Proper care of cacti ensures their rapid growth and harmonious development. It is possible to organize care for cacti at home only if all the natural features of the culture and a particular species of flower are taken into account. Succulents are treated in the same way, with great importance being paid to irrigation, the process of selecting the appropriate ground and transplant. It is necessary to begin with a choice of a suitable place. It should be warm and well lit place on the windowsill, where direct sunlight does not penetrate. Soil temperature is more important than this indicator in relation to ambient air. Therefore it is recommended to put the pots on the window sills, under which the radiators are located.
See how cactus care is carried out - the photo shows the main agrotechnical measures and techniques:
Care for indoor plants cactus and conditions of its cultivation
When planning to take care of indoor cactus, it is worth knowing that the cultivation of most of these plants presents no problems, which in itself is simply amazing. After all, cacti come from regions with completely different climatic conditions than in our latitudes: the climate in the natural habitats of cacti is characterized by a pronounced dry period and a rainy period; moreover, the difference between summer and winter temperatures is often less there than between day and night temperatures.
It is easy to organize caring for a cactus plant, since most of them are hardy, easily adaptable to different conditions and grateful flowers. When an amateur-cactus grower learns the basic rules for cultivating cacti and follows them, he will be surprised at the low labor costs for caring for these plants, they grow and bloom. Caring for the care of succulents at home, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the agricultural practices of the species recommended by experts.
The cultivation conditions of any plant should always be considered as a whole. For example, there is a close relationship between the location of the plant, the dishes, the substrate, the frequency of irrigation and the amount of irrigation water. Choosing the right conditions for cactus, care can be made quite simple.
Therefore, a plant on a hot sunny window in a small pot with a loose, poorly moisture-retaining substrate should be watered accordingly.
See how the care of the succulents is carried out at home in the photo, where the main techniques are demonstrated:
Flowers cacti and succulents: growing and care all year round
As a summary and at the same time as a kind of work calendar, the care of flowers for cacti throughout the year is described below. The indicated times of the year may be slightly shifted depending on the terrain, with a mild or harsh climate, the cacti-breeder amateur lives, as well as whether the cacti are kept in warm and sunny or cooler conditions.
Cacti cultivation and care should be based on agricultural practices that ensure stable growth and development of plants all year round.
Early spring (mid-February - late March).
This is the most favorable time for Succulents Flowerstransplant them from dry to dry substrate.
On the spring blooming species appear buds. The first flowers bloom in Notocactus haselbergii and early-flowering mammillaria, such as Marnmillaria bombyciana or M. microhelia. It is necessary to gradually accustom the cacti to more humid conditions, for which at first the plants are only sprayed with water, and then very carefully, as they begin to grow, they begin to water. Care must be taken in the first unusually warm and sunny spring days. If necessary, particularly sensitive plants pritenyat tissue paper from direct sunlight during hot noon hours.
In areas with a milder climate at the end of March, strong and hardy cacti, such as Echinocereus, can be transferred to greenhouses, keeping small frosts dry. On a warm window in the room, especially if it is possible to provide heating of the soil from below, you can start sowing cacti seeds.
See the proper care for succulents in the photo, where healthy and beautiful plants are represented:
Spring (April mid June).
Many cacti spring - the peak of flowering. Most cacti of the genus Aporocactus, Echinocereus, Echinofossulocactus are blooming. Lobivia, Marnmillaria. Rebutia and Sulcorebutia, as well as phyllocactus. Now the plants are watered more abundantly, and since May, cacti can be fed with fertilizers. Favorable time for sowing seeds, cutting and rooting cuttings. Cacti in which growth does not resume are suspected to be sick, so they must be removed from the pots and the root system checked.
From the middle of May, cacti suitable for this purpose can be transferred to external window sills or to the street in the garden. In the first days after the transfer of cacti to fresh air, special care is needed, since the plants are not yet accustomed to bright sunlight outside.
Summer (mid June - mid August).
The peak of flowering cacti blooming in the summer comes from the genera Gymnocalycium, Notocactus, Parodia, Coryphantha, many species and hybrids of astrophytum and echinopsis.
Spring-flowering species and hybrids have faded, and in hot weeks they have a short summer period of rest. At this time they should be watered less often. Constant and attentive observation of crops and their hardening as early as possible is necessary.
Autumn (mid August - mid November).
Autumn-flowering species such as Marnmillaria gracilis and M. rhodantha or non-porter proper bloom, as well as plants with a longer flowering period, such as some astrophytes, coryphants, telokaktus or Ferocactus setispinus. In many cacti, the growth period is gradually coming to an end. Therefore, cacti are no longer fed, or, if necessary, carry out final feeding with a weakly concentrated solution of potassium-phosphorus fertilizer. For better ripening of shoots and the formation of beautiful powerful spines, cacti should provide plenty of fresh air and, if possible, lighting with direct sunlight, that is, under suitable weather conditions, open the frames of hotbeds widely. From mid-September to October, watering of cacti is gradually reduced, and from October to November, completely or almost completely stopped. Starting from about mid-October, cacti in the summer on outside window sills and in greenhouses should be moved back to the house.
Winter (mid November - mid February).
Only very few species of ordinary cacti bloom. It is the time of flowering of some species of ripsalis (Rhipsalis) or “Christmas” cacti. In accordance with their cultural needs, these naturally occurring epiphytic plants contain a few warmer and more humid conditions. The rest of the cacti are kept in dry and cool conditions in their winter quarters. Winter is the right time to expand your knowledge by reading special literature, studying your notes, observations and slides made during the past growing season, and planning for the next growing season.
How to care for cacti and succulents in pots at home
Instructions on how to care for a cactus, at first glance may seem rather confusing. However, most cacti can be cultivated in a specific pattern. And although this basic scheme of how care for cacti at home, there are always some exceptions, however, whole groups of cacti have to some extent specific requirements that can be considered similar. In order not to repeat the same care recommendations all the time during the subsequent description of individual species and genera, it is advisable to group cacti into groups depending on their requirements. Before you take care of succulents, you need to determine their affiliation to a particular group.
See the care of cacti at home - the photo shows how to arrange the plants in pots, transplant and water:
1 group: how to care for a flower with succulent
The vast majority of cacti presented in this book, for example, almost all cacti of childbirth, belong to the 1 group:
Before you take care of succulents at home, you need to know that the plants in this group need a bright, sunny location; only for green-looking, having a few spines of cacti in the summertime, light shading from the scorching sun in the midday hours is necessary. The temperature in summer should be from 25 to 35 ° С, in winter from to 10 ° С. During the growth period, approximately from April to October, the plants are watered thoroughly every 8-14 days, in winter these cacti must be kept dry or watered very moderately.
Before caring for a succulent flower, it is important to understand that the cooler the place where the plants overwinter, the drier they must be maintained. Southeast windows and southwestern windows are especially suitable for growing cacti of this group; a very hot south window can only be used with certain reservations.
You need to know exactly how to care for a cactus in a pot, and apply this knowledge in practice.
2 group: how to care for semi-desert cacti at home
The 2 group includes semi-desert cacti, which, with their “white” appearance, their white felt flecks (flakes) or wax coating, as well as a large number of large white or colored spines, show that they adapt to strong solar radiation and high temperatures.
This includes many "white" mammillaria, most species from the genera:
Before you properly care for the cactus, you need to know that these plants in the summer like a lot of sun and temperatures up to 45 ° C. Therefore, cacti of this group are suitable for south-facing windowsills or closed flower windows. Another subtlety about how to care for a cactus at home is that some of these plants — for example, many Echinocereus — endure low temperatures in winter, while others, such as ferocactus, must be kept at a temperature not lower than 12 ° WITH.
3 group: how to care for a flowering cactus
Some cacti come from areas with relatively heavy rainfall and fertile soils. They can not do with poor soils and a small amount of moisture. That is why these cacti have a strong growth.
The 3 group includes many columnar cacti, including the famous:
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus)
МMany types of cleistocactus (Cleistocactus)
Some of the Echinopsis originating from the plains, as well as many phyllocactus and selenitsereusy.
Before you take care of a flowering cactus, you need to know that these plants prefer a bright, though not always sunny location. The soil mixture for them may be more nutritious and contain more humus than for other cacti. Watering plentiful, plants can be fed a bowl and more than is usually the case when growing other cacti. These cacti tolerate higher temperatures (up to 20 ° C) also in winter and in some cases even need it. Therefore, in winter, watering does not stop completely, but only reduces it.
4 Group: How to care for a small cactus
Before you take care of a small cactus, you need to know that they differ from those described in the 1 group and which require standard cacti care by their origin from highland areas. That is why they prefer a bright but not very hot location; they love a big difference between day and night, summer and winter temperatures, and they also require a lot of fresh air.
4 group includes:
Alpine echinopsis (pseudo-lobs)
These plants wither in the summer behind the glass overlooking the south side of a window that is too hot, however they grow excellently in a bright, well-ventilated greenhouse or on an external window sill if there is sufficient protection from rain.
You can try to grow these cacti also on the bright south-eastern and south-western windows, however, it is necessary to take into account their need for a lot of fresh air.
In their natural habitats high in the mountains, sunlight is characterized by a high content of ultraviolet rays; Since glass retains most of the ultraviolet radiation, these plants grow much better when at least they can receive direct solar radiation from time to time. In winter, these cacti must be kept in completely dry and cool conditions at temperatures around 4 — 6 ° C. With a dry content, these cacti often also carry a small short-term night frost. If these cacti overwinter in warmth, then the danger of loose, ugly growth is great, and there are very few flower buds.
5 group: care for flowering cacti
When caring for flowering cacti, it is worth understanding that these plants come from tropical rainforests, so their culture is not very similar to caring for ordinary cacti, but rather comparable to the content of orchids that come from the same areas.
5 group includes:
Different types of ripsalis
Soil substrate for these cacti should be well waterproof and breathable, rich in humus. Plants should be kept constantly lightly moist, the ground should never dry out completely. It is necessary to maintain higher humidity. Although plants need bright light, they do not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, for their content is suitable sill or closed flower window, overlooking the north-northeast and north-west. Recommended summer content in the fresh air, for which the pots with plants are placed in the shade of a large bush or tree.
Look at how the care of cacti and succulents is carried out - the video shows all the subtleties of this agrotechnical process: