Inflorescences purple, 10 cm diameter. Reed flowers slightly twisted along the length of the tube. The decorative score is 99. Fusarium resistance is high - 99%.
Blue Frost. The variety is artistic. Plant height 68 cm, diameter 28 cm. Bush closed, columnar. Hemispherical inflorescence, pale blue, 11 cm diameter, terry. Peduncles long, 44 cm, strong, light green. Medium late variety. Resistance to Fusarium 98%.
Evdokimovna. Sortype Princess. The height of the 50 plant is cm, the diameter of the 21 shrub is cm. The length of the spike 30 is cm. The inflorescence is dark pink - red, with a diameter of 8,5 cm. Reed flowers are flat, tubular longs are painted in the tone of the reed. Fusarium resistance - 99%, decorative score - 99.
Roast Heart. Variety Voronezh (Rose). Medium late variety. Shrub is kolonovidny, 58 cm tall, 26 cm diameter. Peduncles dark anthocyanin, 41 long, see. Inflorescences are dark red, 8 cm in diameter. Reed flowers scaphoid. Relatively resistant to fusarium.
Eurasia. Voronezh group. The flowering period is medium late. Bush compact, 57 – 60 cm high, 27 – 28 cm diameter. Inflorescences are medium dense, lemon yellow with wide reed flowers covering tubular, yellow, short. The diameter of the inflorescence 8,6, see. Peduncles 37 – 38 long, see. Resistance to Fusarium 98%.
Isolde. The variety is artistic. The flowering period is medium late. Bush compact, durable, up to 80 cm tall, 30 cm diameter, with 10 – 15 branches of the first order. 7 – 8 white inflorescences bloom on the plant, flat-rounded, 13 – 14 diameter, see Reed flowers are long, twisted into a tube along the length. Peduncles green. Resistance to Fusarium 99%.
Inessa. Variety Voronezh. The height of the plant 66 cm, diameter bush 20 cm. Bush columnar. Lilac inflorescence, terry, 12 diameter, see Reed flowers scaphoid. The vegetative growth period is 117 days. Resistance to Fusarium 99%.
Liubava. Sortype Bouquet Princess. Flowering period sredneranny. The bush is compact, 60 cm high and 35 cm diameter. The inflorescence is flat-circular, densely double-colored, dark red-burgundy, 9,5 diameter, see Reed 2 – 3 row, the other flowers are long tubular, tinged to reed. The stem is strong, dark cyanogenic, 28 long, see Seed productivity to 3 g. The variety is relatively resistant to Fusarium.
Love. Sortype Radio. The height of the 52 plant is cm, the diameter of the 19 shrub, see. The length of the 31 peduncle, see. The inflorescence is dark red, with a diameter of 8, see. The number of inflorescences on one plant is 10. Reed flowers slightly twisted along the length of the tube. The decorative score is 99. Fusarium resistance - 99%.
Raspberry ball Variety Pompon. The flowering period is average. The bush is very durable, columnar, 60 cm tall and 31 cm diameter. Peduncles are very strong, anthocyanin, 35 long, see. Inflorescences are terry, up to 9 cm in diameter, reed flowers are three rows, the other long tubular flowers are in tune with reed. Resistance to fusarium 99%, decorative score 98.
Maria. Sortype Duchess. The flowering period is average. Bush height 65 – 80 cm, with 5 – 7 axes of the first order. Peduncle length to 50, see. Inflorescences are hemispherical, double, karmazinovoy color, diameter 10 – 13, see. Seed productivity of the plant 1,4 g. Fusarium varieties are moderately resistant.
Nonna. Variety Voronezh. A variety of early flowering. Bush oval, height 59 cm, diameter 22 cm. On the plant to 20 inflorescences, pink color, diameter 7 cm, hemispherical shape. Inflorescence density is average. Reed flowers wide, peduncles up to 20 cm long. The vegetative growth period is 95 days. Fusarium resistance - 99%.
The night. Variety Voronezh. The flowering period is average. Close bush, durable, 50 cm tall, 35 cm diameter. The inflorescences are dark purple, with a diameter of 8, see. Stems are dark anthocyanin, 30 long, see. The variety is relatively resistant to Fusarium.
Oktyabrina. Sort type of Laplat. Early flowering period. Bush columnar, height 50 – 60 cm, diameter 30 cm. Length of peduncle 35 – 40 cm. On a plant up to 25 inflorescences of dark crimson color, diameter 8 cm. Edge-lingular flowers are flat, 2,5 cm long, 0,5 wide, see. tubular, dark crimson color.
Below are photos, names and descriptions of perennial varieties of asters.
The most beautiful perennial asters: photo, name and description
The perennial flowers of asters are the closest relatives of the well-known one-year-old Chinese asters. Perennial asters are also called true or true. The plant gives a good cut, especially in autumn, when there are no other flowers in the open field.
Plants of perennial aster have densely leafy shoots from 25 to 160 in height. See White, blue, purple, pink and crimson flowers. There are simple, semi-double and terry forms with a diameter of 1-6.
According to the term of flowering, the varieties of flowers of asters are early (May - June), summer (July - August), autumn (September - November)
Of the early ones, alpine aster stands out, which blooms before all the others, i.e. in early June, with flowers that look like simple daisies. This plant is 30 tall, see. Basal leaves are spatulate, oblong, stem leaves are small, linear. Single baskets, up to 6 cm in diameter. The flowers are purple, lilac, blue with a yellow center. Blossoming is plentiful and very colorful, it continues 30 days. The most beloved aster is purple, blue and white.
From the summer one of the most beautiful varieties of asters are Italian. They grow to 70 cm in height, they have flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, purple-blue. It blooms in the second half of summer, from late July to September - mid-October.
The most numerous is the family of autumn asters, which includes amazingly beautiful species that can bloom to the very cold and go under the snow with flowers.
As seen in the photo, aster flowers of the New England (American) varieties form bushes up to 2 m in height:
Inflorescences with a diameter of 3-4 cm, according to 25-30 pieces, are collected in a thick brush. It blooms in September - October.
Astra Novobelgiyskaya (virginskaya) reaches in height 50-160, see. Stems lignified. Inflorescence terry diameter 5 cm mostly lilac and pink color. Blossoms in September. On each of the shoots it dissolves to 150 and more flower baskets, and it is so bright and dense that no leaves are visible between them. One peduncle is enough for a good bouquet (which can be had at the end of September).
Many gardeners consider the most beautiful variety Astra Alpine White. This is the most common and easy in the culture of dwarf asters. Flowering shoots - see 15-20.
Pay attention to the photo - these perennial asters have white baskets of flowers:
The plant is frost-resistant, prefers sunny places. Propagated by seed and division of the bush in 3-4 year. Use this aster for group plantings in rabatkah, stony hills. Blooms June, July. Sowing seeds for seedlings in boxes in March, April, or immediately in open ground.
Astra Alpine grade Blue - dwarf plant, flowering shoots 15-20 cm, large flower baskets, purple-blue. At one place grows 5 years.
Astra perennial (Italian) - A bushy plant up to 50-60 height. See Starry inflorescences of blue, pink and other spectacular shades. It blooms in May, June.
See photos of aster varieties, which are described on this page:
How to grow asters: reproduction of flowers by seeds and dividing the bush
To grow aster flowers as high as possible, alpine forms will require a well-permeable alkaline soil containing calcium and a sunny place.
New England asters are planted in sunny, open, non-wet places. Although asters are not very demanding on the quality of the soil, they still need fertile soils for abundant and long flowering. Poor soils need to be fertilized, in the summer 2 – 3 should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.
During the dry period, asters, mainly Astra New England, need regular watering, especially during the budding period. With a lack of water and food leaves prematurely turn yellow, the number of inflorescences decreases.
Asters are propagated by seeds and vegetatively. Seed propagation is rarely used, since seed germination is quickly lost, it is necessary to sow immediately after harvesting into open ground or greenhouses before winter, at least in spring to a depth of 0,5, see. Seedlings with 2 – 3 are diving with real leaves, and planting in a permanent place next spring . They bloom on 1 – 2 year after sowing.
In practice, asters most often propagate vegetatively - by dividing a bush in early spring into delenki with 1 – 2 buds and several roots. In this autumn flowering asters bloom in the same year.
Asters are propagated by apical cuttings of length 5 – 7 cm from May – June to August. Cuttings are planted in specially prepared ridges with a loose substrate in a shaded place, preferably under the film. They take root in 25 – 30 days. On cuttings can be taken in spring and early summer shoots that have reached 15, see. They are separated from the bush and cut into pieces with a length of 2 interstitials (each must contain an 3 leaf). In this case, in late August - early September, they take root, and they are planted in a permanent place.
When growing alpine asters, the flowers need to be constantly updated or divided into curtains for about 3 year, as with age the plant thickens and begins to partially fall out.
New England asters grow strongly and crowd each other, so they should be divided and transplanted in 3 – 4 years. Otherwise, asters begin to bloom poorly, inflorescences become smaller, and the plants become less attractive.
When asters are propagated by seeds, seedlings are obtained weak, and a good shrub is not always possible. Varietal characteristics of plants are best preserved during reproduction by dividing the bushes, usually divided by bushes that have grown on one place 5-6 years.
When growing perennial asters, bushes divide and transplant in early spring or after flowering. Asters of autumn flowering are divided and transplanted only in spring, asters of spring and summer flowering are divided in early spring. Shrubs are easily divided by hand into separate parts, where there must be a kidney and several roots.
The distance when planting tall varieties - 60 x 100, undersized - 30 x 50 see. Asters grow rapidly quickly, forming powerful bushes. Tall varieties of perennial asters must be tied up.
The video "Cultivating Asters" shows all the secrets of agrotechnology: