Creating a flower arrangement in your garden or in the country, you should take into account a lot of landscape tricks and think over the design of a flower bed or flower garden to the smallest detail. If miksborder will adjoin to the house or a hedge, then it is necessary to be guided by selection of plants for the unilateral review. If there is an opportunity to approach the flower garden from all sides, then it is necessary to select cultures for the flowerbed of the circular review, taking into account the principles of opposition and similarity.
The composition of the circular review is called a group of plants, which is considered from different angles. Usually in the gardens there are groups of trees, shrubs and herbaceous perennials located on the lawn. But more original solutions are possible. For example, a composition built in a paving aperture or a group of water plants in a garden pond is very interesting. Even a small flower garden in a container of terracotta, if it is skillfully composed, can be considered a composition of a circular view.
Each flower arrangement in the garden has its own characteristics. So, planning to break a flower garden or a group on the lawn, think about the fact that later it would be convenient for you to mow the grass around the perimeter of the group. In the flower beds located in the openings of the paving, low, "tamping" plants should overlap the borders of the cut window. Garden compositions of perennials grown on the perimeter of the pond should not strongly crush the water mirror. The best effect is produced by harmonious, commensurate areas of the reservoir composition, reflected in the water. But with all the subtleties of the method of constructing a circular composition remains the same. After all, the laws of visual perception are constant and the composition does not depend on the “genre”.
Catching up on the landscape design of the flower garden with your own hands, keep in mind that opening the center and shifting all the landings to the periphery of the site, you visually enlarge the garden. But, such gardens are not always interesting. The composition of the circular view significantly increases the content of the garden, although it makes it visually smaller.
On this page you will learn how to make a flower garden in the garden not only beautiful, but also original.
How to make a beautiful flower garden: layout
When planning in the garden of a flower garden with a circular view, you should consider the style and location. The background of the circular composition varies depending on the point of view. It can be an apple orchard, your home or your neighbor.
Styling a garden composition so that it fits into any environment is extremely difficult. At the same time, it is also impossible not to take into account what is located around: the composition will be cut off from reality, integrity will be lost.
So, the rock garden, broken in the middle of the lawn, and even against the background of English mixborders, looks at least strange.
What is the cause of visual discomfort? The rock garden is an obvious stylization, an attempt to imitate a particle of alpine nature. A stylized composition can not exist by itself, out of context.
The environment in which the circular flower garden is built in the garden affects not only its style, but also the choice of location.
For example, your neighbor’s house is not sympathetic. So why create a composition on its background? Trying to close the unsightly look? Unfortunately, it is unlikely to succeed. Most likely, you will not close the neighbor's house, but, on the contrary, attract attention to it, because you will constantly look at it, admiring your composition.
Most often, the problem is solved by a slight displacement of the composition. Pay attention: to get away from the unpleasant look, the person simply turns away.
On these photos are flower beds and flower gardens in the landscape design of the garden, created according to the principle of opposition and similarity:
Surprisingly, some kind of unknown force compels many people to place the composition of the circular view directly in the geometric center of the lawn, pond, site. Know that this is justified only when the garden has a regular layout. But in most cases we do not strive to set our garden in opposition to nature, but, on the contrary, we are trying to model certain natural communities.
When making a garden flower composition, centering looks unnatural, since it is impossible to find anything similar in nature. Try to move the group relative to the center, and you will see how the picture comes to life.
Do-it-yourself landscape design: the size of a flower bed or a flower bed
When a place is found for a flower arrangement in a garden created by own hands, it is necessary to determine its size. Height and width can not be too large, otherwise the composition can not be assessed as a whole. On the other hand, too small a composition on a spacious lawn looks ridiculous. As you can see, both options are dangerous.
- Width. In contrast to the mixborder, the composition of the circular review is constructed in such a way that it is perceived as a whole. Since we see the composition from different points - from the porch, from the gazebo, and from the walkway - some calculations need to be made. From each species point of the flower garden in the garden of a private house, use the square to build 30-degree angles in the direction of the intended location of the group. The intersection of the corners forms an area that will become the approximate width of the composition. Of course, you can step back a bit from the size. But just a little, and not significantly.
- Height. It is necessary that the tall elements not only fall into a vertical angle of view, but also have a little “air” at the edges - a strip of lawn in front of the composition, a piece of sky from above. This is possible only if the decorative group is removed from the viewpoint by a distance equal to at least 2-2,5 its heights. Theoretically, in order to calculate the height of the tallest element in a garden flower arrangement, it is necessary to measure the distance from the viewpoint to the intended location and divide it into 2 or 2,5. But in this case, everything is more complicated, since there are several species points.
See how beautiful landscape flower gardens are in these photos:
Your task is to build a composition that will look good from all sides. Therefore, we proceed as follows. First, select the most distant viewpoint. Knowing the width of the composition, we calculate the height of the main element (core). To the flower garden in the garden was beautiful, we select the subordinate elements to the core. We do this on the basis of the laws of proportion and color, and also taking into account the nature of seasonal changes in plants. A little later we will talk about these laws in more detail.
Then move to another point. If the distance to the composition is the same, there is no problem. But when it is significantly smaller, we see not the whole group, but only a part of it (either the lower or the upper one). For example, if the main element of the composition of garden plants is sprucethen from the first point the cone is visible, and from the second - only the green background of the needles.
Against this background, we will build a new group. That is, we again choose the main and subordinate elements, taking into account all the conditions.
The main thing is not to spoil what was done before, that is, to build not a new garden composition with your own hands, but to harmoniously complement an existing one. Next, we go through the remaining species points and do the same.
The structure of the garden flower arrangement of perennial plants
The design and structure of the flower garden in the garden depends on the chosen style. The decorative panel of the circular view can be solved in landscape or regular style. More often in gardens there are landscape compositions.
When making flower beds and flower beds in the garden, keep in mind that a regular composition has a concentric structure. The main element is placed in the center. At different distances from it, observing symmetry, shrubs and / or perennials are planted.
The elements of the flower garden in such a garden composition have strict geometric contours. Plants with picturesque crowns are used extremely rarely.
But the composition may not produce the desired effect if it is in an inappropriate environment. Imagine a lawn girdled by picturesque shrub groups and perennial flower beds. Agree, the regular group located in the center of such a lawn looks ridiculous.
Much better among smooth lines of mixborders looks like a landscape-type composition. This group is not located in the geometric center of the lawn. In addition, its main element is also not centered.
The best flower gardens in landscape design, created by hand, are shown in the photo:
Tricks of landscape design: the principles of creating a flower garden in the garden (with photo)
Regardless of which composition — regular or landscape — you decide to create, the principles do not change. There are only two of them. They are called differently: either by the principles of contrast and nuance, or by methods of opposition and similarity. Considering these landscape tricks, when creating a flower garden, in both cases a comparative analysis of the elements used in the composition is carried out.
Working on the principle of contrast (opposition), we choose plants that differ sharply from each other. Plants selected according to the principle of nuance (similarity) also have differences, but these are stepwise, insignificant differences.
Under the characteristics that are compared, we understand the size of plants, their color, shape and texture of the surface of the crown. Contrasting the characteristics (vertical - horizontal, dark - light, pyramidal - spherical), we get a contrast. A step change (rich green — light green — lettuce; a small ball on a high trunk — a medium ball on a middle trunk — a large ball on the ground) gives nuanced combinations.
It is worth noting that not all characteristics can be compared in both cases. For example, contrast in form is often used, but contrast in size is a utopian affair. Conversely, it is quite difficult to imagine a nuance in form, and a nuance in size - please.
How to arrange a flower garden in the garden, picking up plants on the principle of contrast? Make it pretty simple. But be warned, this is a very strong reception. Using it, it is easy to bend the stick, that is, to create an unnecessarily tense composition. Why is there no tension in nature? Because we do not see contrasts. This does not mean that they are not. In addition, natural contrasts are extremely expressive. Imagine the water surface of the pond and the vertical lines of the branches of a weeping willow, coastal reeds and rounded lily pads.
The same goes for sharp color contrasts. Sometimes they cause a storm of emotions. With short-term perception, this is not bad. For example, in a bouquet for a loved one color tension is appropriate.
As can be seen in the photo, in a garden composition or a flower garden a sharp color contrast is possible only under certain conditions:
For example, a brief contemplation of simultaneously blossoming contrasting flowers is pleasant. But the combination of blue-black barberry Thunberg’s Aigea ottavsky with lemon yellow barberry, “pleasing” from spring to autumn, is far from being able to endure.
If there is already a similar beautiful garden composition on the plot and you do not want to part with it, you can weaken the contrast with the help of silvery, white-and-white plants or plants abundantly blooming with white flowers. There are a lot of similar plants, both grassy and woody.
The method of contrast or nuance applies to the ratio of the composition with its surroundings. For example, a group of vertical conifers on the background of a squat "Finnish" house from a bar (contrast in shape). Or a circular nuanced composition of plants of a blue-violet scale against the background of a yellow fence (contrast in color).
Similarly, it is possible to build a nuanced relationship. But many fear that in this case the composition will merge with the environment, that is, it will not be perceived on its own. This is what forces gardeners to move the group away from the objects attached to the site and place it almost in the center of the open space. This line of thought is wrong.
There is a rule for constructing a composition that says: if the parts that are similar in color, texture, shape and size, are located at close range, they will merge into a whole. It turns out that the group is mixed with the environment, you need to build a composition of the same plants that are in the environment. But, as you know, this rarely happens.
This photo shows the floral arrangements in the garden, created with all the principles:
Build a beautiful garden flower arrangement with their own hands (with photos)
Creating flowerbeds and flower beds in landscape design with their own hands, after choosing a method of working with plants, they begin to build a composition. Regardless of which composition you have conceived, landscape or regular, nuanced or contrasting, the hierarchy of elements must be strictly observed: the main one is subordinates of the first order subordinates of the second order and so on. Moreover, the lower the level, the more elements it contains.
Pay attention to the photo - at the flower garden in the garden the main element is always the same, subordinates more:
The number of components of the lowest level is not even considered. The reverse relationship is impossible for the simple reason that in nature this does not happen.
First, based on the height, location and stylistic image, when decorating a flower garden in the garden, the dominant group is chosen. It is very important to choose a plant of the correct form.
Have you ever seen a plant with a clear vertical contour obey a sprawling one in nature? On the contrary - please, and so - no. In addition, some plants have a “tired look” (stefanandra, kerria). They are also difficult to imagine as a dominant.
These photos show how to arrange a flower garden in the garden, taking into account all the principles of composition:
Landscape design of the dacha: flower bed proportions (with photo)
We assume that the number of elements you have understood. And how to determine the size of the flower garden in the garden, created by yourself? It is clear that the height of the subordinate elements is less than the height of the main one. At the same time, the height difference cannot be either too big or too small. If the subordinate element is slightly different in height, it will compete with the main one, and if it is larger in volume, it may even dominate, shifting the accents in an undesirable direction.
As shown in the photo, in the landscape design of the dacha, flower beds will be perceived more harmoniously if the ratio of the heights of all elements of the composition will approximately correspond to the proportion of the golden section:
- Proportion of the golden section: The segment AB is divided by point C in proportion to the golden section, if its length (AB) is so related to its larger part (AC), as most part (AC) refers to the smaller part (CB). The exact digital aspect ratio is 0,618: 0,382. But it’s inconvenient to use digital expression of proportion. In addition, in working with plants, mathematical accuracy is not needed. It is better to use a series of Fibonacci numbers, where each subsequent number is obtained by adding the two previous ones (1,2, 3, 5, 8,13, etc.). Starting with 3 / 5, each fraction in a row (5 / 8, 8 / 13, etc.) is a proportion of the golden ratio.
There is another way of proportioning. It is based on the rule of a non-equilateral triangle. It is especially convenient to use this rule if the composition consists of three main elements. In the plan they form a non-sided triangle, the long side of which is in front of the observer, and the short side to the left of it.
The height of the elements is regulated: medium is the highest, the left is intermediate, the right is the lowest. If there is a need to move the middle element in height to the right, then the length of the sides is changed so that the short one is on the right.
As for the distances between plants, you should focus on the size of the crowns. The crowns of trees and shrubs should not close tight, unless it is a question of a bouquet planting. However, too much distance is bad. To determine the planting, it is necessary, bearing in mind the dimensions of the plants in adult condition, put them on the scheme.
The best can be considered the situation when the crowns of plants at the same height slightly touch each other. The distance is determined by the center of the crowns.
How to arrange a flower garden in the garden in the country with their own hands: flower arrangements and their photo
The composition of the circular view is not always created from different species of plants. It may well be homogeneous in composition.
In a sense, a circular composition can be considered a group of trees in a bouquet planting. Landing rules are as follows. Several trees of the same species are planted in a large pit or at close (up to 50 — 60 cm) distance. View is chosen depending on the size of the group. The size, in turn, is regulated by the area of the plot. It may be birch, pines, nuts.
Trees will develop in different ways. The straight trunks of the pines will fly upward, the birch trees will curve arcuately, and the nuts will completely diverge from each other. In this case, the total crown will cover a rather large area, and the plants will look like one multi-stem tree with a lush crown.
Choosing plants for a flower garden, created by your own hands in the landscape design of the garden, first of all, assess the environmental conditions of the site. The option when the conditions are trying to change in connection with the requirements of plants, will not work here. In addition, the garden areas intended for planting should be sufficient for the development of both the above-ground part of such a group and its root system.
This photo shows the design in the garden of flower beds, consisting of different plants:
Of course, such a diversity, as in the compositions of a one-sided review, can not be here. There can not be variegation: all species that we use should be combined in physiognomic type, style. Although the opportunity to diversify the range, of course, remains.
Speaking of assortment, it is impossible to ignore the question of the perception of certain plants from different distances. There are plants that look spectacular from afar, others are only good at close range.
Since the species point can be removed from the composition or, on the contrary, approach it almost closely, it is logical to arrange the plants so that their decorative qualities “work” to the maximum.
As can be seen in the photo, in the landscape design of the flower garden, similar plants can be in the composition of permanent or seasonal accents:
For example, some varieties derena thanks to bright bark, they are very spectacular in winter, and in summer they become a neutral background for other species and varieties. Ideal can be considered a composition that is consistently decorative and at the same time has alternating accents. Most often accents are colored (timing of flowering, seasonal coloring).
In the composition of the circular review, as, indeed, in any other, the dynamics of growth and durability of plants are important. Creating this or that group, we focus on the size of plants in adult condition. And it is right. But before the plants reach the design size, it will take some time. And time plays a crucial role in the fate of the composition. Judge for yourself.
Peak decorativeness different plants do not reach at the same time, because they grow at different speeds. Because of this, the picture that you drew in your imagination may not take shape.
Indeed, by the time the slow-growing plants mature, their fast-growing partners will have left, having completed their life cycle. Therefore, plants with similar growth rates or different ages are selected in one composition.
And what to do while plant accents grow up? How to compensate for the lack of volume? Best color. This is due to the peculiarities of visual perception. Bright colors distract the attention of the observer from the lack of volume, and light colors make objects visually larger.
You can use fast-growing Letniki (amaranth, castor oil), perennials and shrubs. And it is good to wriggle your supports with liana-letniki (nasturtium, sweet pea, ipomoea). Do not make stationary support. Let it be, for example, from a wicker. By the time the trees grow, the support will rot, the letniks will change many times, some perennials or fast-growing shrubs will fall out, you will refuse others.
In winter, the picture can be revived with a feeder on a support. If you do not forget to pour the cereal, life around will boil such that you forget about the problem of lack of volume.
Selecting plants-compensators, it is important to consider the biology of species that are already growing in a permanent place. Compensated landing should not harm the main.
So, if you cover up slow-growing Amur velvet with large peers or perennials, it will even help him: shading will stimulate growth and promote the formation of a straight trunk. A pine seedling in this way can not be planted.
See how the flower gardens look originally in the garden of a private house in these photos:
Landscape design in the country with their own hands: surrounded by a flower garden in the garden
Finally, let us once again address the problem of the visual association of an ornamental group with its surroundings. But merging is easily avoided if you place the group at a distance of at least two of its diameters from the edge of the environment. If the plant composition of the group differs significantly from other plantings, the composition can be positioned almost right next to a small dividing strip of lawn or paving. Agree, decorative apple will not merge with the background of the bushes, even if they are separated by a narrow strip of lawn.
Traditionally, in the Russian garden, expressive plants were planted on a neutral natural background. In the estates were accents larches, fircedars When there were cottages, they came to replace lilacs, hydrangeas, rose hips. A little bit later - Phloxes и peonies. Today the situation has changed. The gardens are filled with exotic bright plants.
Collecting in the garden all the best that is in the garden centers, we are depriving ourselves of the opportunity to build a truly interesting composition that will look spectacular in a calm environment.
In this collection are presented photos of the most beautiful flower gardens in the garden, created by yourself: