Fieldfare (Sorbaria) - shrub up to 3 m tall. In gardening, a rowan бин rybinobolistnaya is usually used. It grows rapidly, forming lush thickets. It blooms in mid-summer with small white flowers, gathered in fluffy pyramidal inflorescences. In autumn, the leaves turn red and yellow. This is an undemanding shrub that can grow in partial shade. The breeding of fieldfare is possible with seeds and offspring.
There is a Sem variety - a plant up to 1 m tall, when blooming, the leaves are pink-yellow, later - green. Less aggressive than the look.
Fieldfare looks good on the edges and near water. Suitable for decorating large spaces.
In this article we will talk about the intricacies of growing, as well as provide a detailed description of the ashberry field-legger.
Description of shrub rowan rybinobolistny
To meet this shrub most often possible off the coast of large reservoirs. It forms dense coastal thickets. Distributed in Siberia and Mongolia, but is also found in the Far East. Mountain ash is a shrub growing to 2 m. Gray shoots, long and straight.
In spring, the crown of the plant pleases the eye with an overflow of orange-pink leaves, and with the onset of cold weather, it becomes darker and more purple. It blooms with large 30 cm inflorescences of white throughout the summer. As soon as the shrub reaches the age of 2, it begins to bloom every year. Seeds of plants are stored in fused leaves. Panicles do not have a decorative function, so they are cut in the autumn.
The leaves of this shrub are really very similar to mountain ash, from here it got its name. By structure, they are practically indistinguishable, however, in ornamental shrubs, greens are able to play with an abundance of colors throughout the year. The leaves are pierced through with thin veins, which gives them a special, unique look.
The shrub fully reveals its potential in the spring. At first, the foliage shimmers with yellow shades, and by July it turns green and takes on a bright, bright appearance. New greens will differ in color from earlier, which gives the plant a certain feature.
After reading shrub description, look at the photo of the streetfare:
Planting and caring for bushes of mountain ash
This shrub is completely unpretentious to the environment. But in order to provide him with the fastest and most productive growth, it is worth knowing some of the nuances of planting an ash-field ashberry.
The shrub feels great both on the sunny edge and in the shade. The best choice will be partial shade.
Since the main range of this plant is located near large ponds, it needs moist soil. However, it is not necessary to fill it. This can lead to stagnation of water in the soil and cause rotting of the roots.
Before planting the plant, it is recommended to treat the pit with organic fertilizers to help the shrub to take root and settle faster.
To avoid stagnation of moisture in the soil, the plant should provide quality drainage: it will save the bush from excess moisture.
Planting and caring for a mountain ash field soldier is carried out with the advent of a thaw. The pit for him should be no less than 40 cm in depth. Since ryabolnistny ryabnik is a shrub prone to rapid growth, this should be taken into account when it is planted. The width of the hole is to dig from 60 to 80, see. The more you use the fertile land, the more actively the shrub will develop.
If your site is not rich in natural fertilizers, then before planting be sure to put a layer of leafy earth, compost and peat into the pit.
When planting a bush of fieldfare in open soil, it is important to protect the growth of its roots. This plant develops very quickly, and in order to prevent the undesirable emergence of new bushes, insert sheets of slate into the ground, thereby creating a kind of “fence” for the root system.
Pay attention to the photo of planting and caring for a bush of a mountain ash:
Caring for a mountain ash does not require special skills and extensive experience in gardening. The main thing this shrub needs is abundant watering. Only with sufficient moisture the plant will develop properly.
If you do not have the opportunity to regularly water the shrub, then you can mulch the soil around the base of the roots with the help of compost or peat. This will help retain moisture in the soil and prevent premature drying. But this method can be used only if you have taken into account the drainage system during planting.
The plant prefers a light, air-permeable soil, so once a month the ground needs to be pierced. Try not to touch the deep layers of the soil, so as not to damage the root system.
When planting and caring for bushes of mountain ash, it is important to remember that this plant, although undemanding, responds well to the addition of fertilizers. It will be enough to add granulated dressing to the soil, literally 2-3 times per season. Do not forget about the removal of faded blossoms, if you want to give it a neater look.
Pruning plants should be carried out in the autumn, before the onset of the first cold weather. During this procedure, it is necessary to cut off the most adult shoots. When the plant reaches one-year age, you can begin to form the crown.
The soil around the ashberry bushes must be weeded regularly: it does not tolerate the weed "neighborhood". However, it is not worth breaking the integrity of the soil at the base of the plant. Top dressing is carried out superficially.
If you use the mountain ash as an ornamental shrub as a hedge, then it is worth holding an annual spring rejuvenation of the bush, leaving the height no more than 1 m. The plant will bloom, as before, regardless of pruning.
In addition to shoots, in order to preserve the decorative appearance, the shrub also needs pruning inflorescences. This is done at the first thaw. However, it is necessary to cut only the old, already faded inflorescences, pruning them to the largest bud. Thanks to this, he will get a neater look. After flowering panicles receive a dark red hue and dry out.
With the help of trimming you can adjust the size of the bush and its shape.
The ashberry perfectly tolerates cold, so there is no need to prepare it for wintering.
Look at the photo of a rybinolistnogo streetfare in landscape design as a hedge:
Propagation of a mountain ash branch by cuttings and layering
If you want to please your plot with such an unusual plant, you don’t have to buy expensive seedlings, especially if the field-grass grows literally next to you. Propagation of the mountain ash can be carried out in several ways: cuttings, layering or, extremely rarely, by seeds. In the latter case, the growing process will be delayed for a long time. A simpler way is dividing the shrub into pieces and planting them. This is best done in spring or autumn. When planting, pay attention to each bush had not yet mature bud and sufficient root system.
Simple breeding of the rowan gay-and-shanks by cuttings. It is enough to cut the shoots of small sizes and plant them in small containers. At the same time it is necessary to moisten the soil regularly. As soon as the top and first foliage appear at the shoot, it is time to move it to the garden.
The breeding of fieldfare by cuttings is perhaps the easiest and fastest way to get a new, healthy plant. However, during ripening young shoots need careful care.
The breeding of the mountain ash of mountain ash by layering is carried out with the help of the longest and most developed branch. It is necessary to bow to the ground and secure with studs. Sprinkle the branch with fertile soil, as long as there are several healthy, young buds under it. In their place in the process of growth will appear new roots. Since the shrub likes moist soil, the branch needs to be watered regularly. After a few weeks, layering will take root. Now you need to carefully cut the branch from the main bush.
Diseases and curative properties of the fieldfare
The shrub of the mountain ash is resistant to diseases and harmful insects. However, its main enemy is a green aphid. It feeds on the sap of the bush, which causes the leaves to dry. Spider mite can also damage greens. The fight against phytoverm at the rate of 30 ml per 10 l of water will help to combat harmful insects. Of the folk ways to combat aphids is to provide infusions of dandelion, garlic and onions.
If yellow spots appear on the foliage, this is the first sign of a viral mosaic. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure a plant of this disease, therefore, with a strong lesion, the shrub should be disposed of.
Pay attention to the photo of a healthy rowan bush:
Mountain ash is known around the world for its healing properties. Its leaves contain a high concentration of flavonoids. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism. From inflorescences make tinctures and aromatic baths. The roots of the plant are used for the prevention of tuberculosis. Tea from inflorescences helps fight throat diseases such as sore throat.
Look at the photo of a mountain ash. It is most often used in traditional medicine:
Popular varieties of mountain ash: photo and description
The most popular varieties of the mountain ash are felt, tree and the most widespread - ashberry.
Felted Fieldfare Came to us from East Asia. The main area of its habitat - the slopes of the mountains. It can grow to 6 meters in height. Does not bloom and is not frost resistant. For decorating the plot fits the worst.
Tree shrublike the previous species, originally from Asia. It blooms throughout the summer season. Despite resistance to cold, this species grows very slowly.
Ryabinolistny ryabnik - the most popular variety.
It grows most often near rivers and large lakes. Unlike other species, rarely grows more than two meters. It has a wide, straight crown. New branches have a green tint and gradually darken. Foliage changes color depending on the season: if in the spring it has a pale pink color, then by the fall it becomes saturated burgundy. White colour. Easily tolerates cold. Well perceives pruning and transplanting. The most decorative look among all representatives.
There is also a variety of rybinolistnogo gnose - variety "Sam".
It is like a smaller copy of the main view. The maximum height that “Sam” reaches is one and a half meters. Its leaves are smaller, and it does not grow as actively as its rowan-leaf relative. Despite its compact size, this variety is brighter and more saturated in the color range of foliage. Purple and red are also added to the primary colors.
Foliage - the main advantage of "Sam". After all, it blooms almost imperceptibly. However, faded inflorescences do not spoil the decorative component of the shrub and do not need to be removed, since their number is much smaller than that of the main species.
Like his closest relative, "Sam" tolerates cold and is not at all demanding of soil conditions.
The use of rybinolistochno ryabnika landscape design (with photos)
In landscape design, fieldfare is used both to create bright compositions, and planted it separately to add greenery in the shadow areas. Also, it is perfect as a hedge: it thrives well and grows quickly, unpretentious to the lack of sunlight. Basically, the field soldier is used together with other plants to create a complete composition, but if you plant it alone, it will look no less presentable.
To get an unusual result, it is enough to combine several varieties of shrubs with various types of flowering. You will receive a bright, extraordinary composition that will not require special care for each part of it.
Fieldfare is one of the “early” shrubs and begins to please the eye after the first thaw. Rowan mountain ash in landscape design is used most often, as it is considered the most frost-resistant and unpretentious type.
If you like beekeeping, then the ryabinnik will become for you a real find. Its honey flowers are capable of attracting bees from all around.
Look at the photo of the use of grasshoppers in landscape design: