For reproduction of red currant cuttings or layering, you need to choose such forms that not only provide your family with berries, but also decorate the area, because you can pick up bushes with different heights - from 50 cm to 2,5 meters. Given that almost all varietal varieties are self-fertile, you can not take care of pollination, which means that the growing process is simplified.
Red currant belongs to the family Gooseberry (Grossulariaceae). This genus includes up to 150 species. All currants are naturally distributed in Europe, Asia, North and South America, in cold and temperate zones.
With a photo and a description of the best red currant varieties, as well as methods of reproduction of these shrubs, you can find out by reading this material.
Description of the bush red currant
According to the description, red currant bushes are very reminiscent of black. Bushes can be of different sizes: high reach 2,5 m in height, low growth - less than a meter. There are varieties and very small sizes - their height does not exceed 60 cm.
Bushes of red currant form a relatively large number of strong basal shoots. The productive period of each branch lasts up to 8 years, due to the lifespan of the fruit formations.
After that, the number of fruits on it is significantly reduced. Fruiting can occur on the increments of the last year, but most of the crop is formed on perennial fruit formations: bouquet branches and ringworms. Fruit formations are formed crowded in the upper parts of last year's increments.
As seen in the photo, the flowers of the red liberty are yellowish, of different lengths, are collected in an inflorescence-brush:
Almost all varieties are self-fertile, that is, they do not need additional pollination. Fruits can vary considerably in size and have a white, yellowish, pink, red or almost black color.
The flowering currant bush, of course, cannot compete, for example, with an apple tree, but it looks attractive. But fruiting allows to appreciate these plants.
The berries of red currant for a long time can hang on the bushes, without losing their qualities. In fairness, I must say that there are some ornamental shrubs that can decorate the garden during its fruiting.
The most impressive will look varieties of currants with different color of the fruit, planted next. It is good to use plentifully fruiting varieties with a long brush.
Here it is necessary to add that the autumn coloring of leaves in varieties with red fruits, as a rule, is red-maroon, and in white-fruited varieties - yellow. Choosing varieties, it is necessary not only to be guided by the color of the fruit, it is important that they be similar in strength to growth.
The next section of the article describes how to propagate red currants on the garden plot.
How to propagate the red currant cuttings and layering
For reproduction of red currant seed method is not used. It is easily propagated vegetatively - layering and cuttings (lignified and green).
For reproduction by layering choose well-developed basal shoots.
In the spring, before flowering, they are bent to the ground and fixed in this position. Bent shoots are slightly shortened and covered with a layer of fertile soil. When shoots develop from the lateral buds and rise X-mm high in 15, they are spud.
It is important to ensure that the soil around the layers is always wet. In early October, the cuttings are separated from the mother plant, carefully dug out and divided so that each plot has an escape and its own root system.
If you need to get a large number of plants, for example, for a hedge, then you need to propagate by cuttings. The simplest is reproduction by lignified cuttings.
For this, cuttings are harvested from mid-August to mid-September (later harvesting will give a very low percentage of rooting).
To propagate the red currant, the cuttings are cut to a length of about 20 cm with such an account that each has at least 3 well-developed buds.
At the end of next season, the resulting seedlings can be planted in a permanent place.
Green grafting in red currant is laborious and does not give good results. Rooting depends on the variety. In addition, the resulting plants often need a two-year rearing.
To obtain seedlings in a standard form, the necessary varieties of red currant are grafted onto previously grown seedlings. currant golden. To do this, the seedlings grow 1-2 of the year to the desired height and in the spring period, they are grafted with improved copulation, indented or in lateral cutting.
Then you can find a description of the best varieties of red currant, suitable for growing in the middle lane.
The best varieties of red currant for the middle band and their photo
Existing varieties of red currant can not be attributed to any particular type. In most cases, they originated from currants red (Riribes rubrum). with. ordinary (R. vulgare), with. rocky (R. petraeum), in the development of some forms, other species were used.
The best grades of red currant with a compact or slightly sprawling branch position are suitable for decorative use. Spreading bushes will fall apart. It is better to choose varieties resistant to the main diseases of currants - powdery mildew and anthracnose.
Varieties of currants with white fruits:
Squirrel - variety of medium early ripening
Bush slightly sprawling, with large, wrinkled, dark green shiny leaves. The brush is average, loose. The berries are medium in size, transparent, yellowish. Relatively resistant to diseases grade.
Advantages: characterized by high winter hardiness.
Cream - variety of medium early ripening
Bush semi-sprawling. The leaves are medium in size, dark green, wrinkled, dull. The brush is long, dense.
Look at the photo - the berries in this variety of red currants are of medium size, creamy, sweet-sour:
Advantages: variety resistant to anthracnose.
White fairy - samoplodny grade of average term of maturing
The bush is compact, thick. Leaves are medium-sized, dark green, leathery. The brush is long. Berries are medium in size, white, transparent, tender, tasty.
Advantages: winter hardiness, relative resistance to fungal diseases.
The early harvest ripens in mid-July, and the late - only by mid-August. This variety of currant is considered one of the best, since 10 kg of useful berries can be collected from one bush!
Bayana - variety of late ripening
The bush is thick, slightly sprawling. The leaves are large, light green. The brush is long, dense. Berries are medium in size, white, transparent, one-dimensional, sweet and sour.
Advantages: winter-hardy, disease resistant.
Different berry crops have different berries. For currant red, the average weight of berries is about 1 g, for currant red - 2-2,5 g, and for honeysuckle - total 0,5 g.
Varieties of currant with pink berries:
Dutch pink - samoplodny grade of average term of maturing
The bush is a vigorous, slightly sprawling, sparse, with dull middle-sized leaves. The brush is long. The berries are large, bright, sweet. The variety is medium-resistant.
Advantages: It has a good berry flavor, a relatively disease resistant variety.
Jumper - variety of medium ripening
Bush srednerosly, slightly sprawling, with matte leaves of medium size. Medium sized brush. Berries of medium size, light pink, sweet and sour.
Advantages: winter-hardy, relatively resistant to diseases.
Rossoshanskaya - a self-fertile variety of medium maturity
The bush is vigorous, semi-sprawling, does not thicken. The brush is of medium size, the berries are large, bright pink, aligned, very tasty.
Advantages: This is one of the best varieties of red currant for the middle band. It has a good berry flavor, winter hardiness and resistance to mushroom diseases.
Varieties of currants with red berries:
Early sweet - variety of early ripening
Bush srednerosly, very sprawling. The brush is long, not dense. The berries are small, dark red.
Advantages: winter hardiness Disease resistance is average.
Rachnovskaya - variety of medium early ripening
Bush sredneraskidisty. Leaves wrinkled. The brush is medium and long. The berries are medium in size, leveled, red, pleasant taste.
Advantages: good taste of berries. Winter-hardy. Disease resistance is below average.
Viksne - variety of medium early ripening
Bush tall, medium-sprawling. The leaves are large, dark green, slightly wrinkled. The brush is long, loose. Small berries, when ripe almost black, sweet and sour.
Advantages: This variety of red currant, suitable for the middle band, drought-resistant and winter-hardy, resistant to fungal diseases.
Natalie - samoplodny grade of average term of maturing
The bush is a powerful, medium-sprung, with large, leathery dark green leaves. The brush is medium and long. The berries are larger than average size, rich red, good taste.
Advantages: winter-hardy, slightly affected by disease. Differs in good taste of berries.
In this selection of photos are presented the best varieties of red currant for growing in private plots in the middle lane: