The existing species of cacti in the world can hardly be described in one article. Therefore, it was decided to submit only the most popular types of home cacti that grow literally in all regions of our country. Well, of course, on the fans. All the proposed types and names of home cacti can be easily found in specialized directories, but the information grouped on one page will be easier to use. The most common types of indoor cacti are combined in different genera, or groups with similar species characteristics. They require the same ухода for themselves, which simplifies the process cultivation. See the interesting types of cacti and their names, study the assortment of the group and choose the suitable plants for themselves. If there are any kinds of indoor cacti, the names and descriptions of which cannot be found in this article, then write to us and prepare an addition. But we are sure that the absolute majority of species of succulents that are grown at home are collected here.
Look at the types of cacti in the photo and start a fascinating journey into the exciting world of these unusual plants:
What are the types of cacti: names with descriptions and photos
It is important to understand what types of cacti are, in order to be able to make a full choice.
Further, from a huge variety of species and varieties, some particularly attractive cacti with names, descriptions and photos that will help to get to know this culture will be presented to the readers' attention:
Cacti lovers hold different points of view as to which cacti are the most beautiful. ” Mostly well-established cacti will be mentioned here, which can be offered to small amateur collections grown on window sills or in greenhouses in the garden, and which are commercially available in horticultural farms and flower shops.
Look at some types of indoor cacti in the photo which shows quite amazing specimens:
It is not a simple matter to know cacti well, because of the more existing 2000 species, most of them are currently cultivated by amateurs. Without flowers, even a specialist will not be able to correctly identify many cacti. However, for some genera there are good distinguishing features that will be specifically mentioned when describing cacti.
When describing cacti species, distinctive signs will also be given whenever possible, however, in the presence of a large number of species, they are far from always sufficient for proper identification of the plant. It is impossible to determine the type of cactus by the number of thorns. (The number of spines often varies considerably.) Unfortunately, cacti sold in stores are often incorrectly named or offered under different names, but this fact should in no way be the reason for refusing to grow such plants. “Unknown” cacti can also bring a lot of joy.
Be sure to look at the photo to the description of the species of cacti, where you can see all the botanical characteristics:
Aporocactus - forest cacti
A characteristic feature of forest cactus species is thin, long, drooping shoots with 7 — 12 ribs. Large, red, blooming flowers in the afternoon distinguish them from all other cacti with creeping shoots. A few types of cacti with leaves are very difficult to distinguish from each other.
Aporokaktus pleytepidny, cactus snake, cactus rat tail.
Slightly two-fold symmetrical (zygomorphic) flowers resemble the flowers of “Christmas” cacti (Schlumberger). This species of aporocactus has been known in Germany as a cultivated plant for over 300 for years. As its numerous popular names show, this plant has long been of interest to plant lovers. Among the hardy plants grown on the balconies and in the window flower boxes, you can often find old and richly blooming copies aporokaktusov. In the tropics, this plant is also very widely distributed by man, so it is now difficult to establish its original homeland, which is presumably located in the Mexican state of Hidalgo. There aporocactus grow, hanging from the trees or - in areas with higher humidity - from the rocks.
In culture, it is necessary to take into account the semi-epiphytic lifestyle of this cactus. Therefore, a well-permeable substrate is chosen for plants, consisting of soil for cacti mixed with perlite, sand, and possibly with the addition of a small amount of peat moss.
Aporocactus flagelliformis winters at 6 — 8 ° C, however, the plants tolerate lower temperatures for a short time. Wintering in a bright place stimulates the budding of flower buds in this spring blooming cactus. Thanks to the drooping shoots, Aporocactus flagelliformis can be successfully grown as an ampelous plant. In the warm season, the cactus is kept in a bright, but shaded from direct sunlight. Aporocactus can be carried outside in the summer and hung in the light shade of trees, so that the scorching sun does not fall on the plant during the hot afternoon hours. Aporocactus is considered to be particularly susceptible to spider mites, so it is very important to harden it in fresh air when cultivated.
Cacti often succeed in crossing species that have completely different forms of growth. A good example of this is the beautiful hybrid aporocactus.
Already in 1830, English gardener Mullison crossed A. flagelliformis with a growing vertical heliocereus (Heliocereus). The result was an intergeneric hybrid with bright red flowers with a diameter of 10 — 15 cm, known as Aporocactus mallisoni.
In the fifties, the German breeder from Nuremberg, Grezer, succeeded in obtaining an intergeneric hybrid between A. flagelliformis and Trichocereus candicans, which attracted everyone’s attention.
Recently, work on the hybridization of aporocactus has been carried out primarily in the UK, where they are crossed with hybrid phyllocactus (Epiphyllum hybr.). As a result, both smaller and larger plants with wilted or curved shoots and very beautiful flowers of various varieties - so far there is not only a pure yellow color - are obtained.
Look at these types of home cacti in the photo - the names and descriptions will help distinguish plant varieties:
Types of blooming cacti with names and photos
Astrofituma are types of flowering cacti with amazingly beautiful buds.
Different types of astrophytum are distinguished from other cacti by a few ribs and white felt specks on the surface of the stems, bringing to the collection of cacti a shade of a kind of exotic.
Comes from hot and dry areas of Mexico and Texas. Perfect for growing on very sunny and warm southern windows. A well-permeable mineral substrate, moderate moisture and dry wintering at temperatures around 8 ° C are recommended. Large seeds germinate easily and quickly.
Look at the flowering species of cacti in the photo with the names where you can see the most beautiful specimens of this genus:
Astrophytum Capricorn (Astrophytum capricorne).
The species is characterized by matted, long, brown spines and large yellow flowers with a red throat. It tolerates lower winter temperatures than other astrophitums.
Astrophytum speckled, "bishop's miter" (Astrophytum myriostigma).
Bishop Miter is one of the few cacti completely devoid of thorns. There are forms with white flecks of felt and without them, as well as with a different number of edges; interesting looking square plants with four ribs. Relatively small plants are able to bloom.
Decorated Astrophytum (Astrophytum ornatum).
Compared with Astrophytum capricorne, this species has felt flecks most often in the form of stripes, and the spines are straight.
In its homeland, Astrophytum ornatum reaches a height of 1 m. Plants bloom only in adulthood. Felted specks and yellow-brown spines add special decorativeness to this cactus.
Even in the 19 century, Abbot Beguain received the first hybrid of astrophytum. Crossing different types of astrophytum allowed us to get a lot of more or less speckled and prickly plants with varying degrees of severity of the ribs.
Browningia (Browningia hertlingiana).
Due to the beautiful blue wax on the stems, young specimens of this large South American columnar cactus can be found in the collections of amateurs. Blue wax deposit is formed on the stems only when it is warm and light and only in cacti with a height not lower than 10 — 15, see. It is necessary to water the plants moderately and spray them with water.
Look at these types of home cactus in the photo, from which we look at the majestic and amazing succulents:
Cephalotsereus - types of fluffy cacti
The only type of fluffy cacti - senile cephalotsereus (Cephalocereus senilis) from Mexico, is characterized by long, overhanging, silver-white hairs completely covering the stem of the plant.
Cephalocereus senile, "old man's head" (Cephalocereus senilis).
Due to its typical white hairy pubescence, young specimens of this large columnar cactus are often kept by amateurs in their collections.
Cephalotsereus must be kept in a bright and warm place in a well-permeable substrate and must be watered very moderately.
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus).
Sometimes in large greenhouses, and in the Mediterranean in the botanical gardens or gardens at hotels you can see tall, up to 4 m high columns of Cereus, which abundantly bloom there with large, yellowish-white, undated flowers. If we do not take into account the seedlings grown from seed mixtures, then we mostly cultivate the ugly form of the Peruvian cereus. At the beginning of the century, the Peruvian Cereus was present in almost every collection of cacti, but today this cactus is not commercially available, although it grows well when conditions are suitable for it. Care must be taken to prevent insect pests such as a mealybug in the folds and branches of the stem.
Look at these types of cacti in the photo with the names of home grown specimens:
Kleistokaktus - rare species of large cacti
These columnar species of large cacti are distinguished by attractive spines. In some species, upon reaching a height of 20 — 40, see the plants begin to bloom profusely with interesting flowers. Elongated, tubular, densely covered with scales on top, sometimes giving the impression of broken flowers are adapted for hummingbird pollination. Plants must be kept in a light, however, shade from direct sunlight during midday hours. During the growth period, cleistocactus requires abundant watering and regular fertilizing with fertilizers.
Kleistokaktus Ritter (Cleistocactus ritteri).
Due to its white spines and yellow-green flowers between 40 height, which appear abundantly in plants between XNUMX, a rare species of cactus is of interest and is cultivated with pleasure by amateurs.
Kleistokaktus emerald (Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus).
This species has red flowers with a green border. The plant begins to bloom after reaching a height of about 25, see. In winter, the cactus must be kept in conditions that are not too cool and not too dry.
Strauss cleistocactus (Cleistocactus strausii).
These cacti densely covered with white spines and hairs are well known to lovers.
Korifanta - types of small cacti and succulents with pictures
These types of cacti and succulents in a non-flowering state are very difficult to distinguish from mammillaria. Only flowering plants appear typical, wrinkled top papillae, from the sinuses of which flowers develop.
This genus combines species of small cacti with powerful hard spines and large flowers. The main places of growth of these cacti in natural conditions are Mexico and the southern US states. Koryfashy require sunny warm content in greenhouse conditions and grow poorly on the windowsill, but develop well on the sunny flower window or in the corresponding greenhouse. Plants prefer slightly larger than usual pots and a soil-bearing soil containing clay.
In the spring, ciphers begin to grow a little later than other cacti, so watering should also begin later. Flowers bloom in summer or early autumn. In winter, the plants do not water.
Some species form small daughter shoots (“kids”), the roots of which often develop on the mother plant. They can be easily separated and cultivated as separate plants. However, the ability to bloom appears only when plants reach a certain size. In this case, more woolly hairs or spines sometimes form on the tip, and typical wrinkles appear on the areoles.
Look at these types of cacti in the pictures, where different blooming specimens are presented:
Cacti of the genus Echinocereus (Echinocereus) are especially popular among fans because of their often beautiful, decorative spines. In addition, large, spike-covered, with most often green stigma, flowers do not fade for many days. Cultivation conditions of Echinocereus vary in accordance with the area of their distribution in natural conditions. All Echinocereis love winter warm and sunny content. Some species grow very large, others grow well only in greenhouses.
However, there are also species that can be successfully grown on sunny windows or in a greenhouse. Some species in the warm season are taken out on the street, placing in a sunny place.
The substrate for Echinocereus should be predominantly mineral and contain a lot of weathered clay and coarse sand. In the spring of adult flowering plants should begin to water only after the flower buds become well visible, because otherwise they suspend their development. In
during the growing season at the beginning of summer, cacti are watered abundantly, while the rest of the time is watered rather moderately.
In winter, plants should be kept dry and, if possible, in a bright place. With absolutely dry content, some species, such as E. pectinatus, E. reichenbachii, E. triglochidiatus or E. viridiflorus, tolerate short-term light night frost.
Echinocereus Knippel (Echinocereus knippelianus).
This small Echinocereus, which has very flat ribs and often no thorns at all, has a thick, knoblike root and, when cultivated on its roots, requires special attention when watering. Plants are often sold grafted on other cacti; in this case, they grow faster and bloom profusely in early spring with beautiful pink flowers. This practically spiny-free cactus must be very carefully taught in the spring to the sun, after which it also carries a sunny location.
Echinocereus comb (Echinocereus pectinatus).
This species - at the same time being a representative of a whole group of closely related cacti - is popular with amateurs due to its comb-arranged spines, the color of which can sometimes vary in growth areas, and most often with its carmine-red flowers with a light or white-green center. These plants have a rather delicate root system, prefer the mineral substrate and love a lot of sun. Grows well mainly in greenhouses or a suitable greenhouse, but you can try to grow plants grafted on low rootstocks also on a southern window-sill or in a closed flower window on the south side.
Cacti of this genus, characterized by thin wavy ribs, are light in culture and very popular with cacti lovers.
In their homeland in Mexico, Echinofossu-Lacactus grows in dry steppes. Accordingly, in culture, they prefer a substrate containing more humus and a light, but shaded from direct sunlight location. Since the flowers appear in early spring, it is recommended winter content in a bright place.
Echinofossuklokaktus curly (Echinofossulocactus crispatus).
In Echinofossulocacti, it is very difficult to establish the boundary between individual species. Currently, a number of beautiful forms combined under the name Echinofossulocactus crispatus. It is very interesting to observe how white flowers with a wide light or dark purple stripe in the center of the petals make their way at the top of the head through a maze of thick, long and sometimes widely flattened central spines.
Like the related clans Trichocereus and Lobivia, Echinopsis flowers have a clearly limited wreath of stamens emerging from the throat. Trichocereuses grow columnar, in Lobivia the flower tube is usually shorter. Cacti of this kind have been known for a very long time, typical echinopsis with long white or pink funnel-shaped flowers are popular not only among cacti growers, but also among flower lovers in general. The name used — the peasant cactus — comes from the fact that in the window flower boxes of peasant houses you can see old and richly flowering specimens of this plant.
Under this name today are combined a lot of slightly different forms. Plants come from mountainous areas and are very hardy, but in early spring they are quite susceptible to sunburn. The spines are stiff and bent towards the stem. Due to turnip roots, it is recommended to use not very flat ones. pots and well permeable substrate. The flowers in the original species are white, but there are forms with flowers ranging from pink and soft purple to dark red. In comparison with the stem, the flowers are long and large and with their bent narrow outer petals look beautifully shaped.
This columnar cactus of impressive size in its homeland prefers even conditions and not very cool content in winter. It appears in full brilliance only when cultivated in a greenhouse. However, due to its beautiful white woolly pubescence, young Espano plants are grown by amateurs also on bright windows. Plants can not be sprayed with water, because otherwise the white hairs may appear ugly lime paint.
This columnar cactus is also more suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, but young Evlynnia plants with their decorative spines and sometimes white felt or shaggy hairs areola are also grown in small collections.
These cacti in their homeland often grow into huge balls. However, young plants attract lovers with their powerful, often beautifully colored, flattened or hooked central prickles, which in young plants seem particularly large. Recently, exhibition specimens with a diameter of 30 cm with well-developed spines, especially species such as Ferocactus latispinus and F. wislizenii, began to come to Germany grown in flower farms in Tenerife. which are great for keeping in the closed, south-facing) 'flower windows.
Ferocactus like a lot of heat and sun. As mentioned above in the description of Gruzhon's Echinocactus (Echinocactus grusonii), the temperature in winter should not fall below 12 ° C, in addition, plants like their feet to be “warm”.
The overwhelming majority of hymnocalyciums are easily recognized by their lumpy ribs, which have horizontal folds between the areoles. Also very typical are flowers bearing outside large, round and bare scales.
Accordingly, the extended area of distribution in natural conditions, hymnocalycium impose different requirements in culture. However, most of them need containing humus, however, this is a well-permeable soil mixture, which should have a slightly acidic reaction; Gymnocalyciums are sensitive to an alkaline substrate.
Therefore, it is necessary to water these cacti with soft or slightly acidified water.
Most often they have few spines and seemingly green hymnocalyciums prefer a bright but not sunny location. Of the many cultivated species, amateurs with limited abilities to host a collection of cacti prefer the remaining small hymnocalyciums. The following types are suitable for growing in a room on the window.
Mikhanovich Gymnocalycium is a kind of Friedrich (Gymnocalycium michanovichii var. friedrichii rubra).
When mass seeding G. michanovichii var. friedrichii in some seedlings a mutation happened. Chlorophyll was completely absent in their tissues, so that only a pure red color remained from the red-green color of the stem. The Japanese flower growers seized the opportunity presented to them and successfully planted these seedlings on the stock, since they would not be viable without their own chlorophyll. As a result of the subsequent selection work, forms with bright red, yellow and crimson color of the stem were obtained from them. All these forms do not have chlorophyll, so they can only be cultivated in a grafted state. Sometimes these plants even bloom. Since quite often there is a contradiction between the slow growth of G. michanovichii and the rapid growth of the rootstock, these plants are not very durable. It is recommended to keep the content with regular watering and bright, however, shade from direct sunlight.
This columnar cactus bloomsAs a rule, only in greenhouses. However, thanks to their attractive, sometimes fiery red, yellow or dark brown spines, young plants are also popular in small collections with amateurs. Haageotsereusi prefer a well-permeable substrate and a warm sunny location. After a short summer dormancy, the plants resume growth in the fall, and therefore, unlike most other cacti, they need regular watering at this time. These cacti should winter at 10-15 ° C.
Flowers Hildevintera with the inner circle of short light petals can hardly be confused with the flowers of other cacti. Kaktusovody foamed this species for its golden yellow, densely covering spines of thorns and abundant bloom. Thanks to its drooping shoots this cactus suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.
Types of cacti amillaria (with photo)
Mamillaria cacti are especially popular with cacti growers. Some lovers are fully focused on growing species of Mammillaria cacti and have a noteworthy collection of these plants. Mammillaria lovers in some countries have created special societies that produce their own newspapers.
Mammillaria is distinguished from other cacti by its mathematically precise arrangement of spines, which sometimes effectively contrast with the white hairy or woolly pubescence in the flowering zone of the plant.
Red flowers are most often small, however, they appear as a whole wreath around the top of the cactus. After flowering, the fruit in the form of a wreath can also be a spectacular decoration. Distinctive features of this extremely rich species of the genus are forming the stem wrinkled nipples and flowers that appear from the recesses between the papillae (sinuses).
Many species of this genus are beautiful, cultured and unpretentious. Almost all of the species that form the cushion forms in the first place prefer wider and lower pots, and everyone loves a well-permeable soil substrate with the addition of a large amount of coarse sand. Those species that have such thick spines or such strong hairy or woolly pubescence that appear white or yellow, prefer a particularly bright, sunny and warm location and need more moderate watering.
Species that produce the impression of green plants require, although bright, however, shade from direct sunlight in the midday hours, they tolerate a substrate containing much more humus and a more abundant watering.
Many mammillaria are great for cultivation on the windowsill. Due to the heat behind the window glass, heated by the spring rays of the sun, there they often bloom in March and therefore also require appropriate watering. Mammillaria growing in height with short-cylindrical stems tend to tilt the top to the light, that is, to the window glass. Therefore, the amateur has to observe a less decorative rear-side, but in any case, one should not try to fix it by constantly turning the pots of plants.
Despite the relatively small size of the seeds, mammillaria is easy to grow in the seed way. Seedlings bloom, usually in the third or fourth year after sowing.
Mummillaria Bokasskaya (Marnmillaria bocasana).
Thanks to its thick white tomentose pubescence, an interesting looking appearance; each areola has one distant, with a hook at the top of the central thorn.
The long red fruits are more beautiful than the small nondescript cream flowers.
The plant is quite sensitive to excess water; a highly permeable substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
The magnificence of this plant is due to not rather inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers, but colored in various tones from light to dark yellow, reddish or brown spines. Due to the abundant branching forms large decorative groups of elongated shoots as thick as a finger. Recommended sunny location, well-permeable substrate and moderate watering.
Mammillaria dlinnososochkovaya (Marnmillaria longimamma).
A distinctive feature of this species are unusually long nipples and bright yellow, relatively large flowers. Purely cut and sufficiently dried nipples can root and form thus new plants.
Currently, under this name a whole group of slightly different forms is combined, the most famous of which is still often called M. centricirrha. In any case, all forms contain milky juice.
In this case, we are talking about the typical representatives of the so-called “green mammillaria, which with age form large and often very beautiful clumps with a striking contrast between the green stems, white felted hairs in the papilla sinuses and red flowers. Plants must be kept in a bright place, otherwise the thorns do not develop well.
This species also has hooked spines, however, unlike M. bocasana, the sinuses between the papillae are bare. Already young small plants bloom profusely purple-red, rarely white flowers. Blooming specimens in large quantities annually go on sale on the eve of Mother's Day. The plant gives offspring and over the years forms large clumps. It prefers flat wide pots and a well-permeable substrate containing a sufficient amount of sand.
Look at the types of cacti of the amillaria in the photo and the above descriptions will acquire the characteristic visual outlines:
Most cacti of the genus Neoporteria, which have long turnip roots, dark, almost black color of stems or thick thorns, are adapted to the extreme conditions of existence in their homeland on the sea coasts and in mountainous regions of Chile and in culture. However, there are species that, with a certain flair, can be grown in small amateur collections.
Thick, twisted spines vary in color from creamy white to dark brown. In carmine-red, inside the yellow flowers, even after full blooming, the inner petals remain folded together. Flowers appear in late autumn or early spring. A highly permeable, preferably mineral substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
This species is also distinguished by its variability. Plants with green-blue stems and black spines on their crown at the point of new growth are especially appreciated. Pale reddish-white flowers bloom completely.
These are small globular cacti that are most easily recognized by the striking purple stigmas. Among the notakaktusu there are many species that are suitable for growing aspiring enthusiasts and for small collections. They all need a substrate with the addition of a certain amount of humus and a bright warm location. However, species with few spines should not be kept in bright sunshine.
In general, notokaktusy prefer even culture conditions and require in the winter not very cool and not meanness dry content.
Notokactus Hazelberg (Notocactus haselbergii).
The crown of this species is unusually flat obliquely. Stigma, unlike other notokakusov dark yellow. Already at the very beginning of spring, red buds appear on the side of the head inclined towards the light.
Leninghaus Notocactus (Notocactus leninghausii).
This species has short cylindrical stems and differs from the usual portrait of spherical notocatus. Thanks to its thick golden-yellow spines and yellow flowers appearing on plants as high as 20 cm, the cactus looks highly decorative. The top grows obliquely in the direction of light. Do not change the position of the plant relative to the light.
Ottocactus Otto (Notocactus ottonis).
This species previously belonged to the standard cacti lovers plants and is often found on sale today. This green plant with a small number of spines and woolly crown must be kept in a bright, but not sunny place. Silky yellow Flowers have red stigmas characteristic of actually notakaktus.
Notocactus submammulosus var. Pampeanus.
This species is interesting light, awlly flattened central spines and yellow flowers with a typical red stigma.
Types of flat cactus prickly pears (with photos)
Opuntia with their often disc-shaped flattened, articulated shoots belong to the well-known cacti. Many saw in the Mediterranean wild species of prickly pear cactus there, and some, probably, even brought their processes from there. These species of flat cacti prefer a well-permeable substrate and a very sunny, without any shading, place. Otherwise, they grow thin, elongated shoots.
For cultivation on a sunny window, only very few species are suitable, to which shoots brought from the Mediterranean usually do not belong. Opuntia bloom also only under optimal conditions and almost all tend to grow into very large plants.
Nevertheless, at the disposal of lovers with the appropriate conditions there are very beautiful, with a blue wax bloom and decorative spines on the stems, abundantly flowering plants. It should be added that although many of them have beautiful spines, however, when carelessly touching them, hundreds of very small and fine hairs (glochidia) stick their hooked outgrowths into the skin.
Prickly pears should never be taken with bare hands!
Prickly pear small hair (Opuntia microdasys).
This species is still quite common in the sale. Due to the very short, hairy spines, the segmented stems appear covered with small pads. There are forms with white, yellow, reddish and brown spines.
Types of tephrocactus subgenus (Tephrocactus) originating from the high Andes regions can be cultivated in greenhouses (4 group). Some cold-resistant prickly pears in vineyards with good drainage can also be grown in rocky gardens in the open soil.
Look at the prickly pear cactus in the photo, which in combination with the descriptions will allow you to create a completely correct picture:
Oreocereus - types of cacti without thorns: names and photos
Dense hairs covering the plant protect it from night frosts at home. These species of cacti without thorns are widespread in cultural floriculture.
The flowers of this columnar cactus appear only when grown in a greenhouse.
However, young specimens of this white hairy pubescence and sometimes powerful spines of the cactus are also grown with pleasure by amateurs in small collections. True, being cacti originating from highland areas, in living rooms with their even climatic conditions they grow worse than in suitable hotbeds. For oreocereusov, regular airing is desirable and a large difference between winter and summer is also day and night. temperatures. In the summer, the nightly coolness after a hot day, which brings with it a higher relative humidity of air, are the optimal conditions for these cacti.
Look at these types of cacti without prickles in the photo, where prominent distinctive botanical characteristics:
Oreocereus Troll (Oreocereus trollii).
This cactus is densely shrouded in white hairs. The central flowers making their way through the hairy cover vary from yellow to reddish.
Cactus species parody
Parodies in appearance cacti parodies are very similar to notocactuses, but do not have a red stigma and, on the contrary, are very often covered with hooked prickles. Among the parodies there are many unpretentious in the culture, with beautiful spines, abundantly flowering species, which are also suitable for content in small collections.
The seeds of many kinds of parodies are very small, so sowing requires great skill. Once the seedlings reach a certain size, growing them most often does not constitute a problem.
The distinguishing features of these frequently sold plants are powerful yellow spikes with a hook at the end and yellow flowers.
Parody of Schwabs (Parodia schwebsiana).
This, like many parodies, takes the plant with a short-columnar shape with age and is distinguished by its white-topped tip, which is decorated with more and more new groups of red flowers for several weeks.
In phyllocactus, dihedral in cross section, leaf-shaped flattened and almost always devoid of thorn stems. While the majority of cultivated cacti are talking about wild species, phyllocactus are hybrid forms that many thousands have been received from the beginning of the last century to the present. The initial genera are the heliocereus (Heliocereus) and the nopaluxonia (Nopalxonia), which grow vertically and bloom in red flowers. Later white-flowered epiphytic Epiphyllum crenatum was added to them, and finally, to get even larger flowers, the “queen of the night” (Selenicereus).
These hybrid cacti vary greatly in growth, color and size of flowers and are among the most popular indoor plants. Sometimes before the farmsteads you can find old specimens contained in harsh conditions, differing in unusually lush flowering.
The flowers can reach 20 cm in diameter and with their bright color (from white, yellow, salmon to red and red-violet flowers) are among the most beautiful in the whole cactus family.
Different parents were used to obtain separate forms for crossing, so cultural requirements also vary. There are very large in size and smaller, with vertical and curved shoots, sensitive and less sensitive varieties. Many modern, highly valued varietal forms come from the USA, where they were selected according to the optimum climatic conditions by only one criterion: the beauty of their flowers. In other conditions of cultivation, these plants sometimes disappoint their owners. Famous, well-proven varieties will deliver more joy to beginners.
Since, when obtaining almost all varietal forms, the leading epiphytic plants were used as parents, the phyllocactuses are grown in a well-permeable soil mixture for cacti with the addition of sand, perlite and sometimes sphagnum.
These plants must be kept in a bright, but rather half-dented place; in the sun, although they bloom magnificently, their leaves quickly become covered with ugly burns. In summer, it is very favorable to have fresh air on a stand in the light shade of a tree, so that the plant is pristened from direct sunlight, especially in the hottest afternoon hours. In winter, most varieties must be maintained at 8 - 10 ° C and in completely dry conditions. Propagated cut off leaf-like segments of the stems, which before rooting must be cut and dried again.
Pilosocereus (Pilosocereus palmeri).
This columnar-shaped cactus covered with a blue wax bloom at a height of approximately 50 cm has long decorative hairy bunches in the areoles that form a kind of hairy cap, pseudo cephaly, at the top of the stem. Only under favorable conditions and when a plant reaches a certain age, red-brown flowers appear from this hairy cap. (When cultivated in greenhouses, the species blooms easily.)
Look at these types of cacti without thorns - their photos and names will allow you to make the right choice of plants for your home:
Rebuses are small ribbed or papillary spherical cacti. Without flowers, they are easily confused with lobivy or mammillaria. A typical sign is the flowers appearing below the side, at the base of the stem, while in almost all other spherical cacti the flowers bloom at the top.
Rebuses are popular among cacti lovers and are often found on sale. If they comply with their requirements in culture, they grow well, and all rebution willingly and abundantly bloom in the spring with numerous motley and bright flowers.
In addition, they are easily propagated by seeds, and seedlings of some species often bloom in the second year after sowing. Since rebuctions occur most often from highland areas, they prefer a bright, but not very hot location, plenty of fresh air and a pronounced temperature difference between day and night, as well as in winter and summer. When grown in stagnant suffocating air or in the even warm conditions of living rooms, plants wither and become especially susceptible to insect infestation. pests. first of all red spider mite.
However, the rebutation grows excellently in greenhouses or during the growing season on exterior window sills. There, they can be immediately podkopat many, for example in a flat balcony filled with a loose substrate for flowers. Wintering should be cool and dry, otherwise rebution bloom badly. Some species are very variable, often even in culture as a result of cross-pollination, hybrid forms unwittingly form, which then multiply further.
Thanks to the beautiful prickles justifying the Latin name of the plant “sun-shaped”, and the elegant orange flowers, this species looks very attractive.
In terms of culture, thanks to offspring at the base of the stem forms whole curtains. Sometimes in the middle of summer plants have a summer period of rest, during which they should be watered very moderately. Breeding from offspring ("babies") is easy, but in this case, the plants often do not have a turn shaped root. Graft plants often give the impression of being overfed.
Rebution dwarf (Rebutia pygmaea).
This species belongs to the group of rebuses having short-cylindrical stems and forming clumps due to the large number of offspring. The plant has a turnip root, therefore it is recommended to use a well-permeable substrate for cultivation.
Rhipsalidopsis gaertneri ("Easter" cactus).
Like the “Christmas” cactus, this plant has flattened, leaf-like, segmented stems, but forms radially symmetric flowers. This leading epiphytic cactus on its own roots is quite sensitive. The substrate for it should be well permeable and have a slightly acidic reaction (pH value from 5 to 5,5). It is recommended to use a light peat-containing soil mixture with a significant addition of perlite and sphagnum. Substrate and irrigation water should not contain magnesium and calcium salts. The soil in the pot must always be kept slightly moist, in addition, these cacti love higher air humidity. In summer, the plant can be brought to fresh air and placed in the light shade of a tree or large shrub. In dry hot weather, regular spraying with water is necessary. A light dormant period from October to February during the shortest days, wintering at temperatures around 10 ° C and reducing irrigation stimulate the budding of flower buds. From mid-February, plants are transferred to a warmer place.
Ripsalis - types of cacti with leaves
These species of cacti with leaves can have flies leaf-like, like in phyllocactus, stems; in other species, they are abundantly branched and consist of coral-like, thin, rounded segments. The flowers are very small, white, misty-shaped berries often develop as fruits.
These growing epiphytic cacti are cultivated as accompanying plants in the collections of orchids, bromeliads and tillands. It is together with these plants that various types of ripsalis grow in natural conditions and therefore have similar requirements in culture. Substrate and irrigation water should be slightly acidic.
Many species have arcuate drooping shoots, so they are grown as ampelous plants or in orchid baskets. In summer, plants can be kept in the light shade of a tree outside. Numerous small flowers appear in winter, so in winter the plants should be in a bright and warm place. A flower shop window or a closed flower window in which the above mentioned epiphytic plants are grown is very good. After flowering, the plants are decorated with numerous berry fruits.
Schlumberger (Zygocactus) x Schlumbergera truncata "Christmas" cactus.
Like the “Easter” cactus, the stems of this plant consist of leaf-like flattened, short segments. Along with the natural, blooming red flowers form, there are currently magnificent varieties with flowers of various colors: from white and pink to yellow and red-violet. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and, unlike the flowers of “Easter” cacti, have a zygomorphic structure. The flowering time falls on the Christmas holidays, because the tab flower buds occurs with a decrease in the length of daylight. Schlumbergers are grown in the same way as ripsalidopsis and ripsalis in a light, slightly acidic and well permeable substrate. Plants prefer a bright, but not sunny location. In the summer, these cacti are kept in their usual place in the room or taken out onto the street and placed in a light shade under a tree. In the latter case, you need to take care of protecting plants from snails. A light dormant period from mid-September to mid-November with a decrease in watering along with a short
light day contributes to the formation of flower buds.
After the appearance of buds, plants cannot be rearranged and rotated, they should be regularly moistened and kept in warm conditions, since otherwise dropping of buds is observed. Along with the plants growing on its roots, there are also graft forms implanted on the peireskia or selenitsereus (Selenicereus).
Selenicereus grandiflorus Selenicereus grandiflora, "The Queen of the Night."
These large cacti have thin, serpentine, creeping or climbing climbing shoots. They are especially popular cacti, although they are grown only by very few cacti-growers. However, the plant, which simultaneously blooms a lot of gorgeous flowers with a diameter of up to 25, is an unforgettable sight. Flowers open with the onset of the evening and remain open for only a few hours. In the morning they fade. The plant is cultivated in a large pot or flower tub containing mostly humus, however, despite this, it is a well-permeable substrate. Regular fertilizer fertilization is a prerequisite for strong growth and abundant flowering. Shoots tied to a strong support. Plants prefer a warm and bright, but not very sunny location. In winter, they must be kept at a temperature not lower than 15 ° C and the substrate should be kept slightly moist.
Setehinopsis (Setiechinopsis mirabilis)
Upon reaching the height of the entire 10, see the plant develops more and more new groups of its elegant white flowers that bloom at night. Many seeds are formed as a result of selfing.
Stetsonium Stetsonia coryne.
Seeds of this species growing in their homeland in the form of a tree-like cactus are often found in mixtures of cactus seeds. Young plants with a columnar bluish-green stem and long black spines look extremely attractive. V-shaped fruits are formed above the areolae. Stetsonias need to be cultivated in warm conditions, even in winter the temperature should not fall below 15 ° C. Plants require moderate watering.
Compared to a similar Rebutia genus, sulcorebutinas have narrow linear areoles and comb-shaped hard spines. The flowers outside are quite large, wide scales.
The genus was allocated only in the 1951 year, and then only one species was known. Thanks to numerous scientific expeditions and travels to collect new species, so many attractive plants were found that it almost made sulkorebution one of the most popular cacti. However, due to the confusion with collection numbers, names and varieties, it is now very difficult to navigate among plants of this genus; however, apart from taxonomic problems, sulkorebution are the remaining small spherical cacti with beautiful spines and numerous attractive flowers of various bright colors.
Almost all species vary in relation to the color of the spines and flowers, and most form numerous offspring. Sulkorebutsii, as lobivii and rebution, should be maintained in sufficiently "Spartan" conditions. They require a bright, but not hot place.
Considerable difference in day and night, as well as summer and winter temperatures is desirable. Sulkorebutsii grow poorly in the constantly well-heated living rooms, but they are excellently developed in regularly ventilated greenhouses or on a weatherproof outside sill. Wintering should be cool and dry.
The genus includes spherical or slightly elongated cacti, both with ribbed and papillary stems. Typical of the genus is that the flowers appear at the end of a short groove at the very top of the stem. Many lovers especially appreciate the telokaktus for their powerful, sometimes variegated spines and large flowers.
Telokaktus prefer predominantly mineral substrate and during the growing season should be kept in a sunny and warm place. In winter, they can be kept in cool and completely dry conditions. They are suitable cacti for cultivation on a closed sunny flower window.
This large columnar cactus has stamens located in the form of a stepped wreath, like representatives of the genera Echinopsis and Lobivia. Many trichocereuses bloom only in greenhouse conditions, however young specimens are happy to be kept by amateurs and in small collections thanks to their attractive spines.
The remaining small species also bloom only under favorable cultivation conditions. Trichocereis need nutrient, well-permeable soil and regular abundant fertilizing with fertilizer. In the summer, the plants are kept in the sun and warm, in the winter - dry and cool.
This species is popular for its spectacular long spines. White flowers appear only on plants above one meter in height.
There are hybrids obtained by crossing such trichocereses such as T. thelegonus, T. candicans or T. grandiflorus with various echinopsis. These hybrids have large, bright and well-shaped flowers. Hybrid trichocereus require a warm, sunny content and good feeding.
These small spherical cacti with paper-like, hairy or feathery spines are becoming increasingly popular among fans.
Even in a small room, you can collect a whole collection of them; very small plants usually bloom profusely. In their homeland, turbinic arps have to exist in difficult conditions. Plants are characterized by slow growth and in culture should not cause their more rapid development. These cacti have turnip roots, therefore a well-permeable mineral substrate is recommended for their cultivation.
Plants are planted in small, but high pots or planted in large quantities in a larger pot. Turbinicarpus are watered moderately even during the growing season, they can be drawn out if they are watered excessively. In the summer, the plants are kept in a warm and bright place, but not in the bright sun. The perfect wintering is dry and cool. In places of natural growth plants are often very rare and therefore protected by law. However, seed reproduction in culture is easy and does not pose any problems.
This species is very popular due to its white feathery spines and purple-red flowers blooming in early spring. Already in winter, buds in the form of small black dots are clearly visible on the top of the cactus.