A variety of forms of currently cultivated plants allows you to create the most unusual landscape design and at the same time extract practical benefits from it. Berry, vegetable and ornamental Physalis is an unpretentious culture from the family of the nightshade. Some varieties can be used for medicinal and healing purposes. Physalis edible is used in canning and in dried form. The process of growing from seed requires attention, time and some knowledge of agricultural technology. How to get a strong seedlings and high yields - tell in this article. In the meantime, we offer to see the Physalis varieties in the photo:
Types and varieties of Physalis (with photo)
The huge choice among the presented bags with seeds sometimes makes confused even experienced gardeners. Physalis species are usually divided by the purpose of its cultivation:
- ornamental varieties of Physalis have pronounced aesthetic properties;
- vegetable varieties give a rich harvest of fruits weighing up to 150 gr .;
- berry or strawberry Physalis produces fruits of small mass (up to 10 gr.) with excellent organoleptic qualities.
Varieties of physalis for decorative purposes have the greatest resistance to adverse environmental conditions. They have a bright orange flashlight during the flowering period. Another name for species is Physalis Franche or Chinese lantern. It can be used in winter flower compositions as a dry flower.
The most popular varieties of vegetable Physalis are “The King” and “Early Moscow”. You can see them in the photo below:
A distinctive feature is a high rate of ripening and a wonderful sweetish taste. It is used in canning, in the preparation of jam and jams.
The widest palette of varieties is observed among the berry or strawberry varieties of Physalis - they are divided into three subspecies:
- Peruvian type has fruits with a pronounced citrus aroma and taste, suitable for drying and jam;
- Florida Physalis is used exclusively for jam, reminiscent in taste and aroma of sweet cherry;
- The sweetest and delicious fruits can be obtained if you plant raisin berry Physalis - the tangerine flavor is preserved both during drying and when preparing jam.
When choosing a suitable grade of Physalis for growing from seeds in the garden plot, you should pay attention to the ripening time. The shorter the summer, the more precocious the variety should be chosen. The way out of growing can be a way out of growing. About him and talk further.
Growing Physalis from seeds: planting and care
Get a rich harvest or a magnificent decorative planting is possible only with strict observance of the rules of agricultural technology. Growing physalis from seeds is advisable in any climatic zone of Russia to be carried out by seedling. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in the same time as for peppers or other solanaceous crops. As a rule, by the time the seedlings are transplanted to open ground conditions, seedlings should be 60 days old. Thus, if a landing is planned at the end of May, then seedlings should be sown in mid-February. The time of emergence of shoots on average is 20 - 27 days. How is physalis planting and the subsequent care of the seedlings and adult plants - tell you next.
So, the preparation begins with the processing of the soil. Requires humus-rich soil with the addition of river sand. The resulting soil disinfection, calcined in the oven, is treated with a hot solution of potassium permanganate and fungicides. After a day, you can start planting Physalis seeds .. For this, a container with low sides is filled with about half the height of the soil. Then the surface is slightly compacted. Seeds unfold at an equal distance from each other. Top wakes up with a layer of earth on about 2 / 3 from the entire height of the tank walls. After the emergence of shoots, the remaining 1 / 3 heights can be filled during the filling of the soil until the pick. After sowing, the surface is carefully watered with warm boiled water. The container is covered with polyethylene and placed in a warm dark place.
After the appearance of the shoot is drip daily watering. Feeding begins after picking (after 7 days after the procedure. Picking is necessary after the appearance of the first pair of true leaves. To do this, use a teaspoon to remove the 1 seedling and sit in separate peat pots with a diameter up to 10, see
Top dressing in the process of growing seedlings can be carried out with complex fertilizers with mineral and organic components (Agricola, Ispolin, Fertika and others).
For the active growth and development of Physalis seedlings, an ambient air temperature of at least 23 degrees Celsius is required. The length of the day is also important. At emergence of shoots before March 20 it is necessary to carry out daily additional lighting by means of fitolampa. It turns on the 3-4 hours every night.
Physalis care for outdoor cultivation
Transplantation into open ground is carried out at a time when the ambient temperature at night stops falling below + 10 degrees Celsius. Before this moment, it is important to harden the seedlings, gradually increasing their time on the street from 30 minutes to 4 hours.
Care for Physalis when grown in open ground consists of regular watering and mineral fertilizer application in order to entice the crop mass. Before disembarking, a garden bed is being prepared. It should not be used for the cultivation of potatoes, peppers or tomatoes in previous 3 years. The best predecessors are carrots, beets, onions, cabbage, peas and beans. The plot is carefully dug up and weeds are removed from it. Then humus should be added to the soil at the rate of 1 bucket on 1 square. meter. Also on every square. meter is entered on 50 gr. nitroammofoski or any complex mineral fertilizer for solanaceous crops. To remove excess acidity, you can use wood ash or slaked lime.
Prepare for planting pits with a depth of 30 cm, plants should be arranged according to the scheme 70х70, see. The stem of the seedling should be covered with earth before the first pair of true leaves. If the seedlings are very stretched, then you can increase the depth of planting in open ground. After planting, it is necessary to water and mulch the soil with nitrogen-treated sawdust.
In the period until the seedlings will get stronger in a new place, it is very important to shelter it from the scorching rays of the sun and possible pests. The soil should be kept loose and weed-free. For the shelter, you can use a transparent film, for example, lutrisil or spunbond. Feeding begins after 2 weeks from the moment of transplantation. The first two are held diluted mullein or Kornik with the addition of nitrogen. Then, before budding, mineral compositions intended for solanaceous crops are used as fertilizing. Make root dressing should be no more than 1 once a week.
Most varieties of Physalis do not require additional support. These are strong bushes. In the case of the formation of too many stepsons, they are pruned. In this way, it is possible to form a decorative appearance and stimulate the formation of fruits of greater weight.
If signs of decay or the presence of pests appear, remove all parts of the diseased plant. Helps regular spraying fungicides and insecticides.