Vegetative reproduction of cacti allows you to quickly grow a new plant that gives a lush bloom and growth. For this breeding method cacti at home The cuttings obtained in the process of annual pruning of succulents to form a beautiful and neat crown are most suitable. Before you start breeding cacti cuttings, it is necessary to learn the basic rules of agricultural engineering and this particular procedure. These plants root well and give a very small percentage of rejects when trying to plant new roots. A green above-ground part is used, which is cut with a sharp knife on cuttings of a certain length (depends on cactus varieties). Then they take root and sit in pre-prepared containers.
Look at the reproduction of cacti in the photo, showing all the subtleties and secrets of this process:
How to propagate cactus cuttings
Reproduction of cacti by cuttings does not present any particular difficulties and in most cases leads to success. Cuttings are best cut and rooted in the spring and early summer when the plants are actively growing. Before propagating the cactus by cuttings, they are cut from the mother plant with a clean, sharp knife so as not to damage the plant if possible.
Ordinary "kids" do not require any special treatment, often they already have roots on the mother plant. If it is necessary to root a cut off top of a columnar cactus, then the cutting surface of the cutting should be slightly tapered to make the roots begin to develop from the central and lower parts of the cut escape. Cuttings in leaf-shaped cacti (phyllo-cacti) are cut from the mother plant in the narrowest part of the shoot, most often at the base of the “leaf”. However, this often lignified tissue is less suitable for root formation than the softer central part of the “leaf”. Therefore, after cutting the cuttings from the phyllocactus, they are cut again.
Breeding cacti at home
Cuttings for breeding cacti root not in the water, as, for example, in fuchsias. Moreover, the slices should be well dried so that pathogens of fungal diseases do not penetrate the tissue through them. For minor injuries and already existing roots, the cuttings are dried within a week, and for a more extensive cut surface, one or two months. All this time, the cutting must be in an upright position, since only in the position of the roots are formed. Therefore, for example, a large stalk of a cereus must be dried by hanging it vertically with a loop or by placing it in an empty a pot along with several other cuttings.
If cutting for breeding cacti at home conditions put horizontally, the roots are formed from the bottom of the shoot along its entire length. When the cut surface is covered with a protective film (callus) and it will be possible to distinguish the tops of new roots on it, the cutting is carefully planted in a relatively loose soil mixture for cacti and first sprayed, and a little later very carefully watereduntil the plant has a sufficient amount of moisture absorbing root hairs.
After cutting and rooting the tops of the columnar cactus, the remaining stump can be well fed with fertilizers and cultivated further; at the same time, the cut surface cannot be wetted before the formation of callus on it.
After a few weeks, new shoots will begin to develop at the hemp from the side areola. When in a few months they are of sufficient size, they can be cut off and rooted again. Similarly, you can get interesting in appearance plants.
The growth of a small and slow-growing shoot can be accelerated by grafting it onto a fast-growing stock, such as Trichocereus. Professionals plant even small seedlings on suitable rootstocks, among which especially Peireskopsis plants are recommended. However, the grafting technique is rather complicated and it is used mainly by experienced cacti-breeders.
See how cacti are propagated - the video shows the process of harvesting and rooting cuttings from green shoots: