Of all the representatives of the genus Currant golden appearance is cultivated least often. According to experienced gardeners, this misunderstanding should be tried to be corrected, because these bushes are much more stable than their closest "relatives", and their berries are not inferior to the fruits of red and black Ribes in their vitamin richness and taste.
The only difficulty that summer residents may encounter when growing golden currants is pollination of shrubs.
Currant golden (Ribes aureum) belongs to the family Gooseberry (Grossulariaceae). In nature, this species is common in the rocky mountains of North America.
To date, varieties of golden currant, suitable for planting in the middle lane, derived very little. In most cases, seedlings are grown from seeds of random plants.
When choosing this crop, one must keep in mind that in order to get a harvest, it is necessary to choose plants of different origin, since this crop is cross-pollinated. Cross-pollination is the process of transferring pollen from the flowers of one plant to the flowers of another. At the same time, plants should not be of the same type.
With a photo and description of the golden currant, as well as methods of reproduction of these shrubs, you can read by reading this material.
Description of the bushes golden currant (Ribes aureum)
Currant bush golden (Ribes aureum) formed mainly from thick basal shoots, which are usually weakly branched. Shoots are more durable than those currant red, they live up to 10 years. The most productive branches at the age of 5-7 years. The leaves are three- or five-lobed, shaped like gooseberry leaves.
Flower buds are laid on annual shoots and on perennial branches.
As seen in the photo, the flowers of the golden currant are bright, yellow, fragrant, gathered in short brushes:
The berries are round or slightly elongated, come in different sizes, but on average are superior to black currants. The color of berries can be from amber-yellow to completely black, can be smooth or hairy. The berries always have a tail from the dried perianth. The berries are juicy and sweet.
Golden currant is completely self-fruitless, that is, to get a crop you need to have at least two bushes of different origin.
Golden currant - the most stable of all currants: it is not afraid of a kidney mite, a glass bowl, powdery mildew and white spotting, it is hardy and drought tolerant. Thanks to these characteristics, golden currant does not require treatment with pesticides.
Among the currants whose fruits are eaten, the golden currant has the brightest and largest flowers. Both the pistils and the stamens are clearly visible in them, but they cannot pollinate themselves - at least two unrelated plants should be planted to produce berries.
With its autumn outfit, the golden currant will be able to outdo all fruit crops. The description of the golden currant at this time is very poetic: these bushes are flashing with bright torches in the garden, dispersing the sadness of the passing summer.
Golden currant is still not widespread in our country, although lately it can be found on sale more and more often.
This culture easily tolerates a haircut, which allows it to be used as a hedge, and at the same time it blooms and bears quite well. Fruiting occurs not only on the annual growth, which is regularly shortened when forming, but also on perennial fruit formations located on the older parts of the bush.
Currant golden is perfect for soliternye or group plantings. It can also serve as a backdrop for other plants. Golden currant is used not only as an independent culture - grades of red currant are grafted onto it to obtain standard forms. In the free-growing form of the plant reach 2-2,5 m.
Golden currant has a high decorative qualities.
These plants are gorgeous in the autumn, when their foliage is painted in bright red-purple, purple and lemon-yellow tones.
The fruits of the golden currant ripen in late summer - in August. One adult bush can collect 6-8 kg of berries.
Reproduction methods of golden currant (with video)
Reproduction of golden currant is produced by seed and vegetative methods.
When seed multiplication seeds can be sown in the winter in the ground. But it is more reliable to sift them into the box in winter and to stratify at a low positive temperature for 80 days.
It is necessary to ensure that the substrate was in a wet state. After that, the box is placed in a warm place. When the seedlings form 3-4 true leaflets, they swoop into ridges.
For better survival, they are covered with nonwoven at first. At the end of the season, seedlings develop well, which allows them to be planted in a permanent place.
Saplings of golden currant is an excellent stock for obtaining a standard form of red currant.
Propagating plants with seeds, you need to keep in mind that the seedlings obtained can be very different from their parents.
From vegetative breeding methods, all known variants can be used. These methods are good if you want to keep the signs of a propagated plant.
Reproduction by layering and lignified cuttings - the most simple and productive ways.
This species can be propagated by green cuttings:
Their rooting rate is about 40%. But green grafting is a laborious process and requires equipment of film greenhouses to maintain high humidity. In general, the larger the greenhouse, the easier it is to create favorable conditions in it.
Greenhouse is filled with humus or compost, level it, pour peat mixture with perlite or vermiculite in the ratio 3: 1 2-3 cm thick and cover the greenhouse with a milky white film.
The cuttings are harvested in mid-June and the kidneys are cut into 3 length, treated with a root formation stimulator according to the instructions, and inserted into the substrate with the lower end on 2, see.
A month later, the seedlings take root. From the second half of August, they begin to air them every day and gradually the film is completely removed. In the winter, the plants are not dug out - they are covered with leaves and left until spring.
Currant golden forms root shoots, and if you need a small number of plants, you can simply separate the offspring from the mother plant.
The subtleties of growing golden currant are shown in this video: