Ardizia botanically belongs to a rather rare Mirsin family. This plant has luxurious leathery leaves and berries of a reddish hue, which appear at the end of winter and continue to ripen for long months. Ardizia grows in the warm lands of Asia, America, Australia and off the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
The name of this plant appeared from the Greek word "ardis", which means "arrow." This comparison appeared due to the combination of flower petals that make up the inner part of the double perianth. His and associate with an arrow.
The shape has elliptical leaves, which are located in a certain chronology on the stem or are arranged in small pseudo-strikes on the tips of the shoots. The edges of the leaves are solid, with relatively wide, rounded teeth. Flowers Ardizii small, usually white or pinkish shades, with four or five petals.
Ardizia gorodchataya (Ardisia crenata) and her photo
The most common species is Ardisia crenata (Ardisia crenata). It can grow up to two meters, and its bright reds can stay on the plant for even more than one year. The leaves have a dark green hue, which attract our gaze. Ardiziya gorodchataya grows in subtropical forest areas of China, on the territory of Korea, on the islands of Japan and in India almost everywhere.
The plant Ardiziya gorodchataya is a small plant up to one meter high, with an arrangement of branches in the form of tiers.
This species has a very dense crown of leaves. It is also decorated with wreaths of berries, which are located at the base. If the plant is placed in a pot, where it will be a little cramped, then, oddly enough, it will be much better to give color and fruit. Look at the photo of the petrified petropod:
In the spring or summer period, small and not very pronounced, but fragrant, little white with a touch of pink, flowers appear.
After a short period of time after the appearance of the flowers, the rounded form of the drupes begins to be seen on the urbanization works. Initially, they have a light orange shade, and by the autumn they acquire a light red color.
To date, still brought varieties with white and pink berries.
In the science of botany, this species is called "the slobber ardiziya."
After flowering, if the plant is well cared for, you can see berries on it up to 1 cm in diameter. At first they have a greenish tint, then they turn red and become coral-red. Recall in appearance and structure of the berries of mountain ash. Because of this, it is also called “coral tree”. Before Christmas, the berries are most pronounced and diverse.
Ardisia crenata is one of a fairly small number of plants that bear fruit at home. The flower propagates both by cutting, as well as by seeds that may appear even in fruits that have not fallen from the plant. Seed plant multiplies better. The first shoots appear about a month later.
Care for housekeeping at home
Since this indoor plant grows in nature quite warm, one can even say hot conditions, it is better to grow it at home on well-fertilized soil, not flooding it with water and, of course, not to overdo it without moisture for a long time. It is advisable to keep the plant in the penumbra. Proper home care for the house ensures an excellent appearance of the shrub and excellent decorative properties.
Ideal places for placement are window sills on the east and southeast side, where the sun shines before lunch. In winter and in bad weather, it is desirable to highlight the lamps.
We can say with confidence that the flower does not matter in what soil to grow. The main thing is to have drainage installed.
The indoor flower Ardizia has one peculiarity as a plant - on the edge of the leaves it has swellings. Often those who care for her think she is ill. This is not true. Nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacteria, which promote nitrogen absorption from the air, live on the bloated spots on the leaflets. They need to be protected and never cut, because the plant will cease to grow in this regard.
The temperature of the house during the growth period should correspond approximately to 20-22 ° С. If the harbor is located where the wind is walking and the air has low humidity, then it can develop at a hotter temperature. But in winter, when it is at rest, you should keep the plant at a temperature of 15-18 degrees.
In spring and summer it is recommended to water it quite often, and in winter the ground should be kept in a slightly damp state. It is desirable that the water for watering was soft, without chlorine.
For room ardizii preferable high humidity. It would be good to spray the plant systematically. But when the plant blooms and fruits appear on it, spraying is not desirable.
If you want to transplant the flower to another place, it is better to do it at a time when its roots no longer fit into the pot. It is best to replace the spring in spring.
Below the bottom of the pot should make a good drainage.
In the spring and summer, when you take care of your home, you need to fertilize the house with a complex mineral-organic supplement twice a month. During the rest period it is not necessary to fertilize.
When the Ardizia begins to bloom, pinkish or red flowers appear with a pleasant aroma. They are connected in inflorescence and are located on the top of the shoots. After that, instead of flowers, medium-sized bright red berries begin to be seen.
Did the airs start to turn yellow leaves?
The reason can lurk in the pests that eat the plant - spider mite, whitefly, scythe. If this is so, then it is recommended to immediately spray the air with special preparations. In most cases, if the leaves began to turn yellow in the airdizia, then it is necessary to look for pathogens of diseases or insects who love to “settle” on this plant.
If there are no pests on the plant, then it is necessary to analyze the rules for caring for it.
If all of the above rules of caring for housekeeping are not followed at home, starting from the requirements for the lighting of the room where the flower grows, ending with its fertilizer, its leaves may turn yellow.
Look healthy and strong plants of Ardizia in the photo:
Reproduction Ardizii using seed and grafting
The plant can be grown using seeds or by grafting.
The best period for breeding Ardizii is spring. Seeds need to be planted in January or March and to maintain the temperature at the same time not less than 18-20 degrees.
Sprouted seeds are recommended to sit in separate flower pots. After two or three years, the young sprout of Ardizia will turn into a bush and will begin to bloom. Cuttings turn into flowering plants with less time, but their roots do not appear so easily. As a cutting, it is desirable to take the tip of the shoots. Root them should be in small containers at temperatures of air and soil of at least 25-28 degrees. Then it is advisable to plant the cuttings in small flower pots. In winter, the temperature in the place where they grow air, should not be below 18 degrees. And be sure to place the pot is recommended where there is a good light. In the spring, the plant must again be moved to a flower pot, but already in size 9-10, see
As soon as spring begins, wardia should be very well watered and liquid fertilizers that contain more than two nutrients should be applied. Young plants do not need to pinch. If necessary, can be transplanted into a larger pot.
Mature plants of Ardizia are cut at the end of winter. But at the same time it is necessary that it is kept around 10 cm in height. From fresh shoots of plants weaker are removed, and leave only the most lush.
If you are in a warm climate, you can try to grow bushes on the street, and if it is cold, it is advisable to put containers outside in the summer only, and before that keep them at home, otherwise the plant will die.
The following shows some more photos of Ardizia, which grows in room conditions: