Weigela (Weigela) - spring flowering shrubs from 1 to 3 m tall. Weigels bloom better in a sunny place, but they can tolerate partial shade. Among other characteristics in shrub description Weigela - low frost resistance of plants, requiring planting in protected places, which is compensated by high decorative effect and a variety of species and varieties.
Weigel shrubs are demanding of moisture and soil fertility. They are propagated by summer and winter cuttings. Species can be propagated and seeds.
In gardens more often grow forms and varieties, united in the group of hybrid weigels:
Hybrid Weigela (W. hybrida)
Hybrid WeigelaGustave mallet'
Hybrid WeigelaEva rathke'
Decorate the site and quite unpretentious species with flowers of pink color - weigela blooming:
Flowering weigela (W. florida)
Early blooming weigela (W. rgaesoh)
Blooming veygela Middendorf (W. middendorffiana) with yellow flowers.
The weigels in the design of the garden look great, like a padding to tall trees.
If you have a large area, use this technique, because in such conditions weigela ornamental shrubs are best protected from frost and cold wind.
Weigela ornamental shrubs: photos and description
This plant was named after the very famous German pharmacologist, botanist and chemist Christian von Weigel. The shrub, which is widespread in nature in the eastern and southeastern parts of Asia, in the territories of the Far East and on the island of Java, has got accustomed well in our lands. Weigela belongs to the family Honeysuckle and has fifteen species. However, man usually grows only seven varieties. There are still a dozen ornamental varieties of flowering shrub weigela, which are very popular for decorating the landscape due to the beauty of its flowers and ease of care.
You can see on the photo weigela shrub, the description of which should start with the fact that this plant loves moisture and tolerates poorly lit areas:
Weigela is distinguished by the presence of flowers in the form of bells or funnels that can grow to 5 cm. The flowers are located on the branches singly or gather in loose inflorescences of various shades - cream, pale pink, bright red or yellow. The color of the buds can vary from the lightest semitones to saturated. It is characteristic that with proper care of the weige shrub, after its flowering, fruits with small seeds will surely appear.
For true gardeners, the plant is considered a real find, because it blooms twice: for the first time - from mid-May to almost the end of June, giving a lush color, and the second time - from the end of summer to the end of September, though not so lush.
Please note that in September the seeds ripen, which will be useful for further reproduction of weigela. Just do not rush to collect them: this should be done not earlier than November, when the boxes begin to crack. Experts advise that the seeds do not fall into the soil ahead of time, you should wrap a few testicles with ordinary gauze and secure on the branches. When the time comes, it will only be necessary to carefully cut off the box wrapped in gauze, bring it into the house and dry it thoroughly. Until spring, seeds should be stored in a dark, dry place. Just remember that growing weigels from seeds does not guarantee that the future plant will inherit the varietal qualities of the parents.
How to plant weigela in the spring
The planting of a weigel shrub is considered the most favorable and efficient if it is carried out in spring, when the soil is already warm enough. Unfortunately, experienced gardeners found that attempts at planting weigela shrubs in the autumn and caring for the plant were not successful in the future. Saplings died at the first winter frosts.
It should be noted that for planting bushes it is better to choose a place that is on an elevation and be sure to be protected from strong winds. If you do not take these measures, the opened buds can immediately fall off. Therefore, remember that it is most reasonable for the weigela to be placed in the garden on the south side of the country house.
It has already been said that the plant is relatively hardy with respect to dark areas. But anyone who wants to admire the abundant and colorful flowering of weigels in landscape design should choose a well-lit place for planting.
For shrubs best friable soil is suitable, which will be rich in humus. Given this, gardeners are planting plants in sandy or loamy soil. But if you are thinking about how to plant a weigela called Middendorf, remember that the acidic, peaty soil will be favorable for it.
So, how to plant weigela in the spring, so that soon your garden will be decorated with wonderful flowers? To do this, you need to prepare a hole, the depth of which will reach no more than 40, see. But this is taking into account the fact that the soil in the area is beneficial.
Otherwise, it will be necessary to increase the depth, so that not only a drainage layer of crushed bricks, sand or gravel 15 cm thick can be laid on the bottom, but also the ground with fertilizers.
Do not forget to mix the nutritional supplement with the compost. By the way, in order to increase the likelihood that the plant will get acclimatized, it is recommended to treat it with a root-stimulating substance.
Consider also the fact that if you choose large varieties of weigels that can reach a height of up to two meters, then it is obligatory to plant each seedling at a distance of at least one and a half meters, and preferably even two.
In the event that you have prepared species of weigel for planting that do not grow above one meter, it will be enough to dig holes at a distance of approximately 80 cm.
In order to facilitate the care and cultivation of weigel in the future, make sure that when planting the plant its roots are neatly straightened. And do not bury the neck of the bush more than 2 cm. Be sure to pour well the ground after the landing.
How to care for weigela to grow a lush bush
When you have completed the spring planting, you should think about how to care for the weigela. There is nothing supercomplex in this problem. Just need to follow certain rules.
- At first, be sure to water the seedling during dry periods. But if you were prudent and carried out the mulching procedure - covering the soil around the plant with a layer, for example, bark - then you will not be threatened with frequent watering.
- Secondly, you need to make sure that the area where the weigela grows remains clean: that is, you need to weed out regularly and very carefully so as not to catch the root system of the bush.
- ThirdlyDo not forget to carefully loosen the soil.
If you fulfill all the above requirements, you will soon achieve a result that you can see in the photo of a flowering weige bush:
Of course, wondering how to grow a weigel healthy and luxuriantly blooming, you immediately recall the introduction of nutritional supplements into the soil. However, if you have already done this - you have compost under the roots when planting - then you can safely forget about this moment for the next two years. But in the third year, we still have to work hard and in the early spring we must fertilize the soil with minerals containing phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. This will ensure you the growth of young shoots and leaves.
We must not forget that it will help to achieve the desired result, which you can evaluate, if you look at the photo below, caring for weigel shrubs, which implies the creation of top dressing in late May or early June:
That's when the buds form in the plant.
Therefore, fertilizers must necessarily contain potassium and phosphorus. This will help to prolong the flowering period and make it truly magnificent.
But the third time you need to pay special attention to the fertilization of the bushes before the autumn digging. Then 200g / m2 wood ash should be applied to the soil.
Be sure to sprinkle with earth to form a mound, the area around the plant, when all the leaves have fallen from it. This moment will come around the end of October or early November. In addition, bend the branches of the shrub to the ground and press to it, and from above cover it with a spanbond or roofing felt. All this is done in order to protect the weigela from the coming winter frosts.
Remember, in order to achieve this effect, which you see in the photo, you need to care for and grow weigels in accordance with the rules and procedures that we have described to you:
Reproduction of weigel in spring by cuttings and layering
On how to propagate weigela, we talked a bit at the very beginning of the article. It was said that seed sowing is considered the simplest method, but this method does not guarantee the preservation of varietal qualities. However, if some seeds still hit the soil in autumn, do not be discouraged: when they germinate in spring, you can leave strong shoots and grow them for another two years, then to transplant to a permanent place.
In order to preserve the necessary species properties of the shrub, skilled gardeners resort to a vegetative method - weigeal propagation by cuttings, layering, or young shoots.
To implement this method, you must:
- From the green shoots of the current year, which are cut at the end of June, or last year’s, cut in early spring and already stiffened, cuttings are cut. Their length is no more than 15 cm.
- Next, the lower leaves are removed from the cuttings, and the upper ones are shortened by half. Be sure the bottom of the cuttings is treated with a substance, which includes indolylbutyric acid.
- Then the cuttings are carefully planted in a mixture of peat and sand. Only you need to take into account that planting should not be deep - it will be enough to immerse the cutting on 1, see
- In order to reproduce weigela cuttings in spring successfully, gardeners cover each cutting with a plastic bottle or glass jar. It will be necessary to remove them daily to air and moisten the cuttings.
- How to propagate the weigel by cuttings is well known to any experienced gardener, therefore noticing a new shoot from one or another cutting, immediately pinch it in order to stimulate the tillering process.
You can still resort to the cultivation of shrubs using layering. In this case, any of the lower shoots need to be bent down to the ground, and in the place where it touches the ground, you should gently damage the bark of the cuttings and attach it to the ground by carefully sprinkling it.
Remember that cuttings and cuttings should be grown for three years before planting.
How to trim young weigela in spring
Of course, like any other bush, this plant is obligatory haircut. Sanitary pruning of weigela in spring is prescribed to young bushes: the procedure involves the removal of diseased, broken, frozen and thickening branches.
The main pruning weigela is carried out for decorative purposes in the summer. May perform this procedure in the spring, but only for prevention.
To understand how to cut weigela, wait until the moment when the buds begin to swell. Only then can you appreciate the upcoming work.
And now we offer you step-by-step instructions on how to cut the weigela correctly:
- First, you should carefully examine the branches of the shrub.
- Then you need to find weak or frozen shoots.
- Naturally, delete them.
- Those shoots that have frozen partially, simply cut to the most healthy buds.
Do not forget that the spring is only sanitary pruning. It is necessary to give time to grow the remaining shoots before the summer.
By the way, one more piece of advice, which is often given by specialists, is as follows: even if a whole shoot has frozen, leave a small part of it (no more than 6 cm), which is closer to the ground, when pruning. There is a chance that the bud, which is close to the soil, will still wake up and become a strong escape.
Spring weed pruning
And how to prune weigela, which is already considered an adult plant? In this case, gardeners spend in the middle of summer formative pruning, when the first flowering has already passed, and the new shoots did not even have time to grow. Just remember that the re-flowering will occur exactly on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, if you do not have time and shoots began to grow, it is better to give up summer pruning altogether.
How to cut the weigela in the spring so that the number of buds increases each time and the growth of new shoots accelerated? In truth, it will depend on the type of plant that you have chosen.
Remember also that the rejuvenating pruning is good for adult bushes once every three to four years: it involves the complete removal of all branches older than three years old, and those younger than - shortening by a third.
Pests and Weigel Diseases
It is necessary to be prepared that various varieties and species of weigel often infect such pests as leaf-eating caterpillars and aphids. In addition, thrips and spider mites pose a threat in the hot season.
Unfortunately, pesticides that are very harmful for the environment are used to combat this abomination. You can try to fight with other methods: you should resort to plant insecticidal infusions that contain wormwood, garlic or hot pepper.
In the event that it reached the point that the seedlings began to turn yellow and wilt, you will have to fill the soil with a solution of karbofos or aktar. Only these moderate pesticides will be able to overcome the larvae of the cockchafer or the bearfish, which, most likely, fell into the root system with compost during planting.
Another danger to the plant is gray mold, rust and spotting. To get rid of such fungal and bacterial diseases, treatment with lime milk with the addition of copper sulfate is most often used.
Winter-hardy species and varieties of weigela for the Moscow region: photo and description
Look at the photos of varieties of weigel: among them there are ornamental plants, and those that are able to withstand even the most severe frosts in our area. It is to winter hardiness Weigela varieties most valued by gardeners include the following types of shrubs:
Weigela early, or pleasant - A plant that reaches up to two meters in height and grows in the Far East. For this species is characterized by lowered leaves and spherical crown. 2-3 flowers are collected in the inflorescence, characterized by a bright pink shade. However, they can be colored in purple tones with a yellowish throat. Differs variety in that it blooms in late May. It lasts no longer than 30 days.
Another curious variety of weigela, the description of which is distinguished by the following characteristics - height up to three meters and shoots with two rows of hairs - is flowering weigela.
Her second name is Florida. It possesses leaves with short petioles and buds, in which there are 3-4 pink buds. The plant blooms for three weeks at the end of May. This winter hardy weigel for
The Moscow region has several common forms: - Alba, Victoria, pink, purple and Variegata.
Alba is distinguished by its tiny size and white flowers, which at the end of flowering turn pink.
Victoria is a shrub that grows up to one meter, blooming with dark red buds.
The red weigela, or, as it is also called, purple reaches the height of 1,5 m and has a rich pink shade of flowers that open in June-July.
Weigela pink blooms very unusual flowers: they are painted in delicate pink shades on the outside, and on the inside - almost white.
Variegata is considered the strongest - shrub, which is covered with small leaves and rich pink flowers that are collected in the brush.
To understand how the listed types of weigel look, take a look at the photos below:
Another suitable variety of weigela for the Moscow region is considered to be a hybrid, which is characterized by violent color and sprawling crown. The shrub grows in height to about 1,5 m. Depending on the variety, it can bloom with purple, white, purple, red-violet and pink flowers.
For example, one of the most popular species - Bristol Ruby - is characterized by purple buds with ruby edges.
Sometimes there are plants whose flowers have an orange center. By the way, this shrub was bred in the USA back in 1941 year. But the Red Prince variety, which was also revealed to the world by American breeders, has rich red buds that stand out clearly against the background of green foliage.
Weigel Middendorf Shrub also took its place in the landscape design of many country houses. She has yellow flowers that can grow alone or gather in small inflorescences to 6 buds. The bush blossoms twice a year.
You can see in the photo the described species and varieties of weigela, which, of course, does not limit the entire vast range of breeding varieties of this plant:
We suggest you to pay attention to the following types of so popular ornamental shrubs.
Weigela bloomingwhich is considered the fastest growing species. It can reach up to 3 meters tall and has flowers that are first painted in red tones, but at the end of flowering they turn pale pink. Violent color gives in May.
Korean variety differs in buds in the form of bells, the color of which varies from white to the most intense pink. Duration of flowering is very small - some 15 days. This beautiful phenomenon can be observed in early June.
Garden veygela came to us from Japan itself. It reaches a height of up to 1 m. It is very similar to the Korean shrub, but, unlike it, it is characterized by abundant blooming with carmine buds gathered in inflorescences on the 3 flower. In form, they resemble something between tubes and bells. Lush color can be observed almost at the very end of May, which will continue until the beginning of July. The plant must be covered in winter. However, with age, the shrub is characterized by the acquisition of a certain frost resistance.
Weigela Maksimovich - This is a very low shrub - some 1,5 m in height. The plant is characterized by lowered leaves, slightly pointed at the tops. Its flowers reach sizes up to 4 cm, have a light yellow color and the shape of bluebells. Usually blooms in our latitudes in the second half of May and almost until mid-June. But the seeds ripen only by mid-October.
Want to know what new plant species are currently popular abroad? Then quickly look at the photo and read the description of varieties weigela below:
First, a tall bush with white buds called “Candida” is considered fashionable.
In the second place is the Styriaca veygela, which is distinguished by pink buds.
Not far behind the counterparts and Marc Tellier, which reaches a height of 3 m and has large pink flowers
This is followed by a shrub called "Newport Red", characterized by large, rich red flowers and bright green leaves.
"Pierre Duchartre" is distinguished by dark brown buds.
Do these varieties should remain popular only abroad? We are sure that you will also want to experiment with the described plants.
Weigela in landscape garden design (with photo)
Weigels in the design of any garden become a truly magnificent decoration: they can be placed under rarely standing trees, land on the edge, complement rocky areas of the landscape, create a magnificent hedge.
The plant will give your lawn the very missing raisins. It can be placed in the center of the lawn or four bushes can be placed at the corners of the plot at once to create the effect of “watchtowers”. By the way, you can achieve the same effect by planting two shrubs right on the doorstep of your mansion.
If you are not deprived of fantasy, you will have the idea to create a real park. This can be arranged by placing the weigela in the mixborder. Or as the tallest shrub located on the back line so as not to block the light.
Just make sure that the sun does not reach the plant. You need to consider the placement of the sides of the world, which will help to plant a bush where it will not always be in the shade. It is also possible that the krupnomer, planted in front of the weigela, pass a sufficient amount of sunlight through their foliage.
Take a look at the photo of weigela in landscape design: what amazing vegetable ensembles can create real garden geniuses!
These are mixed compositions that combine, for example, cotoneaster, undersized barberries, spiraea, conifers - junipers and cypresses - with weigela delight the eye and bring the desired feeling of peace. But even single weigel shrubs that have been planted look no less beautiful at the gate or at the main entrance.
But if you still have about a dozen multi-colored plants, skilled gardeners recommend trying a little and placing them, for example, into three groups that will be divided according to varietal or species diversity. And a lot depends on how you want to decorate your site with composition.
Picturesquely place the plants on the lawn, planting them on 3-5 specimens in each group. Be sure to ensure that the seedlings are combined with each other in color, in terms of flowering, in the size of the bushes and their shape. By the way, if you decide on such a step, do not forget to regularly mulch the plot. Moreover, if the soil is loose, it will be very appropriate to plant perennials - ferns, hosts, astilbe, which can decorate any garden all year round between weigel bushes.
And in order to make sure once more of the beauty of the plant described in this article, look at the photo of the weigel shrub, which has become the choice of many experienced gardeners: