If you decide to plant a hedge at your dacha, such as you and your household members like, do not rush to get down to business right away. To get started, study the relevant literature and find out whether such a green fence is suitable for your site.
You will also have to familiarize yourself with the rules and norms of planting plants for hedges, because such a fence should be at a certain distance from residential and domestic buildings.
Creating a hedge around your home or suburban area is a creative and useful activity. It allows owners to show their imagination, artistic taste and ennoble the landscape.
How to make a hedge with your own hands using different types of trees and shrubs is described in detail in this article.
Planting hedges on the site: schemes and norms
Important in creating a hedge are the choice of a place to plant a hedge and the season for transferring plants to open ground. Usually a hedge is made in the spring when the soil is already dry. If frost-resistant plants are chosen to create a living fence, then a hedge is laid in the fall.
Before you plant a hedge, you need to pick up a bright area. Green fencing requires free space, only a few types of shrubs tolerate constant shading.
In order to create free-growing hedges, well-lit places where the plants will not lack the sun, moisture and nutrients are diverted. Therefore, first plot the area where the plants will be planted. The fence is placed at a distance of 2 m or more from buildings, from the capital fence at a distance of 0,5-1,5 m.
The fence plan must be coordinated with the neighbors; it should not obstruct the intersection and the street or obscure the neighboring area.
If there is no possibility of coordination, then when laying a hedge it is necessary to consider the following distance norms from the border of the site:
- 1 for shrubs up to 1,5 m
- 2 m for shrubs up to 2,5 m
- 3 m for trees up to 5 m
- 5 to 10 m for trees up to 20 m
- from 15 to 25 m for tall trees over 20 m tall in adult condition
Soil with a large supply of nutrients and an optimal water regime is best suited for normal hedge growth.
Before planting a hedge, deep loosening and abundant fertilization of the soil should be carried out in advance.
Hedges are distinguished by row planting. When creating a single-row green fence plants are planted in one line at an equal distance from each other. Planting pitch for low or medium-sized shrubs is approximately 30-50 cm, trees are planted with an interval of 75-150 cm.
When creating two- or three-row hedges, the planted plants usually have several lines in the form of uneven tiers. Forming a multi-row hedge, the plants are planted in a checkerboard pattern, keeping the distance depending on the height of the tree or shrub, as well as on the expected size of the crown.
Planting plants in a checkerboard pattern makes the hedge wider and fluffier. If the place does not allow, then the bushes and trees just planted in a row.
Below is a step-by-step guide for creating a hedge with your own hands and describes how to care for plants.
Planting technology of shrubs and trees for hedges
The density of a hedge according to the rules of planting depends on the specific plants planted, the expected height of their growth and the number of rows of the live fence.
To plant a hedge as the correct technology suggests, you need to start with the markup, marking two points with pegs - the beginning and the end of the fence. Hammering pegs into the soil, recede from the boundary of the plot or fence by about 50 cm.
On pegs, they fasten and tightly tighten the cord to indicate the planting line, along which they dig a trench from 40 to 90 wide or more, depending on the length of the landings.
For single row hedge the width of the trench is 40-50 cm, for multi-row plantings add 50 cm for each subsequent row. If it is intended to make a hedge of 2-3-x rows of spreading plants, it is better to dig out the corresponding number of trenches for their planting.
In accordance with the technology of planting a hedge, a trench is dug to a depth of about 50 cm (more precisely, the depth is determined based on the needs of the root system of a particular planting material).
For a well-developed root system, you can make the trench wider and deeper. For a plant whose root system lies shallow, a trench with a smaller depth, but no less than a shovel bayonet, is sufficient.
As shown in the photo, the bottom of the trench for a hedge planted with your own hands, carefully loosened, poured fully matured compost, peat or rotted manure:
In some cases, depending on the needs of the plants, organic matter can be mixed with the upper fertile soil layer. Under each type of plant is better to pick up your soil composition.
Also, based on the needs of the planted plants, mineral fertilizers are applied, the approximate amount of complex fertilizers - by 50-60 g per 1 pog. m. Then they water the land in a trench, place the seedlings on the prepared place and compact the soil.
Before planting, seedlings with an open root system remove damaged parts of the roots with a secateur. In plants whose roots are packed in a sheath, the root system is released directly in the planting pit.
The roots of the seedling gently straighten and sprinkle with soil mixture, compacting it so that around the roots there are no voids.
To make the hedge as strong as possible, the soil around the seedlings is trampled down, a roller is arranged around the stem of each plant to form a watering hole, and then watered so that the soil is soaked with moisture
Immediately after planting the shears remove the damaged parts of the branches. Deciduous plants are cut to a third of their height. At this planting complete.
Planting seedlings, strictly measure the distance between plantings in a row.
The distance between seedlings in a row individually, it depends directly on the type of plants, the growth rate of trees or shrubs and their approximate width in adulthood. For example, wild rose seedlings can be planted at a distance of 50-80 cm from one another.
The recommended plan for planting seedlings of hedge on an 1 linear meter is as follows:
- Low Shrubs - 5-7 Bushes
- Medium Shrubs - 4-5 Bushes
- High (2-3 m) bushes and trees —1-2 plants
How to plant in the country a hedge of hvoynikov
Coniferous plants are most often planted not in trenches, but in planting pits, the diameter of which should be twice the size of the rhizome.
For a hedge of hvoyniki, planted in the country with their own hands, garden soil dug out during the formation of a landing pit is mixed with mature compost or other organic fertilizer. To this mixture add 1-2 Art. l silica on the pit and sprinkle the bottom.
Conifers of plants are usually sold with a closed root system, most often in plastic containers. The plant is carefully removed from the container immediately before planting, taking care not to damage the earthen clod around the roots.
After that set the tree in the pit, sprinkled with earth, compacting the soil mixture with his hands, but not ram. At a short distance (30-50 cm) from the stem, an irrigation roller is formed in the form of a low hillock that prevents water from spreading.
After completing the planting work, the plants are watered abundantly. It is recommended that conifers be treated with a special preparation to reduce evaporation. It also contributes to the survival of the young plant.
How to plant a hedge of deciduous plants
Saplings of medium or tall hardwood plants are most often sold with an open root system. Therefore, when purchasing seedlings, it is necessary to carefully examine the root system, choosing only healthy specimens.
Seedlings are transported, wrapping the roots with a damp cloth and a film so that they do not dry out. A few hours before planting, they are dipped in lukewarm water for rinsing, the roots are pruned just before planting, removing damaged and long processes.
There are many perennial and annual crops that feel great in places with plenty of sunshine. Light-loving plants are best included in the hedges on the south and east side.
Before growing a hedge from deciduous plants, pits for seedlings are prepared so that the planting depth does not exceed the one on which the seedling grew in the nursery.
The garden soil dug out from the planting pit is mixed with organic fertilizers, the volume of which depends on the needs of the particular plant, after which the soil mixture is poured into the planting pit with a cone.
The seedling is placed in a pit, gently straightening the roots of the earthen cone, and sprinkled with the remaining earth. Carefully monitor the density of the backfill so that there are no voids between the roots of the seedling.
For a seedling with a high trunk, a support stake is hammered into the bottom of the pit to a depth of 50 cm. After planting, the tree is freely tied to the stake with soft material.
Create a trellis hedge
If you create a hedge on the trellis, the soil should be prepared in the same way as for planting in a trench. Plants are planted in one row, keeping between them a gap of no more than 20, see
For a trellis hedge planted with their own hands, pick up such plants that grow well. Immediately after planting, the seedlings are pruned to hemp with a height of no more than 10.
In the spring, from the beginning of the sprouting of the shoots, the strongest are chosen from among them and direct them to the ground at an angle 40-50 °. With the help of the usual tape, they tie the shoots crosswise in places where they touch each other, having previously removed the bark from these areas.
After binding the shoots cut their tops above the junction. The pattern of shoots in the form of rhombuses is fixed on a frame having a trellised structure. This framework is constructed in advance from the crossbars attached to the stakes, which are driven into the ground with a small step.
After some time, the shoots grow together, the next year the procedure of splicing is repeated. After several years, a beautiful and durable hedge surrounds the site.
How to make your own frame frame hedge in the country
Before you make such a hedge in the country, first make the frame, which can serve as a light but durable fence of the desired height of any material. If the finished fence in the right place is not available, support for the plants is done independently. First, dig a trench depth of 15-20 cm in the place where there will be a future hedge.
The trench is required for the subsequent planting of seedlings or the sowing of seeds, the soil in it is loosened and fertilized in the same way as when planting other crops in the garden. The amount of fertilizer depends on the needs of the plants.
The posts for the framework are installed at the beginning and at the end of the future hedge, as well as at support points (bending), if they exist on the scheme.
Metal or wooden poles are installed, for sustainability, they are buried in the ground by 40-60 cm depending on the future height of the frame: the higher the frame, the deeper the poles are driven into the ground.
Between the pillars in several rows stretch a strong synthetic rope. The optimal number of rows 3-5, the final calculation is made based on the height of the fence.
The hedge on the frame of girlish grape looks very impressive, without requiring special care.
It can serve as a fence, as well as a good background for the rest of the elements of landscape design. Such a hedge looks especially impressive in the fall, when red grape leaves create a festive atmosphere in the garden.
How to plant a hedge of shrubs
Saplings of low shrubs are usually grown for sale in plastic containers. They provide the plant's root system with reliable protection, so it is possible not to adhere to precise terms for planting bushes in open ground.
The hole for planting shrubs for hedgerow is prepared based on the size of the rhizome of the plant and the earthy coma. Fertilizers are applied to the well, depending on the needs of a particular type of plant.
Sapling can be removed from the container with the preservation of earthy coma only at the very moment of planting. It is lowered into the prepared landing hole and sprinkled with soil soil, filling the voids. Then a little compacted topsoil and watered abundantly.
Saplings of large shrubs are placed in a pre-excavated trench to 50-60, see depth. The bottom is loosened with forks to a depth of 20 cm, mixing the loosened layer of earth with peat or other organic matter with the addition of a small amount of phosphate fertilizers. Lime and wood ash are added to the acidic soil.
These photos show hedges in the country, planted with their own hands from various plants:
Tips on how to care for a hedge
Caring for a hedge has its own characteristics, which depend on the type of hedge itself, as well as the species and species of plants that make it up.
Seedlings of hardwoods grown in a container, immediately after planting, are cut to a third of the height, approximately on the 15-20 cm aboveground parts.
Saplings purchased with a bare root system cut off half the existing height, leaving the 10-15 cm above-ground part. This technique maintains a balance between the still weak root system and the crown of seedlings; they tolerate transplantation better.
Also, pruning seedlings immediately after planting causes a strong growth of shoots at the base of the future bush, creating a good base for it. Any pruning of shoots should be done only with sharp garden shears.
Coniferous trees and evergreen shrubs are not pruned after planting, here they only remove damaged parts.
Forming trimming during the care of the hedge after planting spend all subsequent years, starting from the second year, to ensure high quality hedges. As a result, they create a bush with uneven, well developed and successfully placed branches.
Pruning plants allows during the growing season to develop an optimal leaf surface of the bushes and create a solid wall.
During the first three years, the crowns should be properly formed and the shrubs of any hedge should be processed so that the composition has a neat and well-groomed appearance, is representative and performs a decorative function.
In the second year, the hedge is gradually trimmed 4 times per season - from May to August, even if it has not yet reached the desired height. Easy trimming of lateral shoots leads to an increase in the density of branches, allows you to increase lateral tillering along the entire height of the plant and gives the hedge the desired shape.
At the same time, the upper shoots only trim.
Making pruning, take into account the characteristics of cutting specific plants. In conifers, only twigs are shortened a little. Fast-growing deciduous plants pruned more so that they have a neat appearance. During pruning, you can twist the branches with each other, so that the living wall becomes denser.
Trimming the green fence, the base is formed slightly wider than the tip. Then the lower branches get good coverage and the opportunity for normal development.
After the hedge has reached the desired height, cut the upper shoots and trim the side to increase the thickness of the fence. After 2-3 of the year, as well as in the subsequent period, shearing is performed to give a neat look to the decorative enclosure.
Cut the side branch, and the top shoots trim a little. Pruning of deciduous trees and shrubs is carried out in early spring, before bud break and young leaves appear. Coniferous evergreens are trimmed at a later spring or early autumn.
With the achievement of the desired height of the fence produce health pruning to preserve the beautiful appearance of the fence. With the aging of the branches apply anti-aging pruning.
If you do not engage in timely trimming a hedge, it will grow so that there will be no way to put it in order. Then you have to trim the landing at the root.
They are suitable for creating hedges or borders under the trees and in the shade of buildings, but do not tolerate deep shadow.
Planted trees and shrubs pruned to a stump a year after planting, leaving only 10-15, see above-ground parts of plants.
In the spring of next year, capital trimming of the hedge is produced, leaving only the strongest shoots. They are interlaced with each other crosswise - at an angle 45 °, cutting off the bark at the points of contact between the branches.
In order to care for a hedge as the correct technology suggests, during the growing season all side shoots of the trellis cut 2-3 times, maintaining the vertical plane on the frame. This contributes to the further branching up of the hedge.
The side hairstyle of a living trellis fence is made regularly to ensure, thanks to the strongest branching, the uniform width of the fence (about 30 cm). After the trellis fence plants have reached the desired height, they are clipped from above to maintain the desired height of the green fence.
The decorative hairstyle is the main component of work on care of a green fence. Usually it starts when the plants grow well, and their root system is sufficiently strengthened.
Landings can be given any shape - rectangles, balls, stars and all other shapes.
Therefore, for her pick up plants that painlessly tolerate a haircut. To clearly follow the advice on the care of hedges, it is recommended to prepare in advance a plan for cutting, with which you can create a unique landscape composition of all hedge plants with garden shears.
Molded hedge trimmed at least three times a year to comply with its strict forms.
The trimmed hedge is trimmed along the top to maintain its uniform height, cutting off the shoots approximately to a height of about 10.
For the sake of achieving an even cut, pre-drive the pegs at the ends of the hedge, stretch the string between them at the right height for the reference point. The top plane is cut strictly horizontally or in shape.
A hedge of evergreen or small-leaved plants is clipped with garden shears or an electric tool. The hedge of large-leaved plants is trimmed and trimmed with a pruner. For clipping molded hedges, with a large stretch, use a special power tool.
Some types of shrubs (hawthorn, turn, tamarisk) need a strong pruning to a height of about 15 cm from the surface of the soil.
The barberry, beech, hornbeam, cotoneaster and boxwood are cut by one third of the height of the new shoots.
Cypress, laurel cherry, juniper do not need cardinal pruning. In hedges formed from such plants, only individual branches are cut, knocking out of the total mass and giving the fence a untidy appearance.
Freely growing hedge does not require special care, especially after the completion of its formation. Further, the entire care consists of weeding, watering and dressing. Plants are carefully watered after planting, and then constantly weed and in a timely manner destroy pests.
Once a year, usually in early spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, removing dry, broken and frostbite branches. The plants that form the hedge are periodically fed. The volume and composition of fertilizers depends on the needs of shrubs.
A trellis fence requires more and regular maintenance. In the first year of planting, the plants regularly weed, loosen the soil under them and water it, preventing it from drying out.
Forming haircut plants carried out in early autumn, before the end of the leaves. In the warm season, shoots are pruned in the lower part of the plants so that the hedge does not become bare from the bottom. Then new shoots will develop on the sleeping buds.
A molded hedge needs care throughout the season, which is much more difficult than with ordinary garden plants. She is constantly monitored: she is cut in shape, watered and fertilized. In the first year of each fence requires regular watering.
Sanitary pruning is carried out in early spring: remove dried, diseased and broken branches. Then, during the warm season, shrubs and trees are regularly cut to give the desired crown configuration.
Further care depends on the type and characteristics of the plants, since each of them needs an individual approach. The main elements of care for all the plants that make up the fence - mandatory watering during the drought period, loosening the soil and mineral fertilizers.
Before watering a hedge, the soil is loosened on the 50-70 cm on either side of the planting. A jet of water is directed to the very base of the plants to ensure that the soil is moistened to 30-40 cm deep.
Young plants in a hedge planted with their own hands, at the age of 3-4, require organic dressing using potassium salt and urea. Organic matter - mature compost, peat or deciduous humus - is applied when digging up the soil in early spring or autumn at the rate of 2-5 kg per 1 м2 land.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the soil in early spring. Phosphate-potassium fertilizers are added for the most part in late summer and early autumn. The approximate rate of autumnal feeding consists of 30-40 g of potassium salt, 50-70 g of superphosphate, 50-70 g of ammonium sulfate on 1 м2. The exact rate of fertilizer application depends on the type of plant.